Imatges de pàgina

sweeping measures against enemies obeisant clip of the double purposed opening new connections out of their hat, are evidences of generous estimapale, bot in their grade, for the making, tion. To a purseless person, genteely like other great folks, appointments dressed, that passes the swepe ground suitably adapted to the talents of their daily, the operator, once scanning his aspirants, worthy of advancement dur- character, neither smiles nor moves. ing the legislation of the brumal cam. He is looked upon as selfish, or a propaign in the line of causeways, mud- scriptive member of an anti-liberal baths, and snowdrop channels. Í know society, and is treated with the sweeper's not if persons are regularly tutored as contumation. Kindly intentioned, sinhistrionic candidates are, for their better gle and married ladies, of a certain age, earlier, and first appearances, when so are great encouragers of upright ways much precosity is required ; but it has and nice crossings. Franklin recomnot escaped my notice that new patches mends tradesmen, particularly, to this are placed on eyes and new perforations object; and shopkeepers, of the best placed on arms and legs ; above all, a school, adopt the recommendation. I new visit of lumbago, or a new limp, intended giving a schedule of some of with a besom is indispensable ; for this the most celebrated sweepers, since the besoin of destruction shows the centinel demise of that civil wight, that kept his to be at his post, and proves him to be coast so clear at the Bridge.street end a disciple of M'Adam's granite race of Fleet Market. But I find the 'space

But as manners are the means of dis- required would be considerable. These tinguishing each elevation in society, ciphers in the great account, are not moso ille mendicants of the sweeping ge- nopolists in the necessities of life, like nera are known by their operative the wealthy; nor menders of the ways qualities. In these, proh, pudor! the of our moralities, or mysteries, but way. Blacks far excel the Whites: their faring mortals. A bluck of the first corly hair, good-natured looks, with order holds his levee near the Asylum. apparent sheen or chubby faces, lit up I never saw the art better displayed. by the contrast of their eyes ; their He looks, he acts, the character admirhumble attitude, want of clothing.- ably. “ Pray sir ! do sir !" has been without blankets, a hot climate, a work a celebrated actress in her day, in the house, or a friend, are strong arguments purlieus of Sadler's Wells. Children! in their behalf. In spite of avarice, she must have called a hundred to her these negroes excite commiseration, bosoin, and hushed their pretty tongues and are in the ascendant, in all the best to sleep in her arms; whether she contiWest-end soliciting quarters. Their nues to keep catarrhs in her eyes for a civility, above all, is worthy of notice, blind, or not, I cannot say, but she has for they bow equally for the mite as for been a successful special pleader in the nothing. The dingy, white, irascible, class. The man with the wooden legs at creatures in complexion are far other. the Angel. The negroes in Cranbourne wise. How often the muttering ana- Alley and Piccadilly. The aged sweeper thema is wafted to the ear, after passing in crutches, in Aldgate. The dwartis) a crossway at which the sturdy appel- palaverer at the Obelisk. The Old lant stands, if the imploration is not Soldier at Knightsbridge. The 'sailor generously rewarded. Where Hope, with one arm, one eye, one leg, and one Faith, and Charity, are sickly shiver. yarn, at Pimlico. The little short old ing near a bleak current and on a damp man, with an odd walk, an odd look, an ground-whose heart is stout enough odd address, and an odd squint, in the to resist - or who would not assist in Camden Town range. The running and the general benevolence of the day's beseeching boys and girls at King'scross: passengers ? Many impostors are placed The pious man that holds his hand and in eligible situations for alms-deeds; shields his eyes at Barnsbory; and many but it is better to err by relieving such, others, yone and going, will ere long, than to withdraw

the eleemosinary hand be swept in the mass; and the rising froin one real sufferer that may be mis- generations will know them not, untaken in the application. Not a few of less they bear record in the archives of the street niendicants, however, have the “ OLIO." dependencies on regular customers. A known giver, when passing, ordinarily, AN AUTHOR.(For the Olio.) will always cominand the spinal curve, His body is a lamp -Genius the oil in defiance of real or affecled rheum.

Which leeds the readers with a mental light,

His judgment triing it, thas it may not soil: The courtesy dip, the facile effort of

And life preserves it steadily and bright. making the road agreeable, and the


For the Olio.

videntially, the sea was comparati rely smooth, or our overloaded boats would have swamped, and we should only

have escaped the flames to perish in the How do I love thee, country breezes!-As wife does love the spouse she teazes;

deep. The wind was light, but variable, As he loves her, too-when she pleases; and acting on the sails, which, being As sportsman loves the game he seizes; drenched with the rain, did not soon As lawyer loves to call all fees, bis;

take fire, drove the burning mass, in Miser to call all cash he sees, bis ; As doctor loves to cure diseases!

terrific grandeur, over the surface of the As patient loves the dram that eases ;

ocean, the darkness of which was only As bishop's love for bended knees is;

illuminated by the quick glancing of As beadles love to keep the peace is; As gard'ner's love for shrubs and trees is; the lightning on the glare of the conAs sailor's love for ships and seas is; flagration. Our situation was for some As soldier loves war-when it ceases;

time exceedingly perilous. The vessel As cook y loves the joint she greases;

neared us more than once, and appaAs skater loves the lake that freezes; Conveyancer liis bond and leases;

rently threatened to involve us in one Tobacconist a man who sneezes;

common destruction. The cargo, conAs Flora loves ber Strephon's squeezes :Strong as the love of each of these is,

sisting of dry provisions, spirits, cotton My love for thee, O country breezes !

goods, and other articles equally comA.M.P. bustible, burned with great violence,

while the fury of the destroying eleESCAPE FROM A SHIP ON FIRE. ment, the amazing height of the flames,

the continued storm, amidst the thick Many of the party, having retired to darkness of the night, rendered the their hainmocks soon after the com

scene appalling and terrible. About mencement of the storm, were only par- ten o'clock, the masts, after swaying tially clothed, when they made their from side to side, fell with a dreadful escape ; but the seamen on the watch, in crash into the sea, and the bull of the consequence of the heavy rain, having vessel continued to burn amidst the cased themselves in double or treble shattered fragments of the wreck, till dresses, supplied their supernumerary the sides were consumed to the water's articles of clothing to those who had edge. The spectacle was troly magninone. We happily succeeded in bring- ficent; could it even have been contening away two compasses from the bin- plated by us without a recollection of nacle, and a few candles from the cuddy our own circumstances. The torments table, one of them lighted; one bottle endured by the dogs, sheep, and other of wine, and another of porter, were animals on board, at any other time handed to us, with the table-cloth and a would have excited our deepest comknife, which proved very useful ; but miseration; but at present, the object the fire raged so fiercely in the body of before us, our stately ship, that had for the vessel, that neither bread nor wa. the last four months been our social ter could be obtained. The rain still home, the scene of our enjoyments, our poured in torrents; the lightning, fol. labours, and our rest, now a prey to lowed by loud bursting of thunder, con the destroying element; the suddenness tinued to stream from one side of the with which we had been hurried from heavens to the other,-one moment circumstances of comfort and compara. dazzling us by its glare, and the next tive security, to those of destitution and moment leaving us in darkness, reliev- peril, and with which the most exhilaed only by the red flames of the confla- rating hopes had been exchanged for gration from which we were endeavour- disappointment as unexpected as it was ing to escape. Our first object was to afflictive; the sudden death of the two proceed to a distance from the vessel, seamen, our own narrow escape, and lest she should explode and over- lonely situation on the face of the deep, whelm us; but, to our inexpressible and the great probability even yet, aldistress, we discovered that the yawl though we had succeeded in removing had no rudder, and that for the two to a greater distance from the vessel, boats we had only three oars. All exer- that we ourselves should never again tions to obtain more from the ship pro see the light of day, or set foot on solid ved unsuccessful. The gig had a rud- ground, absorbed every feeling. For der ; from this they threw out a rope to some time the silence was scarcely brotake us in tow; and by means of a few ken, and the thoughts of many, I doubt paddles, made by tearing up the lining not, were engaged on subjects most of the boat, we assisted in moving our suitable to immortal beings on the brink selves slowly through the water. Pro- of eternity. The number of persons in



the two boats was forty-eight; and all, on our account should be amply rewith the exception of the two ladies, paid.

Missionary Annual. who bore this severe visitation with uncommon fortitude, worked by turns at

THE BROTHERS. the oars and paddles. After some time,

For the Olio. to our great relief, the rain ceased; the labour of baling water from the boats it pillow'd to repose;

The same fond bosom nourish'd, was then considerably diminished. We Like two fair flowers they fourish’d, were frequently hailed during the night Ere wintry tempest blows. by our companions in the small boat, The same their sports of infant years; and returned the call, while the brave And if at times some pearly tears, and generous-hearted seamen

Like morning's dew drops shone,

Short was the bright intruder's stay, sionally enlivened the solitude of the By cherub lips soon kiss'd away. deep by a simultaneous Hurra!' to Each loved and lovely one cheer each other's labours, and to ani- Seem'd bound in tenderness for ever

Oh! who could dream such hearts could sever. mate their spirits. The Tanjore rose in the water as its contents were gra

The elder o'er the younger threw, dually consumed. We saw it burning The younger like the ivy grew,

As years stole on, his shelt'ring care; the whole night, and at day-break Twined round the young elm's branches fair : could distinguish a column of smoke, The summer sun-ibe wint'ry windwhich, however, soon ceased, and Passid o'er their yearly years—but never

That tender union could unbiud, every sign of our favourite vessel dis- Or bid the elm an ivy sever. appeared. When the sun rose, anxiety and uncertainty as to our situa

Alas! that time, with changeful wing,

Should chase such blissful scenes away! tion were greatly relieved by discover

Stern winter nip the buds of spring, ing land a-head; the sight of it tilled And clouds o'ershade morn's golden ray! us with grateful joy, and nerved as That future hours, with other ties, with fresh vigour for the exertion re Should chill such hearts, and rend for ever quired in managing the boats. With Those swebt, those sacred sympathies,

Which Nature form'd-no more to sever! the advance of the day we discerned

MRS. KENTISH ** more clearly the nature of the country. It was wild and covered with jungle, HENRY OF NEMOURS; OR THE without any appearance of population :

IRON CAGE. could we have got ashore, therefore, many of us might have perished before ABOUT the year 1480, their reigned in assistance could have been procured ; France a king called Louis the Xlth, but the breakers, dashing upon the who was greatly disliked by his subjects rocks, convinced us that landing was on account of the cruelty of his dispoimpracticable. In the course of the sition, so much so, in fact, that his own morning we discovered a native vessel, brother, the Duke of Goyenne, entered or dhoney, lying at anchor, at some dis- into a conspiracy, along with certain tance ; the wind at that time beginning other persons, to deprive him of the to favour us, every means was devised crown: one of the principal assistants to render it available. In the yawl we of the duke in this unnatural underextended the table-cloth as a sail, and taking was James of Armagnac, a noblein the other boat a blanket served the man of Languedoc, and constable of the same porpose.

This additional help kingdom of France. Before, however, was the more seasonable as the rays of their designs could be carried into effect, the sun had become almost intolerable the Duke of Guyenne was poisoned in to our partially covered bodies. Some consequence of eating of some fish, of the seamen attempted to quench their which were presented to him by his conthirst by salt water ; but the passengers fessor; and the lord of Armagnac, atencouraged each other to abstain. About taching himself anew to the party of the noon we reached the dhoney. The Dukes of Britany and Burgundy, they natives on board were astonished and called to their assistance the arms of the alarmed at our appearance, and ex- English, who had been all along the pressed some unwillingness to receive hereditary enemies of the French. Their us ; but our circumstances would ad- designs were on the very point of being mit of no denial ; and we scarcely wait- carried into execution, when Louis was ed till our Singalese fellow-passenger privately informed of their intentions, could interpret to them our situation and James of Armagnac, having been and our wants, before we ascended taken into custody at a inoment when he the sides of their vessel, assuring them least expected it, was beheaded by order that every expense and loss sustained of the government.

This vigorous measure was no doubt called amusement, was the gambols of dictated by prudence and good policy; a little mouse, who used to descend but the enormities with which it was ac from the ceiling into the cages, and eat companied, and the cruelties inflicted the crumbs which were left from their on the unoffending offspring of the con scanty repasts. He came, day after day, stable after his decease, have served to till he at last grew so familiar as to bebrand the name of Louis the Xlth with come quite a compation, and play for well merited infamy. The unfortunate 'hours with the poor little boys without nobleman 1 ft behind hin two children; being in the least afraid of them. As the eldest, Henry, being abont eight evening came on, it used to end its welyears of age, and his brother Francis come visit, and retire to its nest in the scarcely seven, at the period of their ceiling. father's death. During the time of his In this manner the two brothers spent execution they were, by order of Louis, some months, without however being both clothed in white robes, and led permitted to see or even hear from their beneath the scaffold on which their pa- mamma, and scarcely knowing whether rent was to suffer, in order that his she were still living. And at length, blood might fow upon their innocent such is the force of custom, they were heads; and when all was over, they beginning to grow inured to their lot, were conducted by the guards of the and to suffer less pain from their conking to the Bastile (the common prison finement, when the cruel king, underof Paris) and there strictly confined, by standing such to be the fact, gave orders the instructions of the barbarous mo that a tooth should be drawn from each march.

of the unfortunate children every eighth During their residence in this miser- day. able abode, it is scarcely possible to con No sooner was the command issued, ceive sufferings more exquisite than than the surgeon of the prison arrived, those which were inflicted on these help- to put into execution this new barbarity; less children. Indeed, were the facts and having stated his orders, he was not well attested by history, it would be about to commence with Francis, when difficult to credit the accounts which Henry, regardless of his own sufferings, have reached us of their inhuinan treat- threw himself upon his knees, and with ment.

tears implored him not to add to their By the directions of the king, two distress by fulfilling this cruel mandate. iron cages were suspended from the “ My mamma,” said he,“ will die with roof of their apartment; they were low, sorrow, should she know that you have and of a conical shape, something like a inflicted any injury on my poor little tunnel, and so constructed that the little brother." prisoners could neither lie down, stand The person appointed to perforın the upright, nor sit within them. In these barbarous oftice, represented to the afthey were accordingly enclosed, and, fectionate child, “ that in complying as may be conceived, from morning till with his entreaties he should run the night their pain was most acute; they risk of losing his own life; “ and becould not possibly remain long in one side," said he, “ I am so narrowly position; and when they changed it for watched, that I must of necessity proanother, that became in a few minutes duce the two teeth to the king." equally painful: by day they had no then,' replied Henry," let me iinplore relief, and by night neither rest nor you to take them both from me, and to sleep: aud their time was almost all spare those of my brother; for I am spent in weeping for their father, and very strong, and can endure the pain, bewailing the sorrows of their afflicted but poor Frank is so weak and so mother, from whom they feared they young, that I know it will kill him." were now separated for ever. Their Struck with such a display of brother. only solace arose from being confined ly affection, the surgeon, who was not in the same room, and their cages being in reality a cruel man, could not refrain hung so closely together that they could from tears. His first idea was to reconverse with and even touch each nounce allogether a commission so reother. Henry, the eldest, was a fine volting to his feelings; but this notion manly little fellow, and all his efforts he quickly abandoned, on considering were directed to console his poor little that a successor would be found who brother, who was much weaker and might not be induced to spare the more delicate than himself.

younger child, who was in reality too Their only source of amusement, if, delicate and weak to undergo the opein such a situation, any thing could be ration. He therefore acceded io ihe

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wishes of Henry; and arming himself Paris assaulted and destroyed the Baswith courage, absolutely extracted the tile, in one of the apartments were distwo teeth, and bore them to the king. covered the two cages in which Henry

Henry uttered a faint scream when and Francis had been so long confined: the teeth were about to be extracted, they were constructed with the uta ost but in a moment after, he declared that ingenuity, and admirably adap ed to he was content to suffer for his brother; fulfil the cruel purpose for which they whilst the poor little Francis, on his were intended ; but the mob having part, conld only weep, and lament the torn them down, dashed them into a agony which the affectionate boy was thousand pieces, with just and generous undergoing for his sake. For many indignation. Juvenile Souvenir. weeks the torture was repeated at stated periods, and the young Duke of Ne- PUBLICIANS AND TAX-GATHERERS mours (for that was the title to which

For the Onio. Henry was the heir) absolutely paid to his last tooth, the penalty demanded of

“ Tribute to whom tribute-custom to whom

custom." him and his innocent companion.

In the mean time, this excellent and MODERN publicans pay taxes, not courageous child could not long resist collect them, otherwise than as duties the evils which were pressing upon inflicted on the public by the cominohim. The want of air, of exercise, and dities they sell. Modern publicans are those attentions requisite at so tender' jolly, social and charitable ; men that an ageihe heart.rending recollections inix in society, and are held in geneof the fate of his father- his sorrowful rally good estimation; men that contriseparation from his mother, and the bute largely to the revenue; and men continual pain which he endured ; all that look well after their families and conspired to produce decline; a slow those in their callings of the unfortunate fever ensued; it gained upon, and con -the aged and the orphan, the widow sumed him by degrees ; and the inno- and the oppressed. But the publicans cent victim of so much barbarity de- of old were a very differeni class of scended in a few months to the grave. men. Josephus, no ignoramus in

On the evening of the last day he tracing character, says: After the lived, he said to his brother, “ My dear, Jews became tributary to Ronie, effected dear Frank, I am abont to leave you by Pompey, sixty years before our Safor ever. Oh, that I could but see my viour, officers were appointed by the dear mamma' before I die; but, alas! Roman Senate, to whom it belonged, as I shall never behold her again. But well among the Jews as in other promy heart tells nie that you will, ere vinces, to collect and gather up such long, be restored to her; and oh! custom money, or tribule, as was exwhen you do see her, tell her, that acted by the Senate. Those that gatherwhen dying, I loved her far more dearly ed up these public payments, says Cithan when we were all so happy to- cero, were termed publicans ; and, by gether.” A sudden spasm seized him, reason of their covetous exactions, they from which he only suficiently recover were hated by the people. Each proed to utter these words : “Give me your vince had a society ; each society a dihand, my dear Frank, and let me feel stinct governor. In respect to this, mine clasped once more in yours.

Zacheus is called princeps publicanoThese were the last words of this model rum - the chief receiver of the tribute, of fraternal affection, and in a few mi- or chief publican. All the provincial nutes more he closed his eyes for ever. governors in these several societies had

The presentiment which he had form one chief master, residing at Rome, to ed, and to which he gave utterance in whom the other subordinate governors his last moments, proved correct. Little submitted their accounts. These pubFrancis survived under all the agonies licans were hated in all the provinces, of bis situation ; and Louis XIth bav- because of their exactions, but chiefly ing died sometime afterwards, this last in the commonwealth of the Jews; bescion of the Dukes of Nemours was set cause, though it were chiefly maintained at liberty by Charles Villth, his suc- by the Galileans, yet it was generally cessor. During the remainder of his adınitted by the Jews, that tribute ouglit life, however, he continued bent and not to be paid by them. This is condeformed, in conseqnence of his priva- firmed by the rabbinical proverb, – tions and sufferings in the Iron Cage.

" Take not wife out of that family At the period of the revolution in wherein there is a publican, for such Frence, in 1789, when the populace of are all publicans.” Indeed, a faithful

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