Imatges de pàgina

P: 16.


Review.-Fosbroke's Raglan Tour. [Sept. This scene is well represented by a viz. commence Airtation, with the hopes of tasteful frontispiece.

marrying Elephant Johnson, who seems The second court is a square, en

to have thought that there was no differtirely of buildings, and Mr. Fosbroke

ence between a lover and a Lord Chancellor, says of this,

says that wooing and marrying ought to

form the base of plays and romances, be“Though it is the worst of the three,

cause all people have been in love once ; because inter alia it is wholly inclosed, and and it therefore becomes a matter in which no power upon earth can prevent a square

a general interest can be taken. So strike being heavy and formal, manage and deco

the harp to Bragela.' Here are the lines rate it how you will, it has claim to this par- which I wrote about this Cupid and Psyche cular kind of potice, viz. op two sides for

scene, the triumph of ivy, in overcoming bad cir

Come, look on me, beloved one, cumstances; in the other two for architec

And I will look on thee; tural grandeur, jewels in old settings."

Arise, arise, my morning sun,

And pour thy beams on me. The most beautiful of all is the

There's happiness in tell-tale eyes, third court, and Mr. Fosbroke thus

That is to hope allied ; enthusiastically but truly says,

Ah ! let me now from them surmise “ Here the vivacity of Raglan is dancing,

You mean to be my bride. not in Bacchanalian romps-not in the Then look me, girl, a kind reply, jumps of Fawns and Satyrs, but in the deli- Why do those eyes so shine ? cate steps of the Graces and Hours, moving Why put you on that smile so sly? to the lyre of Apollo, around the goddess of You mean, • I know you're mine.' Beauty, enthroned and smiling. Without «Qireen of your happiness, as now, further poetical somnambulism, it is a perfect

I must be when a wife'shrubbery scene, which cannot be surpass- Yes, by your darling self, I vow, ed. It is connected in sentiment and ima

You shall be so through lise. gination with the splendour of the family rank, the Plantegenets of old England,

That precious blessing, woman's love, where appear all the signs of the times,

Is tutelary sway ;

Angels below, like those above, grand staircases, up which stalked stately barons and proud dames; and carved fire

They guard us on our way. places, where esquires uncased knights of Now mark me, love, I further pray, their armour, and the gorgeousness of chi- This look conveys a kiss,valry displayed its domestic magnificence in Soul of my soul, now fix the day, silks, velvets, and plumes ; in Orientalism, When I shall be in bliss. not Gallicism of taste ; in paply gowns aud You blush,- look down,—but do not beards, not effeminate coats and shoro chins;

speak, when med did not assimilate fighting cocks, Why not?-I've won papa,,, or dancing dogs; when, as in Grecian sta

You smile, but still art dumb,- I'll seek tues, they exhibited the natural grace of The time then from mama. the human form by a close fit of polished steel, or royalised it by the majesty of flow

“I never saw this igoited young couple ing robes. It is not possible to give a pic- again; but I have heard that fortude made turesque character in detail of this very

them man and wife, - a double-barreled beautiful court. It is the groupe which

gun: a better fate than mine, for of me she constitutes the perfection of the whole by a

made a log, I was only burned for charcoal." felicitous combination of accidents.”—p.17. The ancient history of the manor,

Heaviness is further relieved by the several styles of architecture, and some lively poetry. We shall give a an interesting account of the Marquis specimen, which may excite a smile. of Worcester, who first discovered the “ Yes (said a lively poetical person), if

a mechanical elasticity of steam as

The ever there was a place fitted fur lovers to

power, form distinct articles. breathe roses, and talk pine-apples, it is

church has one particular curiosity. Raglan. I was once there, when a young “ Over the arch of the chancel, beneath couple were billing and cooing in the dis- the cornice of the ceiling, is a board, perfo

Now it has been noted that the rated in scroll work, and hollow underneath, courting of two middle-aged or elderly peo. forming the top of a long narrow box, and ple can never be made the subject of a no- seemingly extending around the cornice of vel, because there is a wide difference be- the vaulting. Tradi:ion says that it was tweep turtle doves and baro-door fowls. If, constructed upon acoustic principles, for therefore, we take young people for the improving sound; and it is certain that the chief actors, they must be made to do as wooden ceilings of churches were construct. persons of their age are always sure to du, ed upon such principles."


1831.) Review.-Boswell's Life of Johnson, by Croker. 237 Boswell's Life of Johnson. Ediled by J. W. “ Garrick told Mr. Thrale, however, that Croker, Esq. M.P.

she was a little painted poppet, of do value (Continued from p. 144.)

at all, and quite disguised with affectation,

full of odd airs of rural elegance; and he WE resume our extracts from this

made out some comical sceues, by mimickinteresting publication; confining our.

ing her in a dialogue he pretended to have selves, however, to such anecdotes as

overheard. Dr. Johnson told Mrs. Piozzi have not appeared in previous editions, that her hair was eminently beautiful, quite but which the industry of Mr. Croker blonde like that of a baby; but that she has enabled him to incorporate. fretted about the colour, and was always de

It is related by Boswell that on the sirous to dye it black, which he very judi2d of May 1778, he and Johnson dined ciously hindered her from doing. A picture with a numerous company at Sir Jo

found of her at Lichfield was very pretty, shua Reynolds's, when the doctor at

and her daughter, Mrs. Lucy Porter, said tacked Boswell with such rudeness at

it was like. The intelligence Mrs. Piozzi some imaginary offence, that the latter gained of her from Mr. Levett, was only shunned his society for a considerable perpetual illness and perpetual opium.' time afterwards ; Boswell has omitted The following characteristic sketch to inform us of the particular nature of Garrick, the pupil and friend of of the offence, but attributes it to John- Johnson, is given on the authority of son's ill-humour, resulting from the Miss Hawkins : company's paying less attention to

At Hampton, and in its neighbourhood, him than he was in the habit of re

Mr. and Mrs. Garrick took the rank of the ceiving. Lord Wellesley, however, noblesse-every thing was in good taste, and has communicated to Mr. Croker the his establishment distinguished-he drove following account of the cause of this four horses when going to town.' She adds quarrel, which probably Boswell's mor- the following description of his personal aptified pride would not permit him to do. pearance : I see him now in a dark blue “ Boswell, one day at Sir Joshua's table,

coat, the button-holes bound with gold, a chose to pronounce a high-flown panegyric

small cocked hat laced with gold, his waiston the wits of Queen Anne's reign, and ex

coat very open, and his countenance never claimed, How delightful it must have been

at rest, and indeed, seldom his person; for,

in the relaxation of the country, he gave to have lived in the society of Pope, Swift, Arbuthnot, Gay, and Bolingbroke! We

way to all his natural volatility, and with have no such society in our days.' SIR

my father was perfectly at ease, sometimes Joshua. ' I think, Mr. Boswell, you might sitting on a table, and then, if he saw my be satisfied with your great friend's coover

brothers at a distance on the lawn, shooting sation.' Johnson. Nay, Sir, Boswell is

off like an arrow out of a bow in a spirited

chase of them round the garden. I rememright; every man wishes for preferment, and if Boswell had lived in those days, he

ber—when my father, having me in his would have obtained promotion.' Sir

hand, met him on the common, riding his Joshua. • How so, Sir?" Johnson. “Sir,

pretty pony—his moving my compassion by he would have had a high place in the Dun

lamenting the misery of being summoned to ciad!' This anecdote Lord Wellesley beard

town in hot weather (I think Augnst) to from Mr. Thomas Sydenham, who received

play before the King of Denmark. I thought it from Mr. Knight,

bin sincere, and his case pitiable, till my on the authority of Sir

father assured me that he was in reality very Joshua Reynolds himself."

well pleased, avd that what he groaned at as Boswell would have found some dif

labour, was an honour paid to his talents. ficulty in reconciling this anecdote

The vatural expression of his countenance with his own assertion in vindication was far from placidity. I confess I was of Johnson's politeness, that he “ had afraid of him; more so than I was of Johabeen often in his company, and never sun, whom I koew not to be, nor could suponce heard him say a severe thing to pose he ever would be thought to be, an exany one; when he did say a severe traordinary man. Garrick lad a frown and thing, it was generally extorted by ig- spoke impetuously. Johnson was slow and norance pretending to knowledge, or

kind in his way to children.” by extreme vanity or affectation.' Dr. Johnson's opinion of Painting. Johnson's affection for his wife is

“ For painting he certainly had no taste, well known. According to his opinion

no acquired taste, for his sight was worse she possessed every virtue under heaven; and he frequently lamented her * Levett did not know Mrs. Johnson till death in fervid strains of almost papal the year 1746, when she was fifty-seven or devotion.

eight years of age, and in very ill health.


238 Review.-Boswell's Life of Johnson, by Croker. (Sept. even than his hearing. * He even to Mrs. boiled till it dropped from the bone, a veal Piozzi professed such scorn of it, as to say pie with plums and sugar, or the outside cut that he should sit very quietly in a room of a salt buttock of beef, were his favourite hung round with pictures of the greatest dainties : with regard to drink, his liking masters, and never feel the slightest disposi- was for the strongest, as it was not the tion to turn them, if their backs were outer- flavour, but the effect he sought for, and most, unless it might be for the sake of tell- professed to desire ; and when Mrs. Piozzi ing Sir Joshua that he had turned them. first knew him, he used to pour capillaire In one instance, bowever, he admitted that into his port wine. For the last twelve painting required a considerable exercise of years, however, he left off all fermented mind; yet even on that occasion he betrayed liquors. To make himself some amends inwhat Mrs. Thrale calls bis scorn of the deed, he took his chocolate liberally, pouring art.' Sir Joshua Reynolds mentioned sume in large quantities of cream, or even melted picture as excellent. It has often grieved butter; and was so food of fruit, that though me, Sir,' said Dr. Johnson, to see so much he would eat seven or eight large peaches of miod as the science of painting requires, a morning before breakfast began, and treatlaid out upon such perishable materials : ed them with proportionate attention after why do not you oftener make use of copper? dinner again, yet he has been heard to proI could wish your superiority in the art you test, that he never had quite as much as he profess to be preserved in stuff more durable wished of wall-fruit, except once in his life, ihan canvas.' Sir Joshua urged the diffi- and that was when he and the Thrales were culty of procuring a plate large enough for all together at Ombersley, the seat of Lord historical subjects, and was going to raise odys ; and yet when his Irish friend Grierfarther observations: What foppish ob- son, hearing him enumerate the qualities stacles are these!' exclaimed on a sudden

necessary to the formation of a poet, began Dr. Johnson : here is Thrale has a thou

a comical parody upon his ornamented hasand ton of copper ; you may paiut it all rangue in praise of a cook, concluding with round if you will, I suppose ; it will serve this observation, that he who dressed a good him to brew in afterward: will it not, Sir?'t dinuer was a more excellent and more useful Talking with some persons about allegori- member of society than he who wrote a good cal painting, he said, I had rather see the

poem. • And in this opinion,' said Dr. portruit of a dog that I know, than all the Johnson, in reply, 'all the dogs in the towa allegorical paintings they can show me in will join you.'ll the world." I

"Mrs. Piozzi also relates that he used His love of late hours.

often to say in her hearing, perhaps for her “ Dr. Johnson, as Mrs. Piozzi relates, edification, that wherever the dinner is ill loved late hours extremely, or more properly got up there is poverty, or there is avarice, bated early ones. Nothing was more terri

or there is stupidity, in short, the family fying to him than the idea of retiring to

is somehow grossly wrong : for,' continued

he, “a man seldom thinks with more earnestbed, which he never would call going to rest, or suffer another to call so. I lie

ness of any thing than he does of his dipner; down,' said he, that my acquaintance may

and if he cannot get that well dressed, he sleep'; but I lie down to endure oppressive things. One day, when he was speaking

should be suspected of inaccuracy in other misery, and soon rise again to pass the night in anxiety and pain.' By this pathetic man

upon the subject, Mrs. Piozzi asked him, if ner, which no one ever possessed in so emi

he ever huffed his wife about his dinner ? nent a degree, he used to shock chat lady called to me, when about to say grace, and

• So often,' replied be, that at last she from quitting his company, till she hurt her own health not a little by sitting up with said, Nay, hold, Mr. Johnson, and do him when she was berself far from well."

not make a farce of thanking God for a din“ Indeed, he has been known tu say,

ner which in a few minutes you will pro• Whoever thinks of going to bed before

nounce not eatable.'" twelve o'clock is a scoundrel.' Having no- Johnson's opinion of Lord Kaimes's thing in particular to do himself, and having writings. none of his time appropriated, he was a troublesome guest to persons who had much

“ Johnson thought very well of Lord to do. lle rose too as unwillingly as he

Kaimes's Elements of Criticism; of others went to bed."

of his writings he thought very indifferently, The Doctor's gulosity.

and laughed much at his opinion that war

was a good thing occasionally, as so much “ Johoson's notions about eating were valour and virtue were exhibited in it. A nothing less than delicate; a leg of pork fire,' says Joboson, 'might as well be

thought a good thing; there is the bravery Reynolds's Recollections.

and address of the firemen in extinguishing + Mrs. Piozzi's Anecit. Hawkins. $ Hawkios.

Il Piozzi.

Review.- Sunday Library.

239 it; there is much hunianity exerted in saving lection of Sermons from eminent Divines of the lives and properties of the poor suf- the Church of England, chiefly within the ferers; yet,' says he, after all this, who last half century, with occasional biogracan say a fire is a good thing?'"*

phical sketches and noles. By the Rev. His prejudices against Scotland.

T. F. Dibdin, D.D. &c. Vol. IV. “ When his friend Mr. Strahan, a native

WE are inclined to value highly of Scotland, at his return from the Hebrides

this volume (though all are meritoasked him, with a firm tone of voice, what rious) because it contains a Sermon he thought of his country? • That is a by Bishop Huntingford on False Phivery vile country, to be sure, Sir;" returned losophy, which exhibits most beautiful for answer Dr. Johnson. • Well, Sir!' re

ratiocination. We shall add no more, plies the other somewhat mortified, God because we should deem it a wrong to made it.' •Certainly he did,' answers Dr. our readers not to give a fine specimen Johason again ; • but we must always re- upon an abstruse point : and our limits member that he made it for Scotcbmen, are bounded. and comparisons are odious, Mr. Strahan ;

Doing evil that good may come ; or, the end but God made hell.'"+

justifies the means. Few men had perhaps been more “ If it be an allowed maxim that men inveterate students than Dr. Johnson. may do evil for the production of some good, “There is no royal road to learning, then it will not be improbable (because the was a common saying with him; yet case has happened) that some persons under we here find him rather deprecating the delusion of this principle, may, with a close application to study, and recom

view to some imaginary good, not only remending desultory reading for the ac

fuse you justice, but proceed to treat you quisition of knowledge. But it is cer

with the grossest injustice-may first plunder tainly true that his sentiments of one

your property, and then deprive you of life,

though on your part no offence hath been day do not always accord with those

committed against either law or equity. of another.

Where then would be that security of rights, I would never,' said he, desire a which from society you are encouraged to young man to neglect his business for the expect, and warranted in demanding. purpose of pursuing his studies, because it is “ Again, the basis of civil society is up reasonable; I would only desire him to mutual confidence. But what man of comread at those hours when he would otherwise mon prudence will cominit either his probe unemployed. I will not promise that he perty or his person to the care of another, will be a Bentley; but if he be a lad of any who holds himself at liberty to betray bis parts, he will certainly make a sensible trust, and even destroy his friend, provided man.'":

he doth but intend to appropriate the spoils • Dr. Johnson had never, by his own ac- to some good purpose. count, been a close student, and used to ad- “ Thus, then, this principle goes to the vise young people never to be without a dissolutiou of all society; and if so, must be book in their pocket, to be read at by-times rejected, as not compatible or reconcilable when they had nothing else to do. • It has with that state for which man is intended; been by that means,' said he one day to a aud in which, when duly constituted, he boy at Mr. Thrale's, that all my knowledge finds the greater portion of happiness.” has been gained, except what I have picked " But in vindication of this perverse paup by running about the world with my wits radox, the public good of society has been ready to observe, and my tongue ready to pretended. It would however be difficult, talk. A man is seldom in a humour to un- nay even impossible, to show that it can be lock his book-case, set his desk in order, for the public good of society to defeat the and betake himself to serious study; but a very cause and counteract the very ends for retentive memory will do something, and a which all society is instituted; both which fellow shall have strange credit given him, evils this paradox completely works by baif he can but recollect striking passages uishing confidence, and by violating at pleafrom different books, keep the authors sepa- sure the rights of the society existing. rate iu his head, and bring his stock of “ But its advocate then pleads the good knowledge artfully into play : how else,' of posterity. Whose posterity? By the added he, do the gemesters manage when sudden death of those whom this maxim they play for more money than they are may have taken off, he has done his utmost worth?"$

that they shall have no posterity ; that they

may do evil to produce good, he has taught The Sunday Library; or the Protestant's them to rob and destroy each other, as he Manual for the Sabbath Day ; being a Se

has robbed and destroved the men of his

own generation. For what was once in itself • Hawkins. + Piozzi.

lawful, must always be lawful; if robbery Hawkins.


and assassination be lawful to the maintainer 240

Review.-Bourrienne's Life of Buonaparte. (Sept. of this principle, they will be lawful to his Sheriff Wellington sold him up after children. And thus hy precedent he esta- he had made his last effort to raise the blishes a maxim, which pursued to its con- wind? But he was a great man, a sequences would tend to the utter extinction wonderful man, and so forth ; yes, of all society."

and what is a great and wonderful “ Seen, then, in these points of view, the paradox of doing evil, - that good may

man, reduced to irretrievable distress, come of it,' is of all others the most mis

but a pyramid of Egypt broken into chievous that ever entered the mind of man." small stones,-a thing to talk about?

Moreover, victories are gained, ge—15-17.

Action upon the iniquitous principle nerally speaking, by the inferiority of reprobated, was common among the the enemy—if barbarians through ancients ; witness the following pas

tactics, if otherwise through accidents. sage of Livy : “ Eam (concordiam ci. The English alone were capable of convium) per æqua, per iniqua reconci- tending with him in battle, and did liandam civitati esse? (p. 41, ed. El

so successfully. They picketed him zevir.) From what we know of Ita- upon the island of Saint Helena ; and, lian subtlety, we are inclined to think

in a political view, as to prevention of that it was a favourite maxim of Roman mischief, acted rightly; but whether policy.

petty annoyance of him was not a meanness unbecoming the national

character, must be left to those who The Life of Napoleon Buonaparte. By M. do not think it sufficient to encage a

de Bourrienne, his private Secrelary. 3 lion, without torturing him by insult. vols. 16 mo.

We come now to the work before us. IF a successful General has an un- M. de Bourrienne has booked, like a limited command of men, he will not short-hand writer, in the manner of cease to go to war, and if a successful Boswell, all that Buonaparte said or banker has an unlimited command of did in matters of business. He was a money, he will not cease to speculate. most restless creature, eternally, like Defeat as a consequence of presump- a job-making lawyer, plotting or doing tion in the former case, and bank- mischief. He had no idea of retiring ruptcy in the latter, are events in the with a fortune, and then living at his usual course of things. Napoleon The nations of Europe were to ultimately did not trade, but gambled. him only carrion carcases, whither He was a master in the arts of war himself, an eagle, attended by.ravens, and policy ; but the cash, the physical hawks, magpies, &c. could repair to resources of France, were exhausted, feed : and all his study was how to. as to the supply of soldiers, and, in makeliving kingdoms carcases, whereon the end of his career, he only shuffled. he and they could feast. Now the He existed as a monarch only by vic- natural history of human birds of prey, tory; and victory was in the end im- is however a most instructive and enpossible, because his living ammuni. tertaining study, because it extends tion was expended. Let us state only knowledge of the world, promotes an evident fact. Before the capture wisdom, and occupies the mind. But of Paris in 1814, he had only one we must declaim no longer. Monsr. army to oppose to two, those of Schwart. de Bourrienne's book, as to matter, is zenburg and Blucher. Bills were drawn wholly composed of consecutive details, upon him to an amount which he and like Boswell's before mentioned, could not answer, and whoever says shows us the man, completely, as to that he was beat up to 1814, by any his public life, and therefore well suits other means than that of actually over- such a study. We certainly have not powering him by physical necessity, libelled him by our similitude ; for we contradicts the only test of truth, are told (i. 31) that Buonaparte laugh-, History. The Russian expedition was ed loudly while he was describing the his first commission of an act of bank- death of an officer, literally severed in ruptcy, and he never recovered it. It two by a bomb-shell. was an indiscretion, a speculation, The Legion of Honour was founded which he could not repair. Fatalism, to ingratiate the noblesse (ii. 88); and Fortune, &c. are silly pretences in his was, with other conciliating measures, case. These notions are only sound a preparatory step for obtaining the under inexplicable contingencies. But empire. So much for him. Josephine is it an unaccountable thing, that had a presentiment, that such an exal


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