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592 Edburton, Sussex.— Ashby-cum-Fenby, Lincolnshire. [VOL.CL knight's fee at Perching, in Edburton that they may be referred to with coeparish. In aftertimes, Robert de fidence by the future topographer r. Hangleton owned this fee, then valued historian, as a faithful transcript of at 5l. At Fulking, William Beamont the state of the respective churcba held lands of the honour and barony and their monuments at the beginning of Lewes, by the service of half a of the nineteenth century. knight's see. The manor of Paisthorn The village of Ashby-cum-Fenby is. was anciently held of the manor of pleasantly situated in a romantic va's Portslade, by one fifth of a knight's ley, at the foot of the wold hills in the fee.
north-east parts of Lindsey, on the old The Coverts who resided at Edbur- road from Grimsby to Louth, being ton, were a collateral branch of the about twelve miles from the latter very ancient and respectable family of place, and half the same distance from that name, anciently seated at Sul- the former. I am unacquainted with lington, afterwards at Slaugham. It the history of this village before the has been asserted, with probability, Norman conquest, but at the compilathat this family could travel through tion of Domesday, we find Fenby, por their own lands from Crawley to the only a small and unimportant bamlet, sea. They were possessed of estates giving its name to a hundred; with. in Crawley, Slaugham, Bolney, Twine- out, however, possessing any manorial ham, Albourn, Woodmancourt, Ed- jurisdiction, for it was in the soke of burton, and Hangleton, which last Waltham, and belonged to Earl Alan. parish extends nearly to the sea-shore. The manor of Ashby was the property
William de Braose held at Adberton of Wido de Credon or Croun, which one knight's fee, by free service. formerly belonged to Aslac the Saron, (Somner on Gavelkind, p. 56.) but was now occupied by Alured the
The following are the names of the vassal of Wido. It had nine acres and inhabitants of Perching, as contained a half of coppice wood, and was taiin the Rape of Lewes, and Hundred of laged at forty shillings. Earl Alan Poynings, who were rated to the sub- had also a part of this lordship, which sidy 18 James I. 1620.
was in the soke of Waltham, and had William Marchant, lands xxl. ijs. viijd.
five acres of coppice wood. No res-
State records. Thomas de Wodehars
claimed and substantiated before a Yours, &c. H. S. D. H. Jury, his right to a gallows, and in
fangthef, and assize of ale in Ashby.
cum-Fenby, and several adjoining pa. Mr. URBAN, Grimsby, Nov. 18. rishes, where he possessed estates ;*
THE investigations connected with and at his death in 1295, the property ecclesiastical topography possess a and privileges were confirmed to his charm which has ever been deeply in- heir.† Prince Henry held in Ashby teresting to my mind; and they con- and other places in the soke of Wal. sequently form one of the principal tham, thirty-one librates of land, sources of amusement, to which my which were a royal donation, and he few hours of leisure are devoted, amidst gave them to Henry the Chaplain, but the incessant and arduous duties ne- the service by which they were held is cessarily connected with the cure of not expressed in the record. About souls in a populous market town. The the same time, Richard de Lindon had fruits of these researches have been in Ashby, Brigsley, and Waith, one occasionally offered to the venerable knight's fee of the Constable of Ches. pages of the Gentleman's Magazine, ter Š; and John de Santon held half
* Placit. quo warr. + Inquis. post mort. 23 Ed. I. I Testa de Nevil. f Alan Rufus, first Earl of Richmond, died without issue ; and was succeeded by his brothers Alan Niger and Stephen, the latter of whom died in 1137. The property thea became vested in Conan, whose soo Conan inherited it at his death, and was succeeded by Galfrid, the next in descent. He was slain at a tournament in 1186, and his widow Con: stance inarried Ranulph Earl of Chester; and he assumed by pateat the title of Dux Britanniæ, Comes Cestriæ et Richmondiæ.
ndred Rolls record an inquiry about 3. Voco, veni, precare. Ebor. 1725. rprestures, in which it was deposed
On the south front is a porch with it the Abbot of Louth Park had ta
a pointed arch, and three mutilated
windows of as many lights, with tre.
foil heads, and quatrefoils in the re-
and two others of a similar ad two feet broad, by which the in
The east end contains the remains of
another, which is flanked by graduated
buttresses. On the north side, the
aile is in a state of perfect dilapida-
tion, and being separated within from
the body of the Church, the inside is **ginalia, relative to this parish, is worth
filled with rubbish. In this recep7 transcribing.
tacle of dirt and pollution is a large “ Rex omnibz ad quos, &c. Sal't'm. Cum and beautiful slab of black marble, laid nos nup' petissem' p'bre' n'r'm in curia n'ra
in the floor, which had been so long
used by the bricklayers, as a basis on
which to temper their mortar, that I
marble, and contained an inscription Pin
p'fatis justic' recognavit p’d'c'a messuagium importing that this was the final rest-
imposing, though it possesses some
good monuments. The north aile is
supported by circular arches springing p' an' quadraginta solidos, &c. Ita qu
from clustered columns of four con
have been extremely splendid, and is
a copy of that which I have already
described as existing in Whaplode extensive, and a motley patchwork so
Church* to the memory of Sir Anthony prevalent, that nothing can be pro
Irby, the ancestor of Lord Boston, to nounced with absolute certainty on
which family the Wrays were related the subject. The plan is, a nave and
by marriage; and it is probable that north aile, the latter almost wholly
the two monuments were executed by
the same artist, as Sir Anthony Irby died
before 1647. The Whaplode monu-
ment is kept in excellent condition, The bell windows are circular-headed, rably neglected. Time and dilapida
while this at Ashby has been miseand divided into lights by cylinders; tion unchecked, have made sad havoc and the parapet of the tower is embat
with the ornamental details ; even the * Testa de Nevil.
iron palisades by which it is surroundt Rot. Hund.
ed, have not escaped the ruinous ef-
Vide Gent. Mag. vol. xcix. pt. ii. p. 589.
i and his wife 1
[VOL. CL fects of long continued inattention ; The family of Drury came in with and it remains a striking proof of the the Conqueror, and were of Norina vanity of all human calculations, and extraction, as appears from the Rol an evidence of the decay of the family of Battle Abbey, and settled at Thurs: by whose munificence it was erected, ton in Suffolk; where becoming rich and who probably intended it as a and prosperous, in the eighth descent, trophy which would be able to resist the three sons of Nicholas Drury, by the encroachments of time. It con- partition, became the heads of three sists of an altar tomb, on which lie several families. Sir Roger the eldest the effigies of a knight in complete settled at Rougham; Nicholas, the armour, and a lady in rich drapery at second, at Hawstead ; and John, the his right hand. It is surmounted by third, at Wetherden. Frances, the a canopy supported on ten pillars of wife of Sir William Wray, was the the Composite order, and crested with fourteenth in descent from the head of a shield containing fourteen quarter- the family. She resided with her husings, as follows:-1. Argent, on band at Glentworth and Ashby in the chief Azure a tau between two mul- county of Lincoln. Her sister Sulets Or. 2. Azure, seven cross-cross- sanna being on a visit at Ashby dur. lets Gules, a chief dancetté. 3. Sable, ing the hunting season (so runs the six cinquefoils Azure. 4. Chequée legend), felt an inclination to witness Gules and Azure, on a fess Or three the sport; but not having been inescallops. 5. Gules, an eagle dis- structed in the art of horsemanship, played regardant, a crescent Sable for she submitted to have her person fas. difference. 6. Or, three fusils in fess tened to the saddle with straps, to pre. Gules. 7. Or, a fess Azure between vent the consequences of being disthree lions rampant. 8. Azure, bendy mounted. The animal, however, was of six Gules. 9. Gules, a fess between spirited, and perceiving his superiority three saltires Azure. 10. Azure, a over the lovely burthen which he bore, fess between three horse-shoes Gules. from her want of dexterity in the ma11. Gules, barry wavy of six Sable, nagement of the reins, he became three lozenges Azure. 12. Sable, a restive, and ultimately ran off with bend between six escallops Or. 13. fury across the country, outstripping Or, barry of six Gules, over all a bend all his pursuers, and regardless of the Sable. 14. Argent, on a chief Azure impediments which were opposed to a tau between two mullets Or. On his progress, till at length coming in the back of the same shield :--Quar- contact with the branches of a tree, terly, 1 and 4, Argent, on a chief three the brains of the unfortunate young martlets Gules. 2 and 3, Argent, on lady were dashed out, and the proa chevron Sable between 3 birds' heads mised enjoyments of the day were erased Proper, three cinquefoils of the changed into mourning and lamentaField. On an escutcheon of pretence tion. She was buried in Ashby the bloody hand. Motto_Et Juste et Church, and a splendid monument Vray.
erected to her memory in the chancel, On one of the pillars of the monu- which occupies the greater portion of ment is this shield, with the arms of the north wall. It consists of a CoWray and Drury :-Or, in chief three rinthian arch supported by pillars, the martlets; impaled with, Or, on a chief inner part divided into compartments, Azure, a tau between two mullets of and decorated alternately with mullets the first. In these arms, the tinctures and Stafford knots. Underneath is are probably in several instances erro- the effigies of a lady reclining on a neous, as it was difficult to distinguish tomb supported by two greyhounds between Or and Argent, Azure and sejant, collared ; accompanied by a Sable, from the very dilapidated state shield with the arms of Drury, and of the monument.
this inscription : Round the frieze is a mutilated in.
« Pice memoriæ sacrum. scription, from which the following Hic sita est virgo clara, casta, pudica, anonly can be gathered :
tiquæ eius nominis hæer. Sysanoa Druria, “ The poble and religious Lady Frances filia clariss. Do. Gulielmi Drurii militis, de Wray, eldest daughter and coheir to the Havsteed in comit. Suffolciensi, longa honourable and worthy Sir William Drurie Druriorum serie, Sede, clara, et etiam
...........Elizabeth Stafford, descended præclariss. Do. Elizabethæ Stafford præfrom the renowned and illustrious familie of nobili Buckinga. Ducum familia orta exthe Staffords of Buckingham........
emplar pietatis sanct. vixit amicis quam de
595 cessariis æque cara. De qua doluit nihil Wray, with her three sons, sold the nisi mors eius. In beatarum choro himene
estate in that place to Thomas Cullum, irrupto, ab archangeln, in festo eius, Michaele rapta, anao CDDCVI. cum numeras
esq. for 17,6971. when the interest of
the Drurys ceased at Hawstead after a set annos XX.II. Hoc amoris ergo B.M. P. A."
continuance of a hundred and ninety Sir William Drury," who is named
years." I in the above inscriptions, married Eli- the west end lies an ancient effigy in
To return to Ashby Church. At zabeth, the daughter of Sir William tolerable preservation, of a crusader Stafford of Grafton, knight, and was
in the mail armour of the time of Edslain on the Continent in a duel with Sir John Borough, knt. A. D. 1589; shield; but, as it has neither inscription
ward I. with a pondrous sword and and a noble monument by Nicholas Stone was erected to his memory in
nor date, I am possessed of no clue the chancel of Hawstead Church, con
to determine the identity of the war
rior who is here represented. sisting of a basement, upon which is
The font (called by Chrysostom “the a sarcophagus of black marble be
bridechamber of the spirit, and the neath a double arch, ornamented with warlike implements, and supported by port of grace,") is octagonal, placed on Corinthian pillars. The whole sur
a clustered pedestal, and panelled with mounted by an oval frame with a bust quatrefoils in niches; near which is a the size of life, and a Latin inscrip- fore the establishment of the poor
curious ancient implement, used betion. “The heirs of Sir Robert Drury + alms. It consists of a clustered co
laws for the purpose of collecting were his three sisters : Frances, married first to Sir Nicholas Clifford, af
lumn of stone, on the capital of which terwards to Sir W. Wray, and is in
is a box with antique locks, surround
ed with this inscription : terred in Ashby Church; Diana, second wife to Sir Edward Cecil, third Εφ' όσον εποιησατε ένι τουτων των αδελSon of the first Earl of Exeter; and φως μου των ελαχιστων εμοι εποιησατε. Elizabeth, second wife of William second Earl of Exeter, by whom she On the front of the pulpit is a date had three daughters, and from them carved in the oak, 1584; and on one the noble families of Suffolk, Stam- of the pews near it is the following ford, &c. are descended. Upon the inscription sculptured in relief, in partition of Sir Robert's estates, that rude characters, accompanied by a at Hawstead and its environs was set- badly executed shield of at least equal tled on the Lady Wray; the widow of antiquity : whose only surviving son Sir Christo- DE FENBY." pher, the honourable dame Albina Yours, &c. GEO. OLIVER.
* This Sir William Drury " had the honour of entertaining Queen Elizabeth at his house at Hawstead in her progress in 1578, and her apartmeat there ever after retained her
Tradition reports that she dropped a silver handled fan into the moat. It was at this time that the Royal guest bestowed the honour of knighthood upon the master of the mansion who had entertained her with such sumptuous liberality.”—Cullum's History of Hawstead, in Bib. Top. Brit. vol. V. p. 130.
+ There is an entry in the books of the Heralds' College, recording the funeral of Sir Robert Drury, who was the last of that branch of the family, as follows :
“ Mem. That the Right Worshipful Sir Robert Drury of Hawstead in the county of Suffolk, knight, married Aun, daughter of the Worshipful Sir Nic. Bacon of Redgrave in the county of Suffolk, knight and baronet, and had issue two daughters, both which died young, saos issue.
"The said Sir Robert departed this present life the second day of April, anno Domini 1615, and was interred in the chancel of the parish church of Hawstead aforesaid. His funeral was worshipfully solemnized by his aforesaid right worshipful ladie dame Anne Drury, Sir Henry Drury of Hewgeley in com. Buckingham, knight, being chiefe mourner, . being assisted by the right worshipful Sir William Wray of Glentworth in com. Liacolo, knight baronet, Sir Robert Drury of Rougham in coin. Suff. knight, Mr. Drue Drury, Ar. and Mr. Robert Drury, Ar. the said funeral being ordered by Richmond Herald, deputy to Mr. Clarencieux, King of Arms, and Chester Herald, the first of July, in the year abovesaid.” -MS. in Heralds' Coll. T. 16, ful. 369, ut supra.
Cullum, ut supra, p. 147.
Continental Sketches and Reminiscences. (VOL. CI. Continental SketchES AND REMI. He said he had belonged to a company NISCENCES.-No. II.
of mountebanks, and had wandere The Street Organist.
with them as far as Konigsberg, bers
that in an unlucky equestrian feat be I ONCE had occasion to spend a had fallen and broken both his leg; i winter in the capital of one of the that the expense of his consequel German states, and having but a very confinement, and medical assistance, scanty knowledge of the language, had ruined him, and that now he is and limited acquaintanceship, I natu- making the best of his way, feeble, rally enough felt somewhat solitary solitary, and friendless, to his natin and gloomy in my comparatively lonely country. His story carried nothia situation. What a winter in the north beyond probability in it-he said te of Germany really is, he only knows had been in Italy, and spoke the laswho has experienced it. Snow that guage fluently; but of German, thood lies for weeks,-frost, that makes the he had been a considerable time in the snow grate like gravel, and the win
country, he knew hardly anything: dows crack as if little Johnny Frost indeed it appears to be a language pehimself were getting his own fingers culiarly difficult to be acquired bra pinched, and wanted to come in to Frenchman; but what particularly warm them at the stoves and wind struck me in this man, was his buoyancy whetted to piercing, by traversing a of spirits under his accumulated dislong expanse of fat country, which tresses, of lameness, poverty, and sahas been chilled to zero ;- with all litude. He said he intended to leare this I had but little inducement to the city that evening, though the soov leave my apartment, except to take a fell fast, for he preferred lodging in little exercise before dinner. I lived the way-side hamlet, as the peasantry, near the Post Office, so the arrival and though they laughed at his gibberist, departure of the Schnell and Fahr posts willingly shared their homely fare with formed a subject of some interest, him. I gave him a trifle, and reespecially when I hoped that some turned home; and when I saw my one of them might be the bearer of a table-cloth laid for dinner, my little letter from mine ain countrie; when collection of English and foreign works, contrary winds, and impassable roads, the window-curtains drawn down, my delayed the arrival of my monthly table placed snugly by the stove, froni briefe. As I observed above, I was which a comfortable flow of heat was apt to be gloomy, and, as I suspect is emanating, I thought of the poor not unfrequently the case with melan- Frenchman, of his melancholy condi. choly men, rather unreasonably so. tion and my own happy one, his One day I rose from a desponding fit, cheerfulness, and my most unreasonable threw on my cloak, and sallied out to discontent, and determined no longer the streets, to distract my mind by to make myself unhappy, merely be. observing what was passing. It was cause I was too comfortable, or yield during a snow storm, and sledges, to such base ingratitude towards a from that of the prince to the common kind and bountiful Providence. street hack, were to be seen whisking Among other subjects that interest about in all directions; some, in all the solitary stranger, that of music,the pomp and circumstance of prancing I do not mean merely that of the consteeds, and gay garniture, flew about cert-room, but street music, horrible as like arrows, and others in less gorgeous the phrase may seem to the Dilettante, array trundled along at a more sober must not be omitted. Sometimes a pace. There is something cheerful simple and sweet air will prove a and spirit-stirring in the sight of a source of heartfelt enjoyment, longstedge. Its silent, rapid, gliding mo- lost emotions are awakened, the symtion, the ease with which the proud pathies of the soul are touched, while steed pulls it after him, the light music " the memory of joys that are past, of the belts, impress the mind with pleasant and mournful,” springs up the ideas of gaiety and activity. On within. There was a little old man happening to pass the Police Office, I with a hand organ, who used to come was accosted in French by a poor and grind his music under my winlooking fellow who had been applying dow, and as his melody, such as it about his passport. He begged some was, particularly a beautiful German assistance. I inquired into his history. air, amused and enlivened me on many