Imatges de pàgina

406 Notices of Sir Henry Calthorpe, and his family. [Nov. thorpe, Knt. Attorney of the Court of lady five sons and four daughters, Wards and Liveries.

most of whom died in their infancy ; He was a junior member of that James the third son, and two daughbranch of the Calthorpe family, who ters, Dorothy and Henrietta Maria, by marriage with the sister and heiress only survived their father, the former of Sir Bartholomew Bacon of Arwer- of whom died July 28, 1641; and the ton in the county of Suffolk, Knt. be- latter Nov. 6, 1645. Dame Dorothy, came, in the fifteenth of King Richard their mother, remarried to Robert ReyII. possessed of the lordship of Cock- nolds, esq. She bore Gules, a cross thorp, in the hundred of North Green. botony Ermine. how, and county of Norfolk; in which James Calthorpe, esq. third and parish they continued to reside for only surviving son, was a minor of many generations ; and whose ances- about eleven years of age at the time tors were seated in the same county of his father's death ; whose custody, from the time of the Norman Con- wardship, and marriage, the King quest, this family being one of the granted the following January to very few of the ancient race of Eng- Dame Dorothy Calthorpe, widow, lish gentry whose origin may be satis mother of the ward, Philip Calthorpe factorily traced to that period.

of Gressenhall, in Norfolk, esq. and Sir Henry was second son of Sir Valentine Pell of Darsingham, in the James Calthorpe of Cockthorp afore- same county, his uncles. In a schesaid, Knt. by Barbara his wife, daugh. dule annexed to this grant, the proter of John Bacon of Hessett, in the perty that should descend to the said county of Suffolk, esq. He was entered heir in possession or reversion, is thus of the Middle Temple, and became a particularized :lawyer of great eminence, successively The manor of Ampton with the apCommon Serjeant and Recorder of purtenances, the advowson and right the city of London, Solicitor General of patronage of the parish church of to Queen Henrietta Maria, and Attor- Ampton, one capital messuage, where ney of his Majesty's Court of Wards William Whettell late dwelt, in Ampand Liveries. He was author of a ton aforesaid, and all lands, meadows, pamphlet, entitled “ Proposals for re- &c. &c. and held of his Majesty as of gulating the Law, to make the same his Abbey of Bury St. Edmund's. more plain and easy to be understood, The manor of Aldeby, alias Alby, and less chargeable and expensive than with the rights, members, &c. in the heretofore ;" he also published a use- county of Norfolk, and the advowson ful volume of Reports of Special Cases, of the church of Thorpe, near Hadcollected by himself, touching the se- discoe Thorp in the said county, held veral customs and liberties of the City of his Majesty in chief by knight's of London.

service. He married Dorothy, daughter and “ The manor of Cockthorp and the coheir of Edward Humfrey of Isham, advowson of the church of Cockthorp in the county of Northampton, esq. and Lt. Langham to the same annexed by Mary his wife, daughter of William in the same county, held of his MaWhetteil of London, gent. and sister jesty, as of parcel of the possession of William Whettel of this parish, esq. late of the Bishopric of Norwich, by on whose death in 1628, Sir Henry in the twentieth part of a knight's fee. herited the Ampton estate, which he “ The manor of Snitterly, alias Blaafterwards made his country residence. keny, alias Snitterly Calthropes, and

He received the honour of knight the advowson of the same church of hood, March 8, 1635; and died at his Snitterly alias Blakeny, and the free house in Ampton Aug. 1, 1637. His chapel of Glamford to the same church remains were deposited in the chan- annexed, and the manor of Snitterly, cel of that church, on the north side late Asteleyes, alias Hollewell-hall, in of which is a handsome mural monu- the same county, and held of his Mament of black and white marble, or- jesty, as of the late possessions of the namented with the effigies of himself said Bishopric of Norwich, by the forand lady, with their children; on the tieth part of a knight's fee. summit several shields of arms much “The manor of Wyveton, alias Wydefaced, and beneath a long Latin in- veton Staffer, alias Wyveton Duces in scription to his memory.

the same county, held of his Majesty, Sir Henry had issue by the above of his manor of Greenwich in soccage.

The Earldom of Wexford.

407 The moiety of the manor of Nether- tain marshes and channels in Acle, hall, alias Stowes, in the same county, Blakeny, and Cley, held of his Maholden of his Majesty in chief by jesty, as of his manor of East Green, knight's service.

wich in soccage.' “ The manor of Acle, with the ad- The Calthorpes anciently bore Ervowson of the parish church, and the mine, a maunch Gules; but the paterwood called Aclewood, with divers nal coat for many ages has been other messuages, lands, marshes, Checky Or and Azure, a fess Erbanks, &c. in Blakeny, Cley, Stifkey, mine. Wyveton, Langham, Cockthorpe, Byn. Some brief notices of the above ham, Morston, and Wighton, in the James Calthorpe, esq. and his decounty of Norfolk; with the follow- scendants, may form the subject of a ing, situated in the county of Essex. future communication,

A. P. “ The manor of Stanway, alias Stanaway, and the advowson of the parish

Mr. URBAN, church, with the chapel of Albright to THE claim to the Earldom of Wathe same annexed, and the park called terford by the Earl of Shrewsbury, Stanaway Park in Gt. and Lt. Stana presents the remarkable case of a noway, &c. held of Thomas Lucas as of ble family assuming, for centuries, a his manor of Leyden, by fealty and dignity to which it was not entitled, rent; also the reversion after the de. viz. the Earldom of Wexford. By the cease of Dame Mary Crane, widow, patent of 1446, granting to the Earl of of the manor and farm called Bel- Shrewsbury the dignity of Earl of lowes, and other messuages and lands Waterford in Ireland, the family has in Gt. and Lt. Stanaway, Capford, always assumed the titles of Earl of Leyden, Gt. and Lt. Birch, and Ford. Waterford and Wexford. The Peerham.

ages say, that these dignities being “The reversion after the death of the forfeited by the Act of Absentees, were same person, of two parts in three of re-granted in 1661, 13 Charles II. the manor of Cockermouth, and of whether by a new patent or how, divers lands, &c. to the same belong- does not appear. Lord Mountmorres, ing, in Dagenham and Barking, also, in his History of the Irish Parliament, after the death of Dame Thomazen alludes to this case, and states that Swynerton, widow, of fifty acres of precedence was given to Lord Shrewsmeadow and pasture in Stanaway, bury as Earl of Waterford and Wexand two parts in three of the manor ford, not by the original patent of of Gt. and Lt. Birch, with messuages, 1446, but by the date of the re-grant, farms, and a corn-mill, situated in and that he was placed after the Earl the above parishes.

of Mountrath, the date of whose EarlThe manor of Burgh St. Margaret, dom was 1661. and certain marshes and divers lands, The claim of the present Earl of and free fishings, reputed and known Shrewsbury appears to be to the title as parcel of the same manor lying in of Earl of Waterford only, under the Burgh St. Margaret, Burgh St. Mary, patent of 1446 ; without reference to Billockby, Clippesby, Rollesby, Wey- the re-grant or patent (if any) of 1661; bride, and Martham, in the county of though, if Mountmorres be correct, the Norfolk. It is found that Arthur Ca- House of Lords of Ireland admitted pell, esq. being seized hereof in fee, the Lord Shrewsbury of 1661 to a he and Elizabeth his wife, by fine and place in their house, not under the surrender enrolled, dated the 23d of patent of 1447, but under the re-grant May, the eleventh of Charles I. as- of 13 Charles II. sure the same to ward's father for life, Archdall's edition of Lodge, states and after to the said ward's mother that the first Earl of Shrewsbury was for her jointure, and after her decease Earl of Wexford by inheritance ; query to the use of the said ward's father, from whom? and that he was created and Arthur Turnor, and theier heirs. Earl of Waterford in 1446 (24 Hen. “ Also one capital messuage where


On the Earl's monument in the ward's father dwelt, in St. Peter's Shropshire, there is no mention of hill, near Paul's Wharf, London, in his Irish titles ; but at Rouen in Northe parish of St. Peter and Benedict mandy, where he was buried, it is in Paul's Wharf, London ; with cer- said there was an inscription in which


Easter Eggs. The accuracy of Leland. [Nov. he was styled Earl of Shrewsbury, there are drawings of six of these eggs, Earl of Wexford, Waterford, and Vä- painted in various colours after the lence. AN OLD SUBSCRIBER. usage of Rome. A note says, “ These

on Easter day are carryed to church Mr. Urban,

Oct. 31. to ye parish priests, who bless them FEW perhaps of your antiquarian and sprinkle y w: holy water; on readers are ignorant of the old prac- y day, at dinner, ye cloth is adorntice on Easter Sunday of presenting ed w: sweet herbs and flowers, and ye coloured Eggs, called Pasche Eggs, or first thing yis eat are these blessed Paste Eggs.* This custom, like most eggs; we are chiefly painted by ye of those authorised by the Roman nuns of Amelia, a small city about 30 Church, is of considerable antiquity, miles from Rome : ye common sort of but in England the usage seems at these eggs are all of one colour, as present to be confined to a very few yellow, blew, red, or purple, we are spots in the northern counties. At sold in ye streets till Ascention day or the commencement of the last century Whitsuntide. Anno 1716.” 12. the usage appears to have arrived in Italy at its height, and some curious Mr. URBAN,

Oct. 28. evidence on the subject is preserved I ENTERTAIN so deep a respect in a MS. volume in the British Mu- for the memory of Leland, one of the seum, (MSS. Add. 5239.) containing fathers of English Topography, and I drawings of ecclesiastical ornaments feel it to be of so much importance, used in ceremonials, &c. executed by that his character should be maintainFrancesco Bartoli and others. At fol. ed of what he really was, an accurate 41, is a coloured representation of the observer and a faithful narrator, that interior and exterior of two of these I am anxious to take the first opporEaster Eggs, which were presented tunity of withdrawing a conjecture on Easter Day, 1716, to the beautiful which has gone forth to the public reyoung Lady Manfroni by Signor Ber- specting a statement in his Itinerary. nini, who soon after married her. A “And so by wooddy and corne ground note is annexed, by which it appears a 11 mile to Howton or Haulston, that it was usual to saw the eggs open wher is a ruinous manor longging, as longitudinally with a very fine instru- they saide, to the Tempestes.' Conment made for that purpose, and to re- ceiving that by Howton, he meant move the whole of the yolk and white. Hooton, now commonly called HooThe shell was then carefully cleaned ton-Pagnel, I was led to the further and dried, and lined with gilt paper, conjecture (South Yorkshire, vol. ii. adorned with figures of the saints in p. 142), that he had confounded Temsilk and gold. Two pair of coloured rib- pest with Luterel, the antient lords of bons were afterwards attached to open Hooton-Pagnel, owing to the circumand shut the egg (in the manner wal. stance of the two families having given nuts are made to open by the French the same figure to their heraldric bearwomen at present); and when finish- ing. But I am now convinced that ed, they were offered as a souvenir by not Hooton-Pagnel but Houghton, gallants to their mistresses. But the now Great Houghton, is the place ineggs presented by Signor Bernini were tended by him, which more directly of a superior description. They were than Hooton-Pagnel lay in his way painted on the outside with emblema- from Saint Oswald's Abbey to Rothertic figures of hearts, initials, &c. and ham, and which did, in the time of in the inside contained, on a blue and Leland, belong to the family of Temgold ground, four several portraits of pest. the young lady to whom they were Permit me also to take this opporgiven, represented in various attitudes, tunity of observing that the conjecand playing on different musical in- tures in the first volume of that work struments. The eggs were then fas- concerning the age of the keep in the tened together by crimson ribbons ; Castle of Coningsborough, receive a and when opened, would cause very strong confirmation from what I pretty surprise to the object of his ad- have recently had an opportunity of dresses. In the same volume, p. 42, observing in the ruins of Fountains.

No part of those buildings pretends to * See Brand's Pop. Antiq. i. 142. Ed. an antiquity beyond the Conquest; Ellis; and Hone's Every Day Book.

but there is the most exact corre


· 1831.) Paintings in Mitchel Dean Church, Gloucestershire. 409 spondence between the vaulted roofsing, behind whom is represented the and cross arches in some parts of the heavenly Jerusalem, in a rich style of ruin and those in the chapel of the Gothic architecture, St. Peter standConingsborough keep; and that pecu- ing at the door with a large golden liar kind of dovetailing of the stones key, and a crowd of the newly risen over the fire-places in the keep, has applying to him for admittance to the an exact counterpart in the kitchen at heavenly city. To the left of Christ Fountains, so exact that they may is the figure of an Apostle or Saint well be taken as the work of the same kneeling in the clouds, to correspond architect. Joseph HUNTER. with the Virgin Mary on the other

side ; and below him a representation Mr. URBAN,

Nov. 15. of the place of torment, under the AS you did me the honour, some usual figure of a monster, with an years ago, to insert in your valuable enormous gaping mouth, vomiting Miscellany a few notes of mine rela- flames, and his emissaries are dragtive to the Town and Church of Mit- ging several of the damned into the chel Dean in Gloucestershire (see vol. fiery gulph, with a square linked xcii. i. pp. 17, 113,) you will perhaps chain; others are falling in various consider the following notice of some ways within the compass of the old paintings, lately discovered in the monster's jaws. Below the feet of same Church, worth preserving. Christ are two figures rising from their

Immediately under the roof of the tombs. * nave, in front of the chancel (the roof In each of the four lower compartof which is considerably lower than ments are represented two scenes of the nave), is a large piece of pan- the trial, death, and resurrection, of neled wainscot, which has been for Christ, although no line or mark of ages covered thickly with whitewash. division appears to separate the two The workmen, in doing some repairs subjects. On the lower part of the to the roof of the nave, discovered first panel on the right of the paint. that there was paint concealed beneath ing is represented the Garden of Geththe whitewash, which being mention. semane, and Judas betraying Christ; ed to the Rev. George Cox, the offi- they are of course the two principal ciating minister of the Church, he figures, and Judas is in the act of with a laudable zeal for the preserva- stepping up to his Master to give the tion of so interesting a relic of olden fatal signal. On one side is St. Peter times, immediately consulted the sheathing the sword, after having churchwarden and some of the prin. beaten down Malchus, who is lying cipal parishioners, and being promised

at the bottom with a lantern in his assistance in the way of a small sub- hand; some rude trees, and several scription to defray the expenses, set figures of soldiers in armour, complete about carefully removing the white- the group. Above this is Christ standwash, about the time that I visited ing bound in the Judgment hall before Mitchel Dean in the latter end of Pilate, who, seated on a throne in September last, and I was most happy gorgeous robes faced with ermine, is in contributing my humble assistance washing his hands, an attendant in the pious work of restoration. standing by and pouring water from

The wainscot is 192 feet broad, and an ewer into the basin. In this group 144 feet high in the centre, the upper are also a great number of attendants, part forming about half of a circle, to some in full armour, and carrying fit the arched roof above it; it is di- glaives, and some in civil costume. vided into eight panels or compart

In the second compartment, comments, of which the upper four are mencing with the upper subject, is occupied by a representation of the represented the figure of Christ seatLast Judgment. In the centre is seen ed, bound as before, and blindfold, the Saviour seated on a rainbow, and two men in civil dress forcing clothed in a crimson robe; or, as the

the crown of thorns on his head with worthy curate suggested, the “

* An ancient painting of the Last Judge ture dipped in blood” of the Revela

ment, closely corresponding with this detion ; on each side of his head an an

scription, was formerly in Enfield church; gel blowing a long trumpet. On his

and an engraving of it will be seen in our right is seen the Virgin mother kneel- vol. xcii. i. 621. Gent. Mag. Novemlır, 1831.


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410 Paintings in Mitchel Dean Church, Gloucestershire. (Nov. sticks. Below this Christ is being particularly the green and crimson, is scourged, with his hands bound to a still fresh and brilliant. Great care post; the scourging is inflicted by was taken in removing the whitewash, two men with whips, similar in form and I do not think the painting sufferto that shown by Strutt, in the hand ed at all in the operation; but the coof an Anglo-Saxon charioteer ; and lour has in many parts entirely left also by Fosbroke in his Encyclopedia the board, and one is inclined to supof Antiquities, p. 257. Each whippose that some overzealous Protestant has three thongs, and one has the in the early part of Elizabeth's reign, thongs loaded with balls of iron or one of Cromwell's fanatics, had daboth the men are in the attitude of maged the painting by scraping it, beadding insult to the torture.

fore it was hidden by the whitewash. In the third division, the

Dr. Meyrick went over from Goodject is the descent from the cross, the rich Court to see the painting; and dead body of Christ nearly naked lys after a careful inspection of the dress ing in the arms of a man who has and armour represented, he pronounctorn the hands from the cross, leaving ed it (as well as the beautiful carved the nails; the feet are still attached roofs of the two northern ailes,) to be to the foot of the cross, and nearly of the time of Edward the Fourth ; and even with the ground, a peculiarity the Doctor's unerring judgment is conwhich I have not seen in any other firmed by the costume represented in representation of the Crucifixion. Jo. some fine engravings of that period in seph of Arimathea stands behind, and the possession of the Rev. Charles the two Marys and St. John are look- Crawley. My friend Mr. Hooper of ing on weeping. Below this is the Ross, who has contributed mainly to entombment of our Saviour; the body the restoration of this painting, both is being deposited in a carved sarco- in a pecuniary way, and by his expephagus, two men and three women rience and excellent advice, considers standing round.

that there has been formerly another On the fourth and last panel, the set of panels below the present, reupper scene is the Ascension, and in presenting passages of Christ's birth this are some rude singularities, which and life, and which formed the back often occur in ancient paintings; thus of the rood-loft. This supposition is the feet and legs are the only part of somewhat strengthened by the appearthe ascending Saviour which is repre- ance of framework descending on one sented, and below him is a large patch side a little below the present panels, of green, with two black foot-marks, and also an opening in the wall berepresenting the spot from which tween the nave and the south aile, Christ has risen ; the Apostles are re- nearly opposite to this part, and which presented on each side looking up in was probably the entrance to the roodamazement. Below this is a figure in loft, but no part of the rood-loft is a crimson robe, holding up the right now remaining, unless the present hand in the attitude of benediction; painting can be considered as a part. the two first fingers elevated, and The pulpitis handsomely carvedin gobearing an ornamented cross, with a thic tracery, and is as old as the latter very long foot, in the left hand, point- part of the reign of Henry VII. or the ing to a man's head, which is appa-, commencement of that of Henry VIII. rently issuing from the ground ; but and stands on a pillar of oak; but the lower part of this division is very this, with the sounding-board, which, indistinct. I apprehend that this is though of a later date, (James I.) is an allegorical allusion to the resur- handsomely carved, has been for many rection of the dead to immortality years disfigured by numerous succesthrough the Cross of Christ.

sive coats of white paint; this has, The outline of the figures is bold, however, now been removed, and the and tolerably well executed; their old oak appears in all its native beauty, style and general appearance are very “when unadorned, adorned the most.' similar to those in the tapestry in On removing the white paint from the St. Mary's Hall, Coventry. The up- pulpit, it was discovered to have been per groups of the several compart- formerly painted with brilliant colours, ments are standing on tessellated pave- the ground being blue, the edges of ment, and all the subjects are painted the panels scarlet, and the buttresses on a ground of green and scarlct alter- and crocketed pinnacles green, nately. A great deal of the paint, On the inside of the pulpit door is a

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