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THE

GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE.

......425

[PUBLISHED DECEMBER 1, 1831.] London Gaz.- Times- Ledger

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Jersey 4-Guernsey 3
NOVEMBER, 1831.
Original Communications.

Review of Rew publications. MINOR CORRESPONDENCE ....................386 Baker's History of Northamptonshire .... Remarks on New Metropolitan Coal Act....387 Beechey's Voyage to the Pacific....... ...427 On the Founder of Sunday Schools..........391 Campaigns in Venezuela, &c

429 Account of Nottingham Castle...............393 Mahé ou Antiquities of Britanny.............430 The Character of Knox defended ..396 Logan's Scottish Gaël.............

483 On the Manufacture of Glass..................397 Russell's Palestine, and View of Egypt......435 Pluralities beld by Puritans....................398 Major's Robinson Crusoe ...

.437 The Countesses' Pillar n? Brougham Castle 399 THE ANNUALS.—The Keepsake.... ib. Brougham Castle and Brougham Hall ......400 Heathi's Picturesque Annual........ Portraits of Necromancers......................401 Watts's Literary Souvenir......... .441 Ancient Earthen Cistern

ib. Mrs. Watts's New Year's Gift................442 Narrative of the Siege of Londonderry. 401-404 Winter's Wreath-Continental Annual......443 The Family of Annesley.......... ......405 Garrick’s Correspondence,445--Mis.Reviews446 Sir Henry Calthorpe and his family........ .406 LITERARY INTELLIGENCE.--NewPublications447 Earldom of Wexford ..........

......407 Learned Societies,448--TheCholera Morbus 449 Easter Eggs.- Accuracy of Leland ..........408 Adversaria-Fine Arts .... ........

..........453

...........456 Linės for a Missal in Leightonville Priory...411 Egyptian Antiquities, 457—Select Poetry...458 On the earlyAnnals of History, & M. Niebuhr ib.

Vistorical Chronicle.
Classical Literature.

Foreign News, 460.-DowesticOccurrences 461 On the Berceans and Thessalonicans..........415 Promotions, &c. 462.— Births & Marriages 463 Etymology of Kαμιλού..........

...........417 OBITUARY ; with Memoirs of Lord le DeThe Blunders of Translators...................418 spencer ; Rt. Hon. John Calcraft; J. H. On Greek Pronunciation ..............419 North, esq. M.P.; Gen. the Hon. C. FitzBryant's Versiculi in Felim ; & Translation 420 roy; Gen. Loftus ; Rev. S. Seyer, &c.....465 Book of Proverbs by French and Skinner...421 Bill of Mortality—Markets, 478.-Shares..479 Oxford Prize Poems—Badham's Juvenal.., .424 Meteorological Diary—Price of Stocks......480

Embellished with a View of Nottingham CASTLE ; And Representations of an Ivory Carving, with the Portraits of four NECROMANCERS ; and

of an Ancient EARTHEN CISTERN.

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... 439

Paintings in Michel Dean Chureb, Glouc...409 ANTIQUARIAN RESEARCHES..

By SYLVANUS URBAN, GENT.

Printed by J. B. Nichols and Son, Cicero's Head, 25, Parliament Street, Westminster ;

where all Letters to the Editor are requested to be sent, Post-Paid.

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[ 290 ) MINOR CORRESPONDENCE. Mr. BRITTON says “ The beautiful lines tion of Herbert's Typographical Antiquiby C. H. On the Statue of Cyril Jackson, ties,' with much satisfaction, I beg to enat Christ Church, Oxford,' (p. 392) in- quire whether there is any hope of its being duced me to re-examine a print, which has completed? One thick quarto volume would recently been published by a respectable probably bring the work to a termination ; tradesman in Oxford, representing that ad- and it is hoped that, considering its great mirable statue. It is almost unnecessary at utility, the learned editor will put the fthe present time to praise the busts and mo- nishing stone to what he once (at least) numental statues by Chantrey : they are considered his “

magnum opus." generally known, and as generally admired, An OLD CORRESPO2DENT states—« IR by almost every class of persons—whether Moore's Life of Lord E. Fitzgerald, Lady professional or amateur critics, or the illite- Louisa Conolly is made to sign herself in rate spectator. Possessing, as they all do, two letters L. O'Conolly. The family of great simplicity, apparent reality and truth Conolly of Castletown, into which her Ladyof portraiture, with beautiful execution, ship married, never used the prefix"0."they not only please the vulgar, but delight The mistake probably arose from her signing the learned. This is exemplified in the sim- occasionally L. A. Conolly, her second ply.dignified statue of the late Dean Jack- name being Augusta.”

I am gratified to see a very skilfully We have not seen an announcement of engraved print, after an accurate drawing by the death of Rear-Adm. Bligh, whose name Corbould, representing this monumental is omitted in the Court Calendar for the en statue. It is a good portrait of the man, and suing year, and request any of our Hampit is an interesting representation of the de- shire correspondents will communicate the sign of the artist. The priot is of large time and place of its occurrence. size, and does great credit to the engraver, A. will be obliged to the gentleman who Mr. Freebairn. This gentleman has just wrote the letter from Cork, signed A. S., completed a plate representing part of the (March, p. 207), on the family of Lord frieze of the Athenian Parthenon, of unusual Bantry, if he will point out any way by style and merit. With a single line, dis- which a private communication can be made posed in an upright position, and most skil

to him.

- -A. also requests the same favour fully gradulated or modulated, a sweet tone from L.L.B., whose letter of May 20th on and effect are produced. I wish Mr. Chan- the families of Annesley and White is in. trey would furnish the public with a work, serted in the Gent. Mag. of June. carefully executed, but at moderate price, A gentleman who has been several years illustrating all his works.”

engaged in preparing for the press “ MeA YOUNG DEVONIAN, in answer to an moirs and Remains of Robert Louth, Bishop “OLD SUBSCRIBER" (p. 2), states, that “A of London," would feel much obliged by younger son of the house of Pomeroy of the communicatiou of any materials or reBerry Castle, a family of most noble origin ferences, which may prove of service to the and of vast possessions in Devonshire, mar- completion of his labours. ried in Henry the Eighth's time the heiress C. S. inquires respecting “ the issue of of Beaumont, and thereby became possessed Charles Cotton, esq. Colonel of the Coldof Engesdon, now written Ingsdon, and more stream Guards in the reign of Kings James anciently. Aukesdon. The Pomeroys pos- II. and William III. He married a daughter sessed it in Charles the First's reigo, but at of — Ady, esq. Colonel Charles Cotton was the Restoration it belonged to descendants brother to Sir Robert Cotton, Bart. of of a different name. Iogsdon, which is about Combermere in Cheshire, who died Dec. 18, five miles from the ruins of Berry Pomeroy 1712." castle, now belongs to Mr. Hale Monro, who Mr. R. F. Hopwood suggests that the inherited it a short time since from the word Seneschal is a corruption of the GerHales."

man possessive Seine !his), and Shalter (to An Olo Surscriber remarks, by way of rule or command). He says, that the comcorrection to p. 2-2, that the Marquess mon people in Germany are exceedingly Wellesley has but one christian pame, viz. prone to curtailing the last syllable of long Richard. He is Richard Wellesley only: words, and thus of Der Seioshalter, origiColley, or Cowley, is the real surname of his nally formed from the above, they produced family; but his grandfather, Richard first Scinshal or Seneschal.-In p. 317, for Baron Mornington, was enjoined to use the Scale is Saxon for a Minister or Servant," Dame of Wesley (an abbreviation of Welles- read Scealc. ley) only, by the will of Garret Wesley, esq. Iu Part i. p. 394, the width of Longnor of Dangan, the representative of the Wes- Chapel should be 214 feet, nnt 214. The leys or Wellesleys, settled in Ireland from verses on a sun-dial are at Longner the seat 1172, and before resident in Somersetshire. of Robert Burton, esq. (see vol. xcviii. ii.

John Daye observes—“ Having been in 577), and not at Longnor, the domain of the habit of referring to Dr. Dibdin's edi- Archdeacon Corbett.

THE

GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE.

NOVEMBER, 1831.

ORIGINAL COMMUNICATIONS.

THE NEW METROPOLITAN COAL ACT.

Mr. URBAN,

Nov. 25. largely into the cost of numerous deAS the Act of Parliament, passed the partments of manufacture, and, what 5th of October last, For regulating

is still more important, that the the Sale of Coals in London, West- amount of such duties is continually minster, and within twenty-five miles and rapidly increasing, by the inthereof,” will come into operation on

creased demands of population, it rethe 1st of January 1832, perhaps you

quires little argument to show the imwill allow me to offer your readers a policy of Parliament any longer sancfew strictures on some of the provi- tioning such a state of things as that sions of that Act; for it cannot but be of the Act lately passed for regulating considered a matter of great interest the sale of coals. to the inhabitants of London and its The numerous Acts of Parliament environs, to ascertain how far the new

which have been passed since that of Act will prove a remedy, as proposed, the 9th Anne, or to dissolve the comfor the fraudulent transactions which bination of coal-owners and others to have become so notorious in the coal advance the price of coals,” and for trade of the port of London and the

'preventing frauds in the measureadjacent districts.

ment and delivery of coals,” affords It is not my intention to discuss the the strongest proof of the difficulty of injustice to the public, as well as the preventing such frauds ; for it is only impolicy, of continuing to sanction at when an evil has arrived to a very the present day those privileges of the serious extent that a case is made out Corporation of London which were

for parliamentary interference. granted to it by charter, when such Thus, in the present instance, after grants were not equal to one fourth of Government had set the example of their present amount. Provided such liberality, by repealing the duty of enormous revenues* as are now de- three shillings per chaldron, in order rived by the City of London from the to lessen the burthens of the inhabi. importation of coal, had accumulated tants of the Metropolis and its envifrom original estates in land, or other rons, it was soon found that a portion property, similar to trust property of of such reduction was divided among charitable endowments, it would be the coal trade, and that not a farthing comparatively of little importance to reduction of duty was consented to by the public at large. But when we the Corporation of London : but, on consider that coal forms one of the the contrary, they have lately obtained first necessaries of life, and enters so a new Act of Parliament, by which

they will levy duties amounting to * If the importation of coal into the thirteen pence per ton; or at the rate of river Thames and by the Paddington Canal, lieu of the former duties of one shil

sixteen pence halfpenny per chaldron, in be only taken at the low estimate of two million chaldrons per annum, with a duty ling and three pence. amounting to 1s. 3d. per chaldron, we shall The new Act appears evidently to have the enormous sum of one hundred and have been framed with the view printu'enty-five thousand pounds per annum taken cipally of protecting the privileges and out of the pockets of the consumers. promoting the interests of the Corpo

1

388
The New Metropolitan Coal Act.

[Nov.
ration of London, instead of prevent from its present site, unless for their
ing the frauds that have hitherto pre- own advantages.
vaited in the coal-trade. Of this fact

Nothing can be more evident than we have abundant evidence in the that it would greatly add to the conwording of the several clauses. For venience of the public, and also tend example; after the usual clause for

to do away with the monopoly and repealing all former ·Acts of Parlia- combination which prevails in the ment relative to the Coal-trade in the coal-trade, if there were at least three Port of London, it is enacted, " that separate markets established in the Methere shall be upon the Coal Exchange tropolis—one for the City,one in WestA FREE AND OPEN COAL-MARKET for minster, and a third for Southwark, the sale of coals, and shall be called with the markets all held on the same the Coal Market.”

day and the same hours. Such a plan Now, every one knows that it is a

would, however, perhaps too much far easier matter to alter the name of interfere with the chartered privileges a building, than to correct the abuses

of the City, by which they are enabled that may be carried on in that build- to levy contributions on the industry ing. It is therefore possible, even and the necessities of a population of under the jurisdiction of the clerks nearly two millions and a half, within and officers who are appointed by the a circle of fifty miles diameter! AcCorporation to manage the affairs of cordingly, the new Act stipulates in the said market, that combinations detail all the necessary provisions for may still be carried on between the enabling the Corporation of London to coal-shippers and consignees or im- purchase lands, tenements, &c. for enporters, with the view of keeping up larging the present Coal Exchange, or the price of coals in the new coal- establishing a new market instead : market.

but that the absolute control of such The City of London already contains market shall be exclusively vested in within its jurisdiction what are called the Mayor, Aldermen, &c.; that they “open markets” for the sale of cattle, shall have the appointment of all offiof fish, and of corn, from the two for

cers, clerks, &c. of such market ; and, mer of which the City-chamber derives according to clause 23,that, for the no small emoluments.

Yet no man purpose of defraying the expenses of will have the confidence to deny that such market, and of the purchase of the salesmen of such markets have tenements, &c. and of erecting conveboth an interest in, as well as the power nient buildings on their site, and for of, combining together with the view defraying the salaries of the clerks of keeping up the market-price, or and other persons employed, and for that such combinations do actually paying the compensations directed to take place, by which the inhabitants be made, and the monies to be raised, of London are made to pay ten or fif- with the interest thereof, and for teen per cent. more for their food than creating a fund for the purposes afterthey ought to pay.

mentioned, the said Mayor, Aldermen, Again, it is enacted by clause 6th, &c. may demand of every master of a " that the Mayor, Aldermen, &c. shall ship laden with coals, culm, or cinders, have power to enlarge the said mar

entering the port of London, the sum ket, or remove it to any other place of one penny for every ton of coals, &c. that may be more convenient.

contained in such ship.' Now, this permissive power is a Now, most persons will probably mere nullity. To be of any value to think the before-mentioned clause a the public, it ought to have been obli.

pretty modest specimen of legislation, gatory on the Corporation. As the City find their account in resisting the removal of Smithfield Market, in open

• Ooe penny per ton appears individually defiance of all the evils and the peti

but a light impost. But npoo 2,500,000 tions which have been presented to

tons per annum (the lowest estimate that

can be made of the consumption of coals Parliament; as they also firmly resist

within the precincts of the new Act) the the removal, or even the extension, of City will derive a revenue of more than ten the Billingsgate Fish Market, on simi.

thousand per annum, for the payment of the far grounds; what reasons - have we

clerks of the coal-market, the erection of to suppose they will exercise the

buildings, and other objects, from whence power of removing the Coal-market the public derive no advantage whatever.

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1831.] The New Metropolitan Coal Act.

889 for the protection of local interests at that I can discover as offering any adthe expense of the body politic; but vantage to the public, is the clause 43, the following clause out-Herods He- directing “ that coal shall in future be rod; for it enacts, " that the expenses sold by weight, instead of measure, incurred in obtaining this Act shall be as heretofore.” It is not necessary paid out of the money to be received here to allude to the nefarious frauds by virtue thereof !” We have often which have been connived at by men heard of ex post facto law; but we called “sworn meters,” both on the have seldom seen (even in Select Ves. river and on land; those frauds hav. try management) any thing more re- ing become as notorious as the sun pugnant to the first principles of poli- at noon day.” That a system of tical or civil economy, than for a cor- bribery, on the part of dealers, and porate or other body of individuals to participation in frauds upon consuapply for an Act of Parliament for the mers, on the part of sworn meters, extension of their own privileges, and, has for a long period been almost uni. at the same time, call upon the public versally prevalent in the London coalto pay the expenses attendant on such trade, it is impossible to deny. It Act of Parliament! This affords too therefore remains to be seen how far much corroboration of the common this new Act will correct the frauds remark—“That corporate bodies have that have so long prevailed; for when no bowels of compassion.”

Parliament undertakes to legislate on After abundant formule about the a question of such vast importance as appropriation of the said one penny that of the Coal-trade of the Metroper ton for various purposes, we have polis (the aggregate amount of which next the bye-laws for regulating the exceeds four millions sterling per annew coal-market, and then the com- num), it ought to take into view all pensation to be given to land coal- the points of the case ; those which meters out of the fund of one penny

affect the interest of the public geneper ton ; although we find, in a sub- rally, as well as those relating to the sequent section of the Act (clause interest of a corporate body. 40] that the city still retains the The venders of coal have hitherto. power of levying fourpence per ton for defrauded the ordinary consumer in metage. It surely will not be con- various ways; some of which will tended, that the superannuated coal- scarcely admit of detection under any meters on land, as well as those on system that should be recommended, the river, might not have been pro- The substitution of weight for meavided for out of the old fund of four- sure in unloading a coal-ship in the pence per chaldron (which is still re- Thames, will undoubtedly prevent tained in force), in lieu of the city tax- those wholesale frauds which have so ing the poor inhabitants of London long prevailed in purchasing from the and its vicinity with an additional im- ship's side by measure; but these adpost for that purpose ? As to the sti- vantages will only accrue to the coalpulations, in clause 24, that the afore- dealers and persons engaged in large said one penny per ton shall cease manufactures, where fuel forms a conwhen all the objects for which it is siderable item of expenditure. levied (which are there enumerated) It being the interest of the coal, shall be provided for out of the fund dealer, for reasons we shall presently so created—it will be regarded by the explain, to purchase coals as large as public as a piece of grave mockery. possible, it has always been a matter Who ever heard of a corporate body of competition, supposing three or voluntarily relinquishing any fund or more dealers to combine in purchasing impost which they have been in the a ship-load, to procure the middle practice of exacting? Have the Cor- portion of the cargo, which contains poration of London given any proofs in all cases the largest blocks of coal. of their being less inclined to maintain It is desirable to purchase coals as their market - tolls and post-duties, large as possible, for two reasons : than the trustees of Ramsgate or Mar- first, the less conscientious class of gate harbours their harbour-dues ? coal - merchants well know that a

After a careful examination of the double room, or about ten chaldrons provisions of the new Act of Parlia- of round coals, when broken down, ment (which will take effect from the will measure out an additional chal1st of January next) the only portion dron to their customers. As this prac

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