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THE

MONTHLY

M A GAZINE;

OR,

BRITISH REGISTER;

Including
MISCELLANEOUS COMMUNICATI. ACCOUNT OF ALL NEW PATENTS.
ONS FROM CORRESPONDENTS,

LIST OF NEW BOOKS AND IMPOR
ON ALL SUBJECTS OF LITERA-

TATIONS,
TURE AND SCIENCE.

REGISTER OF DISEASES IN LONDON.
MEMOIRS OF DISTINGUISHED PER-
SONS.

RETROSPECT OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS.

LIST OF BANKRUPTCIES AND DI-
ORIGINAL LETTERS, ANECDOTES,

VIDENDS
&c.
POETRY.

DOMESTIC OCCURRENCES CLASSED

AND ARRANGED IN THE GEOGRA.
LITERARY AND PHILOSOPHICAL

PHICAL ORDER OF THE COUN.
INTELLIGENCE.

TIES.
PROCEEDINGS OF LEARNED SOCIE- || MARRIAGES, DEATHS, BIOGRAPHIE
TIES.

CAL MEMOIRS, &c.
REVIEW OF THE NEW MUSIC.

REPORT OF THE STATE OF COM-
REVIEW OF THE Fine Arts.

MERCE, &c.
KEVIEW OF ENGLISH, AND FRENCH

REPORT OF AGRICULTURE, &c.
IATERATURE.

REPORT OF THE WEATHIR.

VOL. XXIII.

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PART I: FOR 1807.

BIB)

London :
PRIKTED FOR RICHARD PHILLIPS, No. 8, New BRIDSLELALT;

By whom Communications (Post-paid) are thankfully received.

(Price Twelve Shillings-half-bound.)

Printed by J. ADLARD, Duke-street, West-Smithfield

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On the 28th of January was published, the SUPPLEMENTARY Numden to our Twentyfecond Volume, containing-HALF-YEARLY RETROSPECTS of LITERATURE, Jundry COMMUNICATIONS relative to Book-SOCIETIES, and the Negotiation Pariks.

HA

TIIE MONTHLY MAGAZINE. No. 153.]

FEBRUARY 1,1807. [1 of Vol. 23. As long as those who write are ambitious of making Converts, and of giving to their Opinions a Maximum of * Inkuence and Celebrity, the mon extensively circulated Miscellany will repay with the greater Effet the * Curiohty of those who read draer for Amusement or Intruction." JOHNSON.

ORIGINAL COMMUNICATIONS. To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. with, or rather in subjection to our deadly JAVING lately read a very useful and follg was, that the theep-owners in

and interesting French work, on Spain, perceiving the vast profits of the the subject of fine-wooled Spanith theep, fleece, devoted their whole attention to and being of opinion that its leading fea- its improvement, and left the carcals to tures ought to be generally known take its chance of becoming better or faroughout this illaud, I take the liberty worse. Hence, the latter ensued; but, as of requesting the publication of them I have said, the evil may be clirough the medium of your valuable and That intelligent and patriotic breeder, widely circulated Miscellany.

Mr. Tollet, of StaffordMire, (whose naine I lainerit that, after the fuccesful ex- I have before mentioned, who has now * periments and satisfactory reports of fuch large tlock of Merino, and Anglo-Merino fpirited and enliglatened agriculturilts as fheep, and who is indefatigable in his enLord Somerville, Mr. Tollet, and Dr. deavours to promote the adoption of this Parry any further incitement to the celebrated race,) itates, that, in defiance adoption of a race. So jutily esteemed of neglect, fome of the sheep, which have Bould be necessary; but it unfortunately been brought to this country froin Spain, happens that in this, as in every other have been far from deficient in those country, ignorance and prejudice are characteristics, which are generally con

continually thwarting the efforts of ra gidered as combining excellence of form. 1 Gtional convi&tion. He, therefore, who at- It follows, therefore, that judicious selec

tenints by perfuafion founded on just tion from the offspring of these and of grounds, to dispel the milt, which clouds others, migbt ere long totally remove the the faculties and prevents the exertions abfence of symmetry, fo much complained of Britisk breeders, will not have the

of. But after all, viewing them in their kenfure of candid and well-informed inen. present state, and suppoling that their

It is true that the Merino deep is not shape never can be improved, allow me likely to attract the approbation of any to ask whether the rude Arab, like the one by its beauty; till lefs fo in the presenlightened Briton, would, while confertrage, when fyrametry of form has been templating the deformity of his camel, Lo chefely studied, and completely obtaiu- lose light of its utility. Is it not a fatied; but to this it toay be replied, first, cient incentive to the frumers of those that the defea in arcals thould be prin- districts, where the deep is reared principany aferibed to British fupineness; cipnlly for carding-wool, (and inany of and recondly, that it can be remedied. these focks are far from exhibiting models To fabftantiuse my charge, I need only of beauty) that a single cross of the Me. remaid that this nation has for many rino race will double the value of ench

witbuat even being at the trouble fleece; that the animal, thus yielding at ad experiment, paid to Spain for her once double profit as to wool, will live

won el any price that the chofe on the fame pasturage; and that a butchdahind The article was indispenfable er, if wishing to buy a score fat wethers.

manufactures; we con- of this cross, would value them accorsling teated our felves with believing the user to his calculation of their weight, &c.

tion than the foil, clineate, and other local without reference to their beauty; so Jeircunstances, were the caufes of wool that one breed would in this respect be bung produced in Spain of an inimitable exactly situated like the other? Is it not quality and we continued to transmit fufficient, I say, that the carcass Awuld our enormods orders to a country, wbich be worth no lels, while the fleece by its Mas staally becoming more in alliance increase, both in quantity and quality,

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SWEDEN.

will be of double, then treble, and qua- mitive form; their feece is close and firm, druple value, 2; the Merino blood con- loling authing in tinencís, length, elatiitinues to be introduced? That such is city, or quantity. There are rams, which tik ablutige fui me bave abundant proof bave producerl thirteen pounds of wool. fimiu de molt respectable authorities I observed too, that the race, bred in and aluve qurto. Yet are there many inures to this climate, appeared tirongeç farucrs who tell us, that they we coutent and larger than the sheep of Spain. I with the treed, by which their forefathers found on the farm of M. Schulzenheim, earned a livelihood, like a thepherd at in the province of Upland, a fuck conPearuldock, * who, being alked, whence Gifting of animals bred from a Spanish inte his fugularly rough-legyed, ill-formed portation titty-tive scars before the time; Berp hasi beru obtained, gave as his all and their wool, when compared with that fwer: “ Lord, Sir, they air fik as God of fome Merinos recently procured from fet unou ile land; ze never change uny." the fame country, yielded to it in no one

After these few preliminaries, which deiiralle quality. There, and other tacis, will, I truit, not be deemed useless, I prove in a manner decitive and perempproceed to W. Lafieyrie's Account of the tory, that the Spanitļi theep may be proIntroduction othne-wooled Spanish Sheep, pagated and reared to advantage in into the differcut States of Europe, and severe climatcs, by which it is certain at the Cape of Good Hope:

that the fleece is not affected; a fact, in

conteftibly proved by the fpeciniens * There is, doubtless, jutt ground for which I procured on my journey through, surprise, thai Swerlen, which seemed to different countries; and which I after:

#: a country the mott mutacourable in wards submitted to the inspection of the Europe for rearing fine-wooled sheep, Department of the Seine. hould, nevertheless, have been the tirit “ DENMARK AND NORWAY. to naturalize this valuable race; but what “The Norwegian race has been ime excites till greater aitonishmeat is, that proved by the Englifli, as well as the there are inen in France (to which inay Spanish breeds, but the most important be asided England) who ftill difpute the amelioration in the fieece must be attriposibility of a naturalization ettablished buted to a Spanisi ram, which was imnin Sweden, during nearly a century. ported above titty years ago on the M. Alludemer imported a flock of Me weitern coast of Norway. This intro rinn fheep from Spain in 1723 ; and go- duction was, however, but partial, and" verurent, convinced that the ignorance did not extend into other parts of the of flepherds opposed serious obstacles country, where the theep in a wild state, to the preservation and propagation of and without inconvenience, bid defiance this new race, instituted in 1739 a school to the inost intense cold. I bave seen for thepherds, the direction of which was then living in the inidit of snow, without confided to M. Alliroemer. Premiums ever receiving any portion of food from were appointed, and various falutary re- the hand of inan; and of fo untractable gulations adopted. In 1764, Sweden a nature are they, that they cannot be pofletted 65,369 theep of the pure, and taken but by a cliace on horseback. This 23,584 of the mixed breed; and although breed is fo accustomed to the impressions this fupply was not fufficient for the ma- of the atmosphere, that it cannot support nufactures of the country, yet the impor- a suddeu trantition froin a flate of nature tatiou of wool has been gradually dimi- to a domestic one. nithing froin year to year, while the ma “ Thic Dancs, induced by the example nutarifures have been increasing; fo that, of Sweden, imported Spanish theep from titkiing every thing fairly into calculation, that kivgdoin about twenty-seven years it may be afferted that the number of fince, and cheir descendants exit to this pore and mixed breeds is at present day, though not in large numbers. Some about 100,000, and this forms a 25th of them lave preferred their original part of all the theep reared in that coun- quality of fleece, while others have deyeiry: a very great proportion, if we con- nerated, but palpably from neglect. At liter the relative flute ut auriculture in Elleruin, a royal domain, I faw a Duck th're country, which it would here occupy of Spanith theep imported from Sweden, wo nucli ipace to deferite. The Me inany years before, which yiekied wool rino theep preserve, io Sireden, their pri- of : fair quality. To tint place, too,

which is eight leagues from Copenhagen, Beaucies of England and Wales, vol. Ili, the Danilh governanc'irt bus teat three

hundred Merinu fheep, inported from

p. 19.

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Spain in 1797. This fuck is composed and feveral swore fine them. Ar of the breeds, which are of all others the present the Filettor's short anscomnts to inott detrable to be obtained, viz. tble 3,400), and he annually chipuks of tre of the Escurial, of Guadaloupe, of Paxlar, krundred by pallic metion, whics are wk of the Duke del Infantudo, of the Commis enth to meet the demands of skie de Monturco, and the Count de Negrelti. breeders. Tkse Spouth some preferre iu

"The Elearial breed is lookers upon as Saxons at theis originat pesteetas; poflelling the finest fleece in all Spain, which is prured by the specimass of 2008 "The Guadaloupe theep are renarkable for preferred for many yeus, aut alt bra kmetry of form, as well as for the comparison of new impostations webbe quantity and quality of their wool. The offspring of fiumer tes. The Sinoda Puular are equally gifted with the two verment bas been mply reuvepeace better perfections, but pofiets a greater for its attention, tatud nuketanited for its fwell behind the ears, and a more palpa- xlvances by the imminente axareket bers kle degree of throutings. The lambs of whiets the country has thereby procured. this breed, and thofe of the Infantude, Sheep-breeding is meer, the sole lae are generally produced with a coarfe crative partuit of the Saxon firmaet; muu hairy appearance, which is fucceeded by the manufacturess, fisucking vitkin sheir wool of exquílite quality. "She Negrelli awn limits the genuity will goality of hreed is compofed of the larger theep in wood neceffiry for their parpole, mestu Spain.y The Elferun Hock, when I saw bunget Ohligent to import from Spania; E, hrad been twenty months from Spair, sere are thereby freee translu edificanand was very healthy. Only twa theep inges attendant on the chances tx tanInd becu loli by the long younge, fevere ruerce. Saxony rentis atvest 1.600.000 sinter, and heavy rains of spring, to keep of a kieds ; me of theke alot which they lwch heen exposed suce their 50,000 are rat pretext of the Sprausth murd arrival in Denmark. Hörprog og miteit Sreers. There pretende sunt muly

“SARONY. E' altre of the nimity of wool aecetary for the " Upper Saxony is the country into fine manufactures of ahe utsy, bat whiclı, after Sweden, the Sparvith race of even fiunita n furplus crees20 she des Acep is of most ancient introduction, and rior consumption, which supus is koht at it is in Saxony that this natorilization the Leipzig fairs has been marked with the completelt

PRTIX.ph.. finccefs, and produced the most suivants pelle Frederick the I: who was not less ginos results. The different indigenóng fired for the wikkan a kis territorio Ivreesls of that country, of which we sion, then for his mutil gley, and to produce tolerable and others very coarfe whoun Prullim azienltere is under great sont, hane heen muully improvest by the obligations, introduced tipa Spais, in crufs. The Flector of Swony, withiing 9786, a Rock of one hennebred parts and to repair the devastations forntioned 50 two hundren ewes, denied to Emptere his donimons by a foven years' war, obi- the various breeds of his Langda. tained from the King of Spain in 1765, a veral Prullian farmers

höre, bare ikat felection from the beft Merino freks, time, bonght theep utbe Sex Spauith coulifting of one hundred rums, asul two kind; iw confequence of which the one hundred ewes. Experience havine proved by can now bons of many thoek's that they were calily reconciled to the tirely composed of five-www.led anana dimatı, attention was paid to the general Government tous meturned this erident rinduping of inalive breeds, after mb- mulymitage, and has founded an iftirution jetting the aniruals which appeared most for the purnuks, which is directed by Mr. deforme soxaliration. In 3d76, Areep Fink, a celebrated agrienltarit of Ger of fuar vens all were difpaled of to indi- many, t. This gentleman ind begin ise dant, but the best experiments al improvenvenit in his own Dock by the in Tuotenith oppolition, the fale was traduction of feep from Silefia, retrant?

with Inclo dificulties, that the able for the finoneis of their teace. He em abliged ple who yented the pursued his fyftem further by purchases Tiny La certain pro- from Saxony in 1768, and from Spuit in

hala theep. The 1778. By these progrelive merus, Mr. difendered what was moft Fink has fucceeded in imparting finewels itetet and the Bled to the fleccos of Pruffian Meeps which babe lo fupply the were originally or the consfelt quality

even day, he has been imitated, with a reput 200 mois 1778 gally faifactory, by the Count via

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