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1831.] Memoir of James Northcote, Esq. R. A.

105 at a banker's in the City, we took up the “ That will never do, to take things litewhole of a dinner-time with a ridiculous rally that are uttered in a moment of irritacontroversy about Milton and Shakspeare; tion. You do not express your own opinion, I am sure we neither of us had the least no- but one as opposite as possible to that of tion which was right- and when I was the person that has provoked you. *** heartily ashamed of it, a foolish citizen who I have often been ashamed myself of speeches was present, added to my confusion by say- I have made in that way, which have been ing, Lord! what would I give to hear two repeated to me as good things, when all I such men as you talk every day! This meant was, that I would say any thing quite humbled me: I was ready to sink sooner than agree to the nonsense or affecwith vexation: I could have resolved never tation I heard."-p. 6. to open my mouth again. But I can't help “Once when Burke called on Sir Joshua thinking W(alluding to the instance

Reynolds, Northcote, then a young man, mentioned in the preceding quotation) was was sitting for one of the children in the wrong in supposing I borrow every thing picture of Count Ugolino. It is the one in from others. It is not my character. I profile with the hand to the face.* Burke never could learn my lesson at school ; my came into the painting-room, and said, 1 copy was hardly legible; but if there was a see that Mr. Northcote is not only an artist, prize to be obtained, or my father to see it, but has a head that would do for Titian to iben I could write a very fine hand with all paint.'”—p. 89. the usual flourisbes. What I know of his- “ Northcote spoke of his journey to tory (and something about heraldry) has Rome, of the beauty of the climate, of the been gathered up when I had to enquire manners of the people, of the imposing into the subject for a picture: if it had been effect of the Roman Catholic religion, of its set me as a task, I should have forgotten it favourableness to the fine arts, of the Churches immediately. In the same way, when Boy- full of pictures, of the manner in which he dell came and proposed a subject for a pic- passed his time, studying and looking into ture to me, and pointed out the capabilities, all the rooms in the Vatican: he had no I always said I could make nothing of it: fault to find with Italy, and no wish to leave but as soon as he was gone and I was left to it. • Gracious and sweet was all be saw in myself, the whole then seemed to unfold it- her. As he talked he looked as if he saw self naturally. I never could study the rules the different objects pass before him, and of composition, or inake sketches and draw- his eye glittered with familiar recollections.” jogs beforehand; in this, probably running -p. 35. into the opposite error to that of the modern Mr. Hazlitt's book is full of pasItalian painters, whom Fuseli reproaches with spending their whole lives in prepara

sages witnessing Mr.Northcote's strong

attachment to his art, and his diffition. I must begia at once, or I can do nothing. When I set about the Wat Tyler, I

dence in his own abilities. The folwas frightened at it: it was the largest work lowing relates to some of his latest I had ever undertaken : there were to be pictorial labours : horses and armour, and buildings, and several

said I might go on paioting yet groups in it; when I looked on it, the canvas

-he saw po falling-off. They are pleased seemed ready to fall upon me.

But I had

with it. I have painted the whole family, committed myself and could not escape ; and the girls would let their mother sit to disgrace was behind me, and every step I

nobody else.

But Lord ! every thing one made in advance was so much positively can do seems to fall so short of nature : gained. If I had stayed to make a number of

whether it is the want of skill, or the imperdesigns, and try different experiments, I

fectiou of the art, that cannot give the sucnever should have had the courage to go on. cessive movements of expression and changes Half the things that people do not succeed

of countenance, I am always ready to beg in, are through fear of making the attempt. pardou of my sitters after I have done, and Like the recruit iu Farquhar's comedy, you to say I hope they'll excuse it. The more grow wondrous bold when you have once

one koows of the art, and indeed the better taken ‘list-money.' When you must do a

one can do, the less one is satisfied.”-p. thing, you feel in some measure that you can

314, do it. You have only to commit yourself beyond retreat."-p. 251. On another occasion “ Northcote spoke

Mr. Northcote's will has been proved in of old Alderman Boydell with great regret,

Doctors' Conimons, and is a very extraordiand said, “ He was a man of sense aod libera

pary document. It first directs that his lity, and a true patron of the art.””- p. 75.

body shall be kept uninterred as long as it The following may be taken as North- In this figure the face is entirely concote's apology for the singularity of cealed by the hand. Qu. is it not the next some of his dicta :

face, which is also in profile ? Gent. Mag. August, 1831.

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106
Will of James Northcole, Esq. R.A.

[Aug. can be suffered, to prevent the possibility of taiping his Diplomas from the Royal Acabeing buried alive, and to be inspected by demy; a volume of Birds, by his father and some competent surgeon. He desires to be brother; all to be placed in the Library at huried either in the vault under the New St. Pynes. To his friend, William Hillman, of Mary-le-bone Church, near to his late friends Argyll-street, 50 volumes of books, such as Mr. Cosway and Miss Bonth, or in St. he may please to select ont of his library, Paul's Cathedral, dear his late lamented after the death of his sister. To Joseph friend and master, Sir Joshua Reynolds. He Hawker, Esq. Richmond Herald of Arms, directs Francis Chantrey, R. A. and sculp- two pictures he may choose, except the tor, will execute a fit and proper monument Northcote family, and thirty volumes of to his memory, for which he orders his exe- books, after Hillman has chosen his. The cutors to pay one thousand pounds; and the residue of his estate to his executors in same artist to execute a monument for the

trust, to pay dividends and annual proceeds deceased's bruther, Samuel Northcote, to to his said sister, for her life, and after her be placed in St. Andrew's Church, Ply- death, to invest in their own names 1,9501. mouth, at an expense of two hundred pounds. in the Three per Cent. Annuities upon He states, that he has completed the ma- trust, to pay the interest to his late faithful nuscript and executed the designs for a se- servant, Charlotte Gilbert, during her life, cond set of One Hundred Fables, in conti- and after her death to such persons as she nuation of the first, which he is desirous

may appoint. The said crustees, after the should be published as speedily after the death of said sister, tu retain to theinselves death of his sister as may be ; and he directs the following legacies, viz. William Hill. that not less than one thousand, or more man, 1,5001; Joseph Hawker, 5001.; Newthan fourteen hundred pounds, shall be ex- hold Kinton, 2001. And to pay likewise pended out of his personal estate, on en- the following legacies :- 1,5001. duty free, graving and publishing such Fables ;* aod to Elizabeth Gilchrist; 1001. to each of be requests that Mr. Edipund Southey Ro- the following individuals--Mrs. Hawker, wife gers, one of the King's Niessengers, will of Joseph Hawker, Adair Hawkins, Prince superintend the publication thereof. He Hoare, Sir Win. Knighton, Bart., Lady desires his executors, William Hillman, Jo. Knighton, James Carrick Moore, of Casseph Hawker, and Newbold Kinton, will well, Scotland, Mrs. Moore, his wife, Capt. look over his Manuscripts, and therefrom J. Raigersfeld, R.N., Annabella Plumtree, select such as, in their judgment, are of im- Walter Roe, William Godwin, Peter Conde, portance to his memory and character, and James Ward, R. A., John Jackson, R.A., destroy all the rest. He leaves his honse Philip Rogers, landscape painter, Abraham in Argyll place to his sister rent free, for Johns, Thomas Copeland, J. Taylor, late her life ; and if she should not wish to live Editor of the Sun, Nathaniel Huward, Wilthere, his executors are to let the same for liam Hazlitt, Abraham Wyvill, artist ; aod her benefit on lease for seven years. Plate, 501. to Edmund Rogers, King's Messenger, household furniture, pictures, prints, bouks, if these persons be living after the death of and personal estate to his sister, Mary North- his sister. To the Minister and Churchcote, for her life ; and after her decease, wardens for the time being of St. Andrew's, furniture, &c. or such as shall then remain Plymouth, 2001. duty free, to he invested, (but not pictures, books, or plate), to his and the interest to be laid out in bread and servant, Elizabeth Gilchrist. After the meat to the poor of the said parish. In a death of his sister, he gives to Sir Stafford second codicil he leaves Mary Wilsford, wife Heory Northcote, of Pynes, in the county of Peter Wilsford, 5001. duty free. Thomas of Devon, Baronet, and his heirs for ever, Lister Parker, 1054. and any one picture he all the pictures of the Northcote family, liis may select, not before chosen.' Thomas bust by Bononi, the two Manuscript vo- Puynder, of Christ's Hospital, any one other lumes of the Account of the Northcote picture not before chosen : residue to his Family; the two voluines of Public Charac- executors. Personal property under 25,0001. ters, by Cadell and Davies; the Life of Sir --considerably less than, from the penurious Joshua Reynolds; and the Portfolio, con- habits of Mr. N., his friends expected.

* It is not to be inferred from this paragraph that the first series was brought out at Mr. Northcote's expense. The fact is quite the reverse. Mr. Lawford, the bookseller, bought the MS. for 801. and paid every expense attending it. We have been favoured by Mr. Lawford with the sight of an interesting letter by that father of modern woodcutting, Thomas Bewick (written within nine months of liis decease), in which, after highly praising the “ Fables,” which he says “ is altogether a brilliant book," he adds, “ Little did I think, while I was whistling at my work-bench, that wood engraving would be brought so conspicuously forward, and that I should have pupils to take the lead in that loranch of art in the great metropolis-but, old as I am, and toitering on the downhill of life, my ardour is not a bit abated, and I hope those who have succeeded me will pursue that department of engraving still further towards perfection."

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CORONATION OF THE KINGS OF ENGLAND.

With an Engraving, p. 120. Mr. URBAN,

pedient, at that and all future time, for A CIRCUMSTANTIAL account of the preservation of our free constituan English Coronation in the four

tion and the Protestant religion. teenth century, accompanied by repre

The feudal pomp and service which sentations of the crowns worn by divers has ever attached to the ceremony of English monarchs from the time of crowning a British King, may in these Edward the Contessor to Charles II., days of universal reformation (it will may not at the present moment be

be well if that word may be coupled uninteresting to your readers.

by future historians of the time with a The office of Chief Magistrate, ori.

record of essential improvement) be ginating in the necessity which all thought an uselessly expensive display communities must find for a leader, as

of obsolete customs. Yet, on the other the dispenser of laws, and the organ for hand, it may be observed that customs their general voice, was most probably which exhibit the tenure on which in its first establishment 'elective. every man holds his fee according to Accordingly, in our Coronation ce

the ancient constitution of the land, remony, we find a vestige of this pri- never, while that constitution exists, mitive form, in the appeal made by

can become trifling and unimportant. the Archbishop to the people, for their The King is by common consent the approval and consent that the person

fountain of honour, of property, and presented to them should be crowned of the public peace. If a man hold their King. *

his land of him by the service of ten. The discordant opinions of men, the dering a rose on Midsummer - day, intervention of partial interests, and

that rent is not to be sneered at as the consequent rise of factions, each of trilling and ridiculous; it is rather a which had their favourite chief and ob

demonstration on what generous terms ject to promote, suggested the necessity the Constitution of Great Britain ex. of making this elective office hereditary.

acts the fealty due to her monarch, Such is the Crown of Great Britain, That she looks chiefly to the loyalty subject, however, as a great lawyer of heart, and that not gain, but faithhas observed, to limitation and change ful adherence to the great keystone of the succession, by the Great Coun

of the social bond, is her object. cil of the Nation. How frequently

It may therefore be matter not unthis power has been exercised, will be worthy of consideration, how far the obvious to every one acquainted with services and attendance of the Nobles English history.

and the Tenants of the Crown by Grand The wisdom of Parliament, by the Serjeanty, on occasion of a Corona1st and 2d of William and Mary, and tion, can be, even in these days, wisely by 12th and 13th of William, fixed dispensed with ; such dispensation the succession in the protestant de. might be to omit an useful admoniscendants of Sophia, Electress and

tion that they hold all from the people Duchess dowager of Hanover, younger

through their chosen and hereditary daughter of Elizabeth Queen of Bo- Chief Magistrate. The dignity of the hemia, daughter of James I. The son

Crown is the concentrated dignity of and heir of Sophia was George I.

the people ; in being loyal to it we Thus the hereditary succession to the

are loyal to ourselves. The homage Crown, according to the common or

paid to the Crown of Great Britain customary law, was at once preserved (under its happy and wholesome limiand restricted within limits, highly ex

tations), is homage to the great body

of the nation. * The custom of the Archbishop demand- However these customs may in fuing of the people, at the Consecration of a King, whether they would accept him as

ture days be disposed of, one thing is such, and obey bim, was derived from the

certain, that the ceremony of CoronaSaxon times, and has been the uniform

tion, and the solemn pledge which the practice time immemorial; but it is dis .

Monarch gives his people before the cinctly noticed at the Coronation of Richard Almighty to govern them in justice the Second, owing to that being the first and mercy, according to the ancient English Coronation of which we liave minute

laws and customs (those bulwarks of details.

our liberty which we have deri

108
Coronation of the Kings of England.

[Aug. from our Saxon ancestors), and to English Coronation is one in which a support the reformed English Church, chivalrous spirit and a taste for costly can never, while the British monarchy pageantry was at its height; the auendures, be omitted.

thorities which have been consulted This most importantceremony which are chiefly MS. documents in the Bri. takes place in the Church, has been tish Museum; the collection was made practised in all probability with much

some years since, but the abler and uniformity from the time of the Saxon more erudite labours of another hand Kings. The pageant and services of appearing shortly after, it was deterthe feast were perhaps introduced at mined to lay it aside. As however it the Norman Conquest. Of this con- is original as far as relates to the jecture, the introduction of the armed sources from which it is derived, as its Champion will afford some presump- arrangement is different from other tive evidence ; it seems an indication works, and as it has here and there that the Normans had and held the some particulars which they do not empire of the land by the right of the contain, now the subject is likely to sword; and we may observe, that the become peculiarly opportune I have succession of armed Knights who ventured to commit it to the press. have thrown down their gauntlet of In closing this prefatory notice, I defonce to all counterclaim, and who may be allowed to express an earnest boldly proclaim in their motto and hope that on the great solemnity of the very name Pro Rege Dimico," bear Consecration of the King of these on their shield the arms of the duchy Realms, which is now approaching, of Normandy. No one who regards the headlong rage of party will be historical recollections connected with stilled, and all differences of opinion his country, would like to see this forgotten, in an universal feeling of splendid and imposing relic of an iron respect and loyalty towards our rightage entirely forgotten.

ful and anointed King. The period chosen for describing an Yours, &c.

A. J. K.

Some account of the Coronation of King RICHARD THE SECOND, in the year

1377, derived from original MSS. in the British Museum, illustrating the splendid Ceremonies and Services which attach to the Consecration of the Monarchs of Great Britain.

Of the Coronation of King Richard 1377).* John of Gaunt, Duke of the Second, we have more detailed re. Lancaster, and King of Castile and cords than of those of any of the pre- Leon, presented himself before the ceding monarchs. It was appointed to King and his Counsel as Earl of Leitake place on the morrow after the cester, and claimed the office of High translation of St. Swithin (16 July, Steward or Grand Seneschal of Eng

* In the seventh volume of Rymer's Foedera, are found the following mandates respecting the preparations for this Coronation ; by which it appears the necessary workmen for the purpose were compulsorily impressed. The Latin originals, when translated, run thus :

The King, to all and singular Sheriffs, Nobles, Bailiffs, Ministers, and others his Liegemen, within as well as without the liberties (of London), to whom these letters shall come, health. Know ye that we have appointed our beloved William Hanway, clerk, to take and provide by himself and his deputies, stone, mortar, and other necessaries for our works, which we have ordained to be executed in our palace of Westminster for the solemnity of our coronation. And to take Carpenters and all other workmen necessary for the works aforesaid in our city of London, and counties of Middlesex and Surrey, and to put them on the works aforesaid, to remain on the same at our comniand, as shall be necessary. And all those whom he shall find perverse or disobedient in this matter, to arrest, take, and commit them to our prisons, there to remain until by deliberation we shall be induced otherwise to ordain. And therefore we command and strictly enjoin, that to the said William and his deputies aforesaid, in all and singular the premises to be done and executed, ye sball he acting, aiding, and answeriog, as often and according as by William himself, aforesaid, or his deputies,

ye shall be warned on our part respecting this matter. In witness whereof we have caused these our letters to be made patent. Witness the King at Westmioster, the 7th day of July.

By an order couched in terms precisely similar, Thomas de Thoroton is appointed Pavillioner, to impress tent-makers for preparing the tents appointed to be made for the solemnity of the Coronation. Richard's grandfather, Edward the Third, died on the 6th June, 1977, in the 51st year of his reign.

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