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310 Removal of Inscriptions from the Monument defended. [Oct. last centuries," * by which we are and belief of one period what was the doomed to contemplate, to use the language and belief of another. Your words of Weever, “many fair monu- correspondent says, in allusion to the ments foully defaced,” t can be view. historical documents I have brought ed by E.I.C. in the same light as the forward, that I have “ added to the erasure of these Inscriptions? Can he value of the Inscriptions, by proving discover no difference between the de- the existence of the feeling which gave struction which was effected on the rise to them, and at the same showone hand, and the work of restoration ing that they were genuine and au which has been accomplished on the thentic.” If this be so, I am glad of other? I am aware your Correspon- it ; all the value they are entitled to, dent asserts that " nothing can be I wish them to possess. Presented as more fallacious than this plea of re- they are in the City Records with the storation;" but it is a good plea not- dates when they were agreed to spewithstanding. It would seem as if cified, I have no objection to claim E.I.C. corrsidered that “ restoration for them the most attentive examinanecessarily implied an addition. This tion : but the offspring, as they are, is evidently an error. Who scruples “of false zeal and fanaticism,” proto regard as a restoration the omission moters as they have long been of of the four introductory lines which slander and intolerance, under a shape are to be found in some copies of the and in a situation which they ought Æneid, commencing “ Ille ego,” &c.; never to have assumed, I rejoice that or the hemistich“ de collo fistula pen- I have done my part in the accomdet,” Æneid, book 3, line 661. These plishment of their removal ; and I feel passages (to forbear multiplying ex- perfectly assured, so far from consi. amples) which are not to be found dering that it requires any peculiar in the oldest manuscript extant of “ sagacity to justify the act," that the Virgil, and which is in the library of most persevering ingenuity might torthe Vatican palace at Rome, being re- ture itself in vain to find one single garded as interpolations, I scarcely pretext for their continuance, possessneed say are omitted in the best edi- ed of even common plausibility. tions of that author, and that the

FREDERICK THORNHILL. editors who have thus purified the text, are generally considered entitled to the characters of “ restorers.

AN APPEAL IN FAVOUR OF ANATOMY. It is urged by E.I.C. in support of By T. E. Baker, Esq. M.R.C.S. of Alhow, the preservation of the Inscriptions

Malwa, in India. on the Monument, that they “spoke THE rejection of Mr. Warburton's the language of the times in which Anatomy Bill in the House of Lords, they were set up;" but were the times without a better being proposed, is of which they "spoke the language much to be lamented; and my object in at all made manifest ? On the con- addressing you is to assist in removing trary, did they not imply that they some very unfounded and very injuwere “set up” at the period when rious prejudices against a science, the Monument was erected ? and un- which is most extremely useful in til I brought forward what your cor- relieving those accidents and disrespondent has been pleased to desig- eases to which we are all more or less nate as “ valuable historical docu- subject, both in sickness and in health. ments,” was not such the almost uni. The more Mr. Warburton's exertions versal opinion ? and hence had they are discussed, and the better they are not obtained for themselves a false understood, the greater and speedier importance ?

will be the advantages which the As “an historical memorial,” they public will derive; but it is to the were worse than useless, for they miss middling and lower classes of society, led while they pretended to inform ; that the subject is most deeply inteand confounded times and circum- resting and important. The rich man stances, by giving as the language can always command the services of

the most experienced and most able * Sepulchral Monuments, vol. I. part

i. surgeons ; this is not the case with page 5, folio, 1786.

the poor man, nor with those who re† Ancient Funeral Monuments, p. 327,

side in distant towns and villages. folio, 1631.

They must be attended by surgeons in

1831.)
An Appeal in favour of Anatomy.

311 their immediate neighbourhood, whe- who have no relations to bury them, ther they may be learned or unlearn- shall be given up for the purposes of ed, ignorant or skilful, in their pro- anatomy; and this will supply a suffession.

ficient number of bodies, without ever All men must know that it is ut

employing the resurrection men; we terly impossible for any man to be a shall then hear no more of them, nor good surgeon, unless he is a good any repetition of the dreadful crimes anatomist. Without studying ana- that were committed by Burke and his tomy, how can he know the exact si- associates. Nothing can be more fair tuation of the arteries, veins, and and just than this proposal, for those nerves; or the connection of the bones, who have been supported by the pubjoints, and ligaments ? a knowledge lic, owe the public some return, and which is absolutely necessary to ena- they will thus benefit the living, and ble him to perform the most common make the only return in their power; operations. Any person may be sen- nor can it be stated with truth that sible of the necessity of anatomy from this is a hardship which peculiarly his own experience. In cutting up or presses on the poor, for it is well carving a fowl, a hare, or any other known that under the present system, animal, all must have observed the subjects for dissection are almost exdifficulty of doing it with ease, till clusively obtained from the lower they have had considerable experience. classes. The funeral service will be Do they imagine it is less difficult to performed over the bodies as usual, separate the different parts of the hu- and this must remove all religious obman body; and is it not better that jections, for it can be of no consethis experience should be gained by quence, whether our bodies are depractising on the dead, than by man- stroyed by the worms a few wecks gling and torturing the living ? and earlier or later. yet this must be the case, if the peo- Some persons think that the prople oppose themselves to the study of posed plan will injure the moral feel. anatomy.

ings and affections of the people. I A very unjust prejudice has been do not believe this. The French have raised against dissection, in conse- not the same objections to anatomy quence of the absurd law, directing that we have, and yet they are as that the bodies of all murderers shall kind and as affectionate in their famibe delivered to the surgeons to be dis- lies as ourselves. The Irish have not sected. It is utterly impossible to so strong an objection as we have, conceive a law more calculated to and yet a more warm-hearted affeccause misery to the living, or more tionate people do not exist on the face injurious to just and good men, with. of the earth. In fact, the more I conout in any degree injuring the bad. sider the subject, the more I am conThe criminal is dead, and cannot re- vinced that every thing is to be said ceive any pain or injury from the dis- in favour of Mr. Warburton's Bill, section, and the thought or fear of and that nothing can justly be said being dissected has never prevented

against it. or deterred a man from committing One cause of the prejudice against murder. If Government do not re- anatomy is the mystery we are now peal this absurd and injurious law, I obliged to observe in the practice of call upon all surgeons to refuse to it; but this cause will be removed by dissect the bodies of murderers. The the proposed law. It is the constant law may order the dissection, but it practice in India, to examine the bodepends upon the surgeons, whether dies of European soldiers and officers the law shall be carried into effect, who die in the country. I have never and if they are wise and humane, they known any objection made to this ; will leave the judges and lawyers to and one reason may be, that we do dissect these bodies themselves.

not examine or dissect the bodies of Few people have any dread of be- murderers in this country. I myself ing dissected themselves; the chief never make any secret or mystery dread is that the bodies of their rela- upon these occasions ; as that implies tions will be taken from their graves. we are doing something that is revoltMr. Warburton's Bill will remove this ing, or improper, or not fit for the dread. He proposes that all who die

public eye.

I have examined the boin gaols, hospitals, and workhouses, dies of men both in the Kings' and in

312

An Appeal in favour of Anatomy.

(Oct. the Honourable Company's European who resided some time at Paris, in regiments ; upon these occasions I his “Operative Surgery,” says, have always told the men that any of “ In quickness and dexterity of operatiog, them who wished it, might be present the surgeons of France may rank before us, at the examination. They frequently and their superiority in this respect, as is attended, and appeared to be rather before stated, must be attributed to the fapleased than otherwise, at seeing that cility with which they procure subjects, not the slightest indelicacy, nor any and the attention they bestow upon the thing revolting to the feelings, was practice of operating on the dead.” ever done. It also appeared to in- Sir Astley Cooper, in his evidence crease their confidence in the surgeon, before the Committee of the House of for in the great majority of deaths in Commons, expressly declares, that India, the cause is apparent; such as from the great difficulty of procuring abscess in the liver, ulceration and subjects for dissection, the young surmortification in the intestines, &c.; geons are not such good anatomists and the men are perfectly well aware as they were some few years ago.that these diseases are generally be. Who will suffer from this? The pubyond the power of medicine to relieve. lic. The surgeons will receive the

There is another prejudice against best education they can, but if the the practice of anatomy and surgery, people oppose their acquiring a knowfrom many supposing, that it hardens ledge of anatomy, they must not blame the feelings, and makes men unfit for them for their unavoidable ignorance. the common and social duties of life. Nothing can be more unjust than This prejudice has been still further the present laws affecting surgeons. increased, from a popular belief, that They are in a great measure debarred surgeons, in consequence of their pro- from acquiring a correct knowledge of fession, are not eligible to sit on juries. their profession, and at the same time This is not the case. Blackstone ex- the law will punish them for a want pressly says, when speaking of sur- of knowledge, which it has prevented geons, Their service is excused, and their acquiring. It is impossible to not excluded, and this exemption is conceive any case of greater injustice also extended by divers statutes, cus- than this; yet such is the present state toms, and charters.” The law here of our law. If a surgeon cannot deis perfectly just and correct; for were tect a dislocation, or the exact nature surgeons obliged to attend as jurors, of any other doubtful accident, he is their patients, during their absence, most unjustly condemned for a want might die for want of necessary at- of knowledge, and this by the very tendance.

men who prevent his acquiring it. Lord Bacon is acknowledged by all These facts and circumstances only to be one of the wisest and most require to be brought to the notice of learned men that our country ever the public, to ensure them the atten. produced, and his judgment and opi- tion they deserve. nions are entitled to some respect and There can be no doubt, then, but consideration. In his treatise “On that anatomy is of the greatest use to the Advancementof Learning," he says, the living, more particularly to the “ As for the footsteps of diseases, and

hard-working and lower orders of sotheir devastations of the inward paits, im- ciety, who are most liable to those postumations, exulcerations, discontinua- accidents, to remedy or relieve which, tions, putrefactious, consumptions, coutrac- a practical knowledge is essentially tions, repletions, together with all preter- and absolutely required. I shall connatural substances, as stones, carnosities, clude by warning them not to attend excrescences, worms, and the like, they to the interested arguments of those ought to have been observed by multitude of who endeavour to throw a stigma on anatomies, and the contributions of men's

the study of a science, so requisite to several experiences, and carefully set down; both historically, according to the appear

the successful practice of a most use

ful and honourable profession, and so ances, and artificially, with a reference to the diseases and symptoms which resulted vitally interesting and important to from them, in case where the anatomy is of their own health, welfare, and happi-, a defunct patient. Therefore I will not

SURGICUS, doubt to note as a deficience, that they inquire not the perfect cures of many diseases, Mr. URBAN, Torquay, Sept. 12. or extremities of diseases."

IN making a tour, a short time since, Mr. Averill, an English surgeon, in the north of Devon, in search of

ness.

1831.) Family of Wise, of Sydenham, Devon.

313 antiquities, I was much pleased with the Lady Mary Wise; a Mrs. Wise, Sydenham House, the seat of the with her nine daughters; with many Wise family. In this county are to others. The house is three stories be found some of the most ancient fa- high, and the windows of stone. Bemilies in England, and amongst them hind the house is a large garden, laid may be numbered that of Wise ; who out in the old style, and in the middle were originally seated at Greston, co. an oval pond surrounded with stone Cornwall, in 1100, and who have steps. In front is a splendid hanging been in possession of Sydenham since wood, which runs to the distance of a 1320. Here they flourished for many mile and a half. The first of this fagenerations, and the name remains in mily I find on record is William Wise good repute at the present day. The de Greston in 1100, who was father old house was rebuilt in 1603, by Sir of Serlonius, who was father of OliThomas Wise, K. B. Risdon says, ver, who was father of Sir John Wise, “Sydenham in the parish of Mary. Knt. who had issue Henry, who had stow, which house is seated some- issue Sir Wm. Wise, who held 16 what low by the Riveret side, which librates of land 40 Henry III. He place Sir T. Wise beautified with had issue Serlonius Wise de Thrusbuildings of such height as the very selton, which lands he inherited from foundation is ready to reele under the the Viponts, or de Veteri-ponte. He burthen.” Sydenham now stands as had issue Oliver and John. The latit was erected by Sir T. Wise. It oc- ter inherited divers lands from the cupies three sides of a quadrangle. Trevages and Sydenhams, and was Over the entrance door, which is sup- Sheriff co. Devon, 5th Henry IV. He ported by columns, are the arms and had issue Thomas, who married the quarterings of the Wises in granite. heiress of Brit, who was descended Dexter

supporter, a lion couchant Gules, from Alured de Brito, supposed to armed and langued Azure. Sinister, a mon- have proceeded from the British race. key rampant Sable. Crest, a demi-lion She brought with her lands in the parampant Gules, gutté Argeat, holding in rish of Stoke Damarell, since better his paws a regal sceptre Or.

known by the name of Mount Wise. 1. Sable, tbree chevronels Ermine. 2.

Thomas Wise had issue John, who Argent, gutté de Sang, three copper

cakes

married Thomasine, daughter of Sir Sable. 3. Gules, a

cross patée l'aire.

Baldwin Fulford, Knt. Prince, in his 4. Sable, on a fess Or, between 3 crosses patée Argent, as many pallets Gules. 5.

Worthies, thus speaks of this alliance: Argent, 3 hawks Gules, armed and mem

“ Thomas Wise of Sydenham married bered Or. 6. Gules, à chevron per fess Thomasine, daughter of Sir B. Fulford, by indented Argent and Azure, between three

whom he had issue a daughter married to martlets Argent. 7. Argent, on a bend Russell

, from whom is descended the preGules, three stags courant Or. 8. Sable,

sent most noble Duke of Bedford. This & pelican in her piety Or. 9. Argent, three Sir Baldwin prospered very well, for he was bendlets Gules, within a bordure charged

a great soldier and a traveller, of so unwith twelve Bezaots. 10. Gules, a fess daunted a resolution, that for the honour Argent between three escallop shells Or.

and liberty of a Royal lady in a castle be11. Or, op a chevron Gules a crescent of sieged by the infidels, he fought a combat the First, 12. As the First.

with a Saracen, for bulk and bigness an unIn the hall, which was fitted up in equal match (as the representation of bim 1656, are a number of curiously shaped plainly show,) whum yet he vanquished, and

cut in the wainscot in Fulford Hall, doch shields, - Wise and Viponte ; Wise rescued the lady. John Wise had issue and St. John ; Wise and Chichester ; Oliver, and Thomazine, m. to James RusWise and Stafford, &c. In the draw- sel, father of John first Earl of Bedford. ing room, which is hung with tapes- Oliver Wise married Margery Tremayne, of try, are the likenesses of Sir Edward an ancient Cornish family, by whom he had Wise, K. B., the Lady Arabella his issue John, who married three times, 1st. wife, daughter and coheir of Oliver Maria, daughter of James Chudlegh de AsLord St. John, son of the Earl of Bo- serlton, co. Devon, by whom he had issue lingbroke; also his second wife Radi

James and others; 2dly, Dorothy, dau. of gund, daughter of Eliot of Port Eliot. Legh of Legh, co. Devon, by whom he had In the picture gallery are Sir Thomas

issue ; 3dly, Anna, dau, of Sir Geo. Mathew

of Rader in Glamorganshire. James Wise Wise, K.B.; Thomas Wise, M.P. for

married Alicia, daughter of John Dynham the county of Devon, 1640; his wife

de Wortham, an ancient and baronial family Gent. Mag. October, 1831.

psalms.""

314

Family of Wise, of Sydenham, Devon. [Oct. of this co. by whom he had issue John, 2. This monument, where Sir Thomas George, 3. Sir William, 4. Richard; and and his wife lie in effigy, is surroundPhilippa. Sir Williain was knighted by ed by others to John Wise, Thomas Heory the Villth. The following anec- Wise, Sir Edward Wise, Sir John dote 'I find in an old author :- Having

Wise, the Lady Arabella Wise, Radi. lente to the King his signet to seale a let

gund Wise, the Lady Mary Wise, and ter, who having powdred erenites on the

the shields of Wise, impaling St. John, reale (the Wise arms, Sable, 3 chevronels Ermine,) Why, how now, Wise (quoth the

Eliot, Stafford, Chichester. There are King), what, hast thou lise here? And if also many female figures cut in stone, it like your Majestie, (quoth Sir William) and kneeling. Of Thomas Wise of a louse is a rich coate, for by giving the Mount Wise and Sydenham, I find louse, I part armes with the French King, mention in a MS. of Samuel Somas. in that he giveth the flowre de lice. Where- ter, containing an account of some at the Kiug heartily laughed to heare how noble families in Devonshire, and of prettily so buting a taunt (namely, proceed- some Members of Parliament in the ing from a King,) was so sodaynely turned year 1640:-“ Thomas Wise of Mount to so pleausante a conceite.'– of the next

Wise, was Knight of the Shire for brother is written, Richard Wise, in whose

Devon in the Parliament 1640, and praise much might be said, greatly furthered

Sheriff of the same county a little to enrich the English toong, he wrote di

before the civil wars, when the Lord verse meeter, some tragedies and comedies, and translated the seanien penitentiall

Chief Justice Finch came the western circuit, who put a jest upon Mr. Wise

at his table, saying that Wise was a John Wise of Sydenham married

man, and so was a fool. Mr. Wise Alicia daughter of John Harris of retorted, that a Finch was a bird, and Hayne, serjeant at law to Henry the

so was an owl." Villth (whose brother married Mary He married Mary youngest daughdaughter of Sir Fulke Greville of ter of Edward Chichester, Earl of Beauchamp Court), and had issue five Carrickfergus, by whom he had issue sons and five daughters : 1. Thomas ; Sir Edward Wise ; Margaret, married 2. John of Totnes, and ancestor of 7 Oct. 1663 to Sir John Molesworth the Wises of the present day; 3. James, of Pencarrow; and John and William, 4. Charles, 5. Erkenbold. Thomas who died without issue. Sir Edward Wise married Mary, daughter of Ri- Wise was created a Knight of the chard Buller of Shillingham, co. Corn

Bath at the Coronation of Charles the wall, by whom he had issue Thomas, Second. This Edward Wise was of who was created a knight of the Bath Exeter College, and spent some terms at the Coronation of James I. and

at Cambridge ; he was created Bache. was Sheriff for the county of Devon lor of Arts at Oxford. Sir Edward 9th of the same reign, Member of

was many years member for OkehampParliament for Beeralston 1620, and

ton, and was a Member of the Confollowing years.

Westcote says, that vention Parliament, which was sitting Sydenham was built by Sir Thomas

at the return of King Charles, and Wise. “It is,” says he, "the seat of voted his Restoration. He married the dignous family of Wise.” Sir Tho

first Arabella, daughter of Oliver Lord mas married Margaret, the only daugh- St. John, by whom he had issue two ter of Robert Stafford of Stafford, by sons, who died unmarried, and one whom he had issue Thomas and Mar. daughter Arabella, who married Edgaret, who was married to Sir Samuel

mund Tremayne. Thus did the first Rolle, M.P. co. Devon. Sir Thomas branch of the Wise family become Wise died 21 Feb. 1629, and was bu- extinct. Sir Edward Wise died 17 ried at Marystow, where there is a Nov. 1675, and was buried at Maryhandsome marble monument support- stow. The family of Wise still floued by eight Corinthian columns, to his rishes, however, in these parts, and memory, standing in the space en- at the head of them is Ayshford Wise, closed (19 feet by 12) for the cemetery whose ancestor married the heiress of of the family of Wise, with a Latin Ayshford of Wonwell Court, in the inscription upon it as follows:

county of Devon, and who was Mem. “Hic jacet humatus ille vir verè illustris

ber for Totnes some few years past. Thomas Wise de Sidenham, prænobilis ordi

A Young DevonSHIRE nis Balnei Miles, qui obiit sortem, 21 Feb.

AntiQUARY. 1629."

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