Imatges de pÓgina

i Haq huly 31 PLII 217

[graphic][subsumed][ocr errors][merged small]


Priory of Ewenny, co. Glamorgan.

17 But when the pudding came, good Lord ! in the nave are round and heavy ; the How soon did Johnson clear the board!

windows long, narrow, and round at Ere Boz. had half his dioner done,

top; the tower is supported by four The Doctor's pudding was all gone! wide circular arches, springing from

The cloth was drawn--the wine was quaffed-- short Norman pillars, which rest on The converse flowed-and Johnson laughed; pilaster ornaments, with the zigzag When Bozzy of the mutton spoke, He told him of the kitchen joke!

moulding. The simple groined roof Boswell turned pale—his bosom heaved

of the choir, and the neglected tombInstant his stomach was relieved.

stone of its founder, bearing this inQuick for the boy he loudly called

scription in old English characters, As Johnson tittered, Boswell bawled

claim particular attention : “Where is the cap? this instant tell, ICI GIST MORICE DELVNDRES LE FVNDUR You tilthy lout! you spawn of h-!” The affrighted loop then blubbering said,

In the southern transcript is an an(Aod all the while he scratched his head,)

cient altar-tomb, supporting a knight “I dinna ken,-I ha' na sin it Since mammy luild the Pudding in it!"

in armour, a shield on his left arm.

This Sir Richard Hoare ascertained to Mr. URBAN,

be intended to commemorate a friend

or follower of Moris de Londres. THE little Benedictine priory of

SIRE ROGER DE REMI. GIST ISCI. Eweneth, Ewenny, or Wenny, in Gla

DEU DE SON ALME EIT MERCI. AM. morganshire, took its name from the river Wenny, near which it is situate. There are many monuments of the It lies about half a mile from the turn- Carne family, who were possessors of pike road from Cowbridge to Pyle, this estate ; one of which, more stately and from the curiosity of the church

than the rest, bears a long inscription will well reward the visit of the anti

in verse. quary who travels through Wales, with “ Here lys Ewenny's hope, Ewendy's pride, a view to observe the remains of an- In him both flourish'd, and in him both dy'd. cient architecture.

Death having seiz'd him, lioger'd, loath to be Leland ascribes its foundation to Sir

The ruine of this worthy family." John de Londres, and his authority is The church was in 1806 “in a diquoted by Tanner; and also by the lapidated condition ; in many places editors of the new edition of Dugdale's uncovered and exposed to the rude eleMonasticon; who, unfortunately, seem ments, its windows unglazed, the cunot to have consulted Sir R. C. Hoare's rious stone groined roof of the choir “Giraldus Cambrensis," as Sir Rich- cracked, its tomb-stones thrown about ard in that work, bas for a certainty in confusion." May we hope that a fixed the foundation of the church on pleasing change has since taken place? Morris de Londres, who was the fourth A great part of the elegant and cuin descent from William de Londres, rious pavement of this church still who received, in reward of service from remains. Robert Fitz-hamon, the castle and ma- The old mansion house adjoining nor of Ogmore.

the church has been repaired since Sir This point was ascertained by the R.C. Hoare published his work in 1806, discovery, by Sir R. C. Hoare, of an and is now the comfortable residence ancient tomb-stone, which lay neg- of the present proprietor, R. P. F. Turlected in the floor of the chancel. It berville, esq. was engraved in Sir R. C. Hoare's This estate, at the Dissolution, was work, and is copied in Pl. II.

granted as part of the possessions of This Maurice de Londres gave Gloucester Abbey to Edward Carn, in Ewenny in 1141, as a cell to Glouces- whose family it continued for many ter Abbey; and it was dedicated to years, and has since descended to the St. Michael.

family of Turberville. The following description of this Buck engraved a S.W. view of this church, as it was in 1806, is abridged Priory in 1741; Grose a N. view in from ir R. C. Hoare :

1775; Mooi published a view in his This Norman church is a cathedral Monastic Remains, taken in 1788 ; in miniature; consisting of a nave, and Sir R. Hoare has engraved an inone aile, two transepts, and a choir. ternal view of it in his “Giraldus The columns which support the arches Cambrensis." Gent. Mag. July, 1831.

Yours, &c.

N. R. S.

[ 18 ]



ON an occasion so interesting as (writes Stow) made great and solemn the King's visit to the city, which triumph in their city, every one accordtakes place on the opening of the new ing to his craft; especially the FishLondon Bridge, on Monday the 1st of mongers, who, with solemn procesAugust,* the following brief notices sion, paraded through the streets, of the most remarkable London Pa- having, among other pageants and geants, connected with royal visits and shows, four sturgeons gilt, carried on processions, may prove acceptable.+ four horses ; then four salmon of sil.

The custom of the King's dining ver carried on four horses; and after, with his citizens at Guildhall was not six and forty knights, armed, riding on commenced before the Restoration. horses made like “ luces of the sea:” The earlier processions and pageants and then St. Magnus, the patron saint ries took place on occasion of corona- of the day, with a thousand horsemen. tions, or in celebration of victories, The following notices are arranged &c. A procession from the Tower to

in chronological series :Westminster before a coronation seems

RICHARD II. 1392. to have originated in very early times. Thus we find when King Henry III. had In 1392, on the restoration of the solemnized his marriage with Eleanor City's privileges, which had been forof Provence, in the city of Canterbury, feited on account of riots, RICHARD they were, on their way to London, II. came to receive its homage in permet by the Mayor, Aldermen, and He pursued his journey from principal citizens, to the number of Richmond to Southwark, where, at ihree hundred and sixty, sumptuously St. George's church, he was met by a apparelled in silken robes, richly em- procession of the Bishop of London, broidered, riding upon stately horses, and all the religious of every degree and each man carrying a gold or silver and both sexes, and above five huncup in his hand, in token of the privi- dred boys in surplices. At London lege claimed by the city, of being the bridge a beautiful white steed, and a chief butler of the kingdom at the milk-white palfrey, both saddled, briking's coronation. At night the city dled, and caparisoned in cloth of gold, was beautifully illuminated with an in- were presented to the King and Queen. finite number of lamps, cressets, &c. The citizens received them, standing

Some of the earliest pageantries re- in their liveries on each side of the corded in the chronicles of London, street, crying, “King Richard, King are in 1304, on occasion of the great Richard !” În Cheap a conduit ran victory King EDWARD I. had obtained with wine, which was handed to the over the Scots. On St. Magnus' day, Royal visitants by a little boy apparelthe 6th of September, the citizens led in white like an angel. At the


The Committee appointed by the Corporation of London to make the necessary arrangements for the King's visit to the city, met on the 21st of July, and determined on the regulations to be adopted on the occasion of his Majesty opening the new London Bridge on the 1st of August. A royal tent is to be pitched on the site of Fishmongers'hall, commanding a view of the whole line of road. Three tables are to be laid for twenty, sixty-eight, and seventy persons respectively, for the royal party and their suites. Other tables will be laid for 1,560 persons. An awning over the long table will extend four hundred feet, and be weather-proof, and adorned with flags. The arrangements on the river are to be under the superiotendance of the surveyor to the navy, Adm. Sir Byam Martin : and by order of the Lord Mayor, all boats, and other craft, not connected with the procession, are prohibited appearing between London and Westminster bridges. The royal family will take water at Whitehall; the royal barge, the barges of the Trinity-house, the government boards, the commander-in-chief, the Treasury and the Admiralty, will attend. Seats are to be fixed for public accomomodation in barges and boats noored along the whole line of the procession.

+ Selected from an interesting pamphlet, just published, containing “Accounts of Fiftyfive Royal Processions and Entertainments in London; chiefly from contemporary authorities. Accompanied by a Bibliographical List of Lord Mayors' Pageants,” (corrected from that which appeared in this Miscellany, in vols. xciv. and xcv.] and embellished with a view of one of the Triumphal Arches erected in 1603-4.

1831.] Royal Processions through the City of London.

19 Standard a very sumptuous stage was At the drawbridge on each side was erected, on which were stationed va- erected a lofty column, like a little rious personages, and an angel that tower, built of wood, and covered put on the King's head as he passed a with linen; one painted like white rich crown of gold garnished with marble, and other like green jasper. stones and pearl, and another on the They were surmounted by figures of head of the Queen. The King then the King's beasts ; an antelope, having rode to St. Paul's, and made his offer. a shield of the royal arms suspended ing; after which the Mayor and his from his neck, and a sceptre in his company accompanied him to West. right foot ; and a lion, bearing in his minster.*

right claw the royal standard unfurled. HENRY IV. 1399.

At the foot of the Bridge next the city On the day of the Coronation of was raised a tower, formed and paintHeary IV. Oct. 13, 1399, the King ed like the columns before-mentioned; left the Tower after dinner, on his re

and, in the middle of whom, under a turn to Westminster. The Prince of splendid pavilion, stood a most beauWales, six Dukes, six Earls, and tiful image of St. George, armed, exeighteen Barons, accompanied him, cepting his head, which was adorned and there were, of Knights and other with a laurel crown, studded with nobility, from eight to nine hundred gems and precious stones. Behind horse. There were seven fountains in him was a crimson tapestry, with his Cheap, and other streets he passed arms (a red cross) glittering on a through, which perpetually ran with multitude of shields. On his right white and red wines. The different hung his triumphal helmet, and on Companies of London were led by his left a shield of his arms of suittheir Wardens, clothed in their pro

able size. In his right hand he held per livery, and with banners of their the hilt of the sword with which he trades. The whole cavalcade amount. was girt, and in his left a scroll, ed to six thousand horse. The King which, extending along the turret, was crowned the same day at West

contained these words, SOLI DEO HOminster.t

In a contiguous HENRY V. 1415.

house were innumerable boys repreOn Henry the Fifth's return to senting the angelic host, arrayed in England, after the glorious field of white, with glittering wings, and their Agincourt, in 1415, the Mayor of hair set with sprigs of laurel; who, on London and the Aldermen, apparelled the King's approach, sang, accomin orient grained scarlet, and four panied by organs, an anthem, suphundred commoners clad in beautiful posed to be that beginning murrey, well mounted and trimly King went forth to Normandy ;” and horsed, with rich collars and great

whose burthen is “Deo gratias, Anglia, chains, met the King at Blackheath ;


pro victoria,”-printed in Percy's and the clergy of London in solemn Reliques. The tower of the Conduit procession with rich crosses, sump

on Cornhill was decked with a tent of tuous copes, and massy censers, re

crimson cloth, and ornamented with ceived him at St. Thomas of Water

the King's arms, and those of Saints ings. At the entrance of London George, Edward, and Edmund. The Bridge, on the top of the tower, stood

tower of the Conduit at the west end a gigantic figure, bearing in his right lions, in each of which was a virgin,

of Cheap was surrounded with pavihand an axe, and in his left the keys of the city hanging to a staff, as if he who from cups in their hands blew had been the porter. By his side forth golden leaves on the King. The stood a female of scarcely less stature,

tower was covered with a canopy intended for his wife. Around them

made to resemble the sky and clouds, were a band of trumpets and other

the four posts of which were supwind instruments. The towers were

ported by angels, and the summit adorned with banners of the Royal liant gold. Beneath the canopy, on a

crowned with an archangel of brilarms, and in the front of them was inscribed civitas REGIS JUSTICIÆ (the throne, was a majestic image repre. City of the King of Righteousness). all things, and round it were angels

senting the sun, which glittered above * Knighton and Fabian.

singing, and playing all kinds of mu† Froissart.

sical instruments. After the King


[ocr errors]

year 142).*

20 Royal Processions through the City of London. (July, had paid his devotion at St. Paul's, Bachelors’ barge, was garnished and he departed to his palace at West apparelled beyond all others. In it was minster.

a dragon spouting flames of fire into The Conqueror of France made the Thames, and many other gentleanother triumphant entry, with his manly pageants, well and curiously fair trophy Queen Katherine, in the devised to give her Highness sport and

pleasure. And so, accompanied with Henry VI.

trumpets, clarions, and other minOn returning from his Coronation strels, she came and landed at the in France King Henry the Sixth was

Tower, and was there welcomed by met at Blackheath by the Mayor and the King. On the following day she citizens of London, on the 21st of went through London to Westminster, February 1431-2; the latter being apparelled in white cloth of gold of dressed in white, with the cognizances damask. The streets through which of their mysteries or crafts embroi- her Grace passed were cleansed, and dered on their sleeves ; and the Mayor dressed with cloths of tapestry and and his brethren in scarlet. When arras, and some streets, as Cheap, the King was come to London Bridge, hanged with rich cloth of gold, velvet, there was devised a mighty giant, and silk; and

along the streets, from standing with a sword drawn, and the Tower to St. Paul's, stood in order having a poetical speech inscribed by all the crafts of London in their lihis side. When the King had passed veries, and in various places were orthe first gate, and was arrived at the dained singing children, some arrayed drawbridge, he found a goodly tower,

like angels, and others like virgins, to hung with silk and cloth of arras, out sing as her Grace passed by. Next of which suddenly appeared three

before the litter rode the Duke of Bedladies, clad in gold and silk, with co

ford, the King's uncle, as High Stewronets upon their head ; of which the ard of England, and many other noblefirst was dame Nature, the second men, among whom went the Mayor dame Grace, and the third dame For

of London with Garter King of Arms. tune. They each addressed the King

HENRY VIII. in verse.

On each side of them were AND QUEEN KATHERINE, 1509. ranged seven virgins; the first seven On the 24th of June, the day before presented the King with the seven gifts his Coronation, King Henry VIII. of the Holy Ghost; the others, with the with his newly married bride, Queen seven gifts of Grace. At the conduit Katherine, passed in triumph from the near the gate of St. Paul's, was a ce- Tower to Westminster. The streets lestial throne, wherein was placed a were very richly hung with tapestry personification of the Trinity, with a and cloth of arras, and a great part of multitude of angels playing and sing the south of Cheap, as well as some ing upon all instruments of music, part of Cornhill, with cloth of gold. and upon the throne were set some Before the King, rode two gentlemen verses presumed to be addressed to the richly apparelled, and having hats King by God the Father.f

powdered with ermine, who, about QUEEN ELIZABETH OF YORK,

their bodies over-thwart, bare two 1487.

robes, the one for the Duchy of Gui. On the Friday before St. Katherine's enne, and the other for that of Norday, Elizabeth, accompanied by the mandy. The Queen sat in a litter Countess of Richmond and many lords

borne by two white palfreys, trapped and ladies, came from Greenwich by in white cloth of gold. water. The Mayor, Sheriffs, and Al- Queen Anne Boleyn, 1533. dermen, with several worshipful com- In preparation for the Coronation moners, chosen out of every craft, of Queen Anne Boleyn, on Whitsunin their liveries, were waiting on the day 1533, the King sent letters to the river to receive her. Their barges Mayor and Commonalty, signifying were freshly furnished with banners his wishes that they should fetch her and streamers of silk, richly beaten from Greenwich to the Tower, and see with the arms and badges of their the City ordered and garnished with crafts : and especially one, called the pageants in the accustomed places, to • Walsingham.

* Ives's Select Papers, 1773, 4to. + Fabian's Chronicle.

t Hall's Chronicle.

« AnteriorContinua »