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1 32 Laws of Oleron --On the

foundation of Sunday Schools. [Aug. high authority. This body of laws difference with which the subject has was designed for the preservation of been treated in your pages. My deorder, and the determination of dis- sign is, to furnish you with some acputes in foreign countries."

curate information concerning these In speaking of these ordinances, Dr. disinterested establishments; which, Sullivan observes, “I think to this should you approve, will inform the time we may, with probability enough, minds of your numerous readers upon refer the origin of the Admiralty juris- a somewhat latent topic of great condiction." An account is given of sequence to the community. them by Selden, Matthew Par and It is now exactly fifty years (just Lord Coke."

the half of your age, Mr. Urban) since Leges et Statuta per ejus Antecessores

the Sunday-schools were first insti. Anglize reges dudum ordinata, al conser

tuted by Robert Raikes, a printer and vandam pacem et justitiam inter omnes

philanthropist of Gloucester. Since gentes, nationis cujuscumque per mare trans

his day, these schools have been Quæ quidem Leges et Statuta, amazingly prolific, amounting at the per dominum Richardum quondam regem present moment to upwards of ten Angliæ in redditu suo a Terra Sancta correcte thousand ; in which a million and a fuerunt interpreta, et in Insula Oleron pub- quarter of the children of the poor are licata, et nominata in Gallica lingua La Ley educated in the fundamental points of Oleron.

the Christian faith, by one hundred The Code of Oleron was the govern- thousand gratuitous teachers. These ing custom of the different nations statistics may probably stagger the who navigated the British seas, until credulity of your readers; but they the formation of the institutions of are deduced from the last annual reWisbuy.

turns made, from every district in the Ab hac Lusula (Gotlandia) in omni navi

three kingdoms, to a respectable sogantiu.n controversia, praesertim a Consu- ciety in London, called the “ SUNDAY latu Visbycensi patitur et datur jus, et sen

School Union." tentia diffinitiva, quod unicuique permitten

The schools are, as their name imdum vel auferendum erit. Certe Jus hoc ports, open exclusively on the SabMercatorum ac valde prudenter digestum,

bath. The average expense of concitius lites adimit in fluidis aquis, quam alio ducting one for 200 pupils, is about rum decisio in terra firma.x

51. per annum for lessons and books The history of Richard presents a purchased of the Society above alluded most impressive moral to all men, and to, and 15l. per annum for rent and in all ages. It shows that, if man other exigences. Thus a child can be could be rendered more pure and good instructed in a Sunday-school for 28. in his actions and character, the war

per annum. The chief part of these rior would not exist. The philosopher costs are contributed by the teachmay well exclaim,

ers themselves, in addition to their “O War, thou art the father of degrada- gratuitous labours. One child out of tion and misery to a nation ! O Learning, every seventeen persons of the poputhou art the mother of its grandeur and

lation of Great Britain is in a Sundayhappiness!"

school. GAUBERT AMIELS. With such astonishing and indu

bitable facts, you must readily concede

that this institution is one of moment, Mr. URBAN,

July 27. and should not be slighted by men of SOME years ago, you were occa- understanding. The immense insionally wont to notice the character fluence which it certainly has upon and progress of an interesting institu- society, should command the attention of Christian benevolence existing tion of every philosophical enquirer. in our land—I allude to the institution These schools initiate the mind just at of Sunday-schools. Latterly, I have that critical period of life when imwith regret observed the apparent in- pressions are most durable; and innu

s Sull. Lect. 331.

* Reeves's Hist. Eng. Law, vol. i. p. 212.
· Mare Clausum, lib. ii. c. 24.
u Record “ On the Dominion of the Sea," quoted.
* Olaus Mag. L. 2. c. 24. 4 Iust. 142.

1831.)
Memoirs of Mrs. Siddons.

133 merable are the instances I could quote whom her novice-like timidity would of their beneficial tendency. They offend. That she tottered rather exist chiefly among the Dissenters'; than walked;" was uncertain wherealthough a large number are connected abouts to fix either her eyes or her feet;" with our Established Church ; and, and, above all, “wore a faded salmonindeed, their founder (Raikes) was a coloured sack and coat,” might alarm Churchman.

persons of weak nerves, or such as I observed that these seminaries for had summed up the perfections of an religious knowledge had been insti- actress in the majestic dignity of Mrs. tuted just fifty years. The present is Yates, or the enthusiastic loftiness of therefore their Jubilee year. I under- Miss Younge : but to prove to you stand that it is intended to comme- that even then there were critics of morate the joyous event on the 14th quite another caste, I have only to of September next (Raikes's birthday); trouble you with an extract from a when the patrons, teachers, and scho- communication with which I was falars will meet in the different towns, voured by the Rev. T. Rackett of Spetto hold a sort of Christian festival; tisbury (an old Correspondent of yours, and to bring pecuniary offerings to Mr. Urban), a very particular 'friend assist in extending and perpetuating of Garrick's, and Mrs. Garrick’s exethis system of benevolence.

cutor. I need hardly offer any formal apo- “ At the request of Garrick, who was logy for drawing your attention and confined by illness, I went to the Theatre regard to this subject, more especially on the first night of Mrs. Siddons's appearwhen I acquaint you that so accom- ance in Portia, and I have often reflected plished, beneficent, and worthy an

with satisfaction on the report I made to English gentleman as the late Jonas him next morning. Not having seen Clive, Hanway, did not disdain to become

I did not look for a cast of Comedy in the the active guardian and literary cham

character, and I was charmed with her feeling

and just declamation.pion of this institution, during its infantine years. A name like the en

The often refuted lie,

" that she relightened Hanway's, is itself a host, fused to play for poor Digges,” might calculated to attract the eager curio- have been silenced, I should have sity and notice of every British pa- thought, by what I formerly stated on triot, to succour and uphold so liberal the subject-but writers of anecdote and honourable a plan of religious are not obliged to read, I grant, and education as thatofthe Sunday-schools. therefore I merely repeat what his son Yours, &c. CORNELIUS.

wrote by order of his father from the

bed of sickness. Mr. URBAN,

“ That he had paid to Mrs. Siddons (for

Aug. 5.
I CANNOT leave your article re-

acting, observe, for him) NO MONEY what

ever, and had written a letter expressing his garding Mrs. Siddons (p. 85) without

obligation to her ; that, as he understood it a few indispensable corrections. As

had been mislaid, he with great pleasure reyou do me the favour to refer to the peated his acknowledgments." is Memoirs" of that great woman, The three children, so pathetically which I have written,* I shall abstain brought in by the great actress as her from any observations either as to the apologies for not playing for Digges, spirit or accuracy of other writers,

were so presented to the Bath audience and shall merely render your article

as her three reasons for quitting them less deticient in essential facts. Upon the subject of her first ap

for the metropolis. So the children,

we see, were actually presented somepearance at Garrick's Theatre, on the

where, -a reasonable ground of anec29th Dec. 1775, I confess the report dote. to be something below my notions ;

As to the “ treatment of an unyet it seems a sketch from nature, and

happy sister,” alluded to, it should much depends upon the eye with which

be remembered that Mr. and Mrs. an invader of established dominion is

Kemble, their common parents, were surveyed. There are few sound judges here the tribunal of appeal

, and the We observe that since Mrs. Siddons's best judges how far the injury done to death, a Supplement to the Second Volume the family admitted of reparation. The has been published by our much respected person alluded to is still living, and Correspondent.--Edit.

enjoys an annuity left by my dear

134

The House and Will of Mrs. Siddons. [Aug. friend Kemble, and another to nearly to purchase, was bought by Mr. Gowan the same amount by the sister whose from India, for 21501. It was fitted up behaviour is complained of. More with a plainness that has seldom atwould be cruel, and is besides uncalled tended rooms of equal grandeur—the for.

tone of the whole house was that of In p. 85 it is stated that her sister wainscot, and the Muse of Trajedy inMiss F. Kemble, on her retirement stead of “sweeping by in her sceptred from the stage, married Mr. Twiss, pall,” amused her retirement with the a literary gentleman, and a well-known simplex munditiis of quaker affluence. traveller." I knew Mr. Twiss per- In her dining-room hung the portrait fectly well, and that he was a man of of her brother John, as Hotspur, on letters. His Index to the language of horseback, which the late Sir Francis Shakspeare, is a work of great labour Bourgeois painted, when M. Desenfans and accuracy. But the well-known became possessed of the wonderful traveller was his brother Richard, who sketch by Vandyke, now at Dulwich. wrote upon Chess, upon Spain and I was at the house more than once, and Portugal, and exposed himself, like saw some of the loveliest countenances Dr. Caius in the Merry Wives, to of my countrywomen all interested, and some indelicate pleasantries, too well some deeply affected; for alas, in the bound by rhyme to his name, in Ire- second story, were the dressing-room land.

of the unrivalled Actress, and close at I see you have forgotten the second hand, the bed on which she expired, son of Mrs. Siddons, at present in when about to join that great Com Calcutta, George John Siddons—and PANY of the departed, in which she her third daughter Cecilia, who was will, I fervently trust, be summoned with her mother to the last.

to act a superior part, on a stage Mrs. Siddons was born on the 5th where there shall be no illusion. of July, 1755, at Brecon, and died on Yours, &c.

J. BOADEN. the 8th of June, 1831, having nearly completed her 76th year. These par- Mrs. Siddons's Will has been proved at ticulars are inserted on a marble slab Doctors' Commons, and her personal probefore her monument, with a text par- perty sworn inder 35,0001. She leaves ticularly enjoined by herself,

55001. five per cent. Bank Annuities, to her “ Blessed are the dead which die in the Lord.” beloved and truly affectionate friend, Miss

Martlia Wilkinson, a daughter of the late Nearly the same inscription is di- Tate Wilkinson, Esq.; likewise some articles rected on the mural tablet to her me- of domestic furniture. The ink-stand made mory, which will be placed to the left froin a portion of the niulberry-tree planted of the altar in the Church of Pad. by the immortal Shakspeare which she had dington, except that the sacred text bequeathed to her late brother John Philip chosen for the sarcophagus is that of Kenble', and a pair of gloves worn by the

bard himseif (which were given to her by I know that my Redeemer liveth.”

the late Mrs. Garrick) she leaves to her The sale of the property, and residence of Mrs. Siddons in Upper Ba

daughter Cecilia and her son George. She

leaves to Cecilia all her furniture, portraits, ker-street, afforded an opportunity

trinkets, drawings, books, place, china, carwhich was not neglected by the culti

riages, and other moveables, and all the vated part of the community. One of

money in the house and at the banker's. the Fathers of your Miscellany, Mr. To Theresa, the wife of her dear brother Urban, has alluded to visits of such a Charles Kemble, the portrait of her husband, nature, in language as immortal as painted by Clark. To her beloved sister, the sentiment it expresses. “ To ab

Mrs. Frances Twiss, 201. for a mourning stract the mind from all local emo- ring. To her poor sister, Mrs. Ano Hatton tion, would be impossible if it were

(this lady, it is believed, is Ann of Suansea, endeavoured, and would be foolish if the author of a variety of novels), 201. per

anuum for life, “which io consideration of it were possible. Far from me and

her ill health and forlorn situation, she from my friends be such frigid philo

bas many years received" from the testatrix. sophy, as may conduct us indifferent

To her inestimable and beloved friend Mrs. and unmoved over any ground which Charlotte Fitzhugh, a handsome mourning has been dignified by wisdom, bravery, ring. She leaves small legacies to her seror virtue."

vants. The rest of her property she divides, The house, which the genius and in three equal shares, between her daughter industry of Mrs. Siddons enabled her Cecilia ; lit son George Juliw; and Har

1831.]
Poverty of the inferior Clergy.

135 riet the widow of her late son Henry Sid- ficiently tinctured with romance to do dons, for the benefit of their children, but

many odd things. the children are barred all benefis from the From more congenial pursuits, I will of their grandmother if they dispute,

was taken, on the failure of my father to the aonoyance of their mother, the will made by their father a short time before his putable mechanic of the lower order ;

in business, and apprenticed to a redecease. Mrs. Siddons's will was made in 1815,

but, alas ! it soon appeared that, for when her brother, Mr.J.P. Kemble, and her

any thing in the shape of wheels and nephew Mt. Horace Twiss, were appointed pulleys, I had neither hand, heart, nor executors; but recently a codicil has been

head. My bias was decidedly literary, ailded, substituting the name of William and, for any thing like books, my masMeyrick, Esq. of Red Lion-square, for that ter had a most insuperable aversion, of Mr. Kemble. The will was proved by except, perhaps, the Bible and the Mr. Meyrick unly.

Whole Duty of Man, which, for form's

sake, lay covered with dust, from week's Mr. URBAN,

Aug. 16. end to week's end, on the window seat. THE poverty of the inferior clergy After two or three good drill-bowings, has always afforded matter of regret therefore, for scrawling sonnets when to the true friends of the Establish- 1 ought to have been making clockment, of cavil to the Dissenter, and of pins, I eloped. ridicule to the profane infidel. In Returning home, my parents very many instances, howe it is in a judiciously placed me with a respectgreat measure chargeable upon them- able schoolmaster, as more suitable to selves, and there is one cause in par- my inclinations. This was well ; and, ticular, to which I would call the at- had I been content with the profession tention of your readers. I mean the of a good English pedagogue, I might folly of young men who, stimulated at this moment have been a healthy, by vanity and the injudicious advice happy man, and in competent circumof friends, force themselves, often hy stances. Unfortunately, some of my the sacrifice of those means which friends about this period suggested the would have established them respect- Church as an object not unattainable. ably and comfortably in a more hum- I caught at the idea, and soon sighed ble situation of life, into a profession for the time when laying aside the in which success depends so much on ruler and penknife, I should be ininterest, and so little on merit. Ex- vested with clerical honours, and fiample, however, is better than pre- gure in the pulpit, nothing doubting cept, and I am willing to be gibbetted of both fame and preferment. Much, incoy. for the benefit of others.

nevertheless, was to be done before the Passing over my birth and parentage, object of my desires could be attained. suffice it to say I was the pet of a Of classical literature I was almost worthy couple in an inferior condi- entirely ignorant, and probably, had I tion of life, who verified all the good known all the obstacles my future old proverbs on parental partiality progress discovered,—the ardent and that have been written since the days debilitating studies necessary,—the of Solomon. My father fancied I had discouraging disappointments consea genius, and in this all the neigh- quent on the pursuit, and the great bours fully concurred; but with this expenses attendant on success, -1 difference, that whereas he anticipated might have shrunk from the attempt. my brilliant parts might elevate me to At this time of day, Hope and I are the bench or the wool-sack, they pro- not on such good terms as we then nounced it to be a genius for mischief were ; but there is a difference in the only, and its probable issue an excur- views people take of things at sixteen sion to Botany Bay or Puddle-wharf.*

and forty. There might be some reason for both At length, after eight years' close these conclusions. Truth to tell, I study, and repeated disappointments was a singular boy. Had my native in my object of a servitorship at the scenery boa ed a more lofty bard-in- University, a legacy enable me to spiring character, I might have be- enter as a commoner. I was at that come a poet; as it was, I became suf- period master of most of the classical

authors used in schools and colleges, The place where inalefactors were then and of course had little to fear with executed from my native town.

regard to the common tests of scho.

a

136
Poverty of the inferior Clergy.

[Aug. larship for graduation, but this ho- ing my proposals neglected, which nour did not await me. My little feeling was not alleviated by hearing property, sufficient to have establish- the curate of the other church, young ed me in a good school, failed to carry man who had served several years as me through the University, and, after a dragoon officer in the East Indies, passing my responsions, I found it remark how much the ladies of the necessary to abandon my cap and town regretted that no qualified clergown. The good-natured' Bishop of gyman in the neighbourhood received

however, took pity on me, and pupils. kindly admitted me into holy orders. Thus I lived, or rather existed, for

There are few situations in life several years, unnoticed by the great, more enviable than that of a young and very little regarded by any. Most candidate for orders at the successful people admitted that I was a wellclose of his examination. So at least meaning little man, but none consi. I thought on receiving my testimonial dered me possessed of any talent. from his Lordship's chaplain. How Half my time I should have starved, light and airy were my steps as I re- but for the charity of an amiable young turned to my inn! The toils and woman, whose family was the only anxieties of years were forgotten, or one which seemed during the week to if remembered, remembered only with recognise my existence. I rewarded delight, because crowned with success. her by making her the sharer of my

Here my dream of hope closed, and misfortunes and my poverty, and then ere I had been long on my first cu- in disgust at the neglect I had met racy, I was fully awake to the reali- with, retired to the obscure village ties of my situation. To say that I where I write this, and where for had entered on the sacred office solely years I have supported her and four with worldly views, would be injus- children on the sum of 88l. a year, tice to myself ; but I freely confess my remuneration for serving this and they had a share in directing my two adjacent parishes. Poverty is choice. My desire had always been not the only thing I have to contend to be useful and respectable, eminent with. Worn out by years of anxious if possible. In all I was disappointed. toil, although yet not forty, my ori. Inferior in birth, the neighbouring ginally fine constitution has long given clergy shunned me,-the genteeler way, and I am, it is to be feared, an part of my parishioners slighted me, invalid for life. Dreadful have often --and the lower class treated me with been my sufferings when dragging my disrespect. My instructions from the enfeebled limbs, whilst my temples pulpit were heard with coldness, and throbbed with intense pain, through my parochial influence was neither drenching rains, drifted snows, felt nor acknowledged. In my younger scorching heats, from church to church days 1 had frequently noticed and al- on the Sabbath. Yet have I discharged most envied the homage paid to the my duties faithfully, and I trust not clergy, but it had never entered my without effect. Once, and once only, mind, that these were wealthy incum- attracted by the publication of a vobents or young curates of family and lume of sermons, patronage seemed private fortune; I was poor, and was likely to shed her fostering beams on soon taught that a poor parson is but me, and I once more knew something a contemptible object.

like hope. It was deceptive, and, afThe demise of my Vicar threw me ter a few months flattering notice, and penniless on the world, and for some a few promises, I was again left to time I was obliged to resort to an penury and obscurity. I rather sus. ushership for my bread. This I re- pect that too stedfast an adherence to linquished for an appointment to a my religious principles was in fault. curacy in a populous town in a mid

I believe no other, and can land county, the duties of which, con- espouse no other doctrine than what sisting of two sermons with prayers my own understanding of Scripture on the Sunday, three prayer days in confirms,—that of the orthodox church the week, and a long train of church- of England. Let others seek for adings, christenings, &c. I performed for vancement by 25l. per annum. This pittance I en- “Doctrines fashion'd to the varying hour." deavoured to increase by taking pu- If I can rise by no other means, pils, and had the mortification of see- mine poverty and principle.

or

Be it so.

be

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