Imatges de pàgina
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The passage

1831.] Book of Proverbs, by French and Skinner.

509 than he who affecteth grandeur, yet alone; I will make him an help meet lacketh food.” Editors' note,-de- for him." meaneth himself, i. e. forgoes all out- At ch. xx. 30, the sense is for the ward display of greatness.

first time, we believe, made intelligiAt ch. xii. 10, “The mercies of the ble by the following version : “The wicked are cruel,” is well explained marks of wounds tend to cleanse the thus : “Even the compassion which wicked man, yea, the stripes which he pretends to feel for others, does reach the inmost parts.” not really deserve the name; because At ch. xxi. 5, a difficult passage is it has its origin in some wicked de skilfully rendered : “ The devices of sign meditated against them.”

the active tend only to plenteousness ; At ch. xv. 7, for “ doth not so," of but those of every one who hasteth, the common version, we have here

only to want.” Note—"the devices of the sense far better represented by, the active, i. e. the plans which are “is not right." Note" and there. deliberately conceived, and executed fore no good instruction proceeds from with zeal and alacrity.' it.” On ch. xv. 8, “The sacrifice of may be literally rendered, “ The the wicked is the abomination of Jeho- thoughts and plans of the rightly vah,” it is remarked, that upon those bustling are such only for plenteouswho had been led to set a high value

ness ;

but every headlong hurrying on the outward observances of the

man (the ó futýktws ofüs of ThucyMosaic law, the spiritual character of dides, iii. 82), is such only for penury.” this proverb was calculated to produce See ch. xiv. 23. There is a very simia great effect. At ch. xv. 14, the some- lar construction at ch. xii. 24 ; but what obscure expression, “ feedeth he who withholdeth more than is upon folly,” is well cleared up in the right, (withholdeth it] only for ponote, as follows—"as having no re

verty.” The sense is very well exlish for wisdom.” The sense in the pressed in the Sept. (edit. Ald.) as obscure words, “ The way of the follows : λογισμοί συντέμνοντος πλην sluggard is a hedge of thorns,” is

εις περισσείαν (scil. συντέμνει): και πάς ably explained, « as if he were walk- μη επισπουδάζων πλήν εις υστέρημα ing through briars ; meaning that (scil. élo Tověáčec,) where we would every thing requiring effort becomes

cancel the un, which seems to have painful and uneasy to him who in- arisen from misconception of the sense dulges in slothful habits.” At xv. 33, by the scribes or early critics, who, “ before honour is humility,” is well supposing a pen wanting, would natuexplained, "lowliness of mind is the rally insert it.' This opinion is conbest preparation for honour and dis

firmed by the Alexandrian MS. Kai tinction. See Matt. xxiii. J2."

πας ο σπεύδων εν ελάσσονι, which will At ch. xvi. 4, we have a greatly im

represent the sense of the concluding proved version, as follows: "Jehovah

words. The sentiment, therefore, and hath made every thing for His own

the construction, are exactly like those purposes, yea, even the wicked man

at ch. xix. 2, “and he that hasteth for the day of calamity." Note,-"hath with his feet is wrong.” madeto be an instrument in His

In ch. xxvi. 4–8, we remark the hands, as an artificer fabricates a tool following much improved version : to assist him in his work.” We would observe, that though this may seem to

“4. Answer not a fool according to his favour the Calvinistic views, it, in folly, Lest thou also become like unto him.

-5. Answer a fool according to his folly, reality, when properly understood,

Lest he become wise in his own sight. gives them no countenance at all. See

6. He who sendech a messenger by the hand the note of Rosenmüller in loco.

of a fool, Cutteth off the feet, and drinketh Ch. xviii. 22, is well rendered," he damage. who obtaineth a wife obtaineth a bless

We notice the following improved ing.” And the scruple which so many version of ch. xxvii. vv. 15, 16, and 19: learned annotators had made to the

“ 15. A continued dropping upon a very truth of the gnome, without the limita

rainy day, And a quarrelsome wife, are alike. tion of the epithet good, to be supplied

He who would restrain her, As well could from the Sept. is in the note satisfac

he restrain the wind, And conceal the fratorily removed by simply citing Gen.

grant oil which is upon his right hand. ii. 18, “And the Lord God said, It

19. As in water, face answereth to face, So is not good that the man should be doth the heart of the man to the man."

510 Prologue and Epilogue at Westminster School. [Dec. We had noted many other passages,

Quos volo, promoveo.—Dr. Gouffius alles eris,

Ducrovusve audis potuis!--D. Mihi cura thcatriest but we must refrain ; for really we

Majoris.-Dr. Tali non duce dignus ego. might occupy the whole of our pre- D. Quadrupedem saltem boste constringere, mul.

tum hoc sent number, in pointing out half the

Profuerit.—Dr. Curæ num tibi quadrupedes? instances of improved translation, and D. Ex his tota cohors mea constal.quippe cothurni judicious and elegant annotation, to Septimi ad nihilum est pene redactus honos,

Actores, seu degeneres, seu falsa sccuti, be found in this work. But, after all,

Naturam prorsus deseruere ducem. (tor: the uniform attention shown through- Exempla e sylvis sumo.-Dr. An fera prodeat ac

D. Cur non? Noune Orpheus lenne arte feras out the whole to every minute point in

Impromptu, et puris in naturalibus, istæ which accuracy of version or truth of

Simpliciter partes atque decenter agunt. explanation or illustration is concern- Non fuco aut vestitu opus est.–Dr. Docilesse

modorum? ed, is what must, we conceive, stamp D. Oh! utinam obsequium tale ferant bipedes. this work, like the former one on the Bestia enim præsto est seinper, prodire pegabit

Forte homo, prodibit bestia præpropere. Psalms, as one of the most masterly

Dr. Num viva?-D. Ad vivum nempe omcia productions of the kind which have aguntur.--Dr. Ad unguem

Castiga.-D. Ausculta-Prodit Othello Leo! for many years appeared in this

Dr. Monstrum! hirsutus Olhello :-D. AfTurun country.

est finitus ortus,
Nobilior nullus polpita Maurus obit,

Audi quæ criticus dixit. “Nil rege ferarum
PROLOGUE AND EPILOGUE,

Grandius omnino aut doctius esse potest;

“A capite actor atrox caudam exagitatus ad imam Spoken by the King's Scholars, at Westmin

"Oinnes exterret flebiliterve movet. ster School, on the performance of Te- Rupit enim horrendum-tum vox demissa reperk rence's Andria, Dec. 1831:

“Mirificum contra dat pathos atque bathos;

"Scena frequentatur turbis." Mihi magaus Apollo PROLOGUS.

Hic criticus-solus nostra theatra sapit, Bis sol recurrens iter explevit annuum,

Fabula Shakspeari subtinem languet et istud Ex quo theatrum vobis vostrum visere,

Pulvinar tragicæ nil gravitatis habet. Puerique licuit iterum quid profecerint

Ergo leoninis de integro hunc versibus actum Benignis observare. Quod quibus breve

Dramaticus culor tingere jussus erit. Tempus notalum magnis! Pacis scilicet Tum Desdemonarm δυσδαιμονα dente trucidet Gentes agebant otia quietæ, fides

Coram oculis noster.-Dr. "Dente trucidet," ais? Stabat futuri, et æquabilitatis ferè

D. Immo-at pascentem qui vult spectare leopen Tædebat. Sceptra qui demissa patribus

Præmoneo, pretium solvat ut ille duplex. Rex obtinebat, atra jam tulit dies,

Dr. El merito. (Enter Pamphilus.) Felicem, ut nunc est regibus, cui fundere

P. Oh te quærebam, quod, Dave, facesses Non abnegatum est in terra vitam sua;

Audivinegredior Roccius ipse novus ! E Galliâ nec vidit antiquum genus

Ecce tibi Romeo prirná vice pulpita lustrans Extrudi regum, rursus et vagarier

Hic est.-D. Ah! fatuum ridiculumque capot! Senem bis exulantem. Quo pulso, quibus Non opus auxilio tali est-Hyperione quanto Iris fremebant, et recusabant simul

Est Satyrus, tanto tute Leone minor; Arrectæ fræna gentes; iesseram datam

Tu Glyceri formam fingis tibi, at heroicæ Libertatem audiebant Gades ultima,

Horrendum nostræ dat Boa viva decus Scythis libertas arclum penetrabat gelu.

Hoc quoque obest votis, Elephas, de more, puella Eheu! vel bosti flebilis Polonia,

Quæ comes incedit, cauta duenga viæ Si fleret hostis; aliis curæ quærere

Te pervi faciet-rostro suspendet adunco Injurias, et pomen sceleri obtendere

Suspicor-1 ounc non hæc tibi arena patet! Speciosum. Te ciebat imperium bimis

P. Tentabo si vis soccum.-D. Spes lactat inanem Fessam superbis armis, te meus conscia

Creber in has partes Cercopithecus adest, Causæ impellebat, nomen ut Leonidæ,

Quod verè urbanum et sermone facetius omni Themistocleum et æmulareris decus.

Ringitur et gannit simia agitque nihil. Sed distrahor-Libertas hic sit liberis

Hamlethum quæ commoveat, venit umbra Giraffæ Licentia Anglis ? Rapiant, auferant, crement Defunctæ, terræ res media atque poli! Catervalim lucente latrones die?

Fons, incrementum, status ultimus aldermanni Fremant in regem, legem, nobilissumos,

Testudo, tardis passibus egreditur In Deum, et altare cives perditissumi?

Insuper.

(Enter Simo:) Quousque tandem? At Veritas et cum fide

Oh noster chartam accipe.-Si. Tune theatrum Priscus pudor revertat. Vidimus modo

Musarum incertas, hoc scelerate modo? Regia coronâ tempora alligarier,

Ædesne erubuit nostras habitare Thalia? “Vivat," et uno ore "vivat" exclamavimus; Fautricemne habuit nostra Minerva suam? Nec cordibus amor nullus, et sanctissima D. Quid, verba hic fundis, sapientia Age iospice Religio in æde. Mancat et adolent modo

Magna Bene satum semen, hic et sub penetralibus

Charta est musarum.-Si. Si tria verba. Dromo! Nutritum faustis. Sic vere “Patria" erimus

(Inter Dromo.) “Populique;" dulces sic juventutis viris Visere placebit sedes, sic gaudentibus

Quadrupedem.-D. Ah minime placet hoc.-Si.

Actoribus ergo
Veteres amicos, notis his parietibus,
Amplectier, favere sic et plaudere.

Summis, quos memini, nullus babendus honos?

D. Quos memoras, tandem schedula A quæ dicta, EPILOGUS.

recepit

Dr. Quid schedula A?-D. Nescis? hoc sciat (Enter Duvus, and then Dromo from the other side.)

ipse Crito.

P. Ne jam in scenarum regionibus astra requiras Dr. Dave heus!-D. Quisnam me vocat? Oh, Acrius hic sensum fulmina bruta moveut. Dromo.-Dr. Vah! miseret me.

D. Scilicet hoc pacto didicerunt jungere dextras Dave, lui, scapulis jam pedibusque vales?

Semiferique homines semi-hominesque seræ. Crede mihi invitus feci.-D. Missa hæc face, pil me Si. Ah! Valeas! rerum studioga theatra novarum

Tangunt-Patronus jam, Dromo, constituor. Cætera sint, monstris, prodigiisque fremant! Dr. Tune Patronus? - D. Ita est; præfectus Nobis, quá solitus fuit arte, Terentius idem nempe theatro

Fingit adhuc mores nec sinit esse feros.

.

1831.] St. Gervaise, Rouen ; and the Cathedral Spire.

511 Mr. URBAN,

Nov. 9.

by St. Victria is very uncertain, but I NEITHER you nor any of your think it bears very strong external readers need be told that there are evidence of being of that remote antifew towns on the Continent more in- quity. teresting to an Englishman than Rouen. In the present depressed state of the This consideration induced me to pass French Church, and the general indifa few weeks there, and in the neigh- ference which seems to pervade all bourhood, during the last Autumn. ranks as to everything connected Although I cannot pretend to add with Religion, it is gratifying to know much to the interesting account of that the re-erection of the spire of the that ancient city, contained in the Cathedral is now in progress. The works of those accomplished tourists, former very unseemly spire being deDr. Dibdin and Mr. Dawson Turner, stroyed by lightning in September yet there may be a few matters touch- 1822, it was determined to replace it ed upon not altogether unworthy of with one of cast iron, the expense of your pages.

which was to be defrayed by a grant Beyond the Boulevards, on an as- from Government, from the local tax cent, on the north-west side of the of the city, and by private subscripcity, is situated the Church of St. tion. When these will ultimately efGervaise. The exterior, except the fect the desired object is uncertain, east end, bears no signs of antiquity, but the work is now going on with nor is there any thing in the architec- every prospect of its accomplishment. ture to recommend it. Its principal The spire is to be 225 feet from the curiosity is the crypt, to which there summit of the present tower, to conis a descent of 28 steps from the inte- sist of eleven stages, each stage dimirior of the Church. This is an arched nishing towards the top, the last of room, 35 feet long, 16 feet wide, and which is to be surmounted by a point15 feet high. An arch divides it into ed termination of 40 feet. The iron two unequal parts, of which that to foundation is already laid on the stone the east is about one third of the tower, and the first stage is put towhole. At the east end is an altar, gether in a court on the north side of with a bas - relief over it, rudely re

the Church. This stage is composed presenting the Last Supper, with a of open Gothic arches, bolted together, figure of a saint or angel on each side. and surmounted by a low crocketed The light is derived from a small crown; it is octangular, 40 feet in window over the altar. On each side diameter, and 20 feet high. A circuof the entrance, which is at the west lar staircase of open work is to reach end, is a low circular arch in the wall, to the top of the last stage. It would under which are said to have been in- seem that there could not be a greater terred, or rather immured, the re- invitation to the destruction of the mains of two of the earliest Archbi- Church by lightning than an iron shops, St. Mellon and St. Avitien, but steeple, especially where thunderstorms there is no figure or inscription by are frequent and violent, of which the which they may be identified. The fatal effects have been often expeentire room is surrounded by a low rienced; but I was assured that constone bench. It is presumed that this ductors would be so placed as to reis one of the most ancient places of move all probability of danger. Christian worship in France. The There is in the neighbourhood of arched roof, of very large stones, the Church of St. Maclou, an ancient rudely put together, the altar and the cemetery, well worth a visit from the bas - relief, give it a very romanized admirers of picturesque architecture, appearance, and it was probably erect, which is not noticed by any tourist, ed very soon after the Romans had and which I only discovered by accievacuated the country. Its origin is dent. It consists of a cloister, endated as far back as the year 386, closing a quadrangle of about 250 when St. Victria received from St. feet. The lower part is divided from Amboise a case of relics, containing the square by a colonnade of stone pilamongst others the bones of St. Ger- lars, the capitals of which are ornavaise, which were deposited here, and mented with figures and emblems of a church was built over them, which mortality ; over this cloister the buildwas consecrated to him. Whether ing is of wood - work and plaister this is the identical building erected many parts of which are very curio

512

On the New Metropolitan Coal Act. [Dec. carved. The building appears of the applicable to many other cities and age

of Francis the First, and belonged corporate towns in the kingdom, which formerly to a religious establishment derive a great portion of their revefor females. It is now inhabited by nues from tolls levied on the chief nepoor people. SUSSEXENSIS. cessaries of life.

At the period when many of those Mr. Urban,

Dec. 16. privileges were granted to certain IN my former communication, I towns, there was doubtless some neventured to adduce some remarks cessity for maintaining a municipal on the New Metropolitan Coal Act, power, or civil force, adequate to the which comes into operation on the 1st protection of such towns from the in. of January, 1832. I now beg leave to roads of the barbarian peasantry of offer a few additional observations on the rural districts. Consequently, as the subject, with the view of showing certain expenses must have been inthe injustice as well as general impo- curred for the defence of these towns, licy of taxing one of the first neces- those who availed themselves of its saries of life, accompanied by sugges- protection, had a right to bear a portions for the greatest economy of fuel, tion of its burthens, by paying a local at a period when it is probable the tax upon food, fuel, or other necessaprice of Coals may be raised in the ries of life. London market to a very serious ex- But no man will contend that at the tent, through the continued restric- present day there can be any serious tions imposed on the Coal trade of apprehension entertained of the erupNewcastle and Sunderland, by orders tions of “barbarians” from the rural of Council.

districts ; or that the handful of muni. It is not necessary, Mr. Urban, to cipal veterans called javelin-men, and enter into any disquisition to show chief constables, who parade on state the impolicy of continuing at the pre- days before the civic magistrates, could sent day various municipal and local afford any adequate protection from an imposts which originated in charters, attack of the less civilized peasantry.* or grants from the despotic English Perhaps no fact in political economy monarchs to their favourites, or in has been more fully demonstrated, other cases for the exclusive benefit than the impolicy of levying heavy of sundry corporate bodies. Where- imposts on articles of merchandise. ever the funds derived from such royal This is still more apparent with regrants have been applied to objects of gard to internal traffic, such as tolls benevolence, or charitable purposes, on roads, bridges, markets, and fairs, no valid objection can be raised than with reference to maritime or against their continuance; but it is international commerce. + unfortunately the fact, that the greater It cannot, therefore, be defended portion of such funds are too fre- upon any just principle, that at a pequently not applied to charitable pur- riod when the Government have been poses, but are wasted either in the devising every possible reduction in distribution of corpo patronage, the burthens of the people, by the refor electioneering purposes, or the peal of various taxes, which bear prinmore gross and sensual indulgences cipally on the middle and working of the table. These remarks are not classes, -that at such a moment a applied exclusively to the Corporation Corporate body like the City of Lonof the City of London; they are equally don should procure an Act of Parlia

* Though I am not desirous of offering any political opinion as to the origin of the late events in the city of Bristol, I cannot resist the opportunity it affords me of corroborating my present remarks. Bristol is supposed to have the administration of more corporate funds than any other city in England, except the metropolis ; yet from the want of management in some quarter, the city was for for y-eight hours left a prey to a ferocious mob:not, however, to a mub from the rural population of the suburbs, but a set of ruffians pripcipally residing within its walls !

+ If it were not my desire to limit the present communication within moderate bounds, I might adduce abundant evidence in the history of many corporate towns, showing that the imposition of local taxes is ruinous to the mercantile interests of a town; and on the cootrary, that some of the most populous and prosperous towns in the kiugdom are those which are inost excmpt from municipal machinery and local imposts.

sary of life.

1831.] On the New Metropolitan Coal Act.

513 ment by which its privileges and re- additional expenses on coal, about venues are to be increased by addin which the shipping interests of the intional burthens on the community, as fected ports make such loud comthey will be under the provisions of plaints (and which they would, notthe New Coal Act.

withstanding the undeniable contagion What arguments can be adduced in of the disease, wish to have immedisupport of such privileges it is difficult ately removed from their shipping) to divine, when it is notorious that an must eventually fall on the consumer, additional impost on Coals not only by the increased price of the commooperates as a direct tax on the poor, dity. If the disease shews itself on but also as an indirect tax upon every

the banks of the river Thames, not article where the consumption of coal only coals but corn and all other neenters into the expense of manufacture, cessaries of life must rise immoderately, as in the price of bread, beer, soap, as we have lately witnessed in the candles, and almost every other neces- enormous rise of price in certain drugs,

even upon the first intimation of the But in addition to the increased Cholera reaching this country. Under price of fuel and provisions, the dues such a view of this case, it will be inpayable to the City operate as a very cumbent on every prudent person to serious burthen on certain trades, such pursue the most rigid economy with as glass manufacturers, founders, &c. regard to the consumption of coal, Indeed, in many instances, the price both for his own sake, and for the sake of coals in the London market becomes of the thousands of poor who will feel a positive prohibition to manufacturers. the privation of this great necessary of

While the inhabitants of London are life. obliged to pay upwards of cent.-per- In my former communication I cent. more for fuel than those of the stated some of the advantages which midland and northern counties, in con- attend the purchase of large (or round) sequence of the expenses of freight, to- coals, not only with regard to a greater gether with the combinations among security against fraud in mixing water great coal-owners to limit the supply with coals to increase their weight, from the pits, lest an over supply should but from the greater portion of inflamlower the market price, there can be mable matter, and consequently greater no just reason why that price should value, in one ton of large coals, than if be still further raised to the London the same weight were broken down consumer many shillings per chaldron into small coal. beyond the price at which the same In ordinary domestic consumption coal would be sold in any of the more there is a very large portion of fuel distant ports south of the Thames.* wasted from injudicious management,

In the event of the pestilence which by servants or others throwing on too now afflicts the inhabitants of Sunder- great quantities of coal at one time. land and Newcastle, extending itself By this system the inflammable gas is to the port of London, among other ca- carried off in the form of dense smoke, lamities it can scarcely fail to enhance which is so much loss of the more vathe price of coals to a very serious ex- luable or gaseous part of the coal, tent. The quarantine regulations and while it becomes a vile nuisance to do

* The great coal proprietors of Northumberland and Durham (both in and out of Parliament) have denied the existence of such combination, in order to keep up the price coal at the pit's mouth. But although a combination may not be proved to exist, yet that an understanding prevails with regard to the quantity worked at the respective pits, is undeniable, the labourers in the pits scarcely ever being permitted to work full time, or they would soon produce an over supply, with its natural concomitant, a reduction of price in the market. It has been estimated that, if the restrictions now existing against the supply of coal inland were removed, so as to break down that monopoly which the coal-owners of the Tyne and Wear possess in the port of London, the Metropolis would be supplied with coals at 20 or 25 per cent. below the present average price of coal. The argument used in defence of this monopoly—that it affords a uursery for seamen, however plausible in time of war, can not be available in time of profound peace. Consequently the great coalowners of the north have no just or equitable right to levy a heavy tax on the inhabitants of London and its vicinity, of at least 20 per cent. beyond a handsome return for the investment of capital. Gent. Mag. December, 1831.

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