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PART 11.) Review.—Manufactures in Metal.
617 however, amount to only ninety mil- and in many places presented cavities filled lions, and their numbers be twenty with small polished pieces of hyacinthine millions, then will each individual spar. Had it been met with in a country have but 41. odd per annum, or about where iron ore was not apparent, its origin 3 d. per day—far too little. Emigra- would probably have been regarded as metion then is the only remedy.
teoric; but as Siberia abounds with iron, and as rich veins of ore were found in the
immediate vicinity of this mass, it is reaA Treatise on the progressive improvement sonably supposed to have been the produc
and present state of the Manufactures in tion of soine ancient volcanic eruption. Metal. Vol. I. Iron and Steel. (Lard- “ The discovery of pieces of this virgin ner's Cabinet Cyclopædia.) 16'mo, pp. 341.
metal has not been confined to the old world. IT is proverbial, that we can do
In the Philosophical Transactions' (1788), without gold, but not without iron, there is a paper on the finding of a mass of and such are its versatile uses, that in Dou Michael Rubin de Ceslis, a Spauiard.
native iron in South America, in 1783, by p. 134 we find that it has not only the block, which was three yards across, superseded mahogany bedsteads, but
and weighed 300 quintals, was found at even feather-beds themselves, “ iron Otumba, almost buried in pure clay and mattresses having obtained consider- ashes. The notice is curious :— The exable vogue among travellers."
terior appearance of it was that of perfectly The work before us gives us elabo- compact iron; but on cutting off pieces of rate accounts of the various forms of it (says the narrator), I found the internal that Jack-of-all-trades Iron, and its part full of cavities, as if the whole had been highly educated son Steel, and the formerly in a liquid state. I was confirmed result of all information of such a
in this idea by observing on the surface of it kind is, excitement to improve, often
the impressions as of human feet and hands, with success.
of a large size, as well as the feet of large
birds, which are common in this country. We are not perfectly satisfied with Though these impressions seem very imperthe usual accounts of the generation of fect, yet I am persuaded that they are either meteoric and native iron, and we shall a lusus naturæ, or that impressions of this therefore introduce an extract upon nature were previously on the ground, and that subject, with an observation from that the liquid mass of iron falling on it reMagellan's Cronstedt, concerning iron ceived them. It resembled nothing so much as connected with volcanic explosions. as a mass of dough, which, having been He says, that iron makes from one stamped with impressions of hands and feet, half to a quarter of all these ejections, and marked with a finger, was afterwards
converted into iron.' and that we may infer from hence,
“ This mass was found to be very soft, that the interior parts of the earth chiefly consist of this metal, its ores, capable of being wrought without difficulty
pure iron, easily cut with a chisel, and and those stones that contain it, whose
on the anvil when heated. Several pieces greater or less oxidation in different
were brought to London, some of which parts may cause the variation of the
were made into various small articles, and magnetic direction in various places. others were deposited in the British MuThe fact of martial pyrites, by being seum, as specimens of the block, which is moistened, acquiring heat, and by considered by the Spaniards to be of volcanic concourse of pure air, inflaming, ac- origin. That stones have fallen from the counts for their burning, if we con
clouds, as well in England as elsewhere, sider pure air to be furnished by such seems to be a fact placed beyond all reasonable substances as are known to yield it.
doubt in the annals of philosophy. The
chemical constitution of these masses apThe application of these remarks, to a certain extent, will we think appear
pears to have been pretty uniform in the va
rious specimens which have been brought in the following extract :
into this country. They all contained pyrites “ The existence of pure native iron, as of a peculiar character; they all had well as of lead and tin, was formerly ques- ing of black oxide of iron; they all contained tioned. Of the fact, however, that such an alloy of iron and nickel; and the earths pieces have been found, there now remaius
which covered them are a sort of connecting little doubt; indeed none at all, if reliance medium, corresponding in their nature, and is to be placed upon highly respectable tes- nearly in their proportions. The history timony.' Not to mention others, a mass of and conversion of one of these meteoric malleable iron, weighing 1680 Russian masses is too curious to be omitted. In pounds, is said to have been found in Siberia January 1803, an extract from the autobioin 1752. It was easily cut with chisels, graphical memoirs of the Emperor JehanGent. Mag. Suppl. CI. Part II.
618 Review.-History of St. Michael's, Crooked-lane. [VOL. CI. gire, which had been translated from the “ One cryes rybbs of beefe and many a pre original Persian by Colonel Kirkpatrick, was Pewter pots they clattered on a beape; read before the Royal Society. It related There was harpe, j'ype, and mynstrelsye, to a luminous body, which fell amidst thun. Yea by Cocke, nay by Cocke, som began cre, der and lightning in 1620; and the follow. Some sang of Jenkin and Julyan for the ing, with a few verbal alterations, are the
mede.” words of the relation referred to :-* Ma
There is a pretty frontispiece riet hommed Lyeed, the superintendent of the
of St. Michael's Church, which we district where the stone had fallen, directed the ground to be dug up, when, the deeper its lofty spire, as an object terminating
are disposed to regret was not left, wish it was dug, the greater was the heat of it found to be. At length a lump of irou
the north end of the bridge, the roads made its appearance, the heat of which was diverging right and left, as they rul so violent, that one might have supposed it eventually, we believe. to have been taken from a furnace. After We shall with pleasure resume car some time ic became cold, when the super- notice of these parochial annals wher intendent conveyed it to his own habitation, they are completed. from whence he afterwards despatched it in a sealed bag to Court. Here I had,' continues the Emperor, this substance weighed Dictionary of Quotations from various Arin my presence. Its weight was 160 tulahs thors in Ancient and Modern Language, (five or six pounds). I committed it to a with English Translations, and illustreet skilful artisan, with orders to make of it a l'y remarks and explanations. By Hugh sabre, a knife, and a dagger. The work Moore, Esq. 8vo, pp. 507. man soon reported that the substance was
THESE quotations are gentlemen not malleable, but shivered into pieces under proverbs; and, as a King eminent for the hammer. Upon this I ordered it to be
wisdom approved of such modes of mixed with other iron. Conformably to my
instruction for persons of all ranks, order, three parts of the iron of lightning (or thunderbolt) were inixed with one part jured the progress of common sense
we think that Lord Chesterfield in. of common iron, and from the mixture were made two sabres, one knife, and one dagger. by proscribing those of more homely ««• By the addition of the common iron,
character. Many of these are of very the new substance acquired a fine temper, ingenious and witty construction; a the blade fabricated from it proving as elastic device to fix them more strongly li as the most genuine blades of *, the memory. Indeed, were they coland of the south, and bending like them lected, and classed under heads, the without leaving any mark of the bend. I work would form a most valuable mahad them tried in my presence, and found
nual of practical wisdom ; though as them cut excellently; as well, indeed, as
much too vulgar for table-talk, as the best genuine sabres.'"-pp. 6-9.
would be for use mere iron forks, not
silver prongs. The Dictionary here The History and Antiquities of the Parish
before us is adapted to polished habits. and Church of St. Michael's, Crooked
We shall make an extract or two, to lane. Part I. pp. 80.
show that proverbs, though professed IN the portion now before us, we to be derived from Latin or Greek auhave a notice of Roman London, and thors, were used or remodelled by our of the antiquity of East Cheap market. Saviour himself, e. Several interesting wood-cuts of relics
« Αλλων ιατρος αυτος ελκισι βρυων." Ριυτ. in the possession of Mr. Knight, sub
“ 146. A Physician to others, uhile he architect of the new bridge, which himself is overrun with ulcers. A man who have been discovered during the late distinguishes the mote in his brother's eye, excavations for that work, give much but does not take out the beam from his value to this part of the publication. own."—p. 15. We have next a well-written notice of “ 151. Allerâ manu fert lapidem, panem Eastcheap, and its Vintners' and Cooks' ostendil allerâ. In one hand he conceals & shops (publica coquinaria) in the four- stone, while in the other he shews you teenth and fifteenth centuries; when,
bread. In allusion to a character but too according to the old song of London common, who, by professions of kindoess, Lick or Lack penny, both expressive
lures you into his toils, to accomplish your terms for money-gorging London, al
ruin, or seeks your confidence to betray you." though we incline for the first reading,
Our Lord remodels it (Matth. vii.
9) by saying, that a father will give * Name of place not intelligible in the his son things profitable, not hurtful original Persian
or useless to him.
11.] Review.-Dictionary of Quotations.--Mahometanism. 619 have scarcely a moral axiom into an army. Liberty of conscience, is not to be found in this col- and toleration towards the conquered, , and have besides some va- induced many to adopt his creed sponadditions from Tacitus, the first taneously, and as barbarians have a writers of reflections illustrative much stronger feeling of another life i man nature.
than those who enjoy the felicity of e now come to a phrase, which civilization, the permission of carnal been much commented.
pleasures, divorce, and polygamy, and Simpler munditiis. Hor. • Sinple,
the promise of sensual delights in aneat attire.' Clean and tidy, free from
other world, allured very many to his ly ornaments.”-p. 387.
party. In the end, the conquered Dur own opinion is, that this trans- were compelled to receive Islamism or ion does not give the meaning of
death.* race. Simplex in one of its senses,
Thus Spanheim. The object of Mr. -ans “ of one sort;" and Munditiæ,
Neale is to controvert the Rev. C. neatness in dress or habit.” From Forster's “ Mahometanism unveiled,”
e connection between the two words, in certain particular points. The chief ie subject being dress, we think that
of these is, that Islamism was a prose poet means “ She was very neatly vidential arrangement growing out of ttired in a dress of one sort.
the Ishmaelitish Covenant, and there. Our author has added the mottoes
fore not to be too severely censured. of the nobility, some of which are as
This view of the subject Mr. Neale anintelligible as the famous conun
combats in an elaborate form.
As to drum,- What was the animal which ourselves, we are of opinion that the existed before the Creation? Answer, blessing promised to Ishmael was more A great Shay-horse, i.e. Cha-os. Who of a temporal than spiritual character; can understand the allusion in the and that, although God may extract Earl of Stamford's motto, “ A ma
good out of evil, He cannot be affirmed puissance;” or the Duke of Buccleugh's to do evil that good may come, a doc“ Amo ;' though no doubt taken from
trine which Mr. Forster's hypothesis some family incident.
seems to imply. This book is uncommonly useful.
Balaam. By the Author of “ Modern FanaAn Eramination of the Fundamental Prin- ticism unveiled.” Post 8vo, pp. 271. ciples of “ Mahomelanism unveiled.” By
ONE construction which may be the Rev.W.H. Neale, M.A. 8vo, pp. 128.
put upon the story of Balaam is this. THE origin of any successful super- He was an eminent vaticinator accordstition can only be historically ex- ing to the Chaldean astrology, both plained by the state of manners and ambitious and avaricious, but one opinions at the time of its foundation.
who had penetration enough to disSpanheim, from the first authorities,
cover the indispensable unity of Deity, says that the times in which Mahoniet
and the impossibility of opposing his lived, afforded him the fairest oppor- will. When he was solicited to come tunity of spreading his imposture. to Balak, an impulse forbidding him Christianity was reduced to a miserable
to go from a sense of its inutility and condition by heresies in doctrine, dis- offence, restrained him; but the mesA poco
sensions in the Church, superstition sengers, who seem to have well-known in worship, and corruption in morals.
his disposition, bribed him very highly, Mahometanism itself is a compound and he to secure these, and to save his DA PRE 1
of the opinions of Heathens, Saracens, own character from the imputation of Jews, Gnostics, and Christian heretics.
being a false prophet, conditioned me lo me te .
The mixture of various forms of worship that he should be allowed to speak the and religious opinions, drawn partly real suggestions of his mind. He did from the ancient Koreishism [a Sara
so, but to make Balak amends, he in. cenic sect), partly from Judaism, and structs him how to corrupt the Israel. partly from the various heresies which
ites so that they might bring a curse distracted the Christian Church, was
upon themselves. The plot was to the manæuvre by which Mahomet ob
promote a criminal intercourse betained the favour and aid of Arabians, tween them and the women of Moab Gentiles, Jews, and Heretics. These, together with vagabonds, he formed * Spanheim, p. 384-388. E'
620 Review.–Balaam.-Working Man's Companion. (vol. CI. and Midian, who would allure them who in the event of his succeeding, would to the idolatrous feasts, where every have had grouod to conclude that Jehonk species of licentiousness prevailed, and was morally like unto the gods whom they in the end cause them to become ido- adored.”—p. 82. laters. The stratagem had considerable success, but the vindictive reta- The Working Man's Companion. Rigkis one liation cost Balaam his life.
Industry. Capital and Latour. 1$co, Such were the simple facts, divested of the miraculous interpositions. If a AS watches now serve the ancient horse of Achilles spoke in the Iliad, purpose of clocks, so little books nos we know from Tacitus in his Germany, do that of great ones. This is one of that the Suevi, an ancient nation, had which the matter is as profound as sacred horses, from whose neighings that of Adam Smith, to whose • Wealtà the most accredited presages were
of Nations' it is much indebted. We formed, and of course such neighings need not therefore say more concerne were interpreted, like a language. A ing the nature of the contents, espepretence of understanding the language cially as, after correcting an error, we of birds, beasts, &c. is an ancient have a curious extract to make. orientalism ; and every object in na- In p. 84 we are told, that during tur was presumed to be animated by the reign of Henry VIII. seventy-two a daipovcov, which was presagum fu- thousand thieves were hanged in Enzturi, and could utter oracles. We land. This is a mistake. They were make these observations, not that we
in the main at least insurgents or dispute the possibility of a miracle as rebels, on account of the dissolution to the speech of the ass, but because of monasteries or the reformation. in Numbers xxii. 28, we have only
We shall now give an account of the the Lord opened the mouth of the annual consumption of the following ass ;” and our translation of Peter articles in Great Britain, from p. 121. (2 Pet. ii. 16) speaking with man's Wheal. 15 millions of quarters, about a voice, * is controvertible. The original quarter to each individual. is “ υπο ζυγιον αφωνον εν ανθρωπου Malt. 25 millions of bushels. φωνη φθεγξαμενον. Here there is an Hops. 46,000 acres cultivated with. antithesis between αφωνον and φωνη- Meal. 1,250,000 head of cattle, sheep, φθεγγομαι often means only to utter α and pigs, sold in Smithfield market alone, sound, and ev (see Viger) may be in- presumed a 10th of the consumption of the terpreted “in the power of.” The
whole kingdom. clause may therefore be interpreted
Tea. 30 millions of pounds. " the speechless beast, haring uttered
Sugar. 500 millions of pounds, or 4 a sound in the power of the human individual, reckoning the population at 25
millions of cwts.; about 20 pounds for every voice.” It does not therefore follow
millions. that he spoke Hebrew ; only that he Coffee. Abont 20 millions of pounds. uttered a sound which the prophet Soap. 114 millions of pounds. knew how to interpret in the manner Candles. About 117 millions of pounds. before stated.
Coals. Sea-borne, about 3 millions of The book is well-written, and we chaldrons ; adding those of the Midland have only made these remarks because
Counties, each person is presumed to conwe know that history can only be
sume a chaldron per apoum. satisfactorily explained by contempo- factured about 200 millions of pounds of
Collon Manufacture. There are manurary opinions and customs. Illustrations of another character may be both
cotton wool, which produce 1200 millions ingenious and successful, as in the fabrics, and of these we export about a
of yards of calico, and various other cotton following extract :
third ; so that 800 millions of yards remain “ Was it a matter of small offence that for home consumption, being about 3? he [Balaam) had persisted in soliciting the yards annually for each person. God of Holiness and Truth, to sanction the Woollen Manufactures, 30 millions of guilty wishes of his heart, by affording him pounds of wool. liberty to sully the attributes, and injure the Hides and Skins, about 50 millions ancause of his Maker in the eyes of the heathen? Qually tanned and dressed.
Paper, about 50 millions of pounds, or ? AvOpatov purny tywy, is the classical millions of reams. Greek. 'See Valpy's Four Dialogues of Ships in the carrying trade, 20,000. Platn, p. 132, & I11.
Turnpike roads, 25,000 miles total length.
following account, which we extract
from a Letter to Isaac Vossius, printed
“ The Bishop of Velna having appointed
not long since within his territory a great
among the bears a naked child, judged at 8
or 9 years old, that appeared to have nothing is represented by houses and furniture, and
humane (sic) about it but the shape, and shipping and stocks of goods.
for the rest it had not only the gale (sic), Public Capital of the Country, expended blings, of a bear
. This child was sent by
but the gestures, grins, and the very grum-
the Bishop to the Queen, where it has been
now a matter of 8 dayes, and clothed after This is, in the work, called the
the manner of other children. It was best cumulated capital of the last two thou- pleased with raw flesh and blood for meat and sand years ;” but from observing the drink, but vet care is taken to hinder it from vast increase of manufactories, shops, that diet. Upon coming it into a garden, it and goods, over the whole kingdom, makes choice of the herb it likes by the we are inclined to think that a full smell ( as it does of everything else). Some half of this accumulation is to be two dayes since, they shew'd it a bear, toascribed to the last fifty years, and
ward which it advanced without any fear or
trouble at all, with those expressions of fa-
from one bear to another. By the custome
grown extremely toward the body. It can
not yet be taught to articulate any sound; valry has been most happily denomi
but it begins to be under command about nated the “ Poetry of Life ;” and we
the rate of apes or bears, that are brought will add, that it equals the most glo
up under the tuition of a keeper. Some 6
In the Parliamentary Intelligencer
account of an Irish wild man, who intellectual persons; but, as the work
came to the woods of Clone and Cloni. is familiar, we shall say no more.
tibrid. He had no other covering than
reddish hair on his body. He was pur-
This fact may