A History of Twelfth-Century Western Philosophy

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Cambridge University Press, 9 de jul. 1992 - 495 pàgines
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This is the first comprehensive study of the philosophical achievements of twelfth-century Western Europe. It is the collaboration of fifteen scholars whose detailed survey makes accessible the intellectual preoccupations of the period, with all texts cited in English translation throughout. After a discussion of the cultural context of twelfth-century speculation, and some of the main streams of thought - Platonic, Stoic, and Arabic - that quickened it, comes a characterisation of the new problems and perspectives of the period, in scientific inquiry, speculative grammar, and logic. This is followed by a closer examination of the distinctive features of some of the most innovative thinkers of the time, from Anselm and Abelard to the School of Chartres. A final section shows the impact of newly recovered works of Aristotle in the twelfth-century West.
 

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Continguts

Philosophy cosmology and the twelfthcentury Renaissance
21
The Platonic inheritance
54
The Stoic inheritance
81
The Arabic inheritance
113
New Perspectives
149
Scientific speculations
151
Speculative grammar
177
Logic i from the late eleventh century to the time of Abelard
196
Gilbert of Poitiers
328
A note on the Porretani
353
Thierry of Chartres
358
Hermann of Carinthia
386
The Entry of the New Aristotle
405
Aristotelian thought in Salerno
407
David of Dinant and the beginnings of Aristotelianism in Paris
429
Biobibliographies
443

Logic ii the later twelfth century
227
Innovators
253
Anselm of Canterbury
255
Peter Abelard
279
William of Conches
308

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Pàgina 8 - Reason is first in Nature, but Authority in time. For, although Nature was created together with Time, Authority did not begin to exist from the beginning of Time and Nature. But Reason has arisen together with Nature and Time from the beginning of things.

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