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LIST OF EMBELLISHMENTS.

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PREFACE.

A Preface is to a book what the gateway is to an inn; either it invites the traveller by its appearance to turn in and recreate himself, or else it causes him to pass on with disgust. But, in the present instance, long-established reputation sets us free from any painful anxiety on this point.

We cannot better commence our Address, than by thanking our Correspondents for their interesting communications, which we sincerely do, trusting that we shall never fail to deserve their valuable attentions. We have no fear of being prosecuted for bribery before a Parnassian committee, when we tell them that it is our honourable distinction, to have concentrated information from such various quarters. The plan of our Miscellany enables every inquirer to communicate his researches to the world; and thus the earliest intelligence is conveyed, queries are answered, truth is elicited, and each Number becomes a circulating medium of historical, archæological, and literary information. We own, however, that we gladly look forward to the close of a Volume, when we can meet our Readers on new ground. In a Preface we can express our opinions freely, without being called upon to decide between controversialists, or to pronounce on the admission or painful rejection of kind communications.

So much of our Magazine is devoted to the past, that it is only on this occasion we can turn our faces round, and survey what is actually present before us. Yet on the whole, we feel how happy an exemption this retrospective character gives us from the bustle of the day. The sanguine anticipations of the advocates of the Reform Bill can find no echo in our voice; neither, on the other hand, are we concerned to show that, in Politics, “whatever is, is right.' Our task is to retrieve the perishing, to decypher the fading, to discover the hidden, and to cast the light of our torch over those ages and scenes which would else be covered with darkness. In one respect, we ought to greet the Reform Bill; for by extinguishing rotten boroughs, annihilating charters, and changing the nature of tenures, it will render all these things matter for archæology, convert the present into the past, and furnish us with additional topics. In our volume for Nineteen Hundred and Thirty-one, we may probably give a list of disfranchised places, which have not returned Members to Parliament within the memory of man. The subject of antiquities naturally tends to

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exhaust itself ; how grateful then ought we to be to those considerate Ipersons, who are so kindly doing their best to ensure us an additional supply.

But we must now turn “ from lively to severe.” How affecting it is, at a time when a mortal disease is advancing towards us, nay has already entered our land, to see multitudes engrossed with the single idea of a political experiment, which after all will disappoint them as sadly as the Emancipation bill has done. While death is creeping nearer and nearer, it is nothing less than madness to waste our anxieties on elections, when we may not even live to give a vote. Franklin told a lady, who wished to enjoy pleasant dreams, that nothing would so much tend to procure them, as a good conscience: we believe that there is no such antidote for the cholera, as the tranquillity which a good conscience gives, nor, in fatal cases, any such alleviator of its violence. And the best new year's gift we can make to our readers, is the sincere wish that they may secure this most effectual of preservatives.' He who possesses it, will experience the full value of Horace's lines,

Si fractus illabatur orbis,

Impavidum ferient ruinæ.

Six months will elapse before we draw up another address to our readers. May they understand and appreciate our meaning; and we trust that, notwithstanding all gloomy prospects, we shall then meet them again.

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THE

GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE.

[PUBLISHED AUGUST 1, 1831.]
London Gaz. - Times- Leilger
Moro. Chron.---Post -Ilerald
Morn. Advertises---Courier
Globe Standard -- Sun.Star
Brit Trav.. Record- Lit Gaz
St. James's Chron. Packet..
Evea. Mail.-English Chron.
8 Weekly Pa... Sal. & Sun,
Dublin it Etoburgh 12
Liverpool 9-Manchester 7
Eseter 6 - Bath Bristol. Si ef-
field, York, 4 --- Erightou,

0
Centesbury, Leeds, Hull,
Leicester, Nott'ogh. Plym.
Stari, 3... Birming. Bolton,
Bury, Cambridge, Carlisle,
Chelmsf.Cheltenh ,Chester,
Coveo., Desloy, Durn., Ipsw..
Keodz, b1 aidst., Newcastle,

Norwich,Oxf.,Portsm..Pres. ton, Sherb., Shrewsb , Southainpton, l'ruro, Worcester .... Aylesbury. Bangor, Barnst., Berwick, Blackb., Bridgew.. Carmar., Colch., Chesterf, Devizes, Dorch., Doncaster, Falmouth. Glouc., Halifax. Henley, Ilereford, Lancaster, Leaming Lewes, Linc. Liclif. Macclesf. Newark, Newc. on-Tyne, Northamp.. Reading, Rochest.. Salish., Staff., Stockport, Taunton, Swansea, Wakef.. Warwick, Whiteh., Winches. Windsor, Wolverhampton, 1 each. Ireland 1.Scoliand 37 Jersey 4- Gueruscy 3

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JULY, 1831.

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43

2

.....47

6

...48

.49

.......... 9

...51

11

..53

13

55

57-61

......61

Original Communications. Correspondence of Dr. Basire.. Misor CORRESPONDENCE.....

Russel's View of Egypt

..44 Maguscripts in the Library of the Marquis

Hinton's History of North America.... .....46 of Salisbury at Hatfield House..............

Devoushire and Cornwall Illustrate... Original Account of the Fire of London.. Jerdan's National Portrait Gallery.. New CHURCHES, No. XXXII.

Gallery of Greenwich Hospital...... St. Barnabas Chapel, Kensington

Beattie's Residence in Germany... Trinity Chapel, Tottenham..........

Murray's Memoir on the Diamond........ Oo Local Antiquities ........

Druminond's Letters to a Young Naturalist 54 Topography of Kellington, Yorkshire....... 14

Cotton's Sketch of Bodyam Castle.
Dr. Johnson's Scotch Pudding..........

16
Works of Lord Byron........

..ib. Benedictine Priory of Ewenny, co. Glamorg. 17

Miscellaneous Reviews........
Royal Processions through the City of London 18 FINE ARTS.........
Classical Literature.

LITERARY INTELLIGENCE.--New Books....... 62 Cambridge Prize Compositions.....

.............22-32

King's College, London University, &c...63-65 Oxford Prize Composition - The Suttees......82

SELECT POETRY........

...................................66 Sotheby's Homer.....

Historical Chronicle. On the Greek Tenses......

Proceedings in Parliament....... ........67 Dr. Maltby's Greek Gradus....

Foreigo News, 72.–Domestic Occurrences. 74 Bushmen of South Africa....

Promotions, 75.–Marriages...... Keview of New Publications. OBITUARY; with Memoirs of the Archduke Lipscomb's History of Buckinghamshire.....33

Constantine, Field-Marshal Diebitsch, Ad

miral the Earl of Northesk, Adm. Sir J. Tytler's Lives of Scottish Worthies...........35

Knight, Col. Jas. M'Dermott, Mrs. SidVaughan's Memorials of the Stuart Dynasty 37 dons, Rev. John Clowes, M.A. Rev. H. F. Brooke's Sketches in Spain and Morocco....38 A. Delafite, &c.

........77 Montagu's Ornithological Dictionary.........40 Bill of Mortality.—Markets, 94.-Shares....95 Dr. Jeremy Taylor's Works ........

42 Meteorological Diary.--Prices of Stocks ...96 Embellished with Views of the Chapels of Sr. Barnabas, KENSINGTON, and the Holy

Trinity, TOTTENHAM ; and the Gravestone of the founder of EwENNY Abbey,

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Printed by J. B. Nichols and Son, Cicero's HEAD, 25, Parliament Street, Westminster ;

where all Letters to the Editor are requested to be sent, Post-PAID.

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MINOR CORRESPONDENCE. A CORRESPONDENT says: “ The outcry of editing Mason's works :- " that the said the moment in the several papers against William Burgh, esq. shall attend to the corCapital Convictions for Thefts to a small rect printing of the same, for which friendly amount, without cruelty in aggravation, is trouble I desire him to accept the fine minibased upon an error, to which Mr. Peel's ature picture of Milton, painted by Cooper, well meant alteration of value from 40s. to which was bequeathed to me by Sir Joshua 51. gave occasion. That great statesman Reynolds." Memoir of Mason, in Hunter's forgot for an instant the very principle of South Yorkshire, vol. ii. p. 169. British Jurisprudence, to protect by law An OCCASIONAL READER observes : « hay. what cannot otherwise be secured, the Poor ing seen a statement in the newspapers resMan's all, however little; and robberies, with pecting a large quantity of silver coin that burglary in the dwellings of small tenants, was found about five weeks ago in the bed have been multiplied in consequence. No- of the river at Tutbury, (see Part 1. p. 546) thing can be more fallacious than the argu- and an entire ignorance expressed of any ment drawn from the low rate at which it historical event at that place, to which the is preteoded the law estimates human life. concealment of such a treasure could be reThe truth is, the law estimates the value of ferred, allow me to turn your attention to a subject's property, “according to that he Walsingham and Holioshed for a satisfachath, not according to that he hath not.” tory solution of the question. In the year

Hans HIJORNOR observes that “in Don 1322, 14th of Edw. II. you will find that Quixote, Part the Second, book 2, chap. I. the whole of the ground between Burton(Smollett's translation) a young gentleman is upon-Trent and Turbury was occupied for introduced preparing to contend for a prize at three successive days by the force of the the University, where he was completing bis Duke of Lancaster and several Barons, in education, by composing a glossary, or pa- arms against the King and the Royal army, raphrase, on a text either prescribed to or that several actions were fought in disputing adopted by the candidate (the point being and forcing passages of the river, and that left uncertain). Considering the celebrity Tutbury itself was a distinct point of conof Cervantes, it is surprising that exercises test, alternately occupied by the hostile arin this form, which seem to bave been ex- mies. Can we for a moment doubt that the tremely common amongst the Spanish lite- silver coins which have been recently taken rati of that æra, do not appear to have at- out of the Trent at that place, were thrown tracted the attention of any of our poets ; into the stream on the abandonment of the not at least in your correspondent's recollec- town by one of the opposing parties ? tion. And yet a glance at a task of this The four coins, found some time since in kind may suffice to show it, beyoud compa- excavating for the Saint Katherine's Dock, rison, a more rational appropriation of time of wbich one has been sent us by ALEPH, is than that consumed in charades, conundrunis, of billon, coined by one of the James's of and riddles ; which last Swift descended to Scotland, by which is uncertain. It is enwrite ; and it was likened to Titian painting graved both in Spelling and Cardonnell. draught boards, which would have been in. Any account of the life and of the family excusable as long as a sign painter could be of Sir William Clerk, Kot, killed at Cropfound.' This mode of composition, which redy Bridge, fighting for King Charles I. approaches, in verse, to the geueral method against the force of Sir William Waller, will of discourses from the pulpit, gives occa- much oblige F. sion for some sage remarks from the Knight, Information is requested respecting the who is always a highly accomplished gentle- parentage and family of Benjamin Lovell, man, apart from his infirmity, and may be

Rector of Preston Bagot, co. Warwick, circ. regarded as the vehicle of those sentiments 1539. we might look for from his chronicler. From Leonard Hotchkis, A. M. Master of one passage, which shows that suppressing Shrewsbury School, died in 1754, [Literary the names of the candidates in such exhibi- Anecdotes, vol. vid. p. 422,] mentioned tions is a modern expedient, it seems the in History of Shrewsbury, p. 357. Was he young nobility were often competitors for not the son or brother of Mr. Hotchkis, the palm of merit in scholarship, &c. I Master of the Charter House? What was should wish to recommend this practice in the age of the former, and qu. if not a native our scholastic discipline."

of Bucks? where his father (if the Charter The miniature possessed by sir Joshua House Hotchkis, which from the singularity Reynolds, which was supposed to represent of the name is probable,) was vicar of KingMilton, and proved by Lord Kaimes to re- sey, during several years. present Selden (as stated by B. in June, An OLD SUBSCRIBER wishes to be inp. 502), was bequeathed by Sir Joshua to

formed as to a family of Pomeroy, said to the Rev. William Mason the poet, and by be of Engesdon in Devonshire ? the latter in 1797 to William Burgh, esq. James W. is requested to favour us with a LL.D. of York, as an acknowledgment for sight of the article he alludes to.

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