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museum.

He was

1831.] Account of Bitterley Church, Salop.

297 Mr. URBAN, Shrewsbury, Oct. 1. parts of this hill afford very extensive

IT is now about forty years since I prospects, varied and beautiful. The commenced a correspondence with interior of this immense mountain you, during which time I have taken a produces coal and ironstone in abunpretty copious survey of the county of dance. Salop, particularly the Churches, Mo- The following monumental memonumental Inscriptions, and Arms of rials were taken at the time I visited the several families connected there- the Church, July 10, 1827. with : likewise Biographical Notices Against the east wall of the chancel, of eminent Natives, making in the under an arch, supported by columns whole ten handsome quarto volumes. with Corinthian capitals, is a figure of I have enclosed a view of Bitterley an Esquire in armour, kneeling at a Church and Cross, which I trust you desk, with a book before him : over will think worthy a place in your the entablature the arms, and on the

table below the figure the following Bitterley is four miles north-east of inscription, in Roman capitals : Ludlow, à Rectory in the Deanry of “ Here is interred the body of Tymothye Ludlow, the Hundred of Overs, and Lvcie of Middleton, Esq. who godly chainged Diocese of Hereford. The population this life the xxi of Janvary, 1616. in 1821 was 1064, more than half of the fourth sunne to William Lucie of Charwhom were the families of colliers and lecott, Esquire. He married Susanda, davghminers.

ter to Henry Fanshawe, Esquire, by whom The Church of Bitterley, dedicated

he had issue three sonnes and foure daughto St. Mary, is a handsome struc

ters ; he after married Joahn daughter to ture; it consists of a body, with

Thomas Burghill of Thingell, Esquire, and out side aisles; the chancel is divided

shee in memorye and love of him her hvs

band, erected this monument. from the body by a screen of oak,

Me tenet hæc moles defunctvm, lector, at carved in open quatrefoils; at the top avdi, are foliage and grotesque ornaments.

Hospes sim licet hic, svm'i tamen incola coeli There is a gallery at the west end; Sospes ab hinc abeo, ventvri ivdicis oliin the ceiling is coved without ornament. Jvdicivin expectans, fælix in quod mihi Opposite the south door is an ancier

gratvm stone font. The pulpit is of oak finely Regia cælestis parat indvlgentia patris. carved. The length of the body of Arms. Gules, crusilly Or, three lucies the church 592 feet, breadth 22 feet, haurient Argent. length of the chancel 33} feet, breadth

Against the south wall of the chan22 feet. The tower is 14$ feet, by cel, à monument, the entablature eup13 feet 11 inches; it contains three ported by two figures, one on each bells. On the first bell is Hic song side the table, which bears the followque melis campana vocor gabrielis. ing inscription : Round the second bell SANCTÉ:

Memoriæ Sacrum. Here lyeth, expectJACOBE • Olx Pro NOBIS. In the Church-yard is an elegant ing a blessed resurrection, the bodyes of

THOMAS Powys of Snitton, Gent, and of stone cross, raised on steps, which

ELIZABETH his wife ; bee deceased ye 19th support an hexagonal shaft; on the

of Nov. 1659, then aged 31. Shee was the top are tabernacled niches; that on daughter of Richd. Smythe of Credenhill, the north side contains the Virgin and in the county of Hereford, Esq. and deinfant Christ; the west side the Cruci- parted this life ye first day of July, 1645, fixion ; the east and south sides are they having issue 5 sonnes, Thomas, Chrisnearly obliterated.

topher, Peter, Robert and James, and fower Adjoining the Church-yard is Bit- daughters, Winifrid, Anne, Mary, and Eli

zabeth. terley-court, the residence of the Rev. John Walcott, Rector of Bitterley. It

ARMs. . Or, a lion's gamb erased, beis beautifully situated on a gentle rise

tween two cross - crosslets fitchée, Gules, of ground, at the foot of the Clee Hill, Powys; impaling Smythe. surrounded by pleasure grounds. The On a marble tablet, against the north Clee Hill is a bold and grand object; wall of the chancel : upon the top are the remains of an

“ lo memory of Mrs. Elizabeth Walencampment, said to be Roman. Its

cott, wife of John Walcott, Esq. second extreme point, called Titterstone, ap- and youngest son of John Walcott, forpears of volcanic formation. Many merly of Walcott, in this county, Esq. GENT. Mag. October, 1831.

298

Bitterley, co. Salop.-Drayton, co. Oxford. [Oct. She was the widow of Charles Colby, Esq. On a monument against the south Commissioner of his Majesty's Navy at Gib- wall : ralter, and a Captain in that service. She departed this life at her house in Upper mains of GEORGE PARDOE, Esq. of Cleeton,

“ Near this place are deposited the reBerkeley-street, London, on the 26th day of November, 1803, aged 71 years, and is de

who died 4th April, 1768, aged 74. As

also of Mary his wife ; she died 1st July, posited in a vault under the west door of the parish church of Paddington, in the county

1772, aged 76. Likewise are interred in

this church five of their children: Milloof Middlesex."

ROUGH PARDOE, died Feb. 19, 1741, aged Arms. Argent, a chevron between three chess - rooks Ermine, Walcot; impaling, aged 34.

24. Edward PARDOE, died April 14, 1763,

MAGDALENE SHEPPARD, died Azure, a chevron Or, between three crescents Argent, Colby.

July 1, 1765, aged 32. Mary PARDOE,

died Sept. 27, 1765, aged 37. SARAH On another tablet :

PARDOE, died Jan. 18, 1767, aged 26." “ To the memory of Charles Walcott,

Arms. A cross counter-componée Or Esq. (late of Bitterley Court). He died

and Gules ; in the first quarter a water Sept. 20th, 1799, aged 61 years. Also, of bouget, in the second an eagle displayed, Ann, bis wife, who died Sept. sth, 1812,

in the tbird a swan, in the fourth an escalaged 82 years."

Jop shell, all Sable ; on a chief Azure, a On stones in the chancel floor :

lion passant guardant Or.

Yours, &c. D. PARKES. " Here lyeth

body of S LITTLETON Powys, Knt. who departed this life the 13th

Mr. Urban,
March, 1731, ætat. 83. Also, of Dame
Agnes his wife, who departed this life the

DRAYTON is a small village of 28th of Nov. 1720, ætat. 66."

about thirty houses, at the distance of Arms. Powys, impaling Smythe, as be

one mile and a half from Banbury in fore.

Oxfordshire. The manor formerly be“ Maria Powys, 1668, ætat. 36.

longed to the Grevilles ; and is now “Robertus Powys, Arm.ob. Apr. 1724.” divided between the Earl of Guilford A marble tablet, supporting two

and the heirs of the Copes of Hanwell. vases, with drapery, in bas-relief, bears

The Church consists of a low square the following inscription :

tower, nave, two side aisles, and a " Sacred to the memory of the Rev.

chancel. THOMAS RockE, A.M. Rector of Ludlow,

In the north aisle, near the west and formerly of this Church, who died re

end, under a plain pointed arch in the spected and lamented, 16th Oct. 1603, an.

wall, and even with the pavements, is ætat. 86. Also, of Martha his wife, of a dark stone slab of great thickness, eminent piety and virtue, who died Juue 21, on the upper part of which are raised 1772, aged 50. And of Francis their son, lines lengthways, with vine leaves possessed of many aniable qualities, who raised alternately on the sides of the died Dec. 6, 1783, an. ætat. 26. This io- lines. Tradition states this stone to scription is dedicated by their sons, Thomas be in memorial of the founder of the and Richard Rocke.”

Church. On a slab in the chancel floor :

In the chancel, near to the commu“ Here lieth the body of BENJAMIN

nion rails, raised about three feet Marston, late of Bitterley, Rector, died

from the ground, is an alabaster slab, Nov. 30th, 1736, aged 69."

on which is the figure of a man in Arms. Sable, a fesse dauncettée Ermine, armour, and on his right hand that of between three fleurs-de-lis Argent.

his wife; both their heads reston On a slab in the floor of the nave :

cushions, and their hands are in the The Rev. Mr. William Sheppard, of position of prayer. She is dressed in this parish, aud Vicar of Stanton Lacy, died

a long robe, with large open sleeves, 10th May, 1776, aged 47. MAGDALENE,

her hair curled on each side to a conhis wife, daughter of George Pardoe, of siderable height, and somewhat in Cleeton, Gent. died July 1, 1765, aged 32 shape of a crescent; round her neck is years."

a chain with a small medallion penARMS. Azure, on a chevron Or three dant thereto. The inscription is in etoiles Gules, between as many fleurs-de-lis Latin, and in old English characters, of the Second.

in lines above the heads of the two On a slab, in the floor of the porch: persons represented, and has been thus

“ William, son of William Smith, translated : Rector of Bitterley, dyed ye 7th day of “ Here liech Lodowic Grevil, heretofore Aug. 1692."

Lord of the Mayor of Drayton, and Marga

1831.]
Monuments at Drayton, co. Oxford.

299 ret his wife, daughter and heir of Giles de hic deposuit cadaver, minimè dubitans quin, Arderne, which Lodowic died the xviii phænicis instar, gloriosiùs è suis resurget day of the month of August, in the year of cineribus ; vixit, peccavit, pæoituit; obijt our Lord 1438, on whose soul the Lord tertiu die Norris, Ao Dni M.DCCXXV.” have mercy. Amen."

And on a black stone in the wall In the north aisle, on an alabaster

above : slab, the effigies of a man in armour (cut into the stone); his head, on

“ Lo here yor late unworthy Rect' lies, which is

Who tho' he's dead loud as he can stil cries, peaked helmet, rests on a cushion with tassells, the hands closed

Repent. W'n stones crie out, 'tis time to mend

Aod wisely ponder on yo' lattr end, in prayer, his sword fastened by a belt round the waist: and on either Mind, mind, wimakes for yo'eternal peace.

And may this stone from crieing nevi cease, side of the head a shield, the

one,

Ermine, a fess; the other, Ermine, a fess,

On a black slab: impaling a chevron beween three “ To the memory of Tuomas Lodge, crosses potent 1, 2, 3; and round the

late Minister of Drayton, where he was a border of the stone,' inscription in burning aud a shining light for the space of Latin and old English characters,

xxxii yeares. He dyed the xxiv day of Feb.

M.DCL). ætat. Ixx. which has been thus translated :

“ Vnder this stone doch sleeping lye “ Here lieth John Grevil, son and heir of Lodowic Grevil, of Drayton, which Joha

The body of a sovl on high,

He who tavght others how to tread died the xviii day of the month of August, MCCCCXLI. on whose soul the Lord be

The paths of life, himself's not dead, favorable. Amen."

His earthly part in the earth doth rest,

His spirit 's lodg'd among the blest, In Atkins's Gloucestershire, p. 336, A revuiting there shall be under the head of Sesincot, a village Of both voto eternity." of Gloucestershire, it is stated,

On a slab in the chancel : « Sir John Grevil died seized of this

“ Oct. 3, 1638

Brigid filia GUALTERI and of the Hundred of Kiftgate, manor, 20 Edw. IV. Ludowick Grevil was seized

Wallwin, uxor Tho. Lodge, Pastoris liujus

ecclesiæ." of this manor, and resided in this place (Sesincot) in the reign of Queen Elizabeth. Within the communion rails, on He was guilty of an horrible murder, and stone slabs : God's revenge upon it ought to be published to posterity. He invited Web

“ Hæc subter marmora reponuntur cineres to his house, who had heen formerly his

Reverendi admodum Adam MORTON, viri servant and was grown ricb : he procured

non sine solemni honoris præfatione nomitwo of his servants to murder Web in his nandi, bujusce per 5-quennium ecclesiae Recberl, and then forged a will, whereby be

turis pacifici, per tntum necnon vitæ instigained his whole estate. One of the ser

tutum moris innocui, quippe qui absq. aduvants in his drink, not long after, said he

Jatione humillimus, theologus peritus, anticould hang his master : the other servant

quiorum rituumq. adsertor æquus, Fidei an. acquainted his master with what he had tiquissimæ patronus strenuus, amicus omnisaid : the master thereupon advises the ser

bus, nemini exosus, Junij calend. 3o salutis vant to murder his fellow assassinate. This anno 1683, ætatisq. suæ 63, morte subitanea second murder was soon discovered, aud Lu- minimè improviso, placidus decessit." dowick Grevil was arraigned and executed. “ Here lieth interred the body of Mrs. He stood mute to save his estate to his

ELIZABETH MORTON, eldest daughter of Dr. family: but his family never flourished af- Williamson, sometime Rector of Tichterwards, and soon fell to decay. Sir Ed- marsh, in the county of Northampton, and ward Grevil was Lord of Sesiucot in the

relict of Mr. Adam Morton, sometime Rector year 1608, Sir William Juxon was afterwards of Hinton by Brackly, in the sayd county, seized of it, and Francis Lord Guildford was and mother of Mr. Adam Morton, Rector possessed of it, and presented to the living of this Church. She departed this life the in 1706."

12th day of December, 1679, in the 86th On a slab in the chancel :

yeare of her age. Arms. In a round shield, a lion rampant. " To her to live was Christ, Crest, A hand and dagger.

And to die was gaine.” “ Hic jacet Richardus Cogkilane, Hiber

« Sacred to the memorie of Mrs. Rose hujus loci minister, qui denatus est 17 die Julii, A.D. 1668."

Clarke, one of the daughters of Dr. Wil

liamson, sometime Rector of Tichimarsh, On a grey stone slab in the chancel :

in the County of Northanıptou. And relict “ Johannes Dover, qui stipendiun, peccati of Mr. Jobu Clarke, B.D. and late Rector

nus,

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300
The original Country of the Celts.

(Oct. of Fisherton, in the countie of Lyocolne, Of this last gentleman, a report and mother of Mr. Robert Clarke, the late prevails in the neighbourhood, that Rector and the pious and painful Minister being of atheistical principles, he had of this Church ; she departed this life the

made an agreement with a poor wothirde day of March MDCLXXIX, in the

man of the parish, who had imbibed LXXI yeare of her age.” “To the memorie also of SUSANNA

the same errors, that if it were posClarke, one of the twyns and daughter of sible, whichever of them should first the saide John and Rose Clarke. Shee de

die, if they found after their decease parted this life October xxi. MDCLXX.

there was a God, should make some in the xviii yeare of her age.

sign to signify it. The story goes, “ To the memorie also of SARAH CLARKE, that after he was dead and laid out, the other of the twyos, and daughter of the he moved his right hand upon his sayde John and Rose Clarke ; shee departed heart, nor could the efforts of any this life October xxiv. MDCLXX. in the other person but the said woman reXVIII yeare also of her age.

place it in its former situation, who “ All which three, both mother and did it with ease. By his own desire daughters, lye here interred under this mo

he was buried at the depth of nine feet. nument, expecting a blessed and joyful re

Yours, &c.

Oxon. surrection.'

“Grace, the wife of Jo. Cleaver, Gent. Mr. URBAN, Paris, June 5. late of this parish, dyed Dec. 5th, 1706, aged 59.”

IN a letter in your number for last

December, p. 502, Mr. BROWNING, Monumental stone, north aisle :

from his own resources, and from the “M. S. Martha, ye daughter of John fifth volume of my “ Histoire de HaiCLEAVER, and Martha his wife, born July

naut, par Jacques de Guyse,"'* in which 9th, 1684, deceased Xber 5th, 1701."

I have attempted to make known the On a stone slab, north aisle :

ancient civilization of the Celts, has ARMs. Within border entoyre, a

communicated a dissertation on that chevron between three stars.

ancient people. Mr. Barnes, in his “ Sacred to the memory of Mrs. Mary answers (part i. pp. 117, 309), has CLEAVER, the wife of Mr. John Cleaver, of made many learned observations on this parish, and relict of Mr. Wm. Har.

the same subject ; † which deserve to court, of London, Merchant; she was here

be examined with attention. interr's the 18th day of Felry in the year of The“ Histoire générale d'Espagne," our Lord 1667. “ Here lyech the boily of Martha Clea

of which Mr. Barnes has made much ver, the wife of John Cleaver, who departed

use, is the work of M. Depping, and this life the 22d of Jan", 1717, aged 58."

contains excellent materials on the Stone slab, north aisle :

subject which occupies our attention.

It seems certain that the name of Celts ARMs. 3 wheatsheafs, 1, 2, 3, hetween seven crosses putent, 2, 3, 1; impaling,

has been given to a very great number

of tribes. The most ancient author Fretty, two bars. “ Sacred to the memory of the pinus,

who has employed the term, after virtuous, and charitable virgin Mary, the

Scilax, is Herodotus, who (book ii. only daugliter of Mr. William Harcourt of chapter 33), says that the Celts dwell London, Merchant, who was interred in this

beyond the Columns of Hercules, and place the 28th day of Dec. Anno Domu'i. adjoin the Cynetæ, who are the last M.VI C.L IX. M. Ć. 1701.

nation on the west. He repeats the “Here lyeth the body of John CLEAVER, same statement in book iv. chapter who departed this life the 30th of July, 149, and thus evidently fixes the Celts 1720, aged 74."

in Spain. Strabo (lib. 12) also places On a grave stone in the church- them in Iberia, near the Bætis (the Guayard :

dalquivir), the Anas (the Guadiana), the “ In memory of Mary the wife of John Tagus, &c. Ephorus (cited by Strabo, Elmore, who died the 15th day of Jan. lib. iv.) asserts that they occupy the 1749, aged about 46."

greatest part of Iberia as far as Gades. Stone slabs, north aisle :

“ Here lyeth the body of Mr. Richard * The present letter is extracted from Goodwin, who was buried the 26th day of the Preface to the twelfth volume of that November, 1695."

extensive work.- Edit. “ Here lyes Thomas Gostellow, of † There is another letter by Mr. Drayton, Gent. who died the 2d day of Dec. Browning on this subject, in our Sopple1702, wtat, sux. 70."

ment, p. 592.-Edit.

1831.]
The Civilization of the Celts.

301 Those who dwelt between the Anas less than 700 years before our æra. and the Tagus, were in the southern Now it was long before, that the part of Lusitania. Near Setubal is a Druids, who were the philosophers of place called Celto-Briga, mentioned the Gauls, taught that nation, as did in the Itinerary of Antoninus ; this the Seers or Prophets of the Egyptians word Brigu, which signifies in Celtic in Egypt, the Chaldeans in Assyria, a bridge, or even a town, proves that the Semanes in Bactria, the Magi in there were Celts in this part. The Persia, and the Gymnosophists in Celtiberians were Celts in origin, of India. which their name is a sufficient proof. Clemens of Alexandria goes still Plutarch, in his Life of Marius, re- further. He relates (p. 304), from lates that there are some authors who Alexander the historian, in his treacommence the Celtic territory at the tise of Pythagorean symbols, that Pyocean, and extend it as far as the Palus thagoras himself had been instructed Mæotis, now the Sea of Azoph. The by the Gauls. It was from them name ceased by degrees, and every that he borrowed the doctrine of the nation took one which was peculiar to immortality of the soul, which afteritself. It was preserved, however, wards led him to that of the metemamong the Gauls; since, in the time psychosis. Thus the Greeks are inof Cæsar, the Gauls were divided into debted to the Gauls for one of the Belgæ, Aquitani, and Celtæ, speaking most noble principles of their philothree different languages. That of the sophy, and the most elevated sentiAquitani appears to have been the ment which they had on the nature Basque, a language on which M. Dep- of man. ping (livre ii. tome i. p. 177), pro

Clemens of Alexandria is not the nounces a warm eulogium, founded only one who has placed the philosoupon some curious details. This lan- phy of the Druids at an earlier period guage shares with the German the to that of the Greeks. Diogenes Laeradvantage of not having been derived tius (in his introduction) assures us from the Latin, as are the Italian, the that many of the ancient Greek auFrench, and Spanish. But is not the thors maintained the same opinion; German derived from the Sanscrit? has and if we observe that Titus Livius tells not the Basque some connection with the us of conquests made by Bellovesus an Phenician? On this point it may be Sigovesus 600 years before the Chrisdifficult to form a decision; perhaps tian æra, in Germany and in Italy; if we may arrive at it by the study of we reflect upon the Gaulish medals the ancient languages, which seems which I have discovered, * and preto engage a great many learned men. serve in my cabinet, and which are The very name of Aquitania, compared evidently anterior to Roman medals, with those of Turdetania and Lusi. we cannot longer doubt of the antitania, appears to mark a common quity of civilization among the Gauls. origin.

Mr. Barnes, who has read in the With regard to the antiquity of work of M. Depping (tome i. p. 109), civilization, it is universally agreed the details which prove the antiquity that the philosophy of the Romans is of Spanish coins, will easily recognise derived from that of the Greeks. Now the analogy of mine, and that the chaClemens of Alexandria, who had first racters with which they are inscribed studied at Athens, and who died in are of the same kind; whilst the use the year 217 of our æra, after having of money implies a very advanced spent the greater part of his life in state of civilization and commerce Egypt, was acquainted with the most with strangers. The Iberian and Celancient authors. He proves by their tic antiquities are evidently allied to testimony (Stromata, lib. i. p. 305), those of Egypt and Phænicia. that the nations which the Greeks

LE MARQUIS DE FORtia. were pleased to treat as barbarians, particularly the Gauls, professed phi- Mr. URBAN, Chelsea, Oct. 3. losophy before the Greeks knew it ; AMONG the numerous memorials in fact, continues this Father, the most of the various conflicts between our ancient philosophers known to have British and Saxon progenitors, which flourished in Greece are Mnesiphilus, Solon, Themistocles, Xenophanes, * See “ Antiquités de Vaucluse.” Paris, Thales, and Pythagoras, who lived 1808, p. 285.

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