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PART 11.) Jewish Custom of Swearing:- The Passing Bell. 587 to is the first mention, by Moses, certain time ; nor am I aware that who particularly wrote for a family of there was any distinctive way of conthe Shemites, of this adjuration sub- cluding, as in Lincolnshire. sequently to his mention of the insti. Yours, &c.

C.W.C. tution. (He has given us another instance of the adjuration in the case of

Mr. URBAN,

Dec. 5.
Joseph on his death-bed, Gen. 47.)
Now I cannot but think, if the adju- following abstract of the Charter of

IN requesting your insertion of the ration had reference to the rite, that

Padstow* under Queen Elizabeth, under such circumstances the adjurer with the accompanying observations, would have added words to that ef

I will just premise that the town was fect, supposing it the first use of that

some centuries previously in possesform of oath ;-and supposing it not

sion of chartered privileges first acso, that the writer still would have quired under King Athelstan. Lysons added an observation to the same ef- incorrectly states, that "it does not fect, for his reader's sake.

appear that Athelstan ever had any Grotius has observed that this ad

connection with Padstow ;” the conjuration was in his time still used in the East. If so, still this point would by Whitaker. (See Gent. Mag. 1825,

verse however is clearly established admit of a satisfactory solution, by i: 320.) Among his authorities we ascertaining the light in which it is

have Ec'la de Aldestowe,” in the held by the nations using it,-or at

Valor of Pope Nicholas (1291), and least whether it is usual otherwise

“P'och' s'ci Petroci Majoris in quâ than among those of the Jewish or

est Burgus de Aldestowe,” in a writ Ishmaelite circumcision.

of 45 Edw. III. (1372) for a general Vatablus remarks that Eben Ezra subsidy. Leland also is unusually gives it as a form of homage to place explicit in explaining the name, viz. the hand under one sitting ; illustrat

called “ in Englisch after the trew and ing the form by the derivation of pos- old writinges Adelstowe (latinè Athalsidere from sedendo. One of Grotius's

stani locus), and the town there taketh suppositions is, that it may be by the King Athelstane for the chef gever of sword worn on the thigh.

priviledges onto it.” This circumIn p. 499 of the same number, in stance quite accords with the characMr. Oliver's article on Funeral cere- ter of the Sovereign and the events of monies, the passing bell in Lincoln- his reign, which have been recently shire appears for a male to toll four so faithfully and classically recorded times, for a female three times at pre- by Mr. Turner in his Anglo-Saxon sent. A variation on this point I History: he remarks (ii. 305), “Athelthink exists in part of Northampton. stan was certainly a great and illusshire, where I myself lately resided. trious character. He appears to have The pulsations were in each case been as amiable as great. To the three, and three times repeated, or clergy he was attentive and mild ; to oftener, according to the number of his people, affable and pleasant. With the bells. The distinction being, that the great he was dignified, with others for a male the first triad is tolled on he lay aside his state, and was conthe bell of lowest pitch, for a female descending and decently familiar. His on the highest bell; the following ones people loved him for his bravery and ascending or descending regularly. humility, but his enemies felt his These rung out, the passing bell was

wrath." The name of Wealas was tolled as usual about London for a applied by the Saxons to the Britons

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* For communications on the early history of Padstow, see Gent. Mag. 1825, i. 320, ii. 410; 1826, ii. 305; and 1827, ii. 17. The following engravings connected with this place have been published, viz. Place, inscribed to Humphrey Prideaux, esq. in Borlace's Natural History of Cornwall. Padstow, from the harbour, inscribed to the Rev. C. Prideaux Brune, in Hist. of Cornwall by Rev. R. Polwhele. Saunders Hill, and part of Padstow, inscribed to Thomas Rawlings, esq. in Gilbert's Cornwall. Font and Piscina in Padstow Church, in Lysons's Magna Britannia, vol. iii. Saunders Hill, in Neale's Seats of Noblemen and Gentlemen, ser. ii. vol. i. Padstow Church, in Gent. Mag. 1827, ii. 17. Saunders' Hill, in Jones's Views of Seats in the Western Counties. Place, in Fisher's Cornwall and Devonshire Illustrated, 1831. Seal formerly used by the Padstow Corporation in Lewis's Top. Dict. 7.

588
Charter of Padstow, Cornwall.

[VOL. CI. generally; Mr. Turner has therefore and ample a manner as the late prior been led into a slight error in making of Bodmin or his predecessors held of Howel King of Wales instead of Corn- ought to have held and enjoyed. These wall.

rights evidently annul some of the priThe following is an abstract of the vileges apparently conferred by the Charter of Padstow, now lapsed by Charter. The copy of a lease from desuetude, extracted from the origi- the manorial proprietor to the Corponals in the Lord Treasurer's Remem- ration, was inserted in Gent. Mag. brancer's Office in the Exchequer, 25 1826, ii. 305. Eliz. (1583) part 3, Roll 59, viz.- The Pope family possessed consider

1. Incorporation under the name of able influence with the Crown, and the Mayor and Burgesses of the “Bur- filled many distinguished offices. Bp. rowe of Padstowe."

Tanner remarks, with great truth, 2. Burgesses to elect at Michael. that several of the old persuasios mas, a Mayor, Steward, five Alder- were active promoters of the dissolamen, and two Sergeants of Mace. tion of religious houses, and succeed

3. Burgesses discharged from at- ed in obtaining grants of the church tendance on Juries, Assizes, &c. &c. lands on terms far below their real except within said Borough.

value. This was the case with the 4. Pleas to be held every Monday Roman Catholic family of Pope. John in the Guildhall before the Mayor and Pope, first of London, afterwards of Steward or their Deputies.

Wroxton, co. Oxon, was the only bro. 5. Weekly Market on Friday; Mayor ther, and eventually succeeded to the to be clerk of said market.

greater part of the estate, of Sir Tho6. Two Fairs annually ; one on the mas Pope, Treasurer of the Court of Friday fortnight before Easter, and Augmentations, guardian of the Prinone on the 6th August.

cess, afterwards Queen Elizabeth, and 7. Burgesses discharged from toll founder of Trinity College, Oxford. at bridge, wallage, pannage, payage, Warton published an interesting Life carriage, stallage, passage, anchorage, of this gentleman in 1760, with a pe. culage, kayage, wayvage, planceage, digree tracing the descent from his and lastage.

brother (John Pope) to the noble fa8. Mayor and Burgesses empower- milies of Downe and Guilford. ed to levy toll, pontage, lastage, an- By purchase from the last-mentionchorage, and culage within the bo- ed gentleman, the manor of Padstow rough, port, and haven of Padstow, became the property of the Prideaus and the creeks thereto appertaining. family. The following notice of their

9. Full reservation in favour of the descent connects itself with the er. rights of the Lord of the said Borough planatory remarks which appeared on and his heirs.

the same subject in Gent. Mag. 1827, The weekly market is now held on ii. p. 18. Paganus de Prideaux, A.D. Saturday; and April 18 and Sept. 21, 1069, (temp. Will. Conq.) was the are the days fixed for the nominal first of the family who resided at Pris fairs.

deaux Castle in Luxilion for fourteen In the Royal letters patent to John descents, when the elder branch havPope in the Remembrancer's Office, ing ended in coheiresses, the property 36 Hen. VIII. (1545) parts 1. 8. Rolls was carried by marriage about the 71. 23. the rights of the lord of the year 1400 into the Arvas family, from manor, alluded to and confirmed in whence it was similarly transferred the above charter, are specified. to the Hearles of Northumberland. A Among several manors and lands in younger son in the third descent from different parts of England conveyed to Paganus, settled at Orcharton near that gentleman, we find the manor of Modbury in Devonshire, having marPadstow situate in Padstow, St. Ca. ried an heiress of that name, and this dock, Lenlissick, Rewne, and Tretha- branch gave birth to Roger and John rope, the advowson of the Vicarage, Prideaux, both knights of the shire the oblations and emoluments of the for Devon (temp. Edw. III). On the chapels of St. Cadock and St. Samp- extinction of the elder, the descent was son's, the fishery in the water of Gyll continued in a younger branch which within the said manor, and the island had married the heiress of Adeston at of Gulland Rock, together with sun- Holbeton in the same county. In the dry other manorial rights in as full third descent from John before men

»RT 11.] Prideaur Family:-Port of Padstow.

589 aed, William of Adeston married 3° die Maii, A. D. 1648°, Edmundi Pri• heiress of Giffard of Thuborough deaux de Padstovia, armigeri, filius natu the parish of Sutcombe, which then tertius, bonis literis a piis parentibus dicacame the residence of his family, flis, in scholâ regia Westmonasterii studioe elder branch of which, after mar

sum tyrocinium posuit, quæ postea in æde

Christi Oxoniæ ulteriùs provexit, unde in ing the heiresses of Edgecombe,

hac ecclesiâ promotus, primo in prebendaeo, Arundell, Bevill, and Carminow,

rium 15° die Augusti, A.D. 1681o; secundd itimately became extinct in the male

in Archidiaconum Archidiacopatûs Sufne: by the last-mentioned heiress

folcive 21° die Decembris, A. D. 1688°, et ais branch was possessed of Resprin tertid demùm in Decanum go die Junii,

St. Winnow, where Sir Richard A. D. 1702o, installatus fuit. Obiit intra rideaux, knt. then Sheriff of Corn- septum hujus ecclesiæ lo die Novembris, vall, was seated in the civil contests A D. 1724.” »f 1746. Some generations previously It does not appear that the comso this period, Roger, the third son of mercial interests of Padstow were beHumphrey Prideaux of Thuborough, nefited by the Charter ; indeed, it is the founder of his own fortune, pur

evident, that, unless supported and chased Seldon in the parish of Holds

countenanced by the manorial proworthy, and made it the residence of prietor, its provisions would with difhis family; he became Sheriff of De- ficulty be carried into effect. The von in 1580. His eldest son Sir Ni

exerci

rcise, therefore, of these privileges cholas purchased the manor of Pad

probably ceased soon after the resistow, and died in 1627, at an advanc

dence of the Prideaux family. About ed age, having erected the mansion

the middle of the last century, the house at Place about the year 1600.*

trade of the port rapidly increased, According to Lysons, the tithe fish

and the spirit of commercial enterand the oblations and emoluments of prise very much conduced to the prosSt. Cadock and St. Sampson's, were

perity of the town. There are now held on lease by his grandfather Hum

74 vessels belonging to the port, chiefly phrey in 1537, under the priory of under 100 tons burthen. This harBodmin. Mr. Prideaux Brune, the

bour is the only secure shelter for vespresent representative, obtained his

sels between the Land's End and Majesty's sign manual in 1797, for Hartland Point, a distance of 24 taking that name on succeeding to the leagues; but the access is difficult, estate of the ancient family of Brune

and sometimes dangerous. The chaof Plumber in Dorsetshire. The mem

racter of the whole coast is marked by bers of the Prideaux family have been inaccessible cliffs, broken at intervals so numerous, and have spread so ex

by sandy beaches, which are rendered tensively in the county of Devon, as

equally fatal by the heavy ground sea to justify the probability that many from the Atlantic Ocean. 175 vessels families there, now bearing the same

have been wrecked or stranded, and name, are descended from the younger upwards of 200 lives lost, in the last branches of the house.

33 years within the limits of the port. Within the nave of the Cathedral at

These melancholy facts have given rise Norwich, between the north pillars, is to an excellent institution for the prethe following inscription to Dr. Pri.

servation of life and property from deaux, which may be added to the shipwreck established at this place in memorials of the Padstow Prideauxes

1829, and liberally supported by which have appeared in your Maga- Lloyds', the Trinity House, and genzine :

tlemen of influence connected with the « M. S. Sub hoc marmore depositae sunt county. The property of the associamortales exuviæ Humphridi Prideaux, S.T.P.

tion is vested in John Paynter, esq. Nascebatur Padstoviæ in agro Coraubiensi the manorial proprietor of Ide, and

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* The writer has seen a document purporting to be the copy of a conveyance of the manor of Padstow and its dependencies, from John Pope, gent. to Nicholas Prideaux, esq. dated 36 Hen. VIII. (1545) appointing Roger Prideaux and William Tyler his attornies, first to take seizin on his behalf as proprietor, and then to deliver up possession to the purchaser. But the said Nicholas Prideaux was not born until 1552 ; what therefore becomes of the authenticity of the document? In all probability the latter gentleman purchased the estate from Pope in the reign of Elizabeth.

p. Edw. /l/ 03 elder

, the desert Junger branche terress of these me countr. bob

linha before

590 Mrs. Siddons.--Williams and Welby Families. [VOL. CL. the Rev. William Rawlings, Vicar of alone can be exercised as to the caus Padstow, as trustees. The erections of it. I, however, know that excel and excavations at the entrance of the lent person to have been a zealdes harbour are very extensive, and the catholic; and conceive it possible at apparatus, to which a lifeboat is at- least that Mrs. Kemble, a very firs tached, having been brought into ope- protestant, took the sole direction of ration in the winter of 1830-1, suc- matters upon the entrance of her ceeded in rescuing six vessels from daughter into a christian community. total wreck, and in all probability Perhaps there might be difficulty at their crews from destruction.

St. Mary's in this case of a catholic Yours, &c.

Δ. and protestant union, and a slight

change might obviate the demur. I

have nothing better to propose ; for, Mr. URBAN,

Nov. 3.

as Mrs. Kemble was a lady of incomI perceive that Mr. Evans, of Wor

parable sense, it could be no halluci. cester, (p. 290) considers that I am

nation of caprice. I must now close mistaken in assigning the 5th of July

the subject, however fond of it. 1755 for the birth-day of Mrs. Sid

“Sed fugit intereà, fugit irrevocabile teinpas, dons. His reason is that, “ according to the register of her baptism she

Singula dum capti circumvectamor amore."

J. BOADEX, was born on the 14th of that month." He notices also the discrepancy in the said register as to the christian name Mr. URBAN,

Dec. 19. of her father, who is styled George, THE following letter, though it may whereas he was always known to be

not furnish any new historical facts, Roger Kemble.

will, I think, be thought worthy of Mr. Evans will find the 5th of July publication, from its giving an account inscribed by her daughter upon her of a very important event in the annals monument in the burial ground, and of this country, penned on the very the mural tablet in Paddington church.

day of its occurrence. Although the This is authority enough-indeed the

writer does not mention the audible authority of Mrs. Siddons herself, for

murmur of lamentation around the she directed the inscriptions to be

scaffold of the unfortunate Charles, placed on these memorials of her ex

which is recorded by some other istence; and, with truly christian hu

writers; yet he uses an expression of mility, marked nothing but the com

equivalent import, that the execution mencement and the close of life.

“ much discontented the citizens." But I do not read the register as William Williams, the writer of this Mr. Evans has done; and as the letter, was a younger son of a family worthy rector of St. Mary's, Brecon,

which, as well as the Welbys, to the sent me an extract from the Parish head of whom his letter is addressed, book, on the 24th April 1826, it may had been seated for some generations be worth while to preserve it literatim; at Denton in Lincolnshire. He is for which purpose I transcribe it on

thus described in the epitaph of his the present occasion. To my eye daughter Mrs. Susanna Gregory at July 14th is the day of baptism.

Denton : Register Book of Christenings and Mar

“ William Williams was the youngest riages in St. Mary's, Brecon.

child of John Williams of Denton in the Baptisms in the year 1755. — July 14, county of Lincoln, Esq. who [i. e. William] Sarah, daughter of George Kemble, a co

being a citizen of London, by his industry median, and Sarah his wife, was baptized.

gained a moderate fortune, with which he, I certify that this is a correct copy, taken

his executors, and bis widow Mrs. Elizafrom the Register Book of Christenings of

beth Williams, purchased lands and teneSt. Mary's, Brecon.

ments in the county of Nottingham, and in (signed) Tho. Bevan.

the town and county of the town of NotBrecon,

Curate.

tingham ; and also lands and tenements at 24th April 1826.

Wivell and Hungarton in the county of

Lincoln, which had been the estate of his As I had the happiness to know

eldest brother Richard Williams; and also Mr. Roger Kemble personally, I am

lands and tenements at Harlaxton, in the quite sure that he had no share what

county of Lincolo ; who surviving his broever in the nominal error pointed out ; ther Richard, and his daughter Mrs. Elizaand at this distance of time, conjecture beth King, and George and John his two PART 11.) Account of the Execution of King Charles I. 591 brothers (who never married), the estate at with him, expressing y they murdered Denton descended to the aforesaid William

him; ye Bishop of London was with Williams of Rempston, esq."

him upon ye stage. When he made This flourishing and land-purchasing himselfe ready for the blocke, he first citizen was buried at Denton in the pulled of his hatt and gave itt to ye year 1700, fifty-two years after the Bishop, y" his cloack and his doublett death of Charles the First, at which

to 2 others, and his George he gave to period it may be presumed he was a ye Bishop, wh ye parliament hath sent very young man. His letter was ad

for ; and after his death proclamation dressed to William Welby, esq. the

was made ye none shd be proclaimed Lord of the superior manor at Denton, Kinge butt with ye Parliament's conand who had married Williams's sister

sent. Eleanor (see the pedigrees of Welby

B', 1 desire you to excuse my rudeand Williams, in Turnor's Soke of

nesse by reason of ye want of tyme, Grantham, pp. 124, 125). From that y! I cannot enlarge myself for expresmarriage Sir William Earle Welby, sions of my gratefullnesse.' I pray the present Baronet, is fourth in de- give my humble duty wth many thanks scent. He now enjoys the lordship to my mother, with my best love to of Denton, and with it the affectionate youreselfe, with my B. and Sisters. esteem of every man in the county.

Y' faithful Br The name of Welby is there, and

Jan. 30. Will. WILLIAMS. wherever known, a pledge for all that To Mr. Wm. Welby, at his house of is kind, benevolent, independent, and Denton, near Grantham. These presents. honourable.

The original letter was found with others* in a box containing many old Mr. URBAN.

Dec. 14. family deeds and documents at Denton.

ADVERTING to the Rev. Edmund Yours, &c.

W. A. A.

Cartwright's History of Bramber

Rape,” in his description of Edburton, Most LOVINGE BROTHER !

I perceive he has omitted the follow

ing memorials in the Church, and The experience I have of your greate other matters relating to the parish. kindnesses and favoures, doth by ye often thinkinge on their deservings, Baker, A. M. the diligent Master of the

“In memory of the Rev. Charles-Vaughan deeply embosome themselves in my

Free Grammar-school at Steyning twentygrateful affection, that neither tyme nor absence can extenuate ; and though parish near thirty years.

five years, and the faithful Rector of this

He died the 2d the requitall of such invaluable curtesies day of August, MDCCLXXIV. and his relye not in my poore power, yett yemains are deposited in the middle of this willingnesse of my desires this letter chancel. Near to them are interred those will testifye in promisinge my utter- of his widow, Elizabeth Baker, who was the most power in all serviceable endea- second daughter of the late Rev. Edward

Sir, in answer to your letter, Wilson, A. M. Rector of Westmeston in such books as you write for I cannot this county, who departed this life 17th day possibly gett in towne, I have beene of May, 1802, in the 77th year of her age. att divers shoppes and cannot gett On Slabs : ye ordinances for presbiteryan govern

“ Here lyeth interred the body of John ment, neither can helpe you to

Coulstock, Gent. late of Perching, in this y" as yett.

parish, who departed this life the ad day of All the newes I can sende you is ye October, 1708, in the 74th year of his age." ye Kinge was beheaded this daye be

“ Here lyeth the body of Mrs. Mary fore Whitehall gate ; itt much discon- Covert, who departed this life May ye 30, tents yo cityzens. Ye manner of his 1729. aged 67. She was ye daughter of deportment was verey resolvedly, wth Mr. Edward and Mrs. Mary Covert, who some smiling countenances, intimating

were huried here." his willingnesse to be out of his

Affixed to the pulpit is the iron troubles ; he made noe speech to ye frame where the hour-glass was placed, people, but to those upon ye stage by which the Divines of old preached

by regular rotation of time. * We hope we may be favoured with any It appears by the Testa de Nevill, others thought worthy of publication.-Edit. that William de Aguillon held one

voures.

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