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quickness which some persons possess right plunged a poniard into his heart. in distinguishing the smaller sounds, What makes this tragedy the more is very remarkable. Miners, in boring striking is the common belief of the for coal, can tell by the sound what times that the victim was the father of substance they are penetrating; and a the murderer, who is said to have kickrecent discovery is that of applying a ed the body, exclaiming, “Such is the listening tube to the breast to detect punishment for defiling the bed of my the motions of the heart. In Kirby and father, thy liege lord.”—Lardner's CycloSpence's work on Entomology, the pedia,- History of Spain and Portugal. writer says, “I know of no other insect, MURDER OF A PRELATE.—To remove the tread of which is accompanied by the Archbishop of Saragossa was the sound, except the flea, whose steps a resolve of Antonio de Luna, head of lady assured me she always hears when the Aragonese faction which existed in it passes over her night-cap, and that 1411. As a truce had just been conit clacks as if it was walking in pat- cluded between the hostile parties, Don

Antonio solicited an interview with the TRAGICAL FATE OPBERNARDU, Archbishop, each to be accompanied Count OP BARCELONA.- By the death by a certain nuinber of horsemen; it of Louis, in 840, Catalonia and Gothic was to take place in the highway from Gaul fell to Charles, the youngest son Almunia, to Almonazid. As the churchof that Emperor.

Indignant that in the man proceeded, he was met by the division of the empire no portion was Count de Luna, with twenty lancersleft for him, Pepin, son of the rebellious two hundred had been hid behind a prince of that name, no sooner heard of hill-and the conference began. The his grandfather's death than he seized object of Antonio was to quarrel with on Aquitaine. Bernardo forined the the Prelate, and thereby have something party of the son as he had formed that like a pretext for his deed. Finding of the father, and when suminoned by that the latter would strenuously supCharles, his new sovereign, to do hó- port the infante of Castile, he demanded mage in person for his fief, he at first in a furious tone, " Shall the Count de refused to appear, but not without as- Urgel be king or not?”-“ Not while I signing the most plausible pretexts he live!” replied the other.-"He shall, could for neglecting to obey. Soon whether you live or die,” rejoined the hearing, however, that these reasons Count, wlio at the same time struck hiin were unsatisfactory to Charles, he has- with his mailed hand on the face. Seetened to disarm by his presence that ing the mischief intended, the ArchbiPrince's anger. His arrest was resol- shop pushed his mule to escape ; but ved; he fled ; his domestics were laden the sword of the Count descending on with fetters, and his moveable property the head of the ill-fated victiin, caused seized. Feeling that he was unable to him to stagger in his seat, and almost contend with so powerful a prince, he instantly to fall to the ground, where forsook, or pretended to forsake Pepin, he was speedily beheaded. gained the advisers of Charles, and BIRTH OF Edward VI.-It has been again waited on the king. He threw said that it was found necessary to himself at the royal feet, protested that bring the infant into the world by that he always had been, and would always terrible method called the Cæsarian remain, faithful; that the enemies of his operation; and Sir John Hayward posovereign should also be his, and offer- sitively states the fact. Sanders, a bited to do battle with any one who should ter writer against King Henry, tells us gainsay him. Charles believed him, that the physicians were of opinion pardoned him. In the wars which fol- that either the mother or the child must lowed he remained neuter; but when, perish ; that they put the question to in 843, on a new division between the ihe King, which should be spared, the two brothers, Catalonia again fell to Queen or his son ? and that he answerCharles, he began to aim at independ- ed, his son, because he could easily ence. However cautious his proceedings, find other wives.-The official record they reached the ears of his superior, in the College of Arms thus speaks of who concealed his resentment, but me- the Queen's death : “To the most ditated a detestable revenge. Being sum- Chrysten Pryncess, Jane, Quene of Engmoned to attend a convocation of the land and of Fraunce, Lady of Ireland, States at Thorlouse, he reluctantly and mother to the most noble and puysobeyed. On entering the assembly, as sant Prince Edward; which deceasyd he knelt to do homage, Charles seized at Hampton Courte, the xxxixth yere of him with the left hand, and with the our inost dread Sovereigne Lord Kyng

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Henry the eight, her most dearest hus- for the establishment of a panopticon band, the xxiiii of October, at nyght, prison for the reform of criminals had xii of the clocke ; which departyng was passed the two Houses of Parliament, the twelf day after the byrthe of the and the king had the pen in his hand said Prynce, her Grace beyng in child- to sign it, when he asked Lord Shelbed.”

burne who it was that was undertaking ANCIENT VESSEL. The old ship this scheme. The answer was 'Mr. Bendiscovered some years since in the bed tham, of Lincoln's Inn.'—'Bentham!' of the river Rother, has now been com- said the king, and put down the pen. pletely dug out and put in motion for The bill never received the royal asLondon, there to be exhibited. It is sent; the scheme was obliged to be supposed to be a Dutch or Danish ves- given up, and Mr. Bentham was sadsel, wrecked in the great tempest of dled with a large pecuniary lossma 1286, which diverted the river from its thing he cared little for in comparison ancient to its present channel. The to the defeat of his benevolent project. utensils found in it, and its own build, This story Mr. Bentham had from the certainly do not sanction us in attribut- lips of Lord Shelburne himself. ing to it a more remote antiquity. COURTSHIP OF THE LATE DR. R.

The Iron OF BORNEO. - The iron “Dear sir, I am sorry I cannot accept found all along the coast of Borneo is your kind offer, as I am already engagof a very superior quality, which every ed; but I am sure my sister Ann would person must know who has visited jump at it. Your obliged, Eliza L.”Pontiana. There are forty-nine forges “Dear Miss Eliza, I beg your pardon, at work merely in the campong of Mar., but wrote your name in mistake; it pow; but the mandows and spears was Miss Ann I meant to ask ; have which Seljie uses himself and gives to written to her per bearer. Hoping his favourite warriors, are obtained far. soon to be your affectionate brother, ther north. Instruments made of this J. R."-The Dr. and Miss Ann were metal will cut through overwrought married, and, as they say in the fairy and common steel with ease ; a wager tales, "lived very happy all the rest of a few rupees having been made with of their lives.” Seljie, that he would not cut through Duke CONSTANTINE AND the Monan old musket-barrel, he, without hesi- Key.-One day, the Duke was busy tation, put the end of it upon a block writing in his own apartment, while his of wood and chopped it to pieces, with- favourite monkey was as usual caperout in the least turning the edge of the ing about, playing all sorts of tricks, mandow.

and meddling with everything. At length he fised his eyes on a loaded

gun, and snatching it up unperceived, Varieties

he deliberately took aim at his master,

and was on the point of pulling the Highest TAVERN IN Europe.-A trigger. At this moment the Grandtavern has been built on the summit of Duke happened to raise his eyes from Mount Faulhorn in Switzerland; it his desk, and though almost petrified stands at an elevation of 8,140 feet with alarm uttered a loud cry, upon above the level of the sea, and is, which the inonkey averted the weapon, therefore between 5 and 600 feet higher and discharged its contents in another than the Hospice of the Great St. Ber- direction. The report caused a dreadnard.

ful consternation in the palace. The GEORGE THE THIRD AND THE LATE individuals in attendance hurried to the JEREMY Bentham. --The first writings apartment of His Highness, and found Mr. Bentham committed to the press him, though still agitated by the effects were letters in a newspaper, on the of the fright, caressing the monkey who affairs of Europe, somewhere about the had thrown the musket on the ground, close of the American war, which had and was apologizing for his niisdethe singular distinction of being an meanour by his very best grimaces. The swered by George the Third. The king only punishment the monkey received published his letter in a Hague journal, was to be banished for a time from the it was replied to by Mr. Bentham, and apartment of his master. He was remost unmercifully dissected; probably moved to new quarters, and transferin that manner in which we know he red to the friendly care of Mahmud afterwards so much excelled--the ap- Hassan. He was, however, frequently plication of the rack of analysis. The visited by his master, whom he contiking learned who the writer was, and nued to divert by his tricks and grimnever forgot him. Mr. Bentham's bill


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Illustrated Article.

turesque scenery of North Wales, after

the telyn (the wild harp of the mounMARY HUGHES:

tains) had sounded the high deeds of their fathers and the glory of their land,

I heard the particulars forming the On earth one heart, one hope, one joy, one gloom, simple story of Mary Hughes, and the One closing hour, one undivided tomb.-Croly. affecting incidents of her fate. It is a

Many years have passed since the tale that will hardly awaken the sensiheroine of these memoirs found a refuge bilities of those whose delight is fixed from her sorrows in the bosom of the on novels of fashionable life; they, pergrave. The inscription on her grave- haps, will turn with affected disgust stone is now defaced and almost illegi- from a legend that has its foundation on ble, and the green hillock that marked the vulgar basis of nature and truth. the spot in which she rests has sunk But their approbation I do not seek. down to a level with the surrounding Those whose hearts are open to the earth. Yet she still lives in the hearts sympathies of humanity, whose feelings of those who had been familiar with her most deeply influenced by the beauty, and had known her when her simplest, which are the most natural cheek was radiant with the hues of causes, and whose passions do not rehealth, and her limbs were buoyant with quire to be called into action by strong the elasticity of youth. To the memory and artificial excitements, are far more of the old, to the recollections of those likely to feel and understand this unwhose heads are now whitened with the pretending narrative, than those whose snows of age, and whose forms are intellectual appetites seek for food of a bowed down by the iron hand of Time, higher though less innocent character. I have been indebted for much of my Captain Hughes had retired from the materials. Sitting in their humble coi- service upon half-pay, after having tages, hid in the most wild and pic- served during most part of the PeninVOL. X.



sular war with acknowledged bravery. quickly excelled. He sang to her the He had received a musket ball in the national records of his country--the leg, while leading a detachinent against glory of Llewellyn, and the fame of the enemy, which obliged him to quit Glyndwr. He taught her to appreciate the army. Taking his danghter with the rich poetry of ihe mountain bards, him from a school in England, where and to execrate the memory of the tyrant she had been placed since the death of by whose order they had been so inber mother, he had retired to the home humanly massacred. She listened to of his fathers, which was situated among him with the most profound attention, the almost inaccessible fastnesses of the as if she could never be weary of so Denbighshire hills. There was little delightful a theme; and by these means about him to provoke inquiry. He had she accumulated in her mind a rich a well-cultivated mind, improved by store of mountain minstrelsy. Often observation of the manners and customs would she wander far among the nioun. of other nations. He possessed the tains, to some spot made precious to her frankness of a soldier, mingled with the remembrance by a glorious struggle, in bigh bearing of a gentleman, proud of which the resistless valour of her fathers being descended from an ancient and had triumphed over their invaders ; or illustrious bouse. He took pride in made holy to her memory by a deluge keeping up the hospitality for which the ol' blood shed by their unavailing braname of his ancestors had ever been very, when put in opposition to the sufamous;

and the offices which had been perior numbers and discipline of their filled in his household in a bygone age conquerors. One day when she was were not allowed to be vacant in his returning from an excursion of this naown. He was generous and brave, kind ture, and was quickening her pace as to his dependants, and loved his daugh- she saw the shadows descending on the ter, who was his only child, far above mountains, she heard a low bellow at all earthly things.

some distance: she turned her head, Mary had attained her fifteenth year, and to her unspeakable terror saw a and was just budding into womanhood. bull, of a short, thick breed, peculiar to She was tall, well formed, and ex that part of Wales, pursuing her with quisitely beautiful. Her limbs were an appearance of the most savage feromoulded in a form of surpassing grace; city. She knew there was no house her features were modelled into an ex nearer than a mile off, and she saw no pression of unequalled loveliness ; her help at hand. Her only chance of escape light hair hung in luxuriant ringlets was over a rustic bridge at no great over her snowy forehead, dancing in distance, which the animal could not the breeze that stirred them, and seemed cross. Summoning up all her courage, to be clothed with smiles when the and with what litile strength she posgolden sunbeams played upon their sessed, she speeded on with a velocity tresses. Yet she was as unconscious of as if fear had lent her wings ; but she her own loveliness as the statue of the had not proceeded far, before she heard divine Aphrodite is of that beauty which the enraged beast approaching nearer has taken captive the hearts of so many and nearer, snorting, bellowing, and generations. She was a child of nature, tearing up the ground, as he bounded knowing no evil, and fearing none. along the earth. She already seemed Her mind was warmed with a high and to feel his hot breath upon her shoulder, eloquent enthusiasm, which made her and, after uttering a short prayer, was look upon the goodness and excellence sinking from excess of terror, when, of the things by which she was sur- just as the wild animal was on the point rounded with a feeling of exalted joy of wreaking his raving vengeance on and unutterable love. She was kind her unoffending body, a strong arm and gentle to all around her, partici. caught her round the waist and drew pating in their pleasure, and enjoying her on one side. The beast, missing their happiness. The peasantry, by his aim, slipt and fell; and before he whom she was almost worshipped, called had time to recover his footing, his inher, in their wild dialect, The Flouer tended victim was hurried out of his of the Hills;" and it is a name by reach. which she is most remembered by those Edward Morris, the son of a neighwho knew her, when her beauty fully bouring clergyman, was quietly endeserved so flattering a title. A vene- gaged fishing for trout in a stream shelrable bard, infirm and blind, who had tered from observation by a few willows long been attached to her family, taught that grew on its bank, when his attenher to play upon the harp, in which she tion was forcibly awakened by the noise

the bull made in his progress. He was prominences that interrupted its course. just in time to save the beautiful girl Around rose hills rising over hills, and from a horrid death; and with breath- mountains towering over their giant less haste carried her over the bridge brethren into the clouds above them, that kept her safe from the fury of her till the eye ached at their immensity, pursuer. She had fainted. Edward and the head grew dizzy at the bare Morris used the only remedy that sug- imagination of their height. Below them gested itself to him—that of sprinkling the gentle valley spread out its alluring her face with water from the neigh- beauties, dotted here and there with a bouring stream. He gazed upon her, cluster of simple cottages, from among and owned that even his poetic fancy, which the unpretending church arose fond of imaginary creatures of ideal like a modest matron in the midst of excellence, had never presented him her offspring. Occasionally, where with the resemblance of a being of such some eminence presented a commanding exceeding loveliness as the beautiful situation, the baronial castle rose in its and helpless female that lay extended pride of power; or the well-built manat his feet. He knelt as he raised hersion of more modern architecture, the from the ground, and watched the ap- hospitable residence of some country pearance of returning animation with gentleman, threw its protecting smile feelings of the most intense interest. over the adjacent villages.

Yet more At length she opened the silken lashes frequently was seen the moss-covered of her eyes, as if awaking from a strange ruin of a mighty fabric, that was once and fearful dream, and met the impas- perhaps the refuge of the Saxon, or the sioned gaze of her preserver, who, like stronghold of the Norman, from whence Adam, enraptured with the beauty of they had issued to spoil and lay waste his new-created bride,

with fire and sword the possessions of Hung over her enamoured."

the native lords; till the people, roused The sun at that inoment was setting to vengeance by a sense of their wrongs, behind the distant hills, leaving the rose en masse, washed a way their just horizon in that blaze of splendour more hatred in the blood of their oppressors, frequently visible in the wild romantic leaving the homes of their tyrants à scenery of a mountainous country. heap of stones, as a monument for afterFlakes of crimson and gold, of dark ages, on which the antiquary might purple and light orange, intermixed waste his useless erudition in conjechere and there with fleecy clouds of the tures upon its structure, or speculations purest white, appeared at some little upon its use. In the most savage spots distance from the departing luminary, of this landscape appeared cairns, a whose immediate vicinity seemed one heap of stones, marking probably a blaze of fire, clothing the far-off hills place of burial, and cromlechs, which with a robe rivalling in the joyous rich- are arrangements of masses of stone, ness and variety of its colonr the most and are almost the only existing records costly apparel in which the rulers of of the Druids, a people whose existence the earth have sought to bestow dignity is clothed with so much fable and mysupon their persons. Far in the heavens tery. These were the most conspicuous was one vast expanse of blue, darken- features of the landscape that met the ing in the distance to the more sober eye; yet were they little heeded by the hue of the coming night. The sea, two beings who seemed the only specstretching far and wide, was visible at tators of a scene of so much loveliness the distance of a few miles, where its and grandeur. waters were occasionally relieved by Mary gazed on the handsome features the white sails of the distant ships; and athletic form of him to whom she and the tall masts of the colliers and owed her life: their eyes met; and in trading vessels, as they lay at anchor in that mute look he felt that she had the bay, were seen peeping over the thanked him more than if her tongue rugged cliffs of the coast. The river had expressed all the eloquence of the was meandering in its serpentine course Grecian orators. He raised her from through the valley that lay at their feet, the ground with as much care as if she till it was lost in the waters of the ocean. was a fragile fiower beaten to the earth The little stream by which they stood, by the weight of the passing storm. one of the many torrents that were tri Edward was enraptured at the idea of butary to the river, was taking its way being the protector of a creature of such in a series of the most wild and pic- fascinating beauty as she who tremblingturesque falls, leaping, like a chamois- ly hung upon hiş arın. In passing over hunter, from crag io crag, over the rocky a dark and fathomless ravine, only to

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