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1831.]

Opening of New London Bridge.

127

[graphic]

from the Tower for the occasion. Along many cases a triple, line of harges, steamers, the whole line of procession also, and, in- yatchs, and craft of every description, which deed, in every part of the Bridge laid out extended from the upper water-gate of Sofor the entertainment, the boards were car- merset House nextWaterloo Bridge, to about peted.

half-way between Southwark Bridge and the The providing of the banquet was entrust- new Bridge, when the line became more ed to Mr. Leech, of the London Coffee- open, and gradually spread to the stairs of house ; and the spacious premises of the the new Bridge, on each side, so as to aflate Mr. Bovil, adjoining the bridge, were ford ample space for the boats in the proengaged for his use.

cession to land their inmates and retire. The The total of the supplies furnished by termination of the lines at these points was Mr. Leech, were as follow : 370 dishes of formed by the eight City barges, with the chickens ; 150 hams and tongues ; 75 raised navigation barge and shallops. These were French pies, &c. ; 75 pigeon pies ; 40 sir- new gilt, and decorated with their gayest loins of beef ; 50 quarters of lamb; 250 flags, and were filled with company. Each dishes of shell fish, &c.; 200 ditto sallads, barge had its appointed station; those of cucumbers, &c.; 200 fruit tarts ; 200 jel- the Lord Mayor and Stationers' Company lies, creams, and strawberries ; 350lb. weight were rather in advance of the Bridge ; and pine apples; 100 dishes hot-house grapes ; all were provided with bands of music. Se100 do, nectarines, peaches, apricots, &c.; veral guo-brigs were brought up the river, 100 do. greengages, Orlean plums, &c.; from which and from the wharfs adjacent, 100 do. currants, gooseberries, raisins, &c.; salutes were fired throughout the day; flags 150 ornamented Savoy cakes ; 300 ice- and colours of all descriptions were brought creams, &c.; 300 turtles, roast chickens, into requisition ; and even the vessels below &c. ; 840 dozen of wine.

bridge all appeared in their holiday decoraTo facilitate their Majesties' passage

tions. down the river, and to prevent confusion On the terrace of Somerset House, several and inconvenience, two parallel lines of ves- tiers of seats were erected; the bridges, and sels were formed into a passage of about 150 every building which could command a view, * feet wide, consisting of a double, and in were also thronged with spectators. Every

Many hundred persons enjoyed a bird's eye view of the whole procession from the stone and iron galleries of St. Paul's. On the roof of St. Saviour's Church were raised

were

128
Opening of New London Bridge.

[Aug. barge and lighter on each side the river was clarence, Lords Adolphus aod Augustus put in requisition; platforms and seats erect- Fitzclarence, Laily Mary Fox, Sir Henry ed on most of them, and the whole were Blackwood, the Groom in waiting, Lord A. covered with flags. On the shores, north Beauclerk, &c. and south, the banks, wharfs, and tiinher- The appearance of the metropolis along yards, were covered with spectators. The the whole line through which the procesTemple Gardens were thronged by a very sion passed, was in every respect as if it fashionable company from an early hour, a kept holiday. The shops were for whom a pavilion and suitable entertain- closed, and business seemed altogether susment was prepared. At Mr. Calvert's pre- pended. mises tiers of seats were erected to a very At three o'clock the hoisting of the royal considerable extent, and the friends of the standard over the centre of Somerset House, house, to the number of 1000, were sump- announced the arrival of their Majesties. tuously regaled on the occasion.

A guard of honour of the Foot Guards, The stairs leading from Somerset House, with their band, and also the bands of the as well as the platform, were covered with household troops, were in the square of dark cloth, over which was laid red cloth in Somerset House, and received their Mathat part by which their Majesties were to jesties, the bands playing the nativnal aopass. At that end of the stairs were placed them. When the King and Queen appeared two splendid union jacks, of rich silk and of on the steps descending to the platform immense size. It was arranged that the from which they were to embark, the cheers barges containing the several officers and were almost deafening. The awnings of the members of the Boards Admiralty, Cus- barge had been removed by his Majesty's toms, Excise, &c., should be brought up at desire, so that a full view of the royal party an earlier hour than that fixed for the arri- could be obtained throughout the whole val of the King and Queer. By this means line. When the royal barges moved off the embarkation was made in the utmost from the shore, the firing of canoon, the order : each barge, as it received the re- shouts and huzzas, the waving of hats and spective parties on board, dropped down and handkerchiefs, were renewed, and kept up took its appointed station in the line. without intermission along the whole line

The Royal Family and their Majesties' on the river, and the shores at both sides. suite assembled at St. James's l’alace about The whole number of barges forming the two o'clock, and at a quarter before three procession, including those in which the o'clock the Royal procession, consisting of Ministers, and all the other distinguished 12 carriages, was formed in the gardens of visitors were accommodated, amounted to the palace. The King, who appeared in nearly thirty... The scene at this moment the Windsor uniform, entered the last car- was inexpressibly grand. The whole space riage, accompanied by the Queen, the within the lines, and a great part of that Duchess of Cumberland, and the Duchess without, seemed studded with a moving of Cambridge. In the preceding carriages mass of glittering splendour ; flags of every were the Duke and the Prince George of colour and of all pations, and the gay attire Cumberland, attended by Baron Linsingen, of the almost countless thousands on the the Rev. Mr. Jelf, and Lady Sophia Lennox river and its banks, contributed to give to (the lady in waiting on the Duchess of the spectacle an effect of which no descripCumberland), the Ďuke of Sussex, the tion could convey an adequate idea. Amongst Duchess of Gloucester, the Duchess and the vessels which were particularly distinPrince William of Saxe-Weimar, Prince guished in the line, were the two barges of George and Princess Augusta of Cambridge, the Lumber roop, stationed off Paul's attended by Baroness Ahlefeldt, the Lord Wharf, with a military band on board, and Chamberlain, the Master of the Horse, the 21 brass cannon, which they continued to Earl Marshal, the Groom of the Stole, the fire at intervals. Lord Chamberlain to the Queen, Lord Hill The company began to asssemble on the as Gold Stick in waiting, the Treasurer of Bridge at about 12 o'clock, and, until the the Household, the Secretary of the Privy arrival of their Majesties, they were enterPurse, the Clerk Marshal, che Marchioness tained by a military band, by the German Wellesley, the Marchioness of Westmeath, minstrels, by the celebrated Siffleur, and by and Lady Clinton, the ladies in waiting on that still more celebrated performer, Michael the Queen ; Lord and Lady Frederick Fitz- Boai. Shortly after 4 o'clock the loud and

seats for 150 persons, and the towers of all the other churches were crowded. The Monument alone was untenanted, probably from a fear of overloading the gallery, but we cannot resist this opportunity of remarking that no prejudice can be more unfounded than that which is current on the insecurity of the building itself. We are assured by a professional writer that “its scientific construction may bid defiance to the attacks of all but earth. quakes, for centuries to come.”—Topographical Dictionary of London, by James Elmes, M.R.I.A. Architect, and Surveyor of the Port of London.

1831.]
Opening of New London Bridge.

129 general cheering from the river gave signal descended in the evening at Charlwood in of their Majesties' approach. Every body Surrey, about 29 miles from the metropolis. rushed to the side of the bridge. A royal On returning to the pavilion, the comsalute was fired from the brig stationed off pany sat down to the banquet. At the royal Southwark Bridge, the shouts froin the table the principal guests were thus placed. people on the river increased, the bells of On the right of the King were sealed the ihe churches struck up merry peals, and in Duchess of Gloucester, the Duke of Sussex, a few minutes the foremost of the royal the Duchess of Cambridge, the Duchess of Larges were discovered making their way Saxe-Weimar, and Prince George of Cumthrough the ceotre arch of Southwark Bridge. berland. On the left of Her Majesty sat the

The stairs on the London side of the Duke and Duchess of Cumberland, and Bridge had been covered with crimsou cloth, Prince George of Cambridge. Mr. Jones was and at the bottom of these stairs their Ma- in attendance behind the King's chair, and jesties were received by Mr. Routh, who Mr. Routh stood behind that of the Queen. gave bis Majesty his arm ; and Mr. Jones, As soon as their Majesties had concluded as chairman of the Bridge Committee. Upon their repast, the Lord Mayor rose and said, stepping ashore, the King addressed these “ His most gracious Majesty has condegentlemen in the following words :-“ Mr. scended to permit me to propose a toast.

I Jones and Mr. Routh, I am very glad to therefore do myself the high honour to prosee you on London Bridge. It is certainly pose that we drink bis most gracious Maa most beautiful edifice; and the spectacle jesty's bealch with four-times-four.". is the grandest and the most delightful iu The company ruse, and, after cheering every respect that I ever had the pleasure him in the most enthusiastic manner, sang to witness."

the national anthem of God save the King. His Majesty then paused to survey the His Majesty bowed to all around, and apscene around him. At this moment the air peared to be much pleased. was rent with the most deafening cheers Sir C. S. Hunter then rose and said : from all sides, and the King, taking off his “I am honoured with the perinission of his liat, acknowledged this hearty greeting of Majesty to propose a toast. I therefore his subjects by repeated bows. His M&- beg all his good subjects here assembled to jesty walked up the tremendous flight of rise and to drink that lealth and every steps without the slightest appearance of blessing may attend her Majesty the Queen.' fatigue. Upon reaching the top, the sword Which was accordingly duve, with the utand keys of the city were tendered to him by most enthusiasm. the Lord Mayor. The Chairman of the The Lord Mayor then presented a gold committee then presented his Majesty with cup of great beauty to the King, who said, a gold medal by Wyon, commemorative of taking the cup, "I cannot but refer, on the opening of the new Bridge, having on this occasion, to the great work which has one side an impression of the King's head, been accomplished by the citizens of Lonand, on the reverse, a well-executed view of don. The city of London has been rethe new Bridge, with the dates of the present nowned for its magnificent improvements, eeremony, and of the laying of the first and we are commemorating a most extraor

The gentlemen of the Committee dinary instance of their skill and talent. I were attired in uniform, consisting of a blue shall propose the source from whence this coat with buttous iinpressed with his Ma- vast iinprovement sprung, · The trade and jesty's portrait, and white waistcoats and commerce of the city of London.'"

The King then drank what is called the As soon as the whole of the royal party loving cup, of which every other member of had assembled in the pavilion, their 'Na- the royal family partook. jestiez proceeded to walk over the Bridge, His Majesty next drank the health of the whichi ceremony was considered as the open- Lord Mayor and Lady Mayoress, and his ing of the Bridge. His Majesty showed Lordship, in a few words expressive of the himself from the parapets on either side the deepest gratitude, thanked his Majesty. His Bridge to the assembled multitudes below, Lordship has since received the patent of a and was evidently much struck by the ap- Baronetcy. pearance which the river presented. A Soon after this toast was drunk, the King hearty burst of cheers from the river wel- rose, it being near 6 o'clock, and, buwing comed the King as often as he showed him- to the company, intimated his intention to self. Just as the royal procession had bid farewell. The procession had a more reached the Surrey side of the Bridge, Mr. imposing appearance on its return, in conGreen ascended in his balloon, with a Mr. sequence of its being joined by several of Crawshay for his companion (this being his the city barges, including that of the Lord 192d voyage). Their Majesties were quite Mayor. In a few moments after their arclose to the aéronauts when they ascended, rival at Somerset House, the royal party and appeared to take much interest in this entered their carriages, and returned to the part of the entertainments. The balloon palace, escorted in the same manner as on Gent. Mag, August, 1831.

stone.

setting out.

trowsers.

130
Character of Richard Cæur de Lion.

[Aug. Mr. URBAN,

July 21. melancholy gloom over the character THE heroic character of Richard of these heroes. It is a painful task Cæur de Lion forms an interesting to turn to the pages of history, and to subject in the ages of Chivalry. Brave mark the vices and errors of mankind; and bold, as the Achilles of Homer, but it is even more distressing to find but without the dignity of soul which, a warrior who should, from the nain a vein of magic genius, the Bard of ture of his character be virtuous, yield Troy has bestowed upon the far famed to the predomination of any debased son of Thetis, the English monarch feeling. Such sentiments belong not commenced his reign by a patronage to true chivalry, and whatever ridicule of literature, and the Troubadours. may be cast by the poignant wit of the His taste for poetry induced him to critic, upon a tale of romance depictmake some attempts in verse.

ing some incident of generous enthu“ Chail and Pensavia ! my minstrels ! my siasm, it is a beautiful colouring of friends! I have loved you: I love you now. human life, when compared to the Sing, that my enemies will have little glory darker hue of a warlike achievement. in attacking me; that I have not shewn to The war in Palestine presents an them a heart false and perfidious. That instance of chivalry in a Saracenic they will act like real villains if they war

youth, and in Saladin himself, which against me while in prison. “ Lady Soir! Heaveo guard your sove

cannot be otherwise than gratifying reign merit; and hers whom I claim, and

to reflect upon, as descriptive of the to whom I am captive.”!

sentiments felt by the lovers of chiThe character of Saladin, the leader valry even in that barbarous age. of the Saracens, was so perfect, from a

Saphadin, the brother of Saladin,

had obtained the honour of knighthood feeling of justice, piety, and love for Islamism, that it presented no common

at the hands of Richard, for his son. barrier to the course of the enter: Meeting in the night the king unprising Crusaders. It was a cause of horsed, he presented him with two religion alone, in which a victory could magnificent coursers. The King, in

his severe fever, sent to Saladin for be gained. And the Soldan who had declared “ that it was very possible

some pears and peaches, and some

snow. The Turkish conqueror always for a man to look on gold and earth with an eye of equal contempt;"e could

readily complied.' only be opposed by a band of resolute

The detention of Richard, by the foes—could only be vanquished by jurists and historians to have been

Emperor of Germany, is admitted by death. The character entertained of Rich

an unjustifiable outrage against the ard by the armies assembled at Acre,

law of nations. The pleasing and inis thus powerfully depicted by an able teresting tale of his faithful minstrel, writer :d

Blondel, travelling over Europe to “ He was renowned for bis valour, his

discover the spot of Richard's captigreatness of mind, and firm cunstancy, which vity, is one of the most pleasing romany battles had made illustrious, and for mantic tales in history, but its authenbis daring intrepidity. In point of dignity, ticity rests upon at least a doubtful and dominion, he was esteemed by them in foundation. An able and enlightened ferior to the King of France, but more

historians of our own times observes, abundant in wealth, and far more celebrated that it " rests only on the authority for his warlike virtues."

of an old chronique François; perhaps The scenes of cruelty which took a prose romance, which Fauchet saw, place, both in the armies of Saladin and from which he narrates it in his and Richard, must, in the hands of an Recueil” (p. 92). An account of this impartial historian, throw a sad and event is thus given by Favine.h

St. Palaye's Hist. Troub. i. p. 55. The poems of the Troubadours Faidit, Folquet, Vidal, Bertrand du Born, and Guillaume de Toulouse. Vidal, the richest genius of the Provençal poets, accoinpanied Richard in his crusade into Palestine. Hist. Troub. c Bohadin, P

Buhadin, p. 165 ; and see Vinesauf, 331. e Vinesauf, p. 419.

Bobadin, p. 257. & Mr. Sharon Turner. History of England, vol. i. p. 299 n.

Theatre of Honour and Knighthood, translated from the French. Lond. 1623, fol.; tom. ii. p. 49. Presid. Fauchet's Recueil de l'Origine de la Langue et Poesie Francoise, Rymes et Romans. “Miscellanies in prose and verse," by Anna Williams, Lond. 1766, 4tu. p. 46.

13.

came.

of a yeare. When

1831.)
Richard I. and the Minstrel Blondel.

131 “ The Englishmen were more than a such secret questionings wheresoever he whole yeare without hearing any tydings of And the hoste gave answer, there their King, or in what place he was kept was one onely prisoner, but he knew pot prisoner. He had trained up, in his Court, what he was, and yet he had bin detained & Riner, or Minstrell, called Blondell de there more than the

space Nesle; who (so saith the manuscript of old Blondel heard this, he wrought such meanes, poesies, and an auncient manuscript French that he became acquainted with them of the Chronicle) being so long without the sight castell, AS MINSTRELS DOE EASILY WIN ACof his Lord, his life seemed wearisome to QUAINTANCE ANY WHERE : but see the King him, and he became confounded with me- he could not, neither understand that it was lancholy. Knowne it was, that he came he. One day he sat directly before a winbacke from the Holy Land; but oone could dow of the castell, where King Richard was tell in what countrey he arrived. Where. kept prisoner, and began to sing a song in upon this Blondel, resolving to make search French, which King Richard and Blondel for him in many countries, but he would had sometime composed together. When heare some newes of him ; after expence of King Richard heard the song, he knew it divers dayes in travaile, he came to a towne i was Bloodel that sung it; and when Blon(by good hap) neere to the castle where his del paused at halle of the soug, the King maister King Richard was kept. Of his BEGAN THE OTHER HALF AND COMPLETED IT. host he demanded to whom the castell ap- Thus Blondel won koowledge of the King pertained, and the host told him, that it be- his maister, and returning home into Englooged to the Duke of Austria. Then he land, made the Baroas of the countrie acenquired whether there were any prisoners quaiuted where the King was.' chierein detained, or no; for always be made

BLONDEL.
Original Version.

Dr. Burney's Imitation.
Donna vostra beutas

Your beauty, lady fair,
Elas bellas faistos,

None views without delight ;
Els bels oils amoros

But still so cold an air
Elogens cors ben taillats,

No passion cag excite :
Don sien empresenats

Yet this 1 patient see
De vostra amor que milia.

While all are shunu'd like me.

RICHARD.
Si bel trop affansia

No nymph my heart can wound
Ta de vos non portrai,

If favour she divide,
Que major hooorai

Avd smiles on all around
Sol en votre deman,

Unwilling to decide ;
Que saptra des beisan

I'd rather hatred hear
Tot care de vos volria.

Than love with others share. During his imprisonment, the Eng- had a warlike capacity and military lish monarch composed the following prowess, but he had little intellectual pleasing stanzas :

character or gentleness of soul. His Pro n'ay d'amies, mas poure sou le don,

glory was war, and while we admire Aucta lur es si per ma recenzon

the bravery of the hero, we cannot Soi sai dos yvers pres."

help reflecting that his reign presents

but one act beneficial to mankind. •Non ho dic mia per pulla retraison Mas auquor soi ic pres.

This exception will be found in the

Laws of Oleron. The object of the Crusade in which These Laws were framed at the Richard so fearlessly embarked, has isle of Oleron, by Richard, upon his thrown a celebrity over the actions of return from the Holy Land ;' and rethis monarch, which, when critically late wholly to maritime affairs; they examined, they do not deserve. He are still extant, and considered of

1193.

i Tribales. k “ Et quant Blondel eut dit la moitié de la chanson, le Roy Richart se prist à dire l'autre moitié et l'acheva.” Favine, p. 1406. Fauchet. Recueil, p. 93.

1 About the year

m Transl. « I have many friends ; but they give poorly; theirs is the shame, if for want of a ransom I have been here two winters a prisoner."

5 Poésies des Troubadours, tom. iv.
• “I say it not reproachfully; but I am still a prisoner."
p Poésies des Troubadours, tom. iv. p. 183.

9 Near Fraoce, department of Lower Charente ; in the time of Richard it was part of the possessions of England.

P: 183.

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