Crystallography and Crystal Defects

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John Wiley & Sons, 17 d’abr. 2000 - 470 pàgines
Crystallography and Crystal Defects Revised Edition A. Kelly, Churchill College, Cambridge, UK G. W. Groves, Exeter College, Oxford, UK and P. Kidd, Queen Mary and Westfield College, University of London, UK The concepts of crystallography are introduced here in such a way that the physical properties of crystals, including their mechanical behaviour, can be better understood and quantified. A unique approach to the treatment of crystals and their defects is taken in that the often separate disciplines of crystallography, tensor analysis, elasticity and dislocation theory are combined in such a way as to equip materials scientists with knowledge of all the basic principles required to interpret data from their experiments. This is a revised and updated version of the widely acclaimed book by Kelly and Groves that was first published nearly thirty years ago. The material remains timely and relevant and the first edition still holds an unrivalled position at the core of the teaching of crystallography and crystal defects today. Undergraduate readers will acquire a rigorous grounding, from first principles, in the crystal classes and the concept of a lattice and its defects and their descriptions using vectors. Researchers will find here all the theorems of crystal structure upon which to base their work and the equations necessary for calculating interplanar spacings, transformation of indices and manipulations involving the stereographic projection and transformations of tensors and matrices.
 

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Continguts

Lattice Geometry
3
The Stereographic Projection and Point Groups
41
Crystal Structures
95
Tensors
129
Strain Stress and Elasticity
151
Glide
181
Dislocations
219
Dislocations in Crystals
247
Martensitic Transformations
339
Crystal Interfaces
365
Crystallographic Calculations
407
Vector Algebra and the Reciprocal Lattice
423
Planar Spacings and Interplanar Angles
431
Transformation of Indices Following a Change
439
Proof of Transformation Equations
445
Answers to Problems
457

Point Defects
285
Twinning
315

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