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bont. Mag. Sot 1832. PID 291

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MEMOIR OF THE REV. JOHN GUTCH, M.A. F.S.A.

With a Portrait. ON the 1st of July died at Oxford, as clerk on his first admission into aged 86, the Rev. John Gutch, M.A. the University. As senior Chaplain and F.S.A. sixty-two years Chaplain of the Society, it was his duty to of All Souls' College in that Univer- preach before the members on three sity ; Rector of St. Clement near that different festival days in the course of city, and of Kirkby Underwood in the the year, and on Christmas Day 1819 diocese and county of Lincoln.

he commenced his sermon as follows: To the former benefice he was pre- _“On the suggestion of one of my sented by the Lord Chancellor Lough- friends and well-wishers, I beg leave borough in the year 1795 ; and to the to preface my discourse on this holy latter by Dr. Thomas Thurlow, then and joyful season, by mentioning a Bishop of Lincoln, in the year 1786. circumstance relating to myself. But He was also many years Chaplain of here, before this audience, I humbly Corpus Christi College. He took his trust it will not be imputed to any degree of M. A. June 8, 1771. Mr. vanity or boasting of my abilities in Gutch was elected to the office of Re- the discharge of my duty as a humgistrar of the University, and also ble preacher of the Word of God; but Registrar of the Courts, &c. of the as I hope and intend it to be a tribute Chancellor, in the year 1797, on the of thanksgiving to the Almighty Predecease of the Rev. Dr. Samuel Fos- server of my life. This, I may say ter. The former office is in the gift with truth, is the fiftieth anniversary of the members of Convocation ; to' that I have had the honour and hapthe latter he was presented by the piness of performing my official duty then Chancellor, his Grace the Duke from this place ; nay more, to speak of Portland. The duties of the im- the whole truth, as I make my appearportant situation of Registrar of the ance here at three seasons of the

year, University Mr. Gutch fulfilled until it is really the one hundred and fortythe year 1824, and there are few. eighth time, without any intermission, members who were presented to their by indisposition or otherwise, as far degrees during the time he held the as my recollection will carry me. And office, who will forget the urbanity having through God's Providence lateand attention with which he officiated ly recovered from an alarming attack on those occasions. At the close of of illness, I beg leave thus publicly to that year, having, on account of his return thanks to the Almighty for the advanced age and infirmities, express preservation of my health during this ed a wish to be relieved from its du- long period; and at the same time to ties, a proposal to the following effect express my acknowledgment for the was unanimously passed in convoca- kind exertions of my friends in contion :-" That in consideration of his tributing their assistance for my comlong and faithful services to the Uni- fort and welfare. And thus, having versity, an annuity of 2001. to com- performed my vows of praise to the mence on the 21st December next, be great God and Preserver of my life, granted to the Rev. Mr. Gutch, on and fulfilled my promise to my worthy the resignation of the office of Regis- friend, who first suggested the thought, trar in the course of the present term.” but whose name I forbear at present On the next day, after several degrees to mention, because I observe he is at had been conferred, he resigned the this moment one of my attentive auoffice into the hands of the Vice-Chan- ditors, I proceed with my discourse cellor, and the Rev. Philip Bliss, D.C.L. on this holy solemnity, and hope the was unanimously elected his successor. season of the year and my late indisMr. Gutch retained the office of Ac- position will be a sufficient apology tuary or Registrar of the Chancellor's for its brevity.”-Shortly afterwards, Court to the day of his decease. his very kind and excellent friend the

The following may be recorded as an Hon. and Rev. Dr. Legge, then Bishop instance of the esteem in which he was of Oxford, and Warden of All Souls' held by his friends, the members of College, communicated to him the unAll Souls' College, where he entered expected and gratifying intelligence, Gent. Mag. September, 1831.

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202 Memoir of the Rev. John Gutch, M.A. F.S.A. (Sept. that a subscription had been set on Reader in Ancient History, &c. &c. foot by the then members of the So- and was afterwards followed at interciety and several others who had for- vals by the publication of the “ Fasti merly belonged to it, to purchase and Oxonienses, or a Commentary on the present to him a piece of plate, as a supreme Magistrates of the Univertestimony of the regard in which he sity, with a Continuation, and Addi. was held, and of his long and faithful tions and Corrections to each College services ; which was accordingly done and Hall, 1790." And also in 1792, in the shape of a superb silver ink- 1794, and 1796, by “ The Antiquities stand, elegantly chased and gilt, in- and Annals of the University,” in 3 scribed with the college arms, toge

vols. On the appearance of the sether with his own. That the same cond volume of the work containing regard was continued to Mr. Gutch the Fasti, it would seem, by the folto the day of his decease by this So- lowing preface, that Mr. Gutch had ciety, appears by the following quota- just lost his valuable friend Mr. Wartion from a letter written by the Rev.

ton : Lewis Sneyd, the present Warden, ad- « The death of the late learned and indressed to a member of his family the genious Mr. Warton happening on the very morning after the melancholy event moment of this publication, the eilicor had taken place :-“I am aware I hopes he shall not be accused of presumpought not to intrude upon you and tion in embracing the opportunity of acthe family at such a season of afflic- koowledging the honour of bis friendship. tion, but I am unwilling that a single

By Mr. Warton's judgment of the work day should pass without my assuring

he was first induced to undertake it, by his you of the sincerity with which I la

friendly opinions encouraged in the prose

cution of it, and by his kind admonitions ment the death of your venerable and

assisted in its completion. He leaves it to respected father. The punctuality with

abler hands to describe those various merits, which he performed the duties of his the loss of which are powerfully felt and exoffice as Chaplain, his amiable and pressed in the affectionate regrets and regentlemanly manners, his kind and spect of his friends and the public. To his becoming deportment, endeared him friends he was endleared by his simple, open, to us all, and from the many years he and frievdly manners, to this University by had been a member of this College, we a long residence and many services, and to had become so accustomed to him as

the public by the valuable additions which a friend and as a member of our So

have been made by his talents to English ciety, that I am sure I am expressing poetry, antiquities, and criticism.” the sentiments of every one connected After the decease of his friend, Mr. with it, as well as my own, when I Gutch met with every encouragement say that his loss will be long felt and that he could desire to proceed in the deplored in All Souls.”

completion of the work, from that În 1781 Mr. Gutch published in celebrated antiquary Richard Gough, two vols. 8vo,“ Collectanea Curiosa ; esq., the Hon. Daines Barrington, the or Miscellaneous Tracts relating to Rev. John Price, keeper of the Bodthe History and Antiquities of Eng- leian Library, the Rev. Ralplı Churland and Ireland, the Universities of ton, Mr. Brian Richards, and other Oxford and Cambridge, and a variety eminent antiquaries of the day, as of other subjects; chiefly collected well as from a numerous list of subfrom the MSS. of Archbishop San- scribers among the different colleges croft, given to the Bodleian Library and their members, by whose assistby the late Bishop Tanner;" and in ance and liberality he was enabled to 1786 he published, in 4to, the first complete it. From Mr. Gutch's long volume of “ The History and Antiqui- residence in the University he had ties of the Colleges and Halls in the become known to most gentlemen enUniversity of Oxford, now first pub- gaged in antiquarian and topographilished from the original Manuscripts cal pursuits, and from the opportuniin the Bodleian Library; written by ties he enjoyed in the prosecution of Anthony Wood; with a continuation his own studies in these branches of to the present time.” This volumi- knowledge, he possessed peculiar adnous work was commenced at the vantages in facilitating similar inquisuggestion of his warm friend Tho. ries and the researches of his friends, mas Warton, B.D. Fellow of Trinity to whom he was ever as ready to lend College, Poetry Professor, Camden's his personal services, as he was to

1831.] Some Account of Castor, co. Lincoln.

203 extract and transcribe for them what- neous passage, either for escape if ever they required from those vast hard pressed, or for the secret admisstores of historical information, the sion of troops or provisions ; and formlibraries and archives of this cele, ed an excellent outlet towards the brated University.

Numerous are south and west, for despatching scouts the testimonials in the hands of his into the open country to watch the family, acknowledging the services he enemy's motions. A spring of fine had rendered to his friends and ac- water ran through the bottom of this quaintance; none of whom ever be- vault, which had its rise within the came such, without expressing the limits of the fortress, and therefore it sense they entertained of the suavity was impossible to cut off the supply. of his manners, the courtesy of his The garrison was manned with leconduct, and the sweetness and cheer- gionary troops, and had always within fulness of his disposition. At the pe- its walls a cohort of horse. The learnriod of his decease he was the oldest ed Stukeley says, “In nothing more resident member of the University, that I have seen, did the Romans show and till within a very few days of the their fine genius for choice of station close of a life of peculiar serenity and like this at Castor. There is a narrow content, he enjoyed his usual good promontory juts forward to the west, health and spirits, falling at last a being a rock full of springs, level at victim to the influenza which has the top; and on this did they build lately been so prevalent, and against their town. One may easily guess at the debilitating effects of which his the original Roman scheme upon great age did not enable him effec- which it was founded, and now in tually to struggle. His surviving fa- the main preserved. The whole town mily will long deplore the loss of a takes in three squares, at full three most affectionate and indulgent pa- hundred feet each ; two of which are rent, who was the pattern of a humble allotted to the castle, the third in an and sincere Christian.

area lying to the east before it, between

it and the hills, which is still the Mr. URBAN,

Aug. 2. market place. The streets are all set SINCE the insertion of my former upon these squares and at right anarticle on the town of Castor in your gles : at each end are two outlets goMiscellany for September, 1829, I ing obliquely at the corners to the have collected a few further parti. country round about ; two above, culars relative to the same place, two descending the hill, thus distriwhich you may perhaps consider of buted; the north-east to the Humber sufficient interest to merit preserva- mouth, south-east to Louth, northtion.

west to Winteringham, south-west to There are strong reasons for believ. Lincoln.” * ing that Castor was a British town. The streets have been paved, and At the bottom of a new road, called many houses were built with the maNavigation-lane, were several small terials taken from the ruins of the fortumuli, which bore the name of Bean tress; and it is said that the nave and Hills, an evident corruption of Beals aisles of the Church were also contine, or hills of the sacred fire. They structed from the same abundant were undoubtedly of British construc- source. tion, and were in existence five and It is confidently believed by many twenty years ago, when I resided at of the inhabitants of Castor, that Castor ; but the subsequent inclosure Hengist having obtained of Vortigern, of the moors may have subjected them as a reward for his successes against to the operation of the plough, and the Picts and Scots, permission to intheir contents may have escaped in- close as much land as he could envestigation.

compass with a bull's hide, he selectThe town was laid out in its pre- ed this place for the experiment, and sent regularity of form by the Ro- having cut his hide into small thongs, mans, and was a post of some im- he acquired the town and lordship of portance with that military people. Castor, and hence, they say, was de It had a fortified castle of prodigious rived the name of Thongcaster, which strength and extent; and a hollow the town bears in old charters and way which still exists, went under the fortifications, affording a subterra- * Stukeley, Itin. Cur. p. 101.

204

Some Account of Castor, co. Lincoln. (Sept. testamentary writings. I have little Thomas Hewson, esq. of Croydon in faith in this tale of the bull's hide, Surrey, who is now 78 years of age, for the town is not called by the name that he recollects being told, when he of Thongcaster in Domesday, nor in was a boy at Castor School, that vesany of the early State records; and tiges sufficient remained to indicate it appears to rest solely on the ipse the situation of Egbert's camp, and dirit of Geoffrey of Monmouth, whose explain the plan of the fight, which authority on many subjects is objec- he took the trouble to investigate mitionable and unworthy of credit. His nutely in 1777. He says that the work may be a very pretty romance, trenches might be traced amongst the but it must not be implicitly adopted furze and thorns with which this part as genuine history. At all events, of the moor had been covered from the which is more to our purpose, no Roman period till about twenty years such transaction between these two ago, when it was inclosed and for the worthies ever took place at Castor in first time had a plough inserted in its Lincolnshire. The situation was ut- bosom. There were also two large terly unfavourable for Hengist's scheme barrows, which had been raised over of dominion; and the legend adds, the bodies of the slain; and a third that he and his Saxons took up their nearer to the town, which was called residence within the lands thus in- Sturting hill

, (Sax. Stightan, to set closed. At that period of his career, up,) and supposed to be haunted. the ambitious Saxon was not nume- These vestiges of antiquity have given rously attended ; and he anxiously way before the progress of agricultuwaited for reinforcements from his ral' improvement. But a most uneGerman confederates; but Castor quivocal token of this victory remains would not only be too far north, but in an inscribed stone which was dug too much inland for the purposes of out of the Castle hill by some laboursecret communication with his friends

ers in the year 1770 ; from which we at home. He therefore, with the learn that Egbert piously dedicated wisest and most consummate policy, his spoils to God at the foot of the placed himself in the small island of

cross; and it is probable that from Thanet on the coast of Kent, from

him might proceed the first regular which he jealously excluded the Bri- endowment of the Church. This metons, that his proceedings and designs morial is now in the Museum at Linmight remain an impenetrable mys- coln. It is a flat grey stone about a tery. Stow informs us, with much

foot broad by two feet and a half long, greater probability, that the above

and appears to have been intended to transaction between Hengist and Vor- fix in a wall. The letters are uncouth, tigern took place at Thong Castle in

and the inscription considerably deKent; and I should rather be of opi- faced. nion, that the town under our consi

The principal family in Castor, for deration acquired the name of Thong- many centuries after the settlement of caster from the tenure of the whip- property, was that of Hundon or thong described in my former letter. Houndon, some of whose monuments

We have better authority for the are still in the church, though in a decisive battle which was fought at state of degradation. One, under an Castor between Egbert and Wyclaff arch in the north wall is boarded up; King of Mercia, when the latter was another is partly hid under the floor defeated with considerable loss. The

of a pew; but the following descripengagement commenced in the moor,

tion will be correct, as it was taken at the north end of the village of Net- by the celebrated antiquary Gervase tleton, scarcely a mile from Castor. Hollès of Grimsby in 1629 : Egbert's army was encamped at a short distance from the spot which he

“ The north isle hath a quire built by the had selected to give his adversary the family of Houndvn, as a bounde on the top, meeting, and Wyclaff was in the for

set as a finall, doeth shew, within it lyeth

Sir John of Houndon. His effigies of stone tress at Castor. The battle was se

in full proportion, and compleat armour ; vere, and Egbert pressed so closely on

his handes closed and erected; at his head the flying enemy, that he succeeded in

two angells supporting his pillow at either gaining possession of the town. The dead were buried on the field of bat- “ Almost over agaiust this on a high tle; and I am informed by my friend built monument of stone, in full proporcion,

ende.

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