Imatges de pàgina

ter snows

I mixed for a while with those who Hall looked o'er hall and cot o'er cot arose ;

Hill towered o'er hill, green brae succeeded dwell on the very pinnacle of this fool's

brae; world of fashion ; with those who inhabit

Wood waved o'er wood, and white as winits middle regions, and with those who have pitched their tents at its foot,

On knolls around the shepherd's hirsels lay.

The village smoke curled in long wreaths whence they turn longing, lingering

away, looks at the unattainable summit; but The scent of herbs and flowers filled all the rarely did I ever find a vestige of that


The black cocks crowed upon the mountains attractive art of social life, that perfect

gray. equipoise of all the social talents, which The flocks came lowing forth to lawns and diffuses a feeling of complacency over


And tongues of busy bairns bummed thick as all within its sphere ;-as far removed

swarming bees. from stiffness and prudery as from rudeness and licence, which speaks with A hedge of hawthorn, mixed with holly, equal charm to the heart and the head,


Around each garden, screening every cot; and continually excites, while it never Among them all a bleaching rivulet crept, wearies; an art of which the French so Where webs lay white as lily without spot. long remained the sole masters and The parish kirk, through reverend elms re

mote, models.

Stood 'midst its grave-stones, row succeedInstead of this, I saw in the fashionable

ing row; world only too frequently, and with few

O'er all the distant city's steeples shot:

Bright in the sun, the Sulway slept below, exceptions, a profound vulgarity of

Where sailors charmed wind, yet still their thought; an immorality little veiled or

ships swam slow.
adorned; the most undisguised arro-
gance ; and the coarsest neglect of all
kindly feelings and attentions haughtily ANCIENT TUMULI IN AMERICA.
assumed, for the sake of shining in a
false and despicable refinement, even SCHOOLCRAFT, in his travels in the
more inane and intolerable to a healthy central portions of the Mississippi, al-
mind than the awkward and ludicrous ludes to these ancient remains, but is at
stiffness of the most declared nobodies. a loss to account for their origin. The
It has been said that vice and poverty subject certainly presents a fine field
are the most revolting combination : for the antiquary. A different race of
since I have been in England, vice and men to the Indians appears to have
boorish rudeness seem to me to form a once inhabited the vast continent of
still more disgusting union.

America ; but the period of their exist-
Tour of a German Prince.

ence, their habits, religion, and laws,
are now unknown. We make the fol-

lowing extract, relating to these tumuli,

from a work entitled " A Ramble of Six By Allan Cunningham.

Thousand Miles through the United

States of America ;" a volume which,
Vale of Dalgonar, dear art thou to me,
Dearer than daylight to the sick at heart;

we take this opportunity of assuring
Hills rise atween us and wide rolls the sea, our readers, will be found replete with
Only to prove how passing dear thou art: curious and entertaining matter. They
'Tis with my feet not with my heart ye part. will find in it a fair and impartial ac-
Dear are your fairy dales and flowery downs,
Your woods, your streams where silver fishes

count of our Yankee brethren, untinged dart;

by prejudice or that Jolin Bullism so Your martyrs' graves, your cots, your much indulged in by some English tra

towers, your towns, Gray sires and matrons grave, with their long

vellers. mourning gowns.

" On our return to Illinois from Mis.

souri, we visited the tumuli in the And fair, O vale! thou didst to Sybil look, What time the west wind wafted from afar

American Bottom,' for the purpose of The shepherd's song, and from the rustling more closely investigating the form and The farm-lad whistling filled his tumbler Their shape is invariably hemispheri

disposition of these sepulcbral mounds. Flies swarmed-among them leaped the mot. cal, or of the mamelle form. Through

out the country, from the banks of the The sun dried up the dew, and loud and Hudson to a considerable distance be

clear Horns rungion Campel and horns rung on

yond the Mississippi, tumuli, and the Scaur :

remains of earthen fortifications were Men stooped them to their tasks, and fat dispersed. Those of the former which Hands moved, and sickles shone beneath the

have been removed, were found to conripened ear.

tain human bones, earthen vessels,

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tled par,

and near

and utensils composed of alloyed me “De Witt Clinton having paid more tal; which latter fact is worthy of par- attention to the antiquities of America ticular notice, as none of the Indians of than any other person of whom I am North America are acquainted with the aware, I shall here insert his descripart of alloying. The vessels were ge- tion of the forts. He says, “These nerally of the form of drinking-cups, forts were, generally speaking, erected or ewer-shaped cans, sometimes with a on the most commanding ground. The flange to admit a cover. One of those walls, or breaștworks, were earthen. which I saw in a museum at Cincinnati, The ditches were on the exterior of the had three small knobs at the bottom on works.' On some of the parapets, oak which it stood, and I was credibly in- trees were to be seen, which, from the formed that a dissenting clergyman, number of concentric circles, must have through the esprit de metier, under- been standing one hundred and fifty, took to prove from the circumstance, two hundred and sixty, and three hunthat the people who raised these mounds dred years; and there were evident and fortifications must have been ac- indications, not only that they had quainted with the doctrine of the Tri- sprung up since the erection of these nity. How far the reverend gentleman works, but that they were at least a is correct in his inference, I leave for second growth. The trenches were in theologians to decide.

some cases deep and wide, and in others “ The Indians do not claim the shallow and narrow; and the breastmounds as depositories for their dead, works varied in altitude from three to but are well aware of their containing eight feet. They sometimes had one, human bones. They frequently en- and sometimes two entrances, as was to camp near them, and visit them on their be inferred from there being no ditches journeys, but more as land marks than at those places. When the works were on any other account. They approach protected by a deep ravine, or large them with reverence, as they do all bu- stream of water, no ditch was to be seen. rial places, no matter of what people or The areas of these forts varied from nation. The Quapaws have a tradi- two to six acres; and the form was in tion, that they were raised many general and irregular ellipsis ; in some hundred snows' ago, by a people that of them, fragments of earthenware and no longer exists ; they say, that in those pulverised substances, supposed to days game was so plenty that very little bave been originally human bones, exertion was necessary to procure a

were to be found.' subsistence, and there were then no wars—these happy people having then

o i I believe we may confidently prono employment, collected, merely for nounce, that all the hypotheses which sport, these heaps of earth, which have attribute these works to Europeans are ever since remained, and have subsea incorrect and fanciful: Ist. on account quently been used by another people, of the present number of the works ; 2d. who succeeded them, as depositories on account of their antiquity; having of their dead. Another tradition is, from every appearance been erected a that they were erected by the Indians tó long time before the discovery of Ameprotect them from the mammoths, until rica ; and, finally, their form and manthe Great Spirit took pity on his red ner are varient from European fortificachildren, and annihilated these enor- tions, either in ancient or modern times. mous elephants. Most of the Indian “! It is equally clear that they were nations concur in their having been the not the work of the Indians. Until the work of a people which had ceased to Senecas, who are renowned for their exist before the red men possessed national vanity, had seen the attention those hunting grounds.

of the Americans attracted to these “ The numerous mounds, fortifica- erections, and had invented the fabulous tions, and burial caverns, and the ske- account of which I have spoken, the Inletons and mummies, that have been dians of the present day did not pretend discovered in these catacombs, suffi- to know any thing about their origin. ciently establish the fact, that a people They were beyond the reach of all their altogether different from the present traditions, and were lost in the abyss of aborigines once inhabited these regions. unexplored antiquity.' At what period this by-gone people “ At the Bull Shoals, east branch of flourished still remains a matter of mere White river in Missouri, several feet conjecture, for to the present time no below the surface of the banks, reliqua discovery has been made that could were found which indicated that this lead to any plausible supposition. spot had formerly been the seat of me

talurgical operations. The alloy ap- that the idea cannot be entertained of peared to be lead united with silver. their being the remains of the ancestors Arrow-heads cut out of flint, and pieces of the present race. Flint gives the of earthen pots which had evidently un- following description of one of them dergone the action of fire, were also which he carefully examined. He says, found here. The period of time at which "The more the subject of the past races these operations were carried on in this of men and animals in this region is place must have been very remote, as investigated, the more perplexed it the present banks have been since en seems to become. The huge bones of tirely formed by alluvial deposits. the animals indicate them to be vastly

Near the Teel-te-nuh (or dripping- larger than any that now exist on the fork), which empties itself into the La earth. All that I have seen and heard Platte, and not far distant from its junc- of the remains of the men, would seem tion with that river, there is an extensive to shew that they were smaller than the cavern, in which are deposited several men of our times. All the bodies that mummies. Some tribes which roam have been found in that high state of this region have a tradition, that the preservation, in which they were disfirst Indian ascended through this aper- covered in nitrous caves, were consiture, and settled on the earth's surface. derably smaller than the present ordi

“ A few years since, on the Merrimac nary stature of men. The two bodies river in St. Louis county, a number of that were found in the vast limestone pigmy graves were discovered. The cavern in Tennessee, one of which I coffins were of stone ; and the length of saw at Lexington, were neither of them the bodies which they contained, judg- more than four feet in height. It seems ing from that of the coffins, could not to me that this must have been nearly have been more than from three feet the height of the living person. The and a half to four feet. The graves teeth and nails did not seem to indicate were numerous, and the skeletons in the shrinking of the flesh from them in some instances nearly entire.

the desiccating process by which they “In the month of June (1830), a party were preserved. The teeth were separated of gentlemen, whilst in pursuit of wild by considerable intervals; and were turkeys, in Hart county, Kentucky, dis- small, long, white, and sharp, reviving covered, on the top of a small knoll, a the horrible images of nursery tales of hole sufficiently large to admit a man's ogres' teeth. The hair seemed to have body. Having procured lights, they been sandy, or inclining to yellow. ! descended, and at the depth of about is well known that nothing is so unisixty feet, entered a cavern, sixteen or form in the present Indian as his lank eighteen feet square, apparently hewn black hair. From the pains taken to out of solid rock. The whole chamber preserve the bodies, and the great labour was filled with human skeletons, which of making the funeral robes in which they supposed, from the size, to be they were folded, they must have been those of women and children. The of the blood-royal, or personages of place was perfectly dry, and the bones great consideration in their day. The were in a state of great preservation. person that I saw, had evidently died They wished to ascertain how deep the by a blow on the skull. The blood had bones lay, and dug through them be- coagulated there into a mass, of a textween four and seven feet, but found ture and colour sufficiently marked to them quite as plentiful as at the top: shew that it had been blood. The enon coming to this depth, dampness ap- velope of the body was double. Two peared, and an unpleasant effluvia splendid blankets, completely woven arising, obliged them to desist. There with the most beautiful feathers of the was no outlet to the cavern. A large wild turkey, arranged in regular stripes snake, which appeared to be perfectly and compartments, encircled it. The docile, passed several times round the cloth on which these feathers were apartment whilst they remained.

woven, was a kind of linen of neat "In a museum at New York, I saw texture, of the same kind with that one of those mummies alluded to, which which is now woven from the fibres of appeared to be remarkably small; but I the nettle. The body was evidently had not an opportunity of examining it that of a female of middle age, and I minutely. Those that have been found should suppose that her majesty weighin the most perfect state of preservation ed, when saw her, six or eight were deposited in nitrous caves, and pounds.'" were enveloped in a manner so diffe 6. The silly attempts that have been

nt from the practices of the Indians, made to establish an oriental origin for

the North American Indians, have never citement by the near approach of her produced any other conviction in an felicity, and it was with a proportionate unbiassed mind, than that the facts fall she heard the proposed delay. brought forward to support that theory Again the voice of the blind harper existed only in the imaginations of those sounded in her ears the prophetic warnwho advanced them. The colour, the ing, and a conviction came upon her form, the manners, habits, and propen- mind that the separation would be sities of the Indians, all combine to fraught with danger-would be fatal to establish that they are a distinct race of one or both of them. But she could not human beings, and could never have persuade herself to attempt changing emanated from any people of European, ihe course of events, and she allowed Asiatic, or African origin.

the fortnight that elapsed before his

departure to pass without mentioning MARY HUGHES:

her fears.

Day after day went by, and still found A TALE OF THE WELCH HIGHLANDS. Concluded from page 23.

them together roaming the levels, climb

ing the hills, or seated on the decliviThe next day Edward went on his ties, with hearts brimming with the delicate mission. When her father was fulness of their affection, and eyes glismade aware of the fresh debt of grati- tening with the rapture of their bliss. tude he had contracted, he met his young Little he said of his departure. His friend's demand with the greater plea- joy was in the present, nor had he fears sure, as he was then conscious of having for the future. No plans were formed, it in his power to bestow a suitable no promises given, no anticipations acknowledgment on his exertions. He considered. The time passed rapidly said he had but one gift worth his ac and joyously, in the sweet indulgence ceptance, and that was his daughter. of their mutual love. The last day arShe was a treasure he felt loth to part rived. Edward rode over to his friend's with; yet, as no one could possibly mansion to take his farewell. He found deserve her so well as one who had her in the antique summer-house, playtwice perilled his life to save hers, if ing on her harp a melody she knew he she loved him, and he possessed his loved to hear. She always forgot her father's consent, they should have bis, fears when she found him by her side ; and his blessing, whenever they were but this morning she had woke to the desirous of possessing them.

certainty of its being the last day of With his own father Edward was not their meeting. In spite of his caresses, 80 successful. The old gentleman ima- she could not refrain from unburdening gined, that if he was married at so to him the fearful anticipations she early an age, he might probably become cherished her regret at his departure indolent and unfit for his vocation; he and her fears for his safety. He entherefore stated to him, that if he imme- deavoured to persuade her that her fears diately proceeded to college, and ob were vain, but met with little success. tained there those honours he knew hë She hung upon his shoulder, her eyes had sufficient ability to expect, he glistening with tears, imploring him to should, after having been ordained for remember her when away, to think of boly orders, possess the hand he covet her often, to write to her frequentlyed, with his most fervent prayers for but, above all, to be sure to be always their happiness. Nothing, he said, attentive to his own safety; for if any could give greater pleasure to him than thing was to happen to him, she could to unite the daughter of his ancient not live; her heart would break, and friend with his only son; but he could an early grave would be her pornot think it accordant with his duty as tion. Overpowered with the agony of a Christian minister, and his duty as a her feelings, she sank exhausted on his father, to give his consent to their union arm. Edward gazed upon her pale till such conditions had been fulfilled. features, while her bright hair was With such (as he considered) hard terms streaining over her shoulders, and her as these, Edward was obliged to ac fair form was reclining on his for supquiesce.

port, and vowed to himself that never Mary was soon acquainted with the in word or deed, in thought or action, circumstances : an arrangement like would he do any thing that might give this was quite unexpected to her. It her pain. He felt almost subdued by was not without some misgivings that the force of his own sensations. He she acceded to it. Her feelings had could not look unmoved on the specbeen raised to a height of rapturous ex tacle before him, nor could he observe

the intensity of her affection without that he had been lately recognised on being deeply affected by it.

the coast with a party of smugglers who She soon recovered, raised herself were known to frequent there ; and it from his arm, and looked upon him for was generally suspected that he was a time steadily and composedly; then, their leader. He was tall, athletic, and in a fresh burst of uncontrollable trans- not unhandsome either inform or feaport, she pressed him fondly to her tures. His dark eyes, which many a breast, and clung upon his lips in a simple girl thought beautiful, when paroxysm of passionate feeling. Every lighted up by passion or revenge flashed promise was made to her that could tend upon the object of his hatred an almost in the least degree to mitigate her sor- supernatural light ; and his black hair, row, or to quiet her fears; and at last, which had never been cut, curled over with frequent vows of fidelity on both his forehead, and hung down upon his sides, and parting gifts given and re- shoulders, giving an appearance of wild ceived, she allowed him to depart. beauty to his features, whose delinea

Edward sought his gallant friend, and tion would have done honour to the found him seated on his pony, with a pencil of a Salvator Rosa. He was the determination of seeing him to his fa- dread of many of the peasantry for his ther's, near which the coach passed that dark eye, and the fear of others for his was to carry him to his destination. great strength. He was reckless and On they jogged; the sure-footed ani- daring as a young lion, but savage and mals on which they rode, like the mules ferocious as a wild tigress. Still, he in the mountainous districts of Spain, was admitted into the society of the seemned to possess a more than natural small farmers of the vicinity, where his. instinct in climbing the dangerous courage made him acceptable to some, passes that lay in their direction. They his qualifications in hard drinking to never stumbled, even upon the most many, and his paternal acres and good hazardous footing; but trod with as figure brought with them no small remuch safety their rugged pathways, and commendation to others of which felt as much at ease, as a modern exqui- careful mothers and ambitious daughsite on the broad pavé of Regent Street ters formed a large portion. They knew or St. James's. When they parted, it little, it is to be hoped, of his more exwas not without some emotion that the ceptionable deeds nothing but the veteran left his young friend, as he romantic interest that was attached to shook him heartily by the hand, and his name. Whisperings came to them wished him all success at Alma Mater. of daring enterprises, in which he had

Months passed, years were following, acted a principal character; but among and Mary still continued to improve in a people where such things have always loveliness and excellence. She fre- been looked upon as more glorious than quently received letters from her lover, blamable, it was not to be supposed it all breathing the tenderest affection ;' could much injure him in their estimaand she had intelligence from his father tion. Nothing dark, in which bis name (who generally managed to ride over was mixed up with deeds of blood and once a-week to see his old friend) of with victims of treachery, ever came to his progress and success. She felt al- their ears; for he was in the habit of most happy; and she looked forward to managing matters in a much surer way. the close of the last year, when she ex At the house of a gentleman in the pected to be quite so. As she aproach- neighbourhood, Mary and her father ed nearer and nearer to the time ap- met him for the first time. He was not pointed for the full enjoyment of her unknown to Captain Hughes ; but his happiness, she shook off the fear that knowledge of him was derived from the had oppressed her, and determined to report of his tenants, and from facts consider the blind bard as a false pro- learned in his professional capacity as phet.

a magistrate. Mary had never seen In their neighbourhood, a few miles him before ; but it was suspected by distant from them, lived a young man, some that he had seen her, although he named Walter Jones, who had just suc- had previously had no opportunity of ceeded to a small property left him by speaking to her ; for it was afterwards his father. Walter had never borne à discovered that the two inen who atgood character among his more respect- tacked her at the ruins of the old monasable neighbours. He had from a boy tery belonged to the smugglers on the been violent and headstrong, fond of coast; and what object they could have mischief, partial to bad company, and in carrying her off, was supposed to be addicted to hard drinking. It was said best known to himself. He seemed

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