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nor, &c.

1831.] Colony of Liberia.- Colonial Slavery.

549 The township of Caldwell is about seven to see that it has already found favour in miles from Monrovia, on St. Paul's river, England, and that some of the Society of and contains a population of 560 agricul- Friends have transmitted 2501. towards turists. The soil is exceedingly fertile, the promoting the objects of the Society, situation pleasant, and the people satisfied Among the list of subscribers already puband happy

lished by Mr. Elliott Cresson, the “ReMillsburg is situated twenty-five miles presentative of the American Colonization from Monrovia, on the St. Paul's, at the Society,” now in London, there are many head of tide water, where there are never- names for 71. 10s., a sum, it appears, which failing streams, sufficient for one bundred not only secures the freedom of a slave and mills; and there is timber enough in the pays his passage to Africa, but constitutes immediate neighbourhood for their employ- him a freeholder of thirty acres of fertile ment, if used for the purpose of sawing, for land. half a century. The town contains 200 inhabitants.

COLONIAL SLAVERY. Bushrod's Island, which separates the Montserado from the St. Paul's river, is Mr. Clarkson, whose series of Lectures seven miles in length, three at its extreme on various subjects we have reported, has breadth, about five miles from Monravia, been lately delivering lectures on Negro and is very fertile : on this island are settled Slavery, on behalf of the London Antithirty families from the Carolinas. All the Slavery Society, at various parts of the above settlers, amouating to at least 1,500, Southern Coast, Brighton, Worthing, Bogare emigrants from the United States.

We shall give a summary of the On the left bank of Stockton Creek, and

last. the settlement on Bushrod's Island, the After an eloquent exordiurn, the Lecturer recaptured Africans are located ; 250 of proceeded to a brief detail of the origin of whom were sent out by the Government of British Colonial Slavery, next to its prothe United States, and 150 taken by the gress, and lastly to its condition at the precolonists from the Spanish factories; the sent point of time. The most important agents of which having bought some of our

landmark to keep in view during its progress kidnapped Africans, and refusing to give was the epoch of Mr. Canning's Resolutions them up,

the colonists not only took their in 1823. (See our Report in p. 160, where own people, but the slaves they had col- Mr. Clarkson details the inhumanities still lected. The settlements contain, in the practised by the Slave proprietors, in spite aggregate, nearly 2,000 souls.

of the Government pledges.) The two houses for religious worship are Following the road guide of evidence, ofBaptist and Methodist. The Baptists have ficial and otherwise, Mr. Clarkson proceeded three and the Methodists five preachers, all to describe the existing condition of Negro intelligent coloured men, merchants and Slavery, under its three prominent heads of traders residing among them.

labour, food, and punishment. Under the A trading company has been formed at first head be gave an interesting sketch of Monrovia, with a capital of 4,000 dollars, the hiscury and practice of sugar culture ; and an agreement entered into, that no divi- and having shown, from competent authodend shall be made until the profits increase rities, that the amount of labour exacted for the capital to 20,000 dollars. The stock this culture (being adequate, during five or has risen from 50 to 75 dollars per share in six mouths in the year, to six days and three one year.

nights in the week,) must have a murderous Amidst the various pursuits of this ris- tendency, he proceeded to state the legal ing colony, the interests of literature are amount of food by which it was sustained. not entirely neglected. We have now be- This legal allowance in some of the colofore us the 5th Number of a monthly news. nies, in addition to the mockery of the impaper, entitled the Liberia Herald ; perhaps probable chance of rearing vegetables during the first ever before published by the sable the intervals of the above inordinate labour, children of Africa. 'The motto is “ Free- was itself a mockery-namely two pounds dom is the brilliant gift of Heaven.It of salt fish and a few herrings. As to the consists of four pages about the size of royal punishments he would follow the maxim of 4to; but the paper and print are remarkably the Latin poet, and submit their description coarse when compared with our

to the eye rather than the ear. He would riodicals.

drag forth ani exhibit before them the When we consider the limited resources whips and chains of the Colonial Pandemoof the excellent men who first projected this nium, over the frowning gates of which interesting colony—the character of the Dante's hopeless inscription seemed to be settlers—the difficulties to be overcome- imprest. Of that whip which he held in and the progress made in len years-we

his band thirty-nine lashes were allowed by canuot but hope well for its permanent suc

law to the slave-owner, his overseer, &c.; are sure it will have the best ten to the driver. But while slave evidence wishes of all good men; and we are happy was rejected, it was obvious that by sending

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550
Literary and Scientific Intelligence.

[Dec. free witnesses away, the legal number might 21.—Baron's Cyprian Academy,' 1648, 21 be illimitably exceeded. A murderous de- 85.—Sir Astun Cukaine's Choice Poems and population of Negro Slaves, to the amount Plays, 1669, 2 vols. 21. 25.-'Monsieur of ten a day, was now perpetrated by the d'Olive, 1606, 31. 108.—Bussy d' Assystem; while the striking fact presented bois,' 1607, 31. 135. 6.-Two Wise Mea, itself, that the free Negro population, tread- and all the rest Fooles,' 1619, 41. 45.ing the same soil and breathing the same D'Urfey's ‘English Stage Italianized,' 1727, atmosphere, annually increase in numbers. 8vo. 21. 12s. 6d., an hitherto unexampled

As to the general tests of the condition price for this tract.— Mucedorus : the of society, resulting from Colonial Slavery; most pleasant comedie of Mucedorus, the there are three certain criteria—the state of Kinge's Soone of Valencia, and Amadire marriage, the state of crime, and the state the Kinge's daughter of Aragon, with • The of population. Mr. Clarkson, on each of Merry Conceits of Monse, very delectable these heads, referred to official documents and full of conceited mirth,' 1609, 3L 65.laid on the table of the House of Communs. Duchess of Newcastle's Plays, 2 vols. folio, With respect to the first, the marriage tie 1662-8, 11. 15s., (at Rhodes's sale a similar appeared to be in a state of utter abroga- copy sold for 5l. 15s. 6d.)—“The Wizard,' tion among the white slaveholders, as well Comedy written before 1640, from Dulwich as among the black slaves. The increase of College Library, 21. 9s.—Sir W. Lower's crime in both was fearful. In Trinidad, for • Three New Plays, 1661,' 31. 13s. 60.instance 16,580 slaves had been punished in Duffet's Empress of Morocco,' with the two years for 11,131 offences; that is to rare portrait, 1674, ll. 155.—Heywood's say, ihat deducting the number of infants • Fair Maide of the West; or, a Girl worth incapable of committing crimes, every slave Gold,' 1631, both parts, 4l. 58.—Jordan's had committed some offence during the two Poetical Varieties, 1637, 21. 55.—“Walks of years. So much for the demoralization of Islington and Hogsden,' 1657, 31. 55.the slave. With regard to that of the slave- • Fancy's Festival,' a masque, 1657, 31. 10%. master, it appeared by a return to the Bri- - Lookinge Glasse for Loodon and Eas. tish Parliament that the number of criminal land,' 1617, 31. 45. — Roaring Girl,' 1611, prosecutions of the whites in Jamaica were 31. 95.- Game at Chess,' 1624, 21. 12s.6d, in proportion to those of the free blacks as -Sharpham's · Fleire,' 1607, 31. lls.three to one ; while the white population is Rob. Wilson's 'Cobler's Prophecie,' 1594, in proportion to the free blacks as one to 41. 45. Among the theatrical tracts were three.

also many of considerable scarcity. After a lengthened recapitulation of the various plans for the abolition of Negro

Mechanics' INSTITUTE. Slavery, thie Lecturer, in conclusion, 'stated Dec. 2. At the eighth anniversary of bis conviction that, when the judgment of this institution, the chair was taken by Dr. the English people was fully satisfied as Birkbeck, who delivered an able and ela. to the facts adduced, the chains of the borate address on the advantages daily acslave would fall from him, as those of the cruing from such institutions; and was fol. imprisoued Apostle fell from his hands at

lowed by Mr. Godson. M.P. and Mr. J. the voice of the liberating angel, and that Conder. The prizes were thus bestowed : the entire British nation would rise as one 61. for the best, and 41. for the second best man, and declare it would no longer suffer Essay on Political Economy, to Mr. Hunter, this abomination to exist.

and to Mr. Price, a mathematical instrument

maker, who had only receutly attained his EARLY English Plays.

majority; 101., for the best Essay on EmniMessrs. Sotheby recently sold a portion gration, to Mr. Francis Clifton; 101. for the of an extensive dramatic library; we have best Essay on the Effects of the Distribution made a few extracts from the sale catalogue. of the Revenue on the Condition and InteArmin the player's • Two Maids of More- rests of the Working Classes, to Mr. Ward, Clacke, plaied by the children of the Revells,' an engineer; a prize for an architectural 1609, 41. 12s. The Valiant Welchman, drawing of the New London-bridge was or, True Chronicle History of Caradoc the awarded to Mr. Colliver, a smith; and for a Great,' by the same author, 1615, 41. 75.- drawing and elevation of Martineau's steamBarnaby Barues' • Devil's Charter,' 1607, engine, to Mr. Curtis, an operative.

ANTIQUARIAN RESEARCHES.
Society Of Antiquaries.

of Bermondsey. On the centre piece, which Dec. 1. W. R. Hamilton, esq. V. P. can be taken out from a wide rim, is a beau

John Buckler, Esq. F.S.A. exhibited a tiful chased engraving of a knight kneeling drawing of an ancient silver salver, preserved before a damsel, who is about to place a helamong the communion-plate of the parish met on his head. The scene is the gate of

coast.

1831.] Antiquarian Researches.-Ancient Chess-men, &c. 551 a castle or town. From the long pointed hood. The Asiatics make the rook or roc, solereltes of the knight, the roundels before we believe, a light-armed archer, giving him bis armpits, and the form of his helmet, his title to indicate that he possesses the this fine specimen of ancient art may be swiftness and formidable character of the assigned to the reign of Edward the Second. fabulous bird of that name mentioned in the It is presumed this article belonged to the Arabian Tales. Nothing can be more ababbey of Bermondsey, and was thence trans- surd than to make this swift and valiant ferred at the Dissolution, by purchase or flanker, who kills his enemy at any distance otherwise, to the parish.

across the board, a heavy tower, or a ponThe reading was continued of Mr. Bruce's derous elephant with a houdar filled with paper on the circumstances attending the armed men on his back. The pawns alone, fall and death of Fisher, Bishop of Ro- in these ancient sets, do not assume any chester. In this part of his essay Mr. human shape, but are formed into cubes. Bruce has examined at length the history The distinction of the parties was made, as of the oaths, to their uon-compliance with now, by dying one set of the men red. The which Fisher and More were sacrificed ; and pieces are froni two inches to two inches described the manifold ex post facto legisla- and a half in height, and are fornsed, it is tion on that point, by which a servile par- said, of the teeth of the sea-horse; or, liament united with vindictive tyrant to according to the opinion of an excellent anentrap those great and virtuous men. Mr. tiquary, of the moose deer, both animals of Bruce has appended to this dissertation seve- the arctic clime. They were probably on ral valuable original papers.

board some Danish vessel wrecked on the Dec. 8. R. Hamilton, Esq. V.P. in the

The truly intellectual game of chess, chair. Geo. Smith, Esy. of Gray's Ino ; which can number some of the most distinWm. Charles Macdougall, Esq. of Lincoln's Jnu; and Alexander Logan, Esq. of Vere- guished characters of history among its

professors, came to us probably from the street, Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries Saracens, although its origin remains in of Scotland; were elected Fellows.

great obscurity. The Icelanders and northThe reading of Mr. Bruce's paper on ern nations were very early acquainted with, Bishop Fisher, was concluded. In this por- and much addicted to it. We learn that tion the relief afforded to the unfortunate this remarkable discovery will be illustrated prelate in his distress by St. John's Col- by the able pen of Mr. Madden, and we lege, Cambridge, was particularly illustrated. trust that the Archäologia of the Society

Robert W. Hay, Esq. Under Secretary of will present us with clear outline back and State, exhibited a massive twisted bracelet front views of the pieces, &c. The writer of very pure gold, found April 30, 1830, on of this little notice personally feels what an the estate of Sir William Boothby, in the acquisition it would be for an antiquarian township of Ofcote and Underwood, near chess-player, if casts might be procured of Ashbourne.

these extraordinary curiosities. Edward Hawkins, Esq. F.S.A. exhibited Dec. 15. R. Hamilton, Esq. V.P. exsome singularly curious and interesting spe- hibited a very rare gold coin of the Emcimens of Chess-MEN, about 80 of which, peror Frederick II. of Germany. Obverse, belonging to six several sets, were lately profile head of the Emperor wreathed with found in the sand on the sea-shore in the laurel, with the body as low as the breast Island of Lewis on the Scotch coast. The clothed in the imperial mantle, with jewelled different pieces are chiefly represented by border. Legend, CÆSAR. AUG. IMP. human figures, in the different dresses of their ROM. Reverse, the Imperial Eagle. Leorder; and the costume and other circum- geod, FRIDERICUS. The execution of stances plainly indicate that they are the work the coin was excellent, in rather low relief. of the twelfth century. The king and queen Frederick II. commenced his reigo A.D. sit regally crowned in chairs richly orna- 1211. mented with arabesque interlacing scrolls, Rev. W. V. Hennah, Chaplain of his or with pillars and intersecting semicircular Majesty's ship Windsor Castle, communiarches.' The hair of these figures is dis- cated, through Davies Gilbert, Esq. F.R.S. posed in long plaits falling over the shoul- &c. some interesting sketches of Cyclopean ders. The knights are mounted on horse- remains found in the Island of Goza, called back, wearing the conical helmets of the the Torre dei Giganti, of which some noBayeux tapestry and the long kite-shaped tice by Capt. W. H. Smith, R. N., F.S.A., shields of the age, suspended by the shield- appeared in vol. XXII. of the Archaeologia, strap or gouge. The bishops are pontifically p. 296. It is Mr. Hennah's opinion that attired, precisely as they were seen on the these primitive remains were religious and shields of the seals of the time. The rook

sepulchral- a temple in connexion with a is not a tower or castle, as in the English a cemetery. On excavation, many human game, but a figure armed like the knight on bones were found. The bodies had appafoot. One of these rooks wears a pot-hel- rently been buried in quick lime. One sinmet; another, a mascled hauberk, with a gular circumstance was the discovery on the

552

Antiquarian Researches.- Select Poetry. [Dec. site of these ruins of innumerable skeletons which is more peculiarly the province of the of mice. Mr. Hennah's paper forms an painter. The whole appears to have been excellent supplement to Capt. Smith's. The the produce of the month of January 1614. drawings of the Torre dei Giganti being on the first leaf is inscribed “ Roma. Altro made from a near point of view, give the diletto che imparar non trouo. INIGO JONES, Cyclopean edifices very much in detail. A 1614." rudely formed head and a zig-zag and wavy William Walton, Esq. F.S.A. communiornament were among the few remains of cated two additional ministers' accounts for sculptural art which were discovered.

the manor of the Savoy, temp. Hen. IV. a Edward Hawkins, Esq. F.S.A. communi- supplementary to those noticed in our March cated some observations on the great quan- number, p. 253. They principally related tity of coios lately found in the river Dove, to building-expenses ; and Mr. Walton has near Tutbury Castle, in Staffordshire. (See arrived at the conclusion that labourers were our number for Jupe last, p. 546.) Upwards better paid at the period of these accounts, of two hundred thousand, it is said, were on in proportion to the price of wheat, than si the first discovery taken out of the bed of the present day. the river. The Crown, as Lord of Tutbury, J. A. Sibthorpe, Esq. informed the soissued a special commission to certain per- ciety of the result of some further excita sons to search for coin, and forbade all tions below the Roman pavement at War

: others to interfere. The king could have plesdon, near Guilford, which is described claimed all the coin found, as treasure trove; in the last volume of the Archæologia. The the possessors, however, were permitted to expectation entertained of its proviog a sretain what had at first been found, and the datory was not fulfilled. The bones of a result of the commission was the discovery calf or heifer were found, intermingled with of about 1330 coins, the greater part of Ed- ashes and stones bearing marks of fire. ward I., some Scottish, some foreign, and some episcopal. Mr. Hawkins entered into A labourer, employed in diggiog & minute critical detail of the distinctive churchyard of Chipping Warden, near Bascircumstances which marked each mintage. bury, lately dug up a brass figure, mutilated He came to the conclusion that none of the in both arms and one leg, but io other re. coios were later than the year 1320, and spects perfect, and of evident antiquity. It very strongly corroborated the conjecture appears to have been intended to represent that the treasure belonged to some military the Virgin Mary, the position of the rest chest, which he demonstrated by many maining leg and what is left of the arm on the striking circumstances to be that of Tho- same side making it apparent that a smaller mag Earl of Lancaster, when retreating in image of a child was originally attached to 1321 before the army of King Edward II. it. The Madonna, before its mutilation,

Dec. 22. T. Amyot, Esq. Treasurer, in must have been seven or eight inches in the chair.

height. Joha Payne Collier, Esq. F.S.A. pre- As some labourers were lately digging for sented a lithographed fac-simile of a sketch- stones, for the formation of a new road orer book of Inigo Jones, now in the possession Piddlehinton Down, Dorset, they struck of the Duke of Devonshire. It is filled, into a barrow, on excavating wbich, two not with architectural drafts, but with stu- urns of unburnt pottery were found, full of dies of the human figure, taken from sta- ashes and burnt bones. They were decitues, relievos, and pictures; which show dedly British, from eight to ten inches bigh, that this great Architect diligently applied and of an almost globular shape, ornamented himself to that department of the arts merely with the customary line of dots.

Dear the

SELECT POETRY.

MARCH OF INTELLECT.
To Purcell's Tune, One Long Whitsun

Holiday.
JOHN BULL, what's thy history?
Fantasy, lunacy, megrim and mystery;
Ins, outs, tricks, and twistery,

Cheatery, dupery, bribery, rat.
Heigho! such an imbroglio
Never was heard, read, or dreamt of

before ;
Cant, rant, fully in folio,
Lecturers, demagogues, all in a roar.

Some say this, some say that ;

Rags, rogues, riots, rascallions,
Clubs, mobs, tatterdemalious,

All the world wanting they cannot tell

what.
Chalk-farm, pistol triggery,
Canvassing, mystification, and whiggery,
Crops, fops, whiskers, priggery,
Bririge, palace, custom-house, all tumb-

ling down.
Ayes, noes, voters vendible,

Praters, debaters, a dozen at least;
Words, wind, patriots pendible,

Royalty, loyalty, grand City feast.

HE comes,

7

1831.]
Select Poetry

553 Learned pig, Punch and Clown,

HYMN,
Funds, bonds, projects political,

Wrillen on the near approach of a Pesti-
Loans, groans, crisis critical,

lential Disease.
Gas and M‘Adam in country and town. “() save us for thy mercy's sake." Psalm.
Schemes, dreams, Polar topography, ALMIGHTY Father! gracious God!
Cabinet libraries, auto-biography,

Ostay thy chastening hand;
Seraw), sketch, scratch, lithography, Nor let the scourge that Aies abroad
Encyclopedias more than enough;

Africt our native land.
State quacks, bills for Popery,

Not for our merits, Lord, we claim,
Stage-reminiscences, frolics, and fibs,

Exemption from the woe ;
Lumps, bumps, gall and scull-gropery, We ask it all in Mercy's name,
Gazetteers, pamphleteers, crackers, and

Thy mercy then bestow !
squibs,
News, reviews, libel, puff,

But should thine “ Angel” * still draw near
Fume, farce, fudge, physiognomy,

Thy mandates to ovey;
Cards, dice, Ude and gastronomy ;

O teach our hearts with love and fear
Here I my catalogue eod in a huff.

To own thy righteous sway.

Whate'er may be thy just design,
PAGANINI.

To thee, and chee alone,

Our souls and bodies we resign;
the mighty arch-image, to call

Great God! “ Thy will be done!"
Strange spirits from the deep, entrance

E. T. PILGRIM.
the brain,
With more than siren blandishment enthral

The wise, bewilder reason with insane MOMENTARY THOUGHTS, No, IV.
Delight, and in captivity detain

A Reverie.
Not sense alone, but soul! How rise,

THE Court of Oberon now is sailing,
how fall

A summer's jaunt to the moon's retreat, The vocal chords ; with what a bliss of pain

Higher and hiyber like bubbles scaling, Sadder or cheer, enliven or appal !

The pyramid clouds to her pearly seat ;Sweet as the harp that murmurs to the

Above the spires of the loftiest dome, breath

They swing on the breath of a rose's Lloom; Of Eolus; heart-stirring as the alarm

Yea, lighter than thought they seem to pass, Of battle-trumpet ; stealing from the sphere

Oo the dew that has left its couch of grass; — Of Paradise all melody and charni,

To soar on high through the “live-long To soften pain, to sooth the bed of death,

day," And call the parting spirit back to hear.

Like feacher'd oars on the foaming spray, Overton, near Marllorough.

C.H.

Making its eddying circles where

The stars by night in lustre glare.
BUDDING, BLOOMING, AND Oh! for a wing, or a car of ether,
FADING.

To bear me on with that soaring train,
Written under a Drawing of a group of Lead me, ye merrier madcaps ! whither,
Flowers in a Lady's Album.

My heart ne'er shall dream of its sorrows
SWEET budding Aow'r! sweet bujiling Ye must be glad, for ye're bright and shining,

again.
flow'ı!
Smiling amid the dews of morn;

No heavy gloominess cumbers your flight,
Emblem of Beauty's earliest hour,

For the cares of earth are asleep to-night, The lovely infant newly-born!

And Strife on the pillow of peace is reclining. So does she smile, rejoicing in her birth,

Oh! may she be bound for ever, and sleep

Tili cast in adamant chains she falls,
Unconscious of her transient life on earth.

O'er the world's high para pet down the deep,
Sweet blooming Aow'r! sweet blooming

Where none shall listen though loud she flow'r!

calls. A silent monitor of truth;

There shall she howl while Peace shall sing Sighing with Zephyr in the bow'r,

The joys of Heaven, and the breath of Spring
As innocent as artless youth.

Whispering eternally joy and youth
Thus the young beauty, in the fragant grove,

To the pure and just in the temple of Truth ;
Sighs as she blooms and charms the eye of

Oh! happy, oh! sweet where such beings Love.

tread,

[the dead! Sweet faded flow'r! sweet faded flow'r: Yea, hark! 'tis a voice from the tombs of Thy leaves are scatter'd on the lawn;

“We come, we come to inhale the perfume Thy beauty now has lost its pow'r,

That has crept chro' the inists of Eternity's And all thy brilliant hues are gone!

gloom!" Thus human loveliness but blooms and sighs,

Shrewsbury.

H.P.
Blushes and smiles-then fades away and
dies!
W. HERSEE.

Vide 2d Sanuel, chap. xxiv. ver. 16.
Gent. Mag. December, 1831.

ole Zen at least;

dibile, City feast

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