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1831.) Claims at the Coronation of Richard the Second. 109 land;* and by his Dukedom of Lancas- of his office as High Steward, held his ter, that of bearing the chief sword Court of Claims in the White Hall of called curtana; as Earl of Lincoln, to the palace of Westminster, to deterbe carver at the King's table on the mine such claims of grand serjeanty, day of his Coronation; which offices, and the fees appertaining to them, as says a MS. (Bibl. Harl. 1309), after a might be preferred. On the day asdiligent examination taken by the signed open proclamation was made wise and circumspect of the Kynge's that all claimants of such service, by counsaile, were assigned to the Duke their estates or any other title, should as tenaunt by lawe of England, after prefer their several claims by bills or the dethe of Blaunche, sometime his personal petition to the Steward or wife.”+ The Duke therefore, in his his deputies. own person, exercised the office of Thomas of Woodstocke, uncle to High Steward; he also bore the sword the King, being the late King Edward's before the King until the “high younger son, petitioned for the office of massse" of the Coronation was fi- Constable of England, on the ground nished ;
and when he was afterwards, of his marriage with a daughter of during the banquet, busied in his Humphry Bohun, late Earl of Hereoffice of Seneschal, he committed the ford and Constable of England, whose bearing of the sword to his son Henry heirs during their nonage were the Earl of Darby, who on this occasion King's wards. He also alleged that assisted at the consecration of the the office of Constable had been asweak, prodigal, and unfortunate mo- signed to him by the late King, Ednarch whom he afterwards deposed. ward the Third, on account of the alHenry Earl of Stafford was appointed liance before mentioned. the Duke's deputy as Carver before This claim was allowed. the King in his great hall.
Dame Margaret Marshall, Countess On the Thursday previous to the of Norfolk, delivered her petition in ceremony, the Duke of Lancaster, by writing, addressed “ To the Right appointment of the King, and in right Honourable the King of Castile and
* Seneschal, derived from the German Sein a House, Schall an Officer. This office was anciently known by the title of Seneschal of the King's Household. To the time of Henry VIII. it was changed to that of High Steward.
+ His first wife. The following singular duties and privileges attached to the office of Constable and Marshal, inentioned in No. 1309 of the Harleian MSS. bespeak the loose barbarism of aucient days. Some of these regulations however seem to apply to the King's Court when in the field.
“And it was wont to be that the Marshall had longyog to the Courte twelve sengle women that sholde swere to the Knight Marshall that they know no more common women than themselves folowyog the courte, nor thefe, nor mesel, but they shall utter yt to the Mar. shall; and they ought in sarve the Court and none other. * * The Marshale shall have of every Marchaunt, Armurer, Tailour, Barbour, and of everie common woman everie Saterdaie, in assigneying them ther places for kepyog ther shopis 4d. He was to assign the quarters of the persons composing the King's army, to know the number of the Men Arms, Archers, and to keep, in short, the muster-roll of the battle. When the Constable and Marshal come to the felde, and crie“ Havock,” every man to take his part. * * * It is the Marshall's office to see that no common harlottes be within the precyncte of his roode ; and also it is a custume that the Marsball shall have of every comuun harlot that is founde in his precyocte, 4d. Sf taken again, to be brought before the Steward, and to be forbid the precinct of the King's house, the Queen's, and their children, and there her name to be brevyd ; for the 8rd offence to remayne in prison, or forswere the courte; for the 4th, to be shaved the hedde ; for the 5th, her over lippe to be cutt off to the intent that she shall Dot provoke no man to kyssing."
Other rights belonging to the Earl Marshal, anciently were these. To have the King's horse and the Queen's palfrey when they have alighted at the place where they are to be crowned. He is always to be near the King during the Coronation ceremouy, and to sustain his crown“ by the flower." He is to keep the King's peace within seven iniles of the Court. Hence the jurisdiction of the Marshalsea Court. He is to lead on the van or foreward of the battle in time of war. He was to be High Usher on the Coronation-day, and to have the table-cloth of the high dais, and the cloth of estate under which the King sate. He claimed of an Archbishop when he did homage 101. or his horse and harness, or the horse and a mark for the harness. Of every Earl created a Knight, his horse and harness, or 101. and a mark for the harness. Of Bishops, Abbots, and Priors holding by barony, the same fee. Of any private man made a Knight, a proportionate fee.
110 Claims at the Coronation of Richard the Second. [Aug. Leon, Duke of Lancaster, and Senes- ment" (to hold a towel when the King chal of England,” and containing the should wash his hands before dinner following allegations :—That she was on the day of the Coronation). The daughter and heir to Thomas Brother- claim according with the Exchequer ton, not long since Earl of Norfolk record, it was allowed. and Marshal of England, and now Thomas de Bello Campo (Beauclaimed to execute the said office by champ) Earl of Warwick, claimed to her deputy, performing it in the same bear the third sword before the King, manner as Gilbert Earl of Striguil had and the office also of Panetrier, * exe. done at the Coronation of King Henry cuting the same by his ministers and the Second, settling all disputes in the deputies, claiming • the salters (salt King's household on the day of his cellars), knyves, and spones, as his Coronation, assigning the lodgings to fee.” This claim was allowed, having particular persons, and keeping the for his fee the salter and the knives hoestes, that is, the doors of the King's that were before the King; but touchchamber, receiving of every Knight ing the spoons, as nothing appeared created on the day of the Coronation concerning them on the records of the (the Knights of the Bath) his palfrey Exchequer, the King was to use his and saddle.
pleasure with regard to them. Against this claim, on the King's Sir John Argenthen (Argenton) part, it was contended that the office claimed to serve the “ kynge at his remained in fee, to be conferred at his coronacion of his cuppe,”+ by his teMajesty's pleasure, various argu- nure of the manor of Wilmondeley ments were urged by the Counsel for (Wymondeley), in the county of Hertthe Countess, in support of her claim; ford. Sundry records, reasons, and but it was at length determined that evydentes” being shown in favour of as the time was too short to admit of his claim, and « sufficient witnesses a proper examination of the matter, taken,” it was allowed ; his fee being Sir Henry Percy should fill the office, “the white cup of sylver” wherewith and receive the fees, but without pre- he served the King. judice to any “ man's right," which William Furnyvall claimed by temight thereafter be proved.
nure of the manor of Farnham, and Řobert Earl of Oxford petitioned for the hamlets appertaining to it, to prothe office of Chamberlain, on the ground vide a glove for the King, and support that his ancestors had been “cham- his right arm while the virga regia was berlyns of fee tyme out of mind, of in his hand, as his ancestors had done owre soveraigne Lorde the Kynge and time immemorial. The customary his progenitours." He also claimed proclamation having been made for by the same immemorial custom to counter claimants to assert their right, serve the King with water on the day and none appearing, his claim was of his Coronation, and to have “ the acknowledged, but it was necessary basyns and towelles” as his fee, citing that he should be knighted before he the record of the Exchequer in support could be allowed to execute the office. $ of his claim. Proclamation having On the Tuesday therefore previous to been made for any man who could the ceremony, he repaired to the pagainsay this allegation, to come for- lace of the late Black Prince at Kenward, and no one appearing, the Earl nington, where he was honourably of Oxford's right was allowed. Being created a Knight by the King. a minor, he could not execute the Ann, widow of John Hasting, Earl office in person without the King's of Pembroke, claimed by tenure of the special permission, which was granted. manor of Ascheley in Norfolk, to be
The Mayor of London, John Wilt Ewer or Napier at the Coronation, sher, claimed by certain tenements and to have the table-cloths as her which he held at Heydon in Essex, fee; this claim was acknowledged, and “ de tenir une touaille quand notre the office performed by her deputy Sir souverain le roy lavera ses mains de- Thomas Blunt. vant manger le jour de son corone- John, son and heir of the Earl of
* Now extinct; was held with the manor of Kibworth Beauchamp, Leicester. † Argenton bore as his arms three cups, in allusion doubtless to this privilege.
Farnham Royal, Bucks, exchanged hy Francis Earl of Shrewsbury, temp. Henry VIII. with the King, for Worksop, Notes, to which the same mode of tenure was transferred.
§ It appears that the degree of Knight was a qualification for the performance of Grand Serjeanty.
1831.] Claims at the Coronation of Richard the Second. 111 Pembroke, claimed to bear the great King and his Nobles, &c. in his chamgilt spurs, “ les grandes esperons,” ber. The Records of the Exchequer William Marshall his progenitor had were found to afford precedent for their done at the Coronation of King Ed- claim to the office, but the matter was ward the Second ; the claim was al- left to the King's discretion, who lowed, but owing to the nonage of the yielded to their requests for the folclaimant, the office was assigned to lowing singular reasons, as expressed Edmund Earl of March, in right of in the language of an ancient MS. the claimant. The said John also The King “considering the great fondeclaimed by tenure of the castle of ness and subsidy that his progenitors Pembroke, the grange of Kynge's habundantly tyme paste had founde woode, and the common of Croitathe, of the citie of London, and trusting the manor and castle of Martyn, and for the like fondeness and subsidie the manor of Tregeyr, to bear the se- tyme commyng, amongest the said cond sword; this office was counter- citizens, and to make their heartis claimed by Richard Earl of Arundel merier, and well willyng to do hym and Surrey, by his right for the county true service, and to helpe hym hereof Surrey, but the evidence in favour after in his necessities, benignlie to of the Earl of Pembroke appearing the accomplish their desires, decreed and stronger, it was adjudged to him, and ordeynd that they should doo service the bearing of the second sword com- in the said offices before by them demitted to Edmund Earl of March, in manded, according to their desires in right of the Earl of Pembroke, for the all thinges.” reasons before alleged.
Sir John Dymmok, Knight, preferred Richard Earl of Arundel and Surrey his claim to be the King's Champion, preferred another petition for the office to the following effect : that his ancesof chief butler (chef boutellier) in right tors by fee and of right from time imof the Earldom of Arundel. Edmund memorial had enjoyed the office, and Stapulgate presented a counterclaim executed it in the form detailed. by his tenure of the manor of Bilsyng- The King causing to be delivered to ton in Kent, showing by the record him, before his Coronation, the best of the Exchequer that the King, horse in his stable, save one, and a owing to the said Edmund holding complete suit of armour for himself, the manor by grand serjeanty, had “all as entirely and sure as the Kynge taken him, being a minor, as his ward, himselfe should have it,” and that and received the profits of the demesne thus accoutred, he should ride in profor four years, amounting to a hundred cession before the King, making proand four pounds.
clamation to the people within hearThe difficulty of the matter did not ing, three times, to the following effect : allow time for the final settlement of “ Yf ther be any man of high degree or this dispute ; but the records of the lowe, that will saie that this oure soverayn Exchequer showing the Earl of Arun- liege Lurde Richarde,* cousin and heire of del and his ancestors had enjoyed the the Kynge of Englande, Edwarde late deoffice of Butler at all the Coronations, ceased, ought not of right to be Kyoge of notwithstanding the alienation of the Englaude crowned, he is redy now till the
laste houre of his brethe, with his bodie, to manor in question, and that neither
bete him like a false man and a traitor, on Edmund Stapulgate, nor his ancestors,
what other daie that shal be apoynted.” had at any time executed it, the office was adjudged to the Earl of Arundel,
And if any one dispute the King's saving the just claim in future of Ed: title, and he fight with him for the mund or any other person.
King, the horse and all “ the har
ness The Mayor and Citizens of London
shall remain with him as his preferred an oral petition through their fee; but if no one dispute while the Recorder, to serve the King in his procession lasts, or till the third hour Great Hall during the dinner, and after
after the King shall have been anointwards in his chamber, with spices in ed and crowned, then he shall be dis
at the King's option a cup of gold, the Mayor taking the armed, and it
to bestow on him “the horse and cup with an ewer, at his departure, as his fee ; certain chosen Citizens of harness;" but they are for this service London to help the chief Butler in the * Sic in MS. Cousin appears on this buttery during the dinner, and after and other occasions to be used as a general dinner assist him in the service of the term of consanguinity,
112 Claims at the Coronation of Richard the Second. [Aug. no prescriptive fee. This office was William Bardolf showed that he held counterclaimed by Baldwin de Freville, certain lands in the vill of Adington, alleging that he was cousyn and by the service of finding a man to heire" of Liones, daughter of Philip make a mess called Dilgerunt or DilleMarmyon, and holds the Castle of grout, and “ si apponatur sagina,” if Tamworth in the county of Warwick, fat were used in the making, it was by the service of the Championship as called malpigerium, or malpigernon, in described. But after “sore and longe the King's kitchen. reasonyng” between the parties, and Richard Lyons, by tenure of the many records and evidences produced, manor of Liston, claimed to make the and divers noble lords and dames de: wafers for the King. The Red Book of posing, that they had often heard King the Exchequer being consulted, this Edward and his son the Black Prince claim was allowed. declare that the office belonged to Sir The Barons of the Cinque Ports John Dymmok, in right of the manor claimed by virtue of franchises granted of Scrivelbaye, it was awarded to him. by the King's progenitors at all preBut notwithstanding, if within three ceding Coronations, to bear over the weeks after Hilary-day, Baldwin de King's head a cloth of gold or silk, as Freville could show by "evidentes, re- the King should direct, supported by cordes, and munimentes,” that it of four spears of beaten silver; at the right appertained to him, he should end of each spear four tassels or knots have justice from the King by the ad- of silver gilt, the whole to be furnished vice of his Council, and enjoy the at the King's expense. No one opoffice in perpetuo.
posed this claim, and it was accordWilliam Latymer and John de Mow. ingly conceded. bray, son of John Mowbray of Axi- John Fitz John claimed to be chief holme (Axholme), alleged that they Lardener by tenure of the manor of held certain lands formerly belonging Sculton, in the county of Norfolk, to William Beauchamp of Bedford, by which service had been performed by right of which the possessors have Geoffrey Burdelie, the possessor of exercised the office of Almoner to the Sculton, at the Coronation of Edward King on the day of his Coronation, the Third, he having made his claim taking for their fee“ the vessell that before William Middleton, then Esstaundeth before the King for the cheator of the County. This petition
or a tun of wine in lieu was allowed in right of the wife of thereof; and it appearing to the Court Fitz John. that by reason of the nonage of John Nicholas Heryng claimed by tenure Mowbray, his part of the lands afore. of the manor of Cateshull, in the said were in the King's hands, Wil- county of Surrey, in right of Agnes liam Latymer was appointed to exe- his wife, to be “ huissier del chambre cute the office in right of himself and du roy,” (Usher of the King's chamJohn Mowbray, taking as his fee the ber,) citing the Red Book of the Exsilver alms dish standing before the chequer in support of his petition ; King, and if it should appear that a but it appearing that this claim did hogshead of wine might be claimed, not concern the Coronation but the he was to be allowed the same in lieu, office of Usher in general, he was deat his option. He executed the office, sired to prefer it to the King at a fuand had the silver dish as his fee. ture time if he thought expedient.*
* His present Majesty having dispensed with many of the ceremonies usually celebrated at the Coronations of the Kings of England, the various fees attached to the respective services thereof will not be allowed. The following is an account of the quantity of plate which should have been given, according to the claims delivered in to the Lord Chamberlain of England, on previous occasions. The Lord High Almoner for the day, according to claim, two large gilt basons, 305 oz. To the Duke of Norfolk, as Earl of Arundel, claiming as Chief Butler of England, a gold
cup of a wine quart, 32 oz. To the Lord Mayor of London, as assistant to the Chief Butler, and to serve the King with
wine after dinner, a gold cup, 30 oz. To the Mayor of Oxford, as assistant to the Lord Mayor of London, a gilt cup weighing
about 110 oz. To the Lord of the Manor of Great Wimondley, in Hertfordshire, as Chief Cupbearer, a
silver gilt cup, weighing about 32 oz.
1831.] Order of the Coronation of Richard the Second. 113
wine. In this castle trumpeters were ORDER OF THE CORONATION.
placed, who sounded on the approach On the 15th of July, after the hour of the King. In either tower was a of dinner, a great number of Noble. beautiful virgin of the King's own men and Knights, the Mayor, Alder- age and stature, who when he appearmen, Sheriffs, and several of the citi- ed at a distance blew leaves of gold in zens of London, all splendidly attired his face, and on his nearer approach and on horseback, assembled in an to the tower threw a shower of floopen place near the Tower of London.* rins on him and his horse, made in
Having waited there a short time, imitation of coin of real gold for the the King came forth from the Tower, occasion. When the King came up habited in white garments, and ac- to the castle, the damsels took golden companied by an immense throng of cups, and filling them with wine, ofnobles, knights, and esquires.
fered them to him. The whole train then proceeded on On the top of the building was the horseback through the streets of the image of an angel holding a crown of City to Cheapside. The youthful King gold in his hands, which figure was mounted on a charger, decorated so ingeniously contrived, that on the with costly trappings. Simon Burley King's approach, it stooped and ofcarrying the sword erect before him, fered him the crown. and Nicholas Bonde, leading his horse Hethence proceededonward through by the bridle. They were preceded “ Flete Streete to the Great Hall of by the sound of trumpets, and hailed the palace of Westminster, where, by the acclamations of the multitude. alighting with the noblemen and great
The conduit at the upper end of officers in his train, he repaired to Cheapside ran with wine during the the seat on the great marble tablet whole time of the procession, which or dais at the upper end of the Hall, took up more than three hours in its and called for wine, of which he with passage to the palace at Westminster. all the train partook.
On the same spot also, a castle with He then departed with his nobles four towers was erected, from two and his household into his chamber, sides of which issued abundance of and having supped in state, and un
To the Champion of England, as Lord of the manor of Scrivelsby, in Lincolnshire, still in
the Dymoke family, a gold cup, of Winchester pint, 30 07.. To the Barons of the Cinque Ports, for their claiin of supporting the King and Queen's
canopies, each by twelve silver staffs of eight feet in height, with bells to each staff
weighing 40 oz. The 24 staffs and bells weigh in all 960 oz. The staff of the Lord High Constable of England is of silver, the ends gold enamelled with
the King's arms, and his own, weighing about 12 0%. The staff of the Earl Marshal of England is of gold, enamelled black at each end, and en
graved with the King's arıns and his own, in length 28 iuches, and weighs about 15 oz. The gold coronet for Garter King of Arms, weighing about 24 oz. The sceptre ur rod for Garter, part silver and part gold, 8 oz. 19 dwts. The gold chain and badge for Garter, 8 oz. The gilt collar of SS. with badges for Garter, 30 oz. The same for Lord Lyon, King of Arms for Scotland ;-in all 70 oz. 19 dwes. The same for Bath King of Arms ;-in all 70 07. 19 dwts. The silver gilt coronet for Clarencieux King of Arms, about 18 01.. The silver gilt collar of SS. for the badges of Portcullis only, 20 oko The gold chain and badge, about 7 oz. 1 dwt. 17 gr. The same for Norroy King of Arms ;—in all about 46 oz. The collar of SS. partly gilt and partly white, for the six Heralds, 120 oz. The collar of SS. all plain silver, for the four Pursuivants, 30 oz. The Usher of the Black Rod for England, whose garniture is of gold lace, upon a fine
black ebony stick or rod, weight about 5 oz. 6 dwts. The Usiner of the Green Rud for Scotland, whose garniture is of silver, part gilt, upon
green, weighing about 20 02. 15 dwts. The wedges of gold which the King and Queen offer at the altar, each two wedges at 20 oz. each;-in all gold 40 oz.
* Most probably Tower Hill. + The King's Bench, where justice wns anciently dispensed by the King in person, and which has since given title to the Court of that naine. GENT. Mag. August, 1831,