Imatges de pÓgina
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honouring charms; just such a garment show that the very masters of literature of glossy ivy and gold gilliflower as have been content to borrow plumes might add a grace to iheir ornaments from each other. He who is but a without concealing their proportions; novice in the art of composition must and just such an assemblage of glean- be expected occasionally to imitate ing orchards as might cheer, without those whom he has studied, and there insulting their gloom.

is even a sort of modesty in receiving From beneath the tinging foliage of aid from those whom we acknowledge the May oak, I beheld this manor-house as our superiors; but where an author on the south-west. From this spot its of established reputation usurps that appearance is peculiarly magnificent honour which is due to others, it is and imposing ; broad meadows of the fairly a deceit upon the public, and it most luxuriant verdure, studded here then becomes a mere act of justice to and there with an enormous oak or assign “each bird of the muses bis elm, whose tender foliage hung like a proper feather.” As being one of our green mist upon their huge and snaky superior prose-writers, and as one who boughs, formed the foreground. From is looked upon as very original withal, this pleasant champagne, a verderous let us take the author of “ Tristram mound swept upwards somewhat ab- Shandy” as an example :-This very ruptly, till its ridge was crested and interesting production, which was his canopied by an umbrageous file of old best as well as most voluminous work, and sweeping trees. This fine broidery is indebted for its main features to other of foliage spread from north to south, heads than that of its professed author, to the extent of several hundred yards, and any one who has read the “Memoirs appears co-extensive with the western of Martinus Scriblerus," in Swift's front of the castle, In the centre is Miscellanies, must admit that Sterne is the great tower, rising with its tall indebted to that satire for his general chiinnies and ogee windows over the plan; his principal character of Mr. trees; to its right and left, the huge and Shandy is the very counterpart of “Corlofty elms spread over the walls, scarce

nelius Scriblerus." Then, as for Uncle permitting a glance of rampart or win- Toby, who does not recognize in him dow; while at the northern and south- the character of Commodore Trunnion ern extremities of this grand arcade of in “ Peregrine Pickle ?" The Sentibuilding, the jealous trees discontinue mental Journey has also some borrowed their shelter, and the tiine-worn man ornaments both of incident and expression is more fully disclosed; the cor- sion; the story of Maria bears a wonner or chapel tower being open to view derful resemblance to the history of from base to battlement, gleaming over Dorothea in Don Quixote; and some the huge boughs. This manor-house of those beautiful images in “The has received the two melancholy but Captive,” and elsewhere, such as, “and grand distinctions of feudal history, I saw the iron enter into his soul," are imprisonment and siege. The hapless from “The Anatomy of Melanchóly." Mary Stuart was its royal thrall for As one of our most elegant poets let some time, and was removed in conse us look a little at Pope; the smoothquence of the attempt at her rescue by ness of his verse who can deny, but the gallant Leonard D'Acre ;—it was

his claim to originality of sentiment garrisoned by the cavaliers ; beleaguer- has been more than once called in ed, gallantly defended, and finally dis. question. It has been observed by Dr. mantled, by the Lord Protector. Watts, “that there is scarcely a happy To be continued in our next.

combination of words, or a phrase
poetically elegant in the English lan-

guage, which he has not inserted into PLAGIARISM OF CELEBRATED his great work of the Iliad.” How he AUTHORS.

obtained a knowledge of so many
beauties of speech can only be solved

by the supposition, that he gleaned It has perhaps been justly said by from authors of every description, and Bruyere, that “we are come into the kept a regular note-book of what he world too late to produce any thing considered brilliant, or suspected might new-that nature and life are pre-occu- be useful. It is certainly recorded in pied, and that description and senti- his life that when“ Bishop Hall's Sament have been long exhausted.” We tires" were shewn him in his later shall however be drawing the line of years, le regretted he had not met with originality till narrower, when we them earlier. In the Dunciad, the hink




is confessedly from Dryden's "Mac is exactly similar in Thomson's SeaFlecnoe;" though it should also be added, he has considerably improved Prior is another standard author, and enlarged upon it. Again,"Wind- whose praise must be rather thal of corsor Foresi” borrows its design from rectness than of any great invention ; "Cooper's Hill," and even the compo- his larger efforts at composition are sition bears frequent evidence of its made up of common-places, and he has author having paid some attention to been accused of poaching for prey

The Park” by Waller. It will be but among very inferior authors, both of fair, however, to give a specimen of this the French and English School. We great writer's habit of borrowing. He give an instance where he has borrowed seems, on whatever subject he was an illustration from a not very well writing, to have directed his attention to known poetical history :whatever others had said previously on

Your music's power your music must disclose, the same topic; this was no doubt con For what light is, 'tis only light that shows. venient, but it was so dangerous that it

Prior. is wonderful so acute a man should For nought but liglit itself, itself can show, have laid himself so open to exposure.

And only kings can write what kings can do. Thus, in bis Epitaphs he has many

Alleyne. neat compliments and elegant encomi From Prior, Canning seems to have ums which had been published before, modelled one of his own lines. In the though principally by obscure poets. “Henry and Enma," Prior says of The following is from Crashaw: Emma's waist, that it is This modest stone, what few vain marbles can,

Fine by degrees and beautifully less. May truly say, Here lies an honest man.' False by degrees, and exquisitely wrong. Pope.

This plain floor,

Canning might have remembered at
Believe me, reader, can say more least, that the public were acquainted
Than many a braver marble can,
Here lies a truly honest man.

with Gray's Elegy as well as himself,

Crashaw. when he wrote this couplet :Even Milton has some borrowed pas Of tender tears a plentiful supply, sages; there can be little doubt that, in And pour them in the brook that babbles by. the first of these which follow, he copied

And so, too, might Byron have reCowley, and in the second he remem- membered that Mr. Canning's producbered Shakspeare :

tions were but fresh in the memory of His spear, to equal which the tallest pine the public, when he introduced these Hewn on Norwegian hills, to be the mast lines into his Hours of Idleness ; he Of some great admiral, were but a wanıl.

says, speaking of Granta's sons :Milton. P. L.

Where on Cam's sedzy banks supine they lie, His spear the trunk was of a lofty tree, Which nature meant some tall ship's mast

Unknown, unhonour'd live, unwept for, die. should be.-Cowley.


Thy sons, sad change, in abject bondage sigh, Beauty is nature's coin, must not be hoarded; Unpitied toil, and unlamented die. If you let slip time, like a neglected rose

Canning. It withers in the stalk with languish'd head.


In Childe Harold he has this expresBeauty within itself should not be wasted;

sion in one of the stanzas, which looks Fair flowers that are not gather'd in their a little like Shakspeare:

prime, Rot and consume themselves in little time. It is enough, in sooth, that once we bore Shak.-Venus and Adonis.

These fardels.

For who would fardels bear?-Hamlet. The elegant author of The Seasons" must have supposed the public to be To bring this trick of plagiarism very superficially acquainted with the still nearer our own times, who, that Bible, for he has obviously taken the has seen or read Mr. Sheridan Knowles' story of Lavinia from the Book of Ruth. new Play, does not recognize in “ The Ruth has an aged female relative with Hunchback" the “Black Dwarf," by whom she resides, and they are so re the author of the Waverley Novels? duced in circumstances, that Ruth is Even some of our oldest sayings and compelled to go and glean in the fields proverbial expressions, which from of a rich man hard by; this man sees their very antiquity as well as simpliher accidentally in the field, falls in city, might be supposed to be completely love with, and eventually marries her. original, are to be traced up to times The reader is well aware that the story more ancient than their own. The fol

But it

lowing doggerel rhymes have been for to sleep in a close vault under the vescenturies repeated in this country : try, or at least in a church-yard surHe that fights and runs away,

rounded by houses, which the unhalMay live to ight another day :

lowed disturbers of the dead cannot But he that doth in battle fall,

invade. Can never live to fight at all,

They are miserable places the For the publication of this same va- church-yards of London. ' Trees there lorous sentiment, its original author are none, there is nothing green but the was banished from Sparta, in the in- weeds, and on an average there is not fancy of that state. The Greek lines more than one tombstone to a hundred may be thus rendered :

graves; all is waste and desolation. Let who will boast their courage in the field,

For ourselves we hope, of course, to die I find but little safety in my shield;

in some quiet cottage far away froin the For he that fights and runs in time, may save A life that valour will not from the grave;

eternal din of this overgrown city, with Another buckler he can soon regain,

a woodbine peeping in at the casement, But who can get another life again?

a pot of roses in the window-ledge, and Plutarch.

the reader will guess the rest. must not be supposed However, sooner than be consigned to that this propensity is common

to one of these horrible receptacles, we English authors only.

If we

turn should prefer being handed over to the to our Gallic or even our German lecturer aforesaid, or, packed in a hamneighbours, it is the same ; even mock, with a round shot for our ballast, Voltaire, that idol of Frenchmen, had consigned to the great deep-the vast more cunning than genius, and he exer- tomb of many of England's best and cised his ingenuity in all the regions of bravest. knowledge rather to cull old ideas than We have said that there are no trees to build new ones upon them. “ His in the London church-yards ; but five real claims to invention," observes or six must be excepted, and these are D'Israeli,“ are as moderate as his size in the heart of the city. They have, and variety are astonishing.” In short however, no churches · they are the the art of this celebrated man lay prin- burial grounds belonging to churches cipally in cooking up the thoughts of destroyed in the 'great fire ;' from these others, so agreeably as he has done ; he some beautiful elms send up their could finish up into perfect shape the branches to gladden the eye of the cockembryo ideas he met with, he varnished ney, whose vision, wearied with the inthem over with the magic of his style, terminable of dingy fronted and finally managed to breathe over houses, rests with rapture on a bit of them that warm glow of colouring which green leaf. The citizen will recognize none knew better how to impart. F. the places to which we allude.*

We cannot trust ourselves to say

much of the epitaphs to be found in the CHURCH-YARDS AND EPITAPHS. church-yards of London. There are, of

course, plenty of dutiful sons, tender

mothers, affectionate daughters, &c. &c. We remember seeing some three Then there is that beautiful and oftyears ago, a prospectus of a burial com- quoted stanza, which may be found all pany, which undertook to furnish in over England no doubt, but in a cockney due time a proper place for interment church-yard at least fifty times over :in the vicinity of London; something

' Affliction sore long time she bore, that should eclipse the far-famed burial

Physicians were in vain; ground of the Parisians, but the project Till God did please, and death did seize, seems to have vanished into air." John

And eased her of her pain.' Bull did not appear to disrelish the idea Or this :of sleeping in the neighbourhood of • Weep not for me, my parents dear, yew trees and weeping willows and I am not dead, but sleeping here; cypresses, and all those poetical ad

Free from sorrow, free from pain,

Till Christ shall raise me up again.' juncts which make a country churchyard coveted by the sentimental; but

This wretched trash would excite but then John evidently thought on the little surprise in the burial grounds of body-snatchers, and the sacks, and the go-carts, which were to transport his * The churchyards alluded to are those of corpus at dead of night, to the lecturer's St. John the Baptis', in Walbrook; St. Bennet table and the dissecting knife; so it Mary Bothaw, Dowgate Hill, and one or two

in Pancras lane to which it gives a name

St. would seem that he made up his mind others in that neighbourhood



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some of our religious sects, but 'it is cuirassiers only white and yellow, and really astonishing that it is permitted the Grodno hussars only yellow and by clergymen of the established church; dark red ;-and as soon as a Jew spies a for, be it remembered, all epitaphs are soldier, he seems to read in his counfirst submitted to the curate or vicar— tenance what he was looking for :It is time these fooleries (to call them by whether thread, pipe-clay, blacking, or no harsher name) were abolished, or, soap. In the Franciscan street, many as the intercourse between this country an unlucky wight purchases a good and France has so much increased, we fogging for himself, as for instance may expect to see, before long, our in the case of the gloves, the seams of tombstones covered with representa which were sewed on the wrong side. tions of tears like a swarm of tadpoles. And yet the poor soldiers are obliged to We would recommend to some pious purchase many things out of their own young gentleman (and we have such an pay, as the “ crown allowance" is inone in our eye), to set up as a writer of sufficient for them. epitaphs ; the thing would take, and if On leaving the Franciscan street, and be perform his work in a proper man- passing the cloister of the Minimes faner, we promise him that he will soon cing the lunatic hospital, we arrive at make a fortune:

C. A. the barracks of the fourth regiment of the

line, commanded by Colonel Boguslav

ski. This is the Grand-Duke's favourite WARSAW.

regiment, on account of the admirable

style in which it performs its exercise : THERE are said to be ten thousand of which certainly none but those who Jews in Warsaw; but their number have seen it can form any idea. may really be esteemed much higher ; Near these barracks, which are difor though some of them, by way of spe- vided into two parts, is the jail, whose culation, pretend to be converted to inmates, except the fact of their wearing Christianity, they secretly adhere to the chains, are not under greater restraint Hebrew faith.

than the Polish officers. As to comThe Franciscan street in Warsaw is mon soldiers, their situation is infinitelike those busy districts occupied by ly more miserable than that of felons. the Jews in Frankfort, Prague, Rome,

A little further on are the crown barAmsterdam, and Leghorn. In short, racks, which contain the regiment of wherever the Jews congregated together Lithuanian grenadiers, the Polish inthey are characterized by the same pe- fantry Guards and other troops. culiarities, viz, uncleanliness, and the The immediate vicinity of the city is love of finery, avarice, and dishonesty: not unlike the Campagna di Roma.while the persecutions and insults to The beautiful ruins, to be sure, are which they are exposed render them wanting; for in Warsaw the only ruins real objects of pity,

are the broken spirits of the people. What the Miodova and Senator A very high windmill forms a conspistreets are to the fashionable classes in cuous object in the scene, and near it Warsaw, the Franciscan street is to the there is a second pontoon bridge across lower classes.--However, there is no- the Vistula, which was constructed in thing from the finest Ternaux or Thibet 1829 for the entrance of the Emperor shawl which the Jews of the Franciscan Nicolas as King of Poland. There is street cannot produce to their customers also a spring which supplies the inhawhen asked for.

bitants of Warsaw with excellent water. The Russian soldiers may frequently From the new town, which we have be seen when occasionally they obtain just been exploring, we will proceed a few hours' leave, moving to and fro in to the old town which formerly include the busy fair of the Franciscan street, ed the whole of Warsaw, as is obvious where they spend a portion of their from the name of one of the principal pay in the purchase of little articles of streets, Podval, (under the wall) which which they stand in need. They wari runs parallel with the Ulica Modova. der about looking earnestly at every The old town contains a fine marketthing, and when they see any object place. The streets in this part of Warthey would wish to purchase, they an

saw are, for the most part, narrow, and xiously reflect whether it is conform- the houses, which are exceedingly old, able to “regulation.'

have many of them a very bad reputaIf they wish to purchase thread, fortion. example, the lancers of the Constantine Continuing our course through the regiment, want only blue and red; the old town, we arrive in the Palace

square, in which stands a marble co to whom he bore great attachment. lumn with the statue of King Sigis. This man fell violently in love with mund. From this square a street runs Dona Beatrix de Castro, a young atteninto the Cracow suburb, beyond which dant on the Queen, and was successful it extends about half a mile under the in his suit. But the lady, who had name of the New World, and leads to more passion than virtue, allowed him St. Alexander's church, already men to pay her stolen visits within the fortioned. Forming an angle with Cracow bidden precincts; and though they essuburb, the Senator street communicates caped for soine days the notice of the with the square of the new theatre. On king, accident or jealousy at length bethe other side of the square, the Elec- trayed them. The king sent for the toral street which is about half a mile culprit, reminded him of the penalty he long, terminates with the Volaer Ro- had incurred, and ordered him to see gatka, on the boundary line of the semi- his mistress no more.

His elemency circle of Warsaw.

-the effect of his attachment for the The old theatre is situate in the Krac- chamberlain, and perhaps of a natural zinski square, at the end of the Francis reluctance to shed blood for such an can street.

offence, was lost on the other; the Poland under the Dominion of Russia. crime was repeated, the offender arrest

ed, and consigned to the charge of the

corregidor. He found means, however, The Naturalist.

to escape, and took sanctuary in a

church; but he was dragged from thence Curious Fish.-A friend and myself by the incensed monarch, was condemnwere bathing one morning on the sands ed, and publicly burned. The partat Portobello, and had determined to ner of his guilt was permitted to live; swim out to a certain rock. He gene- a punishment which, if she had any rally took the lead; and while follow- sense of shame left, Joam rightly coning, I was suddenly struck as by an sidered as superior to that of his chamelectric shock. I then discovered that berlain. But this barbarous execution I had swam on a gelatinous substance filled the court with horror ; and for about three feet in diameter, which pro- this reason, perhaps, never was repeatved to be a fish surrounded by stings. ed. In a moment it covered or enwrapped CREMONA VIOLINS.—By those who me, so that every part of my body was are conversant with the power of mustung; and I could only disengage my- sical instruments, the following obserself by tearing the animal from me vations will be fully understood. The piecemeal, at the peril of my hands, violins made at Cremona, about the which were just as if I had poured vit- year 1660, are superior in tone to any roil upon them. With great difficulty of a later date, age seeming to disposI swam back towards the shore; but I sess them of their noisy qualities, and had not strength enough to dress; and leaving nothing but the pure tone. If was afterwards led home. The intense a modern violin is played by the side agony, which I can only compare to the of one of these instruments, it will apbeing stung by thousands of wasps, pear much the louder of the two, but on continued for about eight hours. Se- receding 100 paces, when compared veral of these creatures are seen on the with the other, it will scarcely be heard. sands left by the lide, for about a month BORING FOR WATER IN the year; and l observed that no Two labouring men who had been einhorse would tread on one, nor would ployed near London in boring for wachildren touch it except with a stick. ier, were taken to Egypt, by Mr. Briggs, Witherspin's Journal.

who was once consul at Cairo. They

were employed to bore for water in the Table Talk.

Desart. At about 30 feet below the

surface they found a stratum of sandSeverITY Of King Joam.—This stone; when they got through that, an inonarch reigned in Portugal, about the abundance of water rose. In the Des commencement of the 15th century. The sart of Suez, a tank, capable of holding jealousy of the Portuguese monarch 2000 cubic feet of water, bas been made, was such, that the man who ventured and by this time probably many others into the private apartments of even the have been formed. Thus Egypt and ladies of honour subjected himself to Arabia

may soon bed

civilized and the capital penalty. Joam had a cham- partially fertile. berlain, by name Fernando Alfonses, POWERS OF THE HUMAN EAR.-The

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