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486 Science of the Middle Age attributed to Magic. [Dec. views that have been taken of the sub- in imminent peril, out of regard to the ject by two gentlemen whose commu- local interests of one or two provincial nications appeared in “ The Lancet," towns.
Civis. of the 10th instant. The first, Mr. Stein of Manchester, shews that the Mr. URBAN, Kellington, Dec. 12. most decided benefits have resulted ARTS and Sciences, philosophy from administering oxygen gas to per
and civilization, are well known, gesons afflicted with this dreadful ma- nerally speaking, to have had their lady, and therefore recommends the origin in the East. The frequent jourinhalation of oxygen, or the nitrous neys of the inhabitants of Europe duroxide gas, as the most valuable medi- ing the latter end of the twelfth and cines in the worst species of the dis- in the thirteenth centuries, into those ease, from their immediate action in distant climes, in the Crusades, gave removing the carbon from the blood, birth to several species of knowledge and restoring the circulation, and the then scarcely known. Ignorance is temperature of the body to its natural the enemy of improvement. While standard.
men have no desire to emancipate The other opinion possesses more
themselves from her slavery, they denovelty, while it seems equally well spise and oppose all that tends to enentitled to the attention of professional lighten the mind. men who have charge of Cholera pa- The celebrated Gerbert, however, tients. Dr. Shaughnessy, in his mas- about this period, or somewhat prior, terly paper, recommends, in addition founded a mathematical school at to inhaling oxygen, that solutions of Rheims, in which he himself taught such neutral salts as contain oxygen the elements of that science. He reand chlorine, (nitrate and chloride of ceived his knowledge of mathematics soda) should be injected into the sys- from the Arabians. After his death tem, with the view of decarbonating he was treated as a sorcerer : he was the blood by the most prompt means,
said to have made a compact with the in the very extreme cases of Cholera. Devil, from whose clutches he had As a proof of the perfect practicability much difficulty to extricate himself. of the plan, Dr. S. tried some experi. The exalted station of life to which he ments on a dog with the most com- arose, the extent of his knowledge in plete success, showing that the intro- astronomy, the instruments which he duction of oxygen in the liquid form invented for the improvement of that is no less efficient in restoring vital science, were quite sufficient, in these energy than when administered under dark ages, to make him be thought a the gaseous form ; while it is capable necromancer. of being applied in the most advanced Notwithstanding the ignorance which stages, when the respiratory powers then prevailed, England produced a are too feeble to hold out any hope of Roger Bacon, commonly denominated recovery from this dreadful disease. Friar Bacon; a man superior to his
As the object of my present com- age; a man acquainted with mechamunication, Mr. Urban, was that of nics, optics, astronomy, and chemismerely contributing my humble mite try; who is said to have been the intowards the prevention (as far as hu- ventor of burning glasses, of the teleman means can prevent) of this dread- scope, and gunpowder. He, too, was ful malady from extending itself be accused of magic, because his genius yond its present locality, by embody- enabled him to soar above the ignoing the leading facts which have been rance of his time. established by persons more competent About the same time, flourished to the inquiry, I hope I have proved Albertus Magnus, a man of inquisitive sufficient to justify Government in the mind, and deeply skilled in the more restrictive measures they have adopted abstruse sciences, at that period termas to vessels leaving the infected dis- ed “occult:" he was deemed, on this tricts. It is no doubt a source of mor- account, a magician, and with diffitification to the shipping interests of culty escaped the most barbarous tor. Sunderland and Newcastle, to have tures. Such accusations are a strong any restriction, whatever imposed on proof how greatly superior those astotheir trade ; but it is the duty of every nishing men were to the age in which Government not to allow the inhabi- they lived. Magic originally consisted tants of a vast metropolis to be placed in the study of wisdom. Afterwards
1831.] Presumed Magicians.-Family of Huyshe.
487 the Magi applied their minds to astro- of brass. The mystic figure, accordlogy, divination, and sorcery; conse- ing to its original designation, in due quently, in time, men or women who time solemnly spoke; and distinctly, excelled their rude neighbours in civi. at three several intervals of time, utlization and knowledge, were brand. tered, in the most impressive tones, ed with the name of Magician, an
“ Time is,” (which was the opporodious character, used to signify a tunity appointed for making the rediabolical kind of science, depending quest)." Time was,” and “ Time is on the assistance of the infernal host, past. These preternatural voices beand the souls of the departed.
ing heedlessly neglected by a servant Few instances of these necromantic in waiting, at the last terrible words exhibitions occur in our own country, the enchanted symbol fell to the previous to the discovery of the art of ground, the intended beneficial project printing. After that time our annals failed, and the head was instantly are full of them.
shivered into a thousand fragments. About the middle of the fifteenth The middle figure in the drawing, and century, John Fust or Faust, a gold. which indeed seems composed of insmith of Mentz, carried a number of animate materials, I conceive repreBibles to Paris, which he had caused sents this mysterious head. The perto be printed, and disposed of them as son immediately in front is Friar Bamanuscripts. The uniformity of the The personage on his right, I copies raised general wonder, being conjecture, may be Albertus Magnus, considered as a task beyond human rather than Dr. Faustus, as your corinvention. The red ink, with which respondent supposes ; he being more they were embellished, was said to be a contemporary, as appears from the his blood, and hence he was accused adjoined memorials, with the English of being in league with the Devil. philosopher. The three necromantic From this circumstance arose the worthies seem deeply engaged in the story of the Devil and Dr. Faustus, construction and design of the brazen which continues even to the present head. Whom the female figure on day.
the left denotes, I am at a loss to conA little prior to this period flou- jecture. Anachronism forbids us to rished Joan of Arc, better known as suppose it to represent Mother Shipton, the Maid of Orleans, who attributed or even the Maid of Orleans. Some the impulses which she felt to the in- of your correspondents, more deeply fluence of Heaven; but upon her versed in “legendary lore,” may, perdownfall, those who before had re- haps, deign further to elucidate in garded her as a saint, considered her
your pages this popular and youth-inas a sorceress, forsaken by the demon teresting incident of the “olden time.” who had granted her a fallacious and
OMICRON. temporary assistance.
Still later, in the reign of Henry
Talaton, near fame spread through the whole king
Honiton, Nov. 8. dom; and multitudes of all ranks PERMIT me to offer some additionresorted to her for the removal of their al particulars in reply to the queries doubts, and the knowledge of future respecting the family of Huyshe, concontingencies.
tained in the letter from Mr. Edward This premised, give me leave, Mr. Protheroe, M.P., p. 305, to whose Urban, to venture a conjecture on the acuteness and indefatigable industry figures engraved at page 401 of your they are indebted for the recovery of last Number, on what I conceive to several particulars of their history. have been an ivory commemorative Two of its members may interest medal. The story of Friar Bacon's others besides the genealogist and the celebrated brazen head is well known. herald. Alexander, who stands seIt is said by tradition, that this head cond in Bishop Walton's acknowwas framed by the philosopher for the ledgments for assistance in his Polymost beneficent purposes. Had its glott (see Todd's Memoirs of Walton, utterance been properly attended to, i. p. 269); and Richard, founder of the the most happy results were to have hospital at Taunton. been the consequence; nothing less I have ascertained the descent of than the fortification of this kingdom Alexander, by means of the MSS. by an irrefragable surrounding, barrier Mr. Palmer of Fairfield, from
488 Family of Huyshe.-Beræans and Thessalonicans. [Dec. his descendant, the late Sir John Ac. who was descended from Richard land, permitted me to take copies. He Huyshe, merchant in London, who was son of John Huyshe of Wells, lies buried at Taunton, and endowed and grandson of William Huyshe, the hospital in that town. According who was living at Doniford in 1542, to family tradition, one of the family by Johanna daughter of John Syden- was implicated in Monmouth's rebel ham, his second wife. By the old fa- lion, and fled the county to escape mily pedigree, and the entries in the from Jeffreys's cruelty, and settled at Heralds' Office, it appears that this Nottingham. William and James Huyshe of Lon- Yours, &c. FRANCIS Huyshe. don (the father of Rowland), were sons of John Huyshe of Doniford, Mr. William Horton LLOYD sugwhom Mr. Palmer states to have been gests that the seventh quartering in living in the 6th of Hen. VIII. and the shield (p. 305) is the coat of BurGrace daughter of Richard Walrond nell of Cocktree,-Argent, a chevron of Bovy.
Ermines between three barnacles SaWith respect to Richard, I have to ble. In the list of families extinct or request the assistance of your Corre- removed, in Lysons's Devonshire, p. spondents, to perform a task which clxii. it is mentioned that the heiress has been very fairly laid upon me, as of Burnell married Wike, and a corepresentative of Rowland Huyshe of heiress of Wike of Bindon married Sand, whom he appoints one of his Barry of Winscot (p. clxxxv). executors, by my co-trustees. They require his pedigree, as necessary to Mr. Urban, Colsterworth, Dec. 12. decide the claims of kindred for five IN your Number for Nov. p. 416, scholarships which he founded for there is a long and laboured article to either University. The whole that I show that the translation and genehave been able to ascertain, is that the rally understood meaning of the Acts above-named John Huyshe of Doni- of the Apostles, xvii. 11, is not the ford had a brother called Thomas, correct one. But surely, without go“from whom,” the old family pedi- ing into any Greek criticism upon the gree says, “ do descend the Huyshes passage, it is perfectly plain by a reof Tetton in parish of Kingston, and ference to the fourth verse, that the thos other Huyshes about Taunton ; writer is describing the different efand so Richard Huyshe, esq. who fects produced by the preaching of St. lyith buried in Tawton." His monu- Paul in two different places and synament in Magdalen Church says that gogues ; and he compares more parti. he was born in Taunton, and died 23 cularly its effects upon the Jews. At Feb. 1615. He was of New Inn in Thessalonica some of the Jews believed; 1589; and his will, dated a few weeks at Bercea many of the Jews believed, (30 Jan. 1615, and proved in Prerog. because they were more noble or ingeCourt, Canterbury, 12 June, 1616,) nuous than those of Thessalonica. The before his death, describes him of the effect of his preaching upon the Greeks precinct of the Blackfriars, London, in the two places, is represented to be where the property lies that he gave much the same, if verse 4, and verses for the maintenance of his hospital 11, 12, refer to the same place, ‘Thesand his scholarships, and where a salonica.' Then the writer of the Acts court now bears his name.
first relates, that after three days gisters of the two parishes in Taun- preaching, some of the Jews believed, ton, and those of Kingston, have been and then that many of the Jews besearched in vain to make out the de- lieved ; and after having told us of a scent of Richard from Thomas and his great multitude of devout Greeks and wife Joan. Any information that may honourable women having believed, he tend to elucidate it will be gratefully repeats the information in the 12th received.
verse, only reversing the proportion. The arms over the hospital quarter First it would be ‘amultitude of Greeks, Huyshe with Avenell alias Richards. and not a few women ;' then ‘many
Some of the descendants of this honourable women, and of men not a Thomas Huyshe, I believe, were those few. The natural antecedent to the Huishes resident at Nottingham. In relative 'these' in the 11th verse, 1762 Mark Huish of that town writes the Jews,' in the 10th verse, and unthat his grandfather was Robert Huish, questionably the English version is who lived and died at Taunton, and correct.