Imatges de pàgina


1831.] Church of Plympton St. Mary, Devonshire.

489 Mr. URBAN,

Plympton St. Mary, The roofs being all parallel, and the

Dec. 6. length being considerably greater than IN your Magazine for June 1829, the width, the term aile appears to be (vol. xcix. i. 512) was published an more appropriate than that of a “tranaccount of the Church and Monuments sept;" therefore, by way of distincat Plympton Saint Mary, Devonshire. tion, I have said exterior ailes. The My attention has been for some time author of the letter alluded to, obdirected to the history of that Church; serves that “the Strodes' aile, evi.. and, from my constant residence in dently an addition, was erected by the parish, 1 have an opportunity of one of the Strodes of Newnham." obtaining information upon

The Strode family is decidedly the points which the author of that letter oldest extant in this parish ;—their has not noticed. Therefore, without early and highly respectable descent the least disparagement of his re- .may be seen in Prince's “Worthies of searches, which are to be highly com- Devon;” as well as in ancient family mended, I beg to offer some additional records ; but it seems that the aile in remarks upon the same subject. question was not built by them.* I

The Church of Plympton St. Mary, have been favoured with a sight of the which stands in the cemetery of the will of Richard Strode, esq. of Newnadjacent priory, is a fine specimen of ham, dated 1462, in which he desires perpendicular. English architecture, to be buried in the Church of the between the periods of 1350 and 1450. Blessed Mary of Plympton,” in Gilda It is generally uniform, though there Şle Katerine;" by which it may be are some vestiges about it of a much inferred that this, aile was erected by earlier date. The buttresses at the some Company or Gild of Trade, and, eastern end of the chancel are early judging from parts of the architecture, English of about 1220, and a piscina at a much earlier period than that in in the south-east wall of the exterior 'Which he lived: besides, he ordered a north aile, called the Strodes' aile, is of window of Roborongh stone to be about 1300. The church consists of a made, “ de novo,” in the north-east nave and chancel, two ailes on each corner of this " Gilda Ste Katerine,” side, and a tower at the western ex- which window he dedicated to St. tremity of the nave. The nave opens Sidwell : he also desired a new tomb into a north and south aiļe, of the to be made there, in an arch in the same length, through seven pointed wall, under the window. The lower arches on each side, supposted by part of this tomb has been concealed piers composed of four shafts, two under ground, in consequence of the fifths engaged, having a' fillet ‘and pavement of this aile having been hollow, half as large as the shafts be- raised to a level with the floor of the tween them. Each of these ailes Church. I have lately bad the earth opens into an exterior aile through removed from it, and a step has been three pointed arches, supported by made down to the base. In doing piers similar to those already de- this, thirteen full-length figures, in scribed. All the arches have reversed canopied niches, have been brought ogee mouldings. The nave formerly to light. That in the centre is a reopened into the tower through a lofty presentation of the Trinity; the Fa, pointed arch, which is filled up with ther, with the cross before him, and à thin partition. The dimensions of the Dove above it, are nearly perfect. the edifice being much larger than the generality of country churches, I give It is probable that this aisle was apthem as follow. The whole length of propriated to the Strode family at the time the interior is 147 feet; the whole

of the Reformation, when the Gilds ceased width 90 feet.

to bear the name of saints,-or it may have Length.


been so called, in consequence of their hava The nave

105 19 6 ing buried in it for many years ; and alNorth aile

105 18 6 though the family have long discontinued to South aile


18 6

occupy a seat there, one still remains, bear{'hancel

ing the armorial escutcheons of Strode on 23

18 6

its oaken panels, which belongs to Old Newn19

16 0

ham, though by a private arraugement it ir north aile 54 9 16 4

has been exchanged, pro tempore, to accomr south aile 60

17 4 modate the tenant. Mag. Decemler, 1831.

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1831.] Repairs of Churches.-Continental Sketches.

491 The buttresses on the southern side up to it, and it stood upon a stone of the Church are of three stages with pedestal. At that time the Church plain set-offs, and have octagonal em- was new seated, and it was thought battled turrets, empanelled, with tre- necessary to alter the position of the foil heads, surmounted with crocketed pulpit, which was taken down, broken pinnacles. The base mouldings con- to pieces, and put under the sleepers of sist of two tablets, an ogee and hol- the flooring of the new pews! A plain low, and plain slope.

painted deal one now stands in the The south porch is 12 feet square, nave, somewhat nearer the chancel. and is under a neat tower, having two So much for leaving the repairs of rooms, one over the other, above the Churches the management of porch. On the exterior are three church wardens, whose irreparable niches, the upper one containing an mischief among some of the most inemblem of the Trinity, like that al- teresting features of our sacred ediready described; the figures in those fices, we have daily reason to deplore! beneath represent the Annunciation, I have much satisfaction in stating, the angel Gabriel occupying that on that owing to the judicious exertions the left, and the Virgin the other. of the respected Archdeacon of Totnes Over the entrance, on a granite stone, (Mr. Fronde), a considerable improveis the crest of the Strode family ; the ment is manifest in most of the tree, and a part of the wreath and hel- churches of this district ; and it is to met, may still be distinguished, al- be hoped that a different tone of feel. though it is much worn. The groin ing has been given to some of those ing of the ceiling of this porch is of who may be intrusted with future reRoborough stone; it is peculiar, as it pairs. Yet it is to be feared, that in forms a double square ; the design and the annual changes of these officers, workmanship are very good, the ribs very few of them are capable of the spring from demi-angels holding plain undertaking; therefore might it not shields.

be advisable to appoint some person I would mention one more point, of experience and judgment to superperhaps too vaguely noticed by your intend a certain number of churches Correspondent. He says, “ the font is in a district, for the purpose of better octangular, with the usual Gothic or. carrying into effect the orders of the naments.” It is a very neat octago- Rural Dean (where one is nominated), nal font of solid granite, four feet or to direct the repairs and alterations high, standing upon a wide octagonal to be done in a proper manner ? step one foot deep : each face of the Yours, &c. William I. COPPARD. upper part is one foot square, ornamented with quatrefoils and plain shields in the middle. The shaft is slender, octagonal, panelled, with trefoil heads.

I SHALL rest to-morrow,” said In the south-east wall of the chan- I, with a feeling of complacency, as cel are three stalls or sedilia; that on the Diligence rolled into the inn-yard, the west is a foot lower than the other on a Saturday evening; and what a two; they have narrow pointed arches sweet interlude is the Sabbath to a cinquefoiled, slender octagonal shafts weary traveller after the fatigues of with plain bands for capitals; the the previous week! Gentle reader, if whole surmounted with a plain hori. you have never crossed the straits of zontal dripstone. In the corner to Dover, do not suppose that the occuthe east of these is a piscina, with ogee pation of the tourist is nothing but canopy, cinquefoiled, and a dripstone one round of diversified pleasure and terminating with a peat finial of four excitement; on the contrary, like leaves reversed.

everything else, travelling has its own As your Correspondent has entered peculiar cares and crosses, and among so much into detail in other respects, the rest that of fatigue comes in for I shall conclude with these particu- its share ; for myself, I may say I lars.--About 25 years ago, an ancient never scarcely knew what fatigue, stone pulpit, panelled and carved, that is, real, thorough fatigue, was, stood in the nave; it was affixed to till I was fairly engaged in my Conthe second wier from the chancel, on tinental rambles. Regarding, then,

Spiral stone steps led the Sabbath merely as a season of re.




Continental Sketches and Reminiscences. [Dec. pose from bodily exertion, there is yard, like those in Switzerland, presomething soothing and refreshing in sented the usual brilliant display of its hallowed hours. In the morning, gilded crosses, and complement of the peal of early bells (and what a full, flowery festoons, on which as the solemn, softened sound some of these noontide soon poured a flood of light, Continental bells emit), the absence the gay glitter which shone around, in some degree of the usual bustle of while it contrasted strangely with the business, and the more respectable mournful purpose to which the ground dress of the people, announce to the was appropriated, seemed to imply stranger the recurrence of the sacred that even in the cold grave, all the time which the Creator has appointed hopes of humanity, and the tender for his intelligent creature to rest ties of friendship and love, do not for from his labour, and appropriate to ever perish. I observed the mourner the contemplation of the most impor- approach a grave, round which some tant, impressive, and exalting sub- flowers and evergreens had been rejects, Death, Deity, and Eternity. cently planted; she knelt by it, gazed Though perhaps unable fully to share intently for some time on the green in the devotional exercises of the turf, and then a few tears dropped worshippers, still we think a stranger, upon it: grief apparently was now in if he do so with becoming feeling, its second stage, its violence had spent may not find it either uninteresting or itself, and though the wound was yet unprofitable to attend the public ordi- open, still it was healing kindly; the nances of religion, in the country of memory of the dead was embalming his temporary abode. He may derive in the sorrowing but tranquil heart, instruction from the devout deport- for she betrayed no inward agony, ment, the earnest manner, and humble and showed no wildness of gesture; voice of imploring prayer, though the stream was deep, and its flow was perhaps he can neither join in the smooth. She dressed up the flowers sentiment, nor approve of the object and shrubs a little, then walked soof the suppliant's adoration ; yet his berly away, and as she passed the corheart may be melted into pity, and ner of the cathedral, she took another warmed with gratitude, that a kind, farewell look of the resting-place of overruling Providence has cast his lot her friend. It was, I thought, a beauin a land enlightened by a purer tiful instance of placid resignation. creed.

In the afternoon I attended Divine Next morning I went to the cathe- Service in a French Protestant church, dral, and after service spent a short where the simple ceremonial, with time in the cloisters, and among the the unaffected earnest manner of the tombs. Rude sculptured figures of preacher, formed a striking contrast warriors and mighty men of the olden to the laboured effect of the Romish time, long and brief inscriptions on ritual. He chose his text from that the monuments, according to the real exquisite passage of Holy Writ, usually or supposed merits of the dead, and styled the beatitudes, in the 5th chapthe fancy of survivors; the usual gar- ter of St. Matthew. The words were, niture of the Cities of the Silent; were Heureux ceux qui pleurent, car ils seall here to be met with. I was in ront consolés. He illustrated his subdulging in my reflecting mood, when ject with perspicuity and elegance, and my attention was attracted by a light I observed more than one eye wet with footstep, passing gently along the mo- the dew of heaven, for no tear is like numental pavement. It was that of a the tear that flows from repentant female of respectable appearance, and feeling for the past, or anticipation of dressed in deep mourning. She wore amendment for the future; or even no bonnet, her head was simply co- though it be, and alas ! but too often vered with a cap of black lace, neatly it may be nothing more, the effect of and gracefully put on. She passed out mere transient emotion, still it is, as into the churchyard, where the less the poet has beautifully expressed it, noble dead repose in their last still the tear slumber; for man, earthworm as he

" of soul-felt penitence, is, if he live above his fellow-mortal, Of guiltless joy, that guilt can never know." must also moulder among aristocratic At the dismissal of the congregadust, uncontaminated by the baser tion, there took place the usual interashes of the commoner. The church. change of recognition, the smile of perish.”

Visit to Mount Etna.

493 welcome, and words of kind inquiry of a man of mind, so far as one can passed from friend to friend; heart judge from external appearance; the met heart in the mutual embrace. brow was high and commanding, and These are beautiful remains of the the expression of the countenance resoul's original moral glory,--they are plete with thought; but where were the odour of the wild flowers that all his thoughts now,-his refined garnish the still noble ruin. It is at connoisseurship, his intellectual polish such a scene as this that the lonely and acumen ? He had left all, and for traveller is more sensible of his soli

ever ; and this little

ple of taste, tude. No one welcomes him; he while it told that its owner had posmeets the cold suspicious glance of sessed wealth and elegance, the sohis own sex, and the tender look of ciety of the rich, the polite, and the curious woman. He stands apart from learned, the things that make life dethe happy assemblage, and shares not sirable, told also that he was dead. their sympathies. Yet the scene may “ Man giveth up the ghost, and where remind him of another temple in ano- is he?"-" In that day his thoughts ther land, where he was wont to worship, in company with those near and " Nostra vanescit tenues in auras dear to him, where the hand of friend

Vita." ship was extended to him, and he Clifton.

J.S.M. shared the kindnesses of early and old acquaintanceship. Solitary though he Mr. URBAN,

Oct. 25. may be, his situation is not without its

IF you think the inclosed, which is peculiar advantages; if he partake not a transcript of a Letter from a relation of the attentions, he is free from the of mine, who is a Captain in the army, incumbrances of home, its society does worth a place in your widely-read not distract him, and he has no excuse Publication, it is much at your serfor flying from his own thoughts; if vice.

A CONSTANT READER. ever he reflect at all, now he is most particularly well situated for reflec

Malta, 28 Sept. 1831. tion; for, separated from all around, MY DEAR UNCLE,—I arrived here he can retire to the solitude of his five months ago. The hot weather is chamber, indulge in retrospective and now almost gone for this year, and I salutary thought, and ponder on his believe this season has been the most last journey through the dark valley oppressive of any known for many of the shadow of death.”

years. I told you of my excursion On the following morning I went into the crater of Mount Vesuvius. to see a private collection of sculpture. I have now the satisfaction to inform The building which contained it re- you that during my stay in Sicily last sembled a Grecian temple, and was April for 16 days, I also gained the situated with much propriety in the highest point of Mount Etna. In the middle of a shrubbery. Among the city of Catania, the weather was so pieces was a chef-d'quvre placed in hot as to make it imprudent to go out the centre of the room, though I con- in the day-time. One afternoon I set fess both the subject of it, and the out for the village of Nicolosi, and artist's name, have long since escaped after travelling over a sea of lava, army memory; but I recollect that the rived there at sun-set, and having collection was tasteful, both in sub- slept a couple of hours, was called at ject and arrangement, and that my a quarter past nine at night, it being curiosity was excited by observing a then pitch dark, to proceed for the bust at the end of the apartment, over summit, a guide with a lantern showwhich a black veil of crape was thrown. ing the way; and after passing over On inquiry I learnt it was that of the vast tracts of lava, we reached what late proprietor of the whole, recently is called the Woody region about halfdeceased. Associated with this so

Not a human being lives lemn event, the white marble image here, indeed not a house of any kind of the dead shining through its dark- is to be seen nearer to the mountain coloured cover, produced an impres- than Nicolosi ; but there is a small sive effect. It spoke deeply to the ruinous hut built of stone (through heart of the vanity of earth's attach- which the bleak winds whistle), and ments. “ Man walketh in a vain show." The bust was evidently that

* Buchanan's Psalms.

past 12.

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