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THE

GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE.

[PUBLISHED JANUARY, 1832.]

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London Gaze-times-Ledger Morn. Chron...-Post Herald Morn. Advertiser --Courier Globe...Standard --Sup..Star Brit Trav.. Record-Lit Gaz St. James's Chron..Packet.. Even. Mail..-English Chron. 8 Weekly Pa... Sal. & Sun. Dublin 14- Ediuburgh 12 Liverpool 9-- Manchester 7 Exeter 6. Bath Bristol. Si effield, York, 4 – Brighton, Canterbury, Leeds, Hull, Leicester, Nottingh. Plym. Stamf, 3— Birming. Bolton, Bury. Cambridge, Carlisle, Chelmsf.,Cheltenh Chester, Coveo, Derhy, Durl., Ipsw., Kendal,Maidst., Newcastle,

Norwich, Oxf., Portsm., Pres-
ton, Sherb., Shrewsb., South-
ampton, Truro, Worcester 2
Aylesbury, Bangor, Barnst..
Berwick, Blackb., Bridgew.,
Carmar., Colch., Chesterf
Devizes, Dorch., Doncaster,
Falmouth. Glouc., Halifax,
Henley. Hereford, Lancas-
ter, Leamin', Lewes, Linc.
Lichf. Macclesf. Newark,
Newc, on-Tyne, Northamp.,
Reading, Rochest., Salish
Staff., Slockport, Taunton,
Swansea, Wakef. Warwick.
Whiteh., Winches.. Windsor,
Wolverhampton, 1 each.
Ireland 61.

Scotland 37
Jersey 4-Gucrosey 3

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DECEMBER, 1831.

............521

.........534

......4,94

.......546

Original communications,

Vicars of Frome .......

....520 MINOR CORRESPONDENCE ....................482 Origiu of Costs in Law-suits..... ......ib. The Cholera Morbus

483 Review of New Publications. The Science of the Middle Age attributed Hunter's Deanery of Doncaster.... to Magic.........

..........486

Curtis's History of Leicestershire ...........523 The Family of Huyshe, in Devonshire.. ...487

Mahè on Antiquities of Britanny....... .527 On the, Berceans and Thessalonicans.........488

Scott's Tales of my Landlord (4th Series)..531 Church of Plympton St. Mary, Devon......489

Colling's Fables, &c. in Verse Will of Richard Strode, Esq. 1464...........490 Blakeway's Sheriffs of Shropshire............585 On the Repairs of Churches...... ...........491

Tym ms's Family Topographer (Part I.)....537 Continental Sketches and Reminiscences......ib.

Bp. Law's Pastoral Letter....

.......538 Visit to Mount Etna.......

493 Wakefield on Punishment of Death .........589 New Volcanic Island near Sicily ......494, 551 Neander's History of the Christian Religion,540 History of the Bottle Conjuror.

FINE ARTS..

........541 Church of Manningford Bruce, Wilts.......497 LITERARY INTELLIGENCE.– New Works... 542 Threatened Destruction of Crosby Hall..... 498

Royal Society, 542.- Poison Valleys ........544 Triangular Bricks found at Malmesbury......500 Odes on St. Cecilia's Day............

.........545 Visit to Buttevant Abbey, co. Cork............ib.

Colony of Liberia in Africa . Liscarrol and Loghort Castles................501 Clarkson's Lectures on Colonial Slavery, &c.549 Old Barn, at the Rock of Egmont, co. Cork ib. ANTIQUARIAN Researches.

..550 Pedigree of the Isaacsop Family..............502 SELECT POETRY...... Coins and Tokens found at Grimsby.........503 Ancient Customs at Grimsby-Beating the

Historical Chronicle. Bounds—the Ducking Stool...............504

Proceedings in Parliament

Foreign News, 558.—DomesticOccurrences 559 Classical Literature.

Promotions, &c. 560.-Births & Marriages 561 On the French Pronunciation of Latin......505

OBITUARY ; with Memoirs of Coupe CapoOn Egyptiau Hieroglyphics ..................507 d'Istrias ; Bp. of Calcutta : Ld. R. Seymour; French and Skinner's Proverbs of Solomon.509

Sir J. G. Shaw; Sir T. Dyke; Adm. Sir Prologue and Epilogue at Westm' School..511

C.H. Knowles; Adm. Barton; Adm. Smith;
St. Gervaise, Roued, and the Cathedral Spire 511 Sir A. Hart; Sir G. S. Holroyd ; Sir G.
Church of St. Maclou at Rouen ......... ib. Nayler; Dr. Reece, &c. &c......... ..562
On the New Metropolitan Coal Act..........512 Bill of Mortality-Markets, 574.-Shares..575
Present State of Stonehenge..................515 Meteorological Diary—Price of Stocks......576

Embellished with Views of a MONUMENT at PLYMPTON ST. MARY, Devon;
the CHURCH of MANNINGFORD BRUCE, Wilts ; a PLAN OF STONEHENGE;

and a Map of the new COLONY OF LIBERIA, &c.

..552

.554

By SYLVANUS URBAN, GENT.

Printed by J. B. Nichols and Son, Cicero's HEAD, 25, Parliament Street, Westminster ;

where all Letters to the Editor are requested to be sent, Post-Pad.

MINOR CORRESPONDENCE.

The Rev. ROBERT UVEDALE, Vicar of given, whether in his life-time, or by his Fotherby and Hogsthorpe, having learved will, is not stated. Now in the Town Hosfrom the public prints that Mr. Sadler and pital, among the list of benefactions and leMr. Hume have presented to the House of gacies for the year 1750, they have a James Communs petitions from Kendal, complaiu. Perchard, a gentleman of the most Hon. ing of an attempt to levy Tithes in kind, Privy Council, “ one thousand pounds.” Is begs to state that he has a MS. ia small this a second 10001. ur is is the above-menquarto respecting Trinity College, Cam- tioned “ don" or gift to the country pabridge, which belonged to his great-grand- rish? No mention is made of the death, fatber, the, Rev. R. Uvedale, LL.D. one of or will, or burial of the said Privy Counthe Fellows, and which comprises copies of cillor. There is also a monument in the Charters, Statutes, and King's Letters, and Town Church of St. Pierre Port, for Peter Accounts of Masters, Benefactors, Estates, Perehard, esq. and his late wife Martha &c. From a passage in this book, it is evi- (daughter of late Henry Le Mesurier, esq.) dent that the holders of land in the parish boch of whom with four of their daughters of Kendal were, 300 years ago, not liable lie buried in the same grave, in the parish to such demands as have been lately set up of St. Mary Abchurch, London. It is by Trinity College

stated on this Guernsey monument, “ that M. J. “ begs to correct a statement (p. he was a native of this island; that he was 476), in the notice of Dr. Halloran, that elected Sheriff of that great city in 1793, the Britannia was the flag-ship of Lord and invested with the high and honourable Nelson at the Battle of Trafalgar.' The office of Lord Mayor on the 9th of Nov. Britannia bore the fag of the late Admiral 1804. When he had executed this last the Earl of Northesk, the second in com- great trust, reposed in him in so upright a mand in chat memorable engagement. Fur- inapoer as to demand the thanks of all his ther particulars of Dr. Halloran are given fellow citizens, Heaven was pleased that his in Warner's Recollections of a Literary mortal course sbould end. He survived his Life, little to the credit of his character. Mayoralty but ten weeks, and died on the

“Of a far different stamp (observes the qist of Jan. 1806, in the 77th year of his same Correspondent) was that of the late age." Quere, was this Peter descended Caplain Richard Budd Vincent, of whose from the above James the Privy Couosellor ? professional career honourable mention is When Martba the above died in 1787, she made in the Gent. Mag. for the same month. left two daughters alive. Are there any He was in truth as good as he was brave, descendants from these ? What are the and will long be deplored by those who had arms the Perchards bore? Any particulars the happiness of enjoying his friendship, respecting the above will be thankfully reand her to whom he had been the best of ceived uod noticed in the second part of the busbands. Captain Vincent married, in Annals. 1805, Philippa, youngest daughter of Ri- The Editor of the “ Family Topogra-chard Norbury, esq. a Captain in his Ma- pher" will feel obliged by any of our Corjesty's Navy, by whom he has left nu issue." respondents furnishing a list of the Druidi.

Mr. Jacob, author of the Appals of the cal remains in the county of Hants ;--disBritish Norman Isles," inquires for particu- tinguishing whether circles of stones, rocklars concerning the family of Perchard, who basons, logan-stones, &c. are descended from one of the worthies of Mr. WM. HORTON LLOYD begs to notice Guernsey.. lo the country parish of St. with thanks the observations of A.J. K. Pierre du Bois, there is a marble monument (p. 317), and Mr. R. F. Hopwood (p. 290), in the Church, placed there by its former on the word Senescha). To the latter (says inhabitants, but without a date, “To the he) I cannot attach sufficient meaning. The honour of James Perchard, esq. a privy coun- former is certainly worthy of attention : but, sellor during the reigos of Queen Anne and as A. J. K. has expressed it, Dr. Brady King George I.” lc appears on the same might be supposed to confound the Teutonic tablet (the whole inscription being in and Saxon languages. Brady's words are French) that his grandfather, the Rev. John -“ From the Teutonick Sehen" (which by Perchard, was Rector of the same parish for the errata is to be corrected to Seon) " or 47 years, and died at the age of 72 in 1653. Saxon Theon, to see, and scale," &c. This Also, that his “ father John Perchard was accuracy is desirable, because when there a Captain in the Island Militia ; he died on is a choice of deriving a word from roots of 220 January, 1697, aged 78 years." Upon one language, or from those of more than this monument it is stated that the said ope, it is always more probable that the James Perchard had given a thousand pounds same language or dialect should have supsterling (ayant fuit un don) to the funds of plied all the syllables. the poor of the parish;” but when it was

THE

GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE,

DECEMBER, 1831.

ORIGINAL COMMUNICATIONS.

THE CHOLERA MORBUS.

Mr. Urban.

Dec. 20. nental or spasmodic cholera, is now NOTWITHSTANDING the multi- prevailing to a very serious extent in tude of conflicting opinions that have two of our large towns, and a popu. been advanced by the medical gentle- lous circuit around them. men who have favoured the public I would not willingly arraign the with their views concerning the dis- judgment nor the assiduity of the genease termed CHOLERA,* we are still tlemen who have devoted their atten, left in the dark respecting the far most tion with so much zeal to the poor important feature of the question—the inhabitants of Sunderland, yet it is best means of preventing its dissemi- impossible to reconcile the facts which nation. That doctors should differ as have been established by the evidence to the medical treatment to be recom- of the gentlemen connected with the mended in this disease, cannot excite Sunderland Board of Health (some of surprise, when we take into account whom have had the best opportunities the anomalous character it assumes of witnessing the diseases of India) under different circumstances, and in with the opinions advanced by several different individuals. But whatever of the medical practitioners of the latitude may be allowed to profes- town, as to the nature of the disease sional ingenuity, or that anxiety to now prevailing, --without arriving at support pre-conceived opinions re- the conclusion that some reserve, if specting the identity of this disease not disinclination, to admit facts, prewith the pestilence that for several vails both among the medical and years has been spreading itself over non-medical inhabitants, lest the proAsia and the north of Europe, it must mulgation of the truth might injure be acknowledged that far greater at- the mercantile interests of the town. tention has been paid to the profes- After the case of the woman who died sional classification of the disease, in the poor-house on the 3d instant, than to such preventive measures as where the patient, an elderly female, may arrest its progress.

was seized with spasms, the surface It would be quite unnecessary, Mr. of the body of an icy coldness and Urban, did the limits of your miscel- livid colour approaching to black, with laneous columns admit-to recapitu- the eyes sunk into their sockets, so as late the contradictory arguments that to present a ghastly appearance even have been advanced by the adverse before death,-it must be termed perparties concerning the epidemic, or versity of no ordinary kind to contend endemic, the contagious or non-con- any longer that there is “no serious tagious character of the disease. The disease,' "nothing beyond ordinary only fact which has been established Cholera,” in the pestilence now prebeyond the reach of controversy is, vailing in Sunderland. The still more that the disease (whatever may be its recent death of Mr. Scott, a Dissentorigin) has hitherto bid defiance to ing Minister, on the 6th inst, affords medical skill and municipal precau- a proof of the infectious nature of the tions in many of the continental cities disease, and that it is not exclusively and towns; and that a disease similar confined to the poorer classes who are in all its characteristics to the conti. deficient in cleanliness and in the ne

cessaries of life. p. 449 of our last pumber. The communications of the corre

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484
The Cholera Morbus.

[Dec. spondent to the Times newspaper, in- progress of the disease, shows that it deed, distinctly state that the medical is chiefly, if not entirely generated by practitioners of the town have not by local causes, such as the poisonous any means supported with their exer- miasma of swampy districts, filthy tions the temporary hospital that has dwellings, and insufficient or poor been established under the sanction of diet. Yet when the disease is once the general Board of Health for the es- generated in any unwholesome dispecial treatment of this formidable trict, it has been proved that it may disease. Whether such disinclination be propagated by individuals who may have arisen from professional jea- have been for a time exposed to such lousies at the appointment of strangers vitiated atmosphere, while the appearto the town, or to any wish of conceal- ances would indicate that the disease ing from the public the extent of the might have existed in a nascent or disorder among the population of the incipient stage for many days, or protown,-it is equally to be deplored. bably weeks, before such individual

The fair way of forming an estimate sickens with the more decided and as to the probability of the disease now alarming symptoms. prevailing at Sunderland being trans- If this view of the case be correct, ferred to London, will be to suppose a the symptoms of collapse and spasms case, with the embargo removed from ought to be considered a very adthe shipping of the port, as the mer- vanced stage of the disorder, instead cantile interests so loudly contend for. of being regarded (as they have been

Let us suppose one or more of the too generally considered) the first atcrew of a Sunderland trading vessel to tack of the disease. have been visiting his relatives or There are two weighty reasons why friends among the infected districts of it is desirable to consider the disease the town, being himself previously in as of local rather than of foreign ori. bad health. Such a man might be gin. In the first place, if the disease able to discharge his duties as a sea- has been generated on the banks of man for a few days’ voyage, yet with the Wear in the manner before stated in a week or two after his reaching (an assumption borne out by all the London (or any other port) he may be leading facts stated by the medical seized with all the usual symptoms of gentlemen as to the locality of the the disease. Now through neglect or principal seats of the disease in the improper treatment, or being exposed town, and the filthy and intemperate to a depraved atmosphere, or ill ven- habits of the lower class of the inhatilated dwelling adjacent to the river, bitants,) it points out the propriety of we have a right to suppose this pa- removing all the sick, or even the sus. tient might be the means of generating pected of disease, from their present de novo a disease nearly or precisely habitations to other places beyond the similar to that of Sunderland; the range of the malaria. On the other contagious character of which would hand, if the disorder be of a local inof course depend on the locality of the stead of foreign origin, there is less spot, the want of attention to cleanli- danger of its extension to other towns, ness and ventilation in the sick cha

where the locality of such town renber, and to the predisposition to dis- ders it a salubrious district. With a ease of the immediate attendants of view, therefore, to the prevention of the patient, as in the worst cases of the disease, it is much to be regretted typhus fever. Making allowance for that such total uncertainty exists rethe irregularities of sailors, it is there. garding the source of this pestilence fore extremely probable that the dis, in the port of Sunderland. ease would speedily be imported or But it is incumbent on each party propagated in the port of London in at issue on this important point, to the manner before mentioned, pro- show the data upon which they found vided no restrictions were imposed on their conclusions. Unless the anti. the navigation.

contagionists are prepared to show There are no just grounds for as- that the facts upon which they rest cribing the production of Cholera to their inferences, embrace all the conany sudden exposure to specific virus, ditions of the argument, they prove like that of small pox, scarlatina, &c. nothing; or in this case worse than On the contrary, the whole of the evi- nothing, from the tendency it must dence that has been adduced of the have to make individuals or public

1831.)
The Cholera Morbus.

485 bodies relax from those wholesome intermittents are generated by the precautions of cleanliness and ventila- marsh effluvia from those districts tion, which might not only prevent which are alternately covered and unthe spread of this fatal disease, but covered by the tides. This is common obviate, in a very material degree, the at the estuary of every great river in predisposition of the poor inhabitants Europe to more or less extent. But of crowded cities to fevers in general. if we take into account the vast quanWithout Mr. Searle, and the other tity of carbonaceous matter on the gentlemen who argue against the pos- shores of the Wear, together with the sibility of contagion, are prepared carburet and sulphuret of lead in the to prove that they have been subjected soil of the adjacent districts, we can to all the predisposing causes of con- readily conceive the alluvium washed stitutional debility, poor diet, and down by the Wear and its tributary unwholesome air from ill-ventilated streams, to form quite sufficient nidus apartments, previous to their being ex- for the generation of poisonous miasposed to personal contact, or to the ma of a peculiar kind. That some aërial miasmata issuing from a patient local malaria or aërial poison constilabouring under Cholera, or were in- tutes the actual source of the comattentive to themselves afterwards plicated fever now raging at Sunderthey prove nothing.

land, we cannot of course adduce any It is well known that mental de- actual proof, though it is at least quite pression alone will render persons ex- as probable as that of the importation ceedingly susceptible of febrile disease, of the disorder from the Continent. while other persons, without feeling Within a short period after the reany such apprehension, may enter a ception of convicts into the Penitenhospital or sick chamber with impu- tiary prison at Pimlico, a peculiar kind nity. But we have a right to assume, of fever (combining the characters of unless the contrary were proved, that intermittent with typhoid symptoms, those gentlemen who have voluntarily and usually accompanied by diarrhæa,) exposed themselves to the hazard of prevailed throughout the prison, to infection, have been both fortified by such extent as to bid defiance to all good resolution and good living pre

kinds of medical treatment, until the vious to their visitation of the sick. prisoners were removed to other more Any arguments, therefore, that might salubrious places, when they speedily be deduced from such premises with

became convalescent. A similar plan regard to contagion or non-contagion, was found necessary in the dreadful must be wholly unworthy of that de- fever that prevailed a few years back gree of confidence which could autho. at Gibraltar. rise Government or any municipal But it would greatly exceed my authority, in relaxing from every due limits were I to cite the numberless precaution with the view of prevent

instances (known to many of your ing the dissemination of the disease. readers, Mr. Urban,) of the periodical But it is scarcely worth consideration, production of intermittent fever in when a pestilential disease is actually marshy or low levels, and where the spreading through the population of a habits of people greatly augment the town containing 40,000 inhabitants, progress of the disease. to speculate concerning its importa- On a question on which so much tion or non-importation, when the difference of opinion exists, both as to locality of that town renders it noto. the nature of the disease and the merious for the propagation of both in- dical treatment to be adopted, I shall termittent and typhus fevers. It is hesitate in offering any remarks, exwell known that the most obstinate cept so far as to notice the judicious

It is a remarkable fact in corroboration of the view here taken, that the continental Cholera has produced infinitely greater mortality on the banks of large rivers, as the Vistula, Danube, &c. than in more elevated districts. In many cases the progress of the disease has distinctly followed the course of large rivers, thereby rendering it doubtful how far the pestilence was communicated from place to place by personal contact or infected merchandise; or how far it might have been generated de novo along the banks of a river liable to ioundation. That the latter is the more probable source of its propagation seems also borne out by the fact, that the provinces on the banks of the lower Danube, Moldavia, Wallachia, &c. are apnually visited both by the plague and the Cholera Morbus.

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