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Review.--Pratt on Savings Banks. (VOL. CI. ary character. Savages, even though The Savings Banks in England, Weles, et cannibals, are grades higher than either
Ireland; arranged according to Cartha; of the wild men mentioned.
with the period of the establishment of ed Ghost Seer (from the German of institution, and the increase or decrease on Schiller), Vol. I.—The story, as far as each class of Depositors, &c. since Neze. we can judge from the first volume, is ber 1829, from the latest official reters, full of plot and cabal. The Ghost. &c. &c. By John Tidd Pratt, Es. Bare makers are only Thaumaturgists, striv
rister-at-Law, appointed in cernita de ing to entrap a German Prince. Oc. Rules of Savings Banks and of Friend casionally coruscations of Schiller's
Societies in England and Wales, &c. &c. genius; e. g.“ Beauty is born a queen,
THERE is no surer indication of the appear with great brilliancy ; but the increase of moral character in the German novels are of very different mass of the people, than that of the construction to those of the English; increase of economists : and what wise and a pettifogger or swindler among man would not rather see England a us, would be incapable of such able warm hive, populated by honest in. Machiavelism as is here described. dustrious bees, than a cheese, CODFor our parts, we deem it essential posed of felonious political mites. But that the materials of a novel should be further introduction is unnecessary, found in real life. Ficta voluptatis because proverbs form the useful copcausa sit proxima veris. From what we per coin of prudence, and every man have read of Italy (and Venice) Schil- knows, as well as he does the Britan. ler's novel may be a warning to fo- nia on a half-penny, that “a penny reigners, who are the fittest subjects, saved is a penny got," and that“ every through ignorance of national man- little makes a mickle. ners, for plunder, and perhaps assassi- therefore proceed to the following nation, from that cause, or revenge. summary, from page 71 :
SUMMARY OF SAVINGS BANKS, &c. IN ENGLAND, WALES, AND IRELAND. In England, Wales, and Ireland, there were, on the 20th November, 1830, four hundred and seventy-seven Savings Banks ; from twenty-three no returns have been made.—The remaining Banks contain :
Total num llocrease or Total amount Ioct, or Decr. 00 Average
amount of Depositors since 1529. Investments. since 1899. each Deposilor. Depositors under 20l. each 210,247 8,926 inc. 1,509,820
£7 501. each/ 116,940 4,039 inc. 3,595,952
30 1001. each 54,059 602 dec. 3,687,919
4,449 103 dec.
690,823 Charitable Societies
2,092 442 inc. 168,579
Total Accounts .
418,758 113,021 inc. 14,366,967| 132,290 incr.
It is remarkable, that in England, is more often lighted up with “Wills Wales, and Ireland, the average amount o'-the-Wisp" than with gas, we think of each depositor under 20l. is the it right to observe, that Ireland is cersame, viz. 71.; while the total of such tainly in a state of greater distress depositors is in England, 187,770; in than Wales; and that the Savings Wales, 5,117; and in Ireland, 17,360. Banks deposits under 201. in general The total amount of investments in show little more than that a fewer England is 13,080,2551. and the in- number of servants are kept in the crease 81,084l. ; in Wales, 340,7211. Principality than in Ireland. The and 8,515l. decrease ; in Ireland, mass of such small depositors consists 945,991l., and 59,721 increase. The chiefly of celibates in service, who increase of depositors under 201. is in thus hoard a certain portion of their England 7,082; in Wales, the de- wages; the married families commonly crease is 104 ; in Ireland, the increase expend their savings upon the puris 1,948. Now, as political economy chase of cottages and pieces of land ;
PART 11.] Review.—Mutiny of H. M. S. Bounty.
623 sometimes upon a stock for a small * By a survey of the first missionaries, trade. To recommend the important and a census of the inhabitants taken in blessing of this institution by a com- 1797, the population was estimated at 16,050 mon-place eulogy would be unneces- souls ; Captain Waldegrave, in 1830, states sary; but not so, if we observe that it it, on the authority of a census as taken by
the missionaries, to amount only to 5000— would be greatly benefited by masters
and there is but too much reason to ascribe insisting upon a strict observation of
this diminution to praying, psalm-singing, sobriety, industry, and prudence in
and dram-drinking. their dependents ; because he who “ The island of Otaheite is in shape two gets drunk is expensive, idle, and im- circles, united by a low and narrow isthmus. prudent, even if he does not become
The larger circle is named Otaheité Mooé, dishonest.
and is about tbirty miles in diameter ; the
lesser, named Tiaraboo, about ten miles in The Eventful History of the Mutiny and
diameter. A belt of low land, terminatiog Piratical Seizure of H.M.S. Bounty : ils
in bumerous valleys, ascending by geutle cause and consequences. (Family Library, slopes to the central mountain, which is No. XXV.)
about seven thousand feet high, surrouuds THE interest which is almost pro
the larger circle, and the same is the case
with the smaller circle on a proportionate verbially attached to the history of scale. Down these valleys flow streams and Robinson Crusoe, and which has tempt. rivulets of clear water, and the most luxuriant ed so many imitations of that fas
and verdant foliage fills their sides and the cinating tale, must be multiplied in hilly ridges that separate them, among the perusal of the present volume, which were once scatiered the smiling cotwhen it is felt that all the hazardous tages and little plantations of the natives. adventures, all the perilous escapes,
All these are now destroyed, and the remnant and all the resources and contrivances of the population has crept down to the attendant on the domestic economy of fats and swampy ground on the sea-shore, a solitary island, here related, are
completely subservient to the seven establish
ments of missionaries, who have taken from matters of fact and actual occurrence.
them what little trade they used to carry on, If there ever was a romance of real life, this is one ; not deficient even in warehouses, act as agents, and monopolize
to possess themselves of it; who have their that integral part (as the fashion goes) all the cattle on the island – but, in return, of a fictitious romance-a tale of love; they have given them a new religion and a but it is the pure flame of fraternal parliamento (risum teneatis ?) and reduced affection, though burning with an un- them to a state of complete pauperism usual and enthusiastic intensity. The aod all, as they say, and probably have pergreat charm is, that all is true : and suaded themselves, for the honour of God, we have the best satisfaction not only and the salvation of their souls !". for the authenticity of the narrative, but that the most perfect information pedition of the Bounty, commanded
The second chapter relates the exhas been procured, when we learn that
by Capt. Bligh, to convey the breadthe author is Mr. Barrow, the Secre
fruit tree from Otaheite to the West tary to the Admiralty.
India islands. The volume is divided into eight chapters. The first contains a brief The Bread-tree, which without the ploughdescription of Otaheite, as it was at
share, yields the time of its first discovery by Capt. The unreap'd harvest of unfurrowed fields, Wallis, and when subsequently visited
And bakes its unadulterated loaves, by Captain Cook. In the perusal of Without a furnace in unpurchas'd groves, this we cannot but imagine that credit
And Alings off famine from its fertile breast,
A priceless market for the gathering guest. is given to Capt. Cook for many of the reflections of Dr. Hawkesworth, and These lines, which do not exaggefeel that the natural and unsophisti- rate the well-furnished state of Otacated narrative of the navigator, though heite in its “golden age,” are from it might not have so well pleased the Lord Byron's “ Island;" in which he public at first, would now (were it partially treated the subject of this preserved) be considered more inte volume, which is so well adapted for resting than the well-formed sentences an epic poem ; but, by blending two of the scholar.
incongruous stories, and leaving them It appears that Captain Cook very both imperfect, and by mixing up erroneously calculated the population truth with fiction, Byron was on the of Otaheite at 204,000.
whole less felicitous than usual.
Review.-Mutiny of H.M. S. Bounty. [VOL. CI. In the third chapter are related the of expression, and a high tope of sentime momentous events of the Mutiny. It that do honour to the head and heart of the was evidently in great measure occa
amiable and accomplished lady. Those letsioned by the overbearing conduct and ters also from the brother to his deeply brutal abuse employed by Capt. Bligh
afflicted family, will be read with pecunia
interest." to his officers, particularly towards the high-spirited Christian. It is impos. Intensely interesting as the whole sible not to admire the adroit seaman
volume is, perhaps the most pleasing ship and great moral courage which
chapter is the last, which describes enabled Captain Bligh to perform
the simple and virtuous manners of his unparalleled voyage of four thou
the descendants of the uncaptured sand miles, with seventeen other per
Mutineers, accidentally discovered in sons, in an open boat (which forms 1814 on Pitcairn's island; and subse. the subject of the next chapter); yet
quently visited by Captain Beechey in we are convinced that the impartial
1825, and Captain Waldegrave in 1830, and feeling reader will regret, that a
besides a few other private vessels. man who had been guilty of such Capt. Waldegrave was sent by his cruelties, and whose heartless severity Majesty's government to supply thex was the occasion of so much crime interesting people with a few cattle and so much suffering, should ever
and other stores. Mr. Barrow rehave had so completely the power of
marks : making ex-parte statements, and have “ It is impossible not to feel a deep into carried the government and the coun- rest in the welfare of this little society, and try so far with him, as not only to at the same time an apprehension that sorbeescape censure, but to receive conso- thing may happen to disturb that barmony lation and reward. The present au
and destroy that simplicity of manners which
have hitherto characterized it. It is to be thor, with all his official and honourable horror of naval insubordination,
feared, indeed, that the seeds of discord are
already sown.' is forced by a sense of justice to censure Bligh. There is some satisfac
It appears that Capt. Waldegrave tion, after reading the unparalleled
found three Englishmen had made sufferings of Mr. Heywood when on
their way into this happy society;
and that one of them was an idle and board the Pandora, and after its shipwreck, to know that to him at least
impudent fellow, calling himself “pas.
tor, registrar, and schoolmaster," and reparation was made, and that he afterwards run a successful and ho
thus infringing on the capacities which nourable career in his profession; but
had been already well supplied, first by what a long train of persecution have
the venerable patriarcli Adams, and we first to peruse in the chapters en
afterwards by John Buffet, an industitled the Pandora, the Court Martial,
trious and harmless seaman, the first and the King's Warrant! We lately
stranger who arrived.
" Just as the last sheet came from the gave a brief sketch of these circumstances in our memoir of Capt. Hey
press, the editor has noticed, with a feeling wood.* To the Captain's widow,
of deep and sincere regret, a paragraph in
the newspapers, said to be extracted from « the Editor is indebted for those beautiful
an American paper, stating that a vessel and affectionate letters, written by a be- sent to Pitcairn's island by the missionaries loved sister to her unfortunate brother, while of Otaheite, has carried off the whole of the a prisoner and under sentence of death ; as settlers to the latter island. If this be true, well as for some occasional poetry, which -and the mention of the name of Nott displays an intensity of feeling, a tenderness
gives a colour to the transaction-the
cherubin' must have slept, the ' flaming * A memoir of Capt. Heywood, who died sword' have been sheathed, and anotber on the 10th of February last, will be found Eden has been lost : and, what is worse in our last Supplement, p. 540. Sir Thomas than all, that native simplicity of manners, Staines's uarrative of the state in which he that purity of morals, and that singleness of discovered the Pitcairn islanders, was insert- heart, which so peculiarly distinguished this ed in our vol. Lxxxv. ii. 597 ; also Lieut. little interesting society, are all lost. They Shillibeer's, who was with Capt. Staines, in will now be dispersed among the missionary our vol. LxxxvII. ii. 340. Some interesting stations as bumble dependants, where Kitty particulers of the family of John Adams, Quintal and the rest of them may get were communicated to our vol. Lxxxvii. ii. • food for their souls,' such as it is, in ex37, by our late intelligent correspondent change for the substantial blessings they Mr. Walters.
enjoyed on Pitcairn's Island."
625 the evanescent happiness of troduced from China the manufactured man ! the brief duration of his silk; and importation of the raw maages! The history of Pitcairn's terial gave employment to extensive
is begun and concluded in one manufactories in Persia, Tyre, Bery'olume; and, as usual, the busy tus, and elsewhere. In ancient Italy c has spoiled what the philan- the labours of the silk-worm were un'ist and philosopher have admired, known; and Pliny and various writers
paternal government has cherish- confounded what they had heard or id assisted.
read of silk-worms feeding on mulsure this volume will be berry leaves, with cotton, growing 2. popular, particularly with the upon shrubs, with flax, and with coir,
el profession. It is embellished or the inner rind of the cocoa-nut. 1 six interesting plates etched by The introduction of the manufacture it.-Col. Batty.
by Justinian into Italy is in all its
particulars familiarized ; but the pro'reatise on the origin, progressive improve
gress was very slow, until Roger the uent, and present stule of the Silk Manu- First, King of Sicily, led into capti. acture. (Lardner's Cabinet Cyclopædia.)
vity from Greece numerous silk-weav
ers, and obliged them to instruct his WHENEVER we are at a loss as to subjects. By degrees, the knowledge e origin and early history of arts or of the several processes was diffused anufactures, we refer to the manners over the greater part of Italy, and car
d customs of savage nations. From ried into Spain; but it did not take vese we find that felting or beating root in France till the time of Francis ne inner barks of trees, to fabricate a the First, and still later in England, loth, is still practised in Polynesia; though the use of it, as an imported iccordingly, we presume this practice article, was far earlier. To continue o be antecedent to spinning, as spin- the abstract any further we deem unning is to weaving. The utility of en- necessary; and for details we have not twining suitable plants, as initiatory We shall therefore only add, substitutes for cords and ropes, (my- that the book is curious, and very sathology hints observation of spiders,) tisfactorily executed; and that all such may (necessity being the mother of works tend to suggest other inventions, invention,) have given birth to some and also improvements in those almethod of spinning; and the easy ready known. conversion of the threads or lines into cloth by crossing them, may have suggested weaving; and when these arts,
Considerations addressed to all Classes, on the however rude, are known, it will of
necessily and equity of a National Banking
and Annuity System. 8vo. Pp. 71.
FINANCIAL speculations, like vaof course speak hypothetically ; and
rious minerals and vegetables, can “ - hou 253
presume that some ingenious person, only be classed among medicines, or
idea of making it useful and attrac- shall state it, and there leave it. He : rant
tive for garments, by applying it to proposes the establishment of Govern-
That the savings banks and friendly by the ancients, as first coming from society institutions might be extended Sereinda, a word compounded of Seres, with benefit both to the state and peothe Chinese, and Indi, a vague term, ple is probable, because they have applied without precise application, as worked well; but our author (p. 60) India is now by Europeans. The com- calls the saving institution an embargo mercial pursuits of various nations in- upon industry; because, as we assume Gent. Mag. Suppl. Vol. CI. Part I.
626 Miscellaneous Reviews.
[VOL, CT. his meaning, the money is not laid out the public at large, more harm than upon speculations, and so produces good, and we are sure, that no man less interest. But the former implies ought to adopt new rules, withont a certainty, and the latter a lottery; previous medical approbation. We nor would we advise a man worth shall therefore not enter into the subonly 5l., to risk it, as at a gaming- ject further than to quote an extraortable, under the hope of doubling it. dinary cerebellum case. He ought not to run before he can “ Upon examination of the head after walk; but he risks only a little time death, the brain was found to be remarkably and labour, and is a prudent, manag- softened throughout its whole substance, ing, and calculating fellow, he cannot Four ounces of limpid fluid were found in do better than follow our author's the ventricles; and a tumour embedded in methods of “ turning a penny,” men
the centre of the left hemisphere of the tioned in pp. 19, 20.
cerebellum, or little brain, measuring one Our author says, p. 65, that the ope
inch in the transverse diameter, and weigt ration of the “free-trade system,” is
iog 1 oz. 3 dr.
"The most remarkable feature in this to diminish the wages of the work
case is, that although the sight, hearing, men, but not the prices of the arti
and the power of volition, or latterly the iscles; to augment the profits of the Auence which the will possessed over the racapitalist out of the property of the luntary muscles, were completely destroyed. poor. He says,
yel the reasoning facullies remained uzgl. * Many an article of primary vise by the fecled, and digestion and nutrition uerte, rich and poor, articles too on which there is with very little interruption, to the lase." no limitation, are as costly now as they were when wages were double che present rate.
Hence we may infer that, (1) as Since we first gave way to the clamour for Phrenologists allegate, the brain is free trade, wages have fallen 60 per cent. ; compartmental, each compartment in 1828, about 15 per cent. ; in 1829 to having its own peculiar modes of 35 per cent.; iu 1830, they had fallen be
action, independent of and unaffected low 60 per cent., with a prospect of farther by the others; (2) that such comdepression.”—p. 65.
partments have their own peculiar
sets of nerves ; (3) that volition has Rules for improving the Health of the Deli- an action distinct from the reasoning cate. By W. Henderson, M.D. Post svo. faculties; (4) that the latter has an
intimate connection with the organs of DR. HENDERSON, a person of the digestion and nutrition, which are not delicate health described, has written subjected to volition ; (5) if so, that this book for the purpose of recom- there may be compartments, which mending a “ Stomachic Vegetable especially belong to the senses and Elixir,” prepared by himself, from volition; and others, which as espewhich he has derived great benefit. cially appertain to the involuntary Books upon health are considered by parts. Other deductions may be made, the profession to do, in the hands of for which we have not room.
Color Images in the Brain ; with a view towards the pole, or in any other direction." of the bearings of their detection on Philoso- That animation or self-agency implies an acphy ; to which are annexed strictures on the companiment of mind to direct it, is obAbstract of the sulject printed by the Royal vious; but we do not believe, that any lanSociety. 8vo. pp. 39.—By color images, our guage which we possess, or any knowledge author means (sce p. 10), visible objects de- which we can acquire, can elucidate the protected in the head; and he states it, as a cesses of mental action. The reason may be truth, “that over and above the gift of two that the processes and results, though real, external or cranial eyes, man has, by his are insubstantial, possibly for this cause. adorable Creator, heen endowed with an in- Upon insubstantiality may partly depend the Ternal and cerelral organ, which performs accumulation of ideas, because by this means the office of a THIRD EYE, by being the they have no bulk, and require no room, common recipient of impressions, propagated which must be necessary if they were mateeither from one or both the cranial eyes ; rial. How vision can be presumed to peneand that the mind, in its presence-room, trate an impermeable medium, and how inperceives by means of images, and steers substantiality can have the properties of with regard to external objects, on the same organization, we know not; and without principle, as the captain mariner, sitting be- disputing the talents of Mr. Fearn, we class low in his cabin, perceives, by means of his insubstantials with infinites, of which nula mariner's compass, that his ship is steering