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1831.]
Preparations for the Coronation.

221 of seats were raised on each side for the re- The Coronation of King William IV. ception of the Judges, the Knights of the took place on the 8th of September, which Bach, the Aldermen of London, and some was the seventieth anniversary of his father's of those who took part in the procession. wedding day. Above these were two other galleries, oue The Abbey, from the earliest dawn, preeven with the organ-loft, and the other sented the bustle ivcident to the approachabove, to which admission was given by ing ceremony. Labourers, dressed in scarlet sickets from the Earl Marshal. At the north- jackets and white trowsers, were employed east corner was the box of the Lord Great to complete the necessary, arrangements. Chamberlain.

The Pages of the Earl Marshal, about forty An ascent of seven steps led from the in number, were in attendance to conduct Choir to the Theatre, which is the naine the privileged visitors to their seats. They given to the space in the centre of the were gentlemen who volunteered their serchurch, at the intersection of the choir and vices ; and were attired in a fancy costume, transepts. In the middle of this space were provided at their own expeoce, consisting of placed the thrones, the King's elevated on dark blue frock-coats, white breeches and five steps and the Queen's on three, covered stockings, a crimson silk sash, and a small with cloth of gold. In the transepts, the squash hat, adorned with black ostrich feafirst ten benches oo the oorth were appor

thers. The form of the hat was hy no means tioned to Peeresses, and the first ten on the becoming, and would have been far better south to Peers ; those behind were allotted supplied by a flat velvet cap, of the period of to the holders of Peers and Peeresses' tickets; Henry VII. Each was provided with a guld on each side were galleries, and under the staff, bearing the arms of the Earl Marshal. great wiodows galleries were raised aloft, The Heralds were also in attendance, to which were approached from the vaultings, marshal the procession and precede it. Commuch more accommodation being thus pro- panies of the Grenadier and Coldstream vided than on any previous occasion. The Guards lined the platform on each side the number of privileged seats was calculated at The company began to arrive at five 5300. The Peers who attended were each o'clock; among the earliest was Lord Chief allowed three tickets, and others were distri- Justice Tenterden. buited to the Privy Councillors, Knights of Soon after five o'clock a royal salute was the Bach, &c. in various proportions. fired by a detachment of artillery stationed

The Area (the space between the Theatre in the Green Park; and about six the whole and the Altar, in which the coronation took of the household troops arrived in St. place,) was furnished very much as on the James's Park, and were thence distributed last occasion. It was wholly hung with pur- along the line of procession ; some of the ple and gold silk, the pulpit and a bench for bands remaining to amuse the crowds in the the Bishops being placed on the north side, Park. Along the whole line of route scafand on the south a recessed box, hung with folds and galleries were occasionally erected crimson, and crowned with a gilt cornice, over the areas and open spaces ; in Parliafor the Princesses, (with whom were the ment-street they were placed before nearly two young Princes of Cumberland and Cam- every house. The churchyard of St. Marbridge, and the Princess Augusta of Cam- garet's and the open spaces opposite were bridge), and towards the altar a table for entirely covered; but no speculator was the regalia. In the centre stood the coro- found sufficiently bold to build upon the Dation chairs ; near the south-west pillar, garden in Parliament Square, on which so opposite the pulpit, were a chair and fuld- much money was lost on the former Coronastool for the Queen's use in the early part tion ; except that some very lofty and comof the ceremonies ; and at the altar a chair manding seats were erected on the scaffoldand faldstool for the Archbishop. Above the ing raised to place the intended statue of altar (where the organ was placed at the co- Mr. Canning. ronation of George the Fourth) was the Besides the line of the Royal procession, gallery for the House of Commons, of which there were three distioct routes for the diffefour hundred and ten members were present, reot doors of the Abbey. That for the Peers the Speaker, with his emblems of office, be- and others going to the west door, began at ing seated in a state chair in the centre. Grosvenor-place and approached by TothillThe House met at half after eight, and re- street; that for Poet's Corner began at paired to the Abbey at nine, in the order in Kniglitsbridge, and approached by Millbank ; which the counties were drawn by lot from that for the north door begau at the Haythe glasses. Three-fourths of the members market, and approached by King-street. The were dressed in military uniforms, and there members of the House of Commons were were at least four in the Highland costume. permitted to take their ordinary route by Above the Princesses, on the south, was the Parliament-street, but were set down at the King's own gallery; and opposite to it, on door of Westminster Hall. A covered platthe north, was the gallery for the Foreign form was erected for their accommodation Ministers.

across the street to Poets' Corner. The car

222 The Procession to their Majesties' Coronation. [Sept. riages were all moved off to distinct places of formed a minor procession; and the equirendezvous ; and the strong barriers which pages of Prince Esterhazy, the Austrian Amwere erected at every avenue of approach, by bassador, formed in themselves a splendid preventing a confluence of carriages near the show, Tine of the royal procession, enabled a vast The carriages, horsemen, and attendants number of spectators on foot to witness it destined to form the street procession, met with little difficulty. The state carriages of at Constitution Hill, and at half-after teo the Lord Chancellor and of the Lord Mayor o'clock the cavalcade moved forward in the of London, with their attendants, each following order :

A Squadrop of Life Guards. The two carriages of their Royal Highnesses the Duke and Duchess of Gloucester, each

drawn by six horses, with their proper escort of Life Guards. In the first were Lord Viscount Deerhurst, Lord Edward Thynne, Major-Gen. Sir Howard Douglas, Bart., and Lieut.-Col. Edmund Currey. In the second, their Royal Highnesses, attended by

Lady Isabella Thynne. The two carriages of her Royal Highness the Duchess of Cambridge, each drawn by six

horses, with the proper escort of Life Guards. In the first were Lord Viscount Villiers and Colonel Sir James Henry Reynett, K.C. H. In the second, her Royal Highness, attended by Lady Elizabeth Murray. The carriage of bis Royal Highness the Duke of Sussex, drawn by six horses, with his

proper escort of Life Guards, in which were bis Royal Highnes, attended by Lord Jobu

Spencer Churchill, Lieut.-Gen. Sir Wm. Hutchinson, and Capt. the Hon. Edward Gore. The two carriages of their Royal Highnesses the Duke and Duchess of Cumberland, each

drawn by six horses, with their proper escort of Life Guards. In the first were Lord Viscouni Encombe, Lord Ernest Bruce, Lieut.-Gen. Sir Colquhoun Grant, K.C. B. and Lieut.-Gen. John Slade. And in the second, their Royal Highnesses, attended by Lady Sophia Lennox.

The King's Barge-Master, and the King's forty-eight Watermen. The CarriaGES OF THEIR MAJESTIes, each drawn by six horses, and attended by four

Grooms on foot. The first, conveying Lieut. Col. J. Wilson, Gentleman-usher of the Privy-chamber, Capt.

Henry Murray, and Col. Adolphus Cottin, Gentlemen-ushers quarterly waiters to the

Queen; and John Bott, Esq. Secretary to the Keeper of the Privy-purse. The second, the Hon. Fred. Byng and Lieut.-Col. W. C. Master, Gentlemen-ushers of the

Privy-chamber to the King ; Thomas Ramsden, Esq. Gentlemen-usher daily waiter, and

John Strachan, Esq. Gentleman-usher quarterly waiter, to his Majesty. The third, Major-Gen. James Macdonell, Principal Equerry to the Queen ; George V.

Mundy, Esq. and Hon. Charles Grimstone, Pages of Honour to the Queen; and Frederick-Charles-Arthur Stephenson, Esq. Page of Honour to the King. The fourth, Capt. Lord Adolphus Fitzclarence, R. N. Groom of the Robes ; Adm. the

Hon. Sir Robert Stopford, G. C. B. Groom of the Bed chamber ; Adm. Lord Amelius Beauclerk, K.C. B. Principal Naval Aide-de-Camp to the King; and the Hon. Adolphus-Edward-Paget Graves, and Williamn-Henry. Hervey Bathurst, Esq. Pages of Ho

nour to his Majesty. The fifth, Major-Gen. Sir Andrew Barnard, K. C. B. Chief Equerry and Clerk-Marshal to

the King: Lord Viscount Valletort, acting Vice-Chamberlain to her Majesty; Lord James O'Bryen, Lord of the Bed-chamber; and Arthur-William-Fitzroy Somerset, Esq.

Page of Honour to his Majesty. The sixth, Lady William Russell and Lady Caroline Wood, Women of the Bed-chamber

to her Majesty: the Right Hon. Robert Grosvenor, Comptroller to his Majesty's

Household; and the Earl of Belfast, G.C. H. the King's Vice-Chamberlain. The seventh, the Hon. Miss Mitchell and the Hon. Miss Speyd, Maids of Honour; the

Right Hon. Sir Wm.-Henry Fremantle, G.C. H. Treasurer of the King's Household; and Major-Gen. Sir Henry Wheatley, K.C. H. Keeper of his Majesty's Privy-purse. The eighth, the Hon. Miss Eden and the Hon. Miss Boyle, Maids of Honour; Earl Am

herst, Lord of the Bed-chamber in waiting; and Sir George Seymour, K.C.H. Master

of the Robes. The ninth, attended by six Grooms, conveying the Hon. Miss Hope Johnstone and the

Hon. Miss Olivia de Ros, Maids of Honour; the Marquess of Winchester, Groom of

the Stole ; and Earl Howe, G.C. H. Lord Chamberlain to the Queen. The centh, also attended by six Grooms, conveying the Marchioness of Westmeath, Lady

of the Bed-chamber; the Duke of Devonshire, K. G. Lord Chamberlain of his Majesty's Household ; the Earl of Shaftesbury, in the absence of the Marquess Wellesley, K.G. Lord Steward of the Household; and the Earl of Albemarle, Master of the Horse to his Majesty.

1831.] The Procession to their Majesties' Coronation.

223 A Squadron of Life Guards. His Majesty's Equerries and Aides-de-Camp, on horseback, two and two (each attended by

a Groom, and the King's two Yeomen Riders on either side), viz. : Sir Philip Sidney, K. C. H., and Sir Augustus d'Este, K. C. H., Equerries to his Majesty ; Major-Gen. Sir George Quentin, K.C. H., Equerry of the Crown-stable ; Lieut.-Gen. Sir Herbert Taylor, G.C. H. First and Principal Aide-de-Camp; and the following Aides-de-Camp, viz. Colonels Sir Charles W. Thornton, K.C. H.; Sir Evan Murray MacGregor, Bart.; Edward Gibbs ; Sir C. Broke Vere, K. C. B.; the Hon. Hercules Pakenham ; J. T. Jones; Sir George Scovell, K.C. B.; Robert-Henry Dick; Neil Douglas; Thomas Downman; Wm. K. Elphinstone; Frederick W. Trench ; T. W. Brotherton; William Wemyss ; George Browne ; Thomas Wood; and John Le Couteur. The Deputy Adjutant-general, Major-Gen. John Gardiner ; the Deputy Quartermaster

general, Major-Gen. Sir Richard D. Jackson, K.C. B.; and the Deputy Adjutant-general

of the Royal Artillery, Colouel Sir Alexander Dickson, K.C. B. The Quartermaster-general, Lieut.-Gen. the Right Hon. Sir James W. Gordon, Bart.

K. C. B.; the Adjutant-general, Major-Gen. John Macdonald; and Major-Gen. Lord

Fitzroy Somerset, K.C. B. Military Secretary to the General commanding in Chief. The Master of his Majesty's Buck-hounds, Lord Viscount Anson, on horseback, attended

by two Grooms.
Six of his Majesty's horses, with rich trappings, each horse led by two Grooms.

George Head, Esq. Deputy Knight Marshal.

Marshalmen in ranks of four. The Exons and Clerk of the Cheque of the Yeomen of the Guard, viz. Henry Cipriani, Esq. ;

T. H. Curteis, Esq. ; Charles Hancock, Esq.; John Hancock, Esq.; and R. F. Fitzherbert, Esq.

One hundred Yeomen of the Guard, four and four. The Lieutenant and Ensign of the Yeomen of the Guard, John Gill, Esq. and William

Conyogham Burton, Esq. on horseback.

Twelve Footmen, four and four. The State Coach, drawn by eight horses, attended by a Yeoman of the Guard at each

wheel and two Footmen at each door, and the horses on either side by four Grooms; the Gold Stick, Gen. Lord Viscount Combermere, G.C. B. and the Captain of the Yeomen of the Guard, the Marquess of Clanricarde, riding on either side, attended by two Grooms each; conveying

HIS MAJESTY THE KING and HER MAJESTY THE QUEEN, attended by the Duchess of Gordon, in the absence of the Duchess-dowager of Leeds, Mistress of the Robes, and the Countess Brownlow, Lady of the Bedchamber in waiting.

A Squadron of Life Guards. The Procession, which was under the orders of Lord Frederick Fitzclarence, Gentleman of the Horse to his Majesty, assisted by Ralph W. Spearman, Esq. Chief Clerk of the Stables, and the other Officers of the Master of the Horse's Department, proceeded by the route of Pall-mall, Charing-cross, Whitehall, and Parliament-street, and arrived at the great west entrance of Westminster Abbey at a quarter past eleven o'clock.

The Great Officers of State, the Arch- and the Noblemen bearing the Regalia, and bishops of Canterbury and York, the noble- repaired to their Robing-chambers without men appointed to carry the Regalia (all in the west entrance. The Ladies of her Matheir respective robes of estate), and the jesty's Household, the Officers of the Royal Bishops who were to support their Ma- Household, and of the respective Housejesties, as well as those who were to carry holds of the Princes and Princesses, as well the Bible, the Chalice, and the Patira, as- as others who had formed part of the Royal sembled in the Jerusalem-chamber, adjoin- State in the proceeding from St. James's ing the Deanery, before ten o'clock; where Palace, and to whom duties had not been the Regalia, having been previously laid on assigned in the solemnity, passed immethe table, were delivered by the Lord Cham- diately to the places prepared for them berlain of the Household to the Lord High withiu the Choir. Constable, by him to the Deputy Lord Great Their Majesties, having been robed, arlChamberlain, and by his Lordship to the vanced up the Nave into the Choir ; the Noblemen by whom the same were severally Choristers of the Chapel Royal, of Westto be borne. The Dean and Prebendaries of minster, and of St. Paul's, in the orchestra, Westmioster were in the Nave, in readiness under the directivo of Sir George Sınart, to join the Proceeding vext before the Offi- Kut. Organist of his Majesty's Chapels cers of his Majesty's Household.

Royal, sang the anthem, I was glad when On the arrival of their Majesties at the they said unto me, we will go into the House Abbey, at a quarter past eleven o'clock, they of the Lord,&c. were received by the Great Officers of State

224

The Coronation Procession within the Abbey. (Sept.
ProceedING FROM THE ABBEY DOOR INTO THE Choir.

Pursuivants of Arms, in their tabards,
Blanch Lyon Extr., G. H. Rogers Harrison, Gent. Rouge Croix, Robert Laurie, Gent.
Portcullis, James Pulman, Esq. Rouge Dragon, Francis Townsend, Gent.

Heralds of Arms, in their tabards and Collars of SS.
Arundel Extry. Walter Aston Blount, Esq. Norfo!k Extry. William Woods, Esq.

Lancaster, Geo.-Fred. Beltz, Esq. York, Chas.-Geo. Young, Esq.
Windsor, Francis Martin, Esq.

Somerset, Jas. Cathrow Disney, Esq.
Richmond, Joseph Hawker, Esq. Chester, Geo.-Martin Leake, Esq.

Kings of Arms in their tabards and Collars of SS., bearing their Crowns :
Norroy, Edmund Lodge, Esq.

Clarenceux, Ralph Bigland, Esq. Prebendaries of Westminster, viz. Lord John Thyone, Henry Vincent Bayley, D.D.

George Holcombe, D. D., James Webber, D.D. Dean of Ripon and Sub-Dean of Westminster, Joseph Allen, D.D., and Thomas Causton, D.D.

The Dean of Westminster, John Ireland, D.D.

His Majesty's Vice-Chamberlain, the Earl of Belfast. Comptroller of his Majesty's Household, Treasurer of his Majesty's Household, Right Hon. Robert Grosvenor. Right Hon. Sir Wm. H. Fremantle, G.C.H.

bearing the erimson bag, with the medals. The Lord Chamberlain of the Household,

The Lord Steward of the Household, the Duke of Devonshire, K. G.;

the Earl of Shaftesbury ; his coronet carried by a Page,

(in the absence and attended by an Officer of the Jewel-office,

of the
Thos. B. Mash, Esq. bearing a cushion, with two Marquess of Wellesley, K.G. ;)
Ruby Rings, and the Sword for the Offering. his coronet carried by a Page.
The Lord Privy Seal,

The Lord President of the Council,
Lord Durham ;

Marquess of Lansdowne ;
his coronet carried by a Page.

his coronet carried by a Page.
The Lord Chancellor of Ireland, Lord Plunket;
attended by his Purse-bearer ; his coronet carried by a Page.

The Lord High Chancellor, Lord Brougham and Vaux ;

attended by his Purse-bearer ; his coronet carried by a Page. The Lord Archbishop of Canterbury, William Howley, D. D., in his rochet, with his

cap in his hand ; attended by two Gentlemen. Her Royal Highness the Duchess of Cambridge, in a robe of estate of purple velvet,

wearing a circlet of gold on her head; her train borne by Lady Elizabeth Murray, assisted by Col. Sir James-Henry Reynett ; and her coronet by Lord Viscount Villiers. Her Royal Highness the Duchess of CUMBERLAND, in a like robe and circlet; her train borne by Lady Sophia Lennox, assisted by Sir Colquhoun Grant;

and her coronet by Lord Viscount Encombe. Her Royal Highness the Duchess OF GLOUCESTER, in a like robe and circlet ; her train borne by Lady Isabella Thyone, assisted by Lieut.-Col. Edmund Currey;

and her coronet by Lord Viscount Deerhurst.

The Queen's Vice Chamberlain,
Lord Viscount Valletort, in the absence of the Hon. William Ashley.

The Queen's REGALIA, viz.
The Ivory Rod with the
The Lord Chamberlain

The Sceptre with the
Dove,

of her Majesty's Household, · Cross, borne borne by Earl Cawdor ;

Earl Howe;

by the Earl of Jersey; their coronets each carried by a Page. Two Serjeants Her Majesty's Crown,

Two Serjeants
borne by the Duke of Beaufort, K.G.;
Arms.
his Grace's coronet carried by a Page.

Arms.
THE QUEEN,
The Bisbop

in her Royal Robes, with her Circle of Gold ; The Bishop
of
her Majesty's Train

of Winchester, borne by the Duchess of Gordon,

Chichester, Charles Richard in the absence of the dowager Duchess of Leeds, Robert James Sumner, D.D. Mistress of the Robes, assisted by

Carr, D.D.
six Daugliters of Earls, viz.:
Lady Georgiana Bathurst.

Lady Teresa Fox-Strangways.
Lady Mary Pelham.

Lady Theodosia Brabazon.
Lady Sophia Cust.

Lady Georgiana Grey.
On each side of her Majesty walked five Gentlemen Pensioners.

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1831.] The Coronation Procession within the Abbey.

225
Ladies of the Bedchamber in Waiting, viz. :
Countess Brownlow.

Marchioness of Westmeath.
Maids of Honour, viz.: Hon. Miss Eden, Hon. Miss Bagot, Hon. Miss de Ros,
Hon. Miss C. Boyle, Hon. Miss Seymour, and Hon. Miss Mitchell.

Women of the Bedchamber, viz. :
Lady Caroline Wood. Lady William Russell.

The King's REGALIA, viz.
St. Edward's Staff,

The Golden Spurs, The Sceptre with the Cross,
borne by the
borne by the

borne by the Duke of Grafton; Marquess of Hastings ; Duke of St. Albans ;

their coronets each carried by a Page. The Third Sword,

Curtana,

The Second Sword, borne by the borne by the

borne by the Marquess of Cleveland; Marquess of Salisbury ; Marquess of Downshire ;

their coronets each carried by a Page.
Gentleman Usher of the Black Rod,

Garter Principal King of Arms,
Sir Thomas Tyrwhitt, Kot. K.S.A. Sir George Nayler, Kot. K.H., C.T.S.

bis crown borne by a Page.
The Deputy Lord Great Chamberlain of England, Marquess of Chulmondeley;

his coronet borne by a Page. His Royal Highness the Duke of GLOUCESTER, in his robes of estate, carrying his baton as Field-Marshal; his coronet borne by Major-Gen. Sir Howard Douglas, Bart.,

his train by Lord Edward Thynne.
His Royal Highness the Duke of Sussex, in like robes; his coronet carried by Lieut.-

Gen. Sir William Hutchinson, Kut. ; his train by Lord John-Spencer Churchill.
His Royal Highness the Duke of CUMBERLAND, in like robes, carryiug his baton; his

coronet borne by Lieut.-Gen. John Slade; his train by Lord Ernest Bruce.
The High Constable of Ireland, The High Constable of Scotland,
the Duke of Leinster ;

the Earl of Erroll;
his coronet borne by a Page.

his coronet borne by a Page. The Earl Marshal of England, The Sword The Lord High Constable of England, the Duke of Norfolk,

of State,

the Duke of Wellington, K.G.; with his staff; attended borne by Earl Grey, with his staff, and his by two Pages.

K.G.; his coronet baton as Field-Marshal ;

carried by a Page. attended by two Pages. The Sceptre with the Dove, St. Edward's Crown,

The Orb, borne by the

borne by the

borne by the
Duke of Richmond, K.G. ; Lord High Steward, the Duke of Somerset;
his coronet carried
Duke of Hamilton ;

bis coronet carried
by a Page.
his staff and his coronet

by a Page.
carried by two Pages.
The Patioa,

The Bible,

The Chalice,
borne by
borne by

borne by
the Bishop of Rochester, the Bishop of Exeter, the Bishop of Oxford,
George Murray, D.D. Henry Philpotts, D.D. Hon. Richard Bagot, D.D.
The Bishop

THE KING,

The Archbishop of York, of

in his Royal crimson Robes, and Edward Harcourt, D.C.L. Bath and Wells,

Cap of State ;

in the absence of the George-Henry Law, D.D. his Majesty's train borne by Bishop of Durhain. the Marquess of Worcester,

the Earl of Euston, the Earl of Kerry, the Marquess of Titchfield, the Marquess of Douro,

assisted by the Master of the Robes, Capt. Sir Geo. Seymour, K.C.H.;
and followed by the Groom of the Robes, Capt. Lord Adolphus Fitzclarence, R.N.
On each side walked ten Gentlemen Pensioners,* those on the King's right hand headed by
their Lieutenant, H. B. Hinrich, esq., and those on his Majesty's left hand by their

Standard-bearer, Sir George-Bartholomew Pocock, Knt.
Groom of the Stole, Gold Stick of the Life Guards in waiting, Master of the Horse,
Marquess of Winchester; Gen. Lord Visc. Combermere, G.C.B. ; Earl of Albemarle ;

their coronets each borne by a Page.

* Jostead of wearing the costume of the time of Henry the Eighth, adopted at the former coronation, the Gentlemen Pensioners were attired in the full-dress uniforin of offcers of the Guards, with cocked hat and feathers. Gent. Mag. Septemler, 1831,

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