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again; for of all kinds of Generals, I long quilt cap which came two or three find I shall never make an Accountant inches at least over his eyes, which General.

served him as an umbrella to defend

his eyes from the lighter abont every ORIGIN OF THE APPELLATION BOROUGH. three hours his man was to bring him

The word Burg or Burgh in Saxon a roll and a pot of ale to refocillate his means castle; hence towns anciently wasted spirits; so he studied and drank, erected in the vicinity of castles for and munched some bread; and this their protection had this name confer- maintained him till night, and then he red upon them, and the soldiers who made a good supper.- Now," adds old garrisoned these were called Burghers, Aubrey," he did well not to dine, which so the inhabitants of these towns re- breaks off one's fancy, which will not ceived the same name. These also presently be regained." being formed into a community, the constitution formed for their regular government was denominated the Borough laws.

With wig profound, old GALEN cries, The celebrated PRynne's 6

“My patients ne'er complain!"

" I do believe thee," Ned replies; of studie" was thus :-“ He wore a “ Thou put'st them-out of pain !"

EPIGRAM.

manner

Diary and Chronology.

Saturday, July 31. St. Helen of Sweden, mar A.D. 1160.–Sun rises 17m after 4-sets 42m after 7. July 31, 1743. - Died the unfortunate Richard Savage, in prison, where he was confined for debt. The hard fate of the poet deserves compassion, though there was little in bim eitber amiable or respectable. He was, however, generous to fellow sufferers from indigence when he had any thing to bestow, and actually shared his last guinea with a woman who attempted to swear away his life. The works of Savage, though some of his pieces contain some vivacious sallies and pathetic sentiments, must be considered as consigned to oblivion; and, had it not een for his accidenta acquaintance with Dr. Johnson, the poet's name would long ago bave ceased to interest the world.

Sunday, August 1.

EIGHTH SUNDAY AFTER TRINITY.
Lessons for the Day-13 chapler Kings, b. 1, morn-17 chapter Kings, 6. 1, Eren.

St. Pelegrini hermit, A.D. 643. August 1, 1715.-DOGGET'S COAT AND BADGE.-This helng the first anniversary of George 1.'s accession to the throne, Thomas Dogget gave a waterman's coat and silver badge to be rowed for by six young watermen in honour of the day. And, to commemorate that happy event, he bequeathed at his death a sum of money, the interest of which was to be appropriated annually, for ever, to the same patriotic purpose. The candidates start, at a sigual given, at that time of the tide when the current is strongest against them, and row from the old Swan, London Bridge, to the White Swan, at Chelsea Mr. Dogget was an actor of great and original merit, belonging to Drury Lane Theatre. In his political principles, he was, in the words of Sir Richard Steele, a " whig up to the head and ears;" and so strictly was be attached to the interests of the House of Hanover, that he never let slip any occasion that presented itself of demonstrating his sentiments in that respect. He died in 1731.

Monday, August 2.

mgh Water Oh Om Morning-Ch 21m Afternoon. August 2, 1704.-BATTLE OF BLENARIM-Upon this day the confederates, under the command of Prince Eugene and the Duke of Marlborough, fought the French and Bavarians at the little village of Blenheim, on the Danube, north of Augsburgh, in the circle of Suabia. Near twenty thousand of the enemy were slain or drowned in the Danube, and upwards of 13,000 French and Bavarians were taken prisoners, including the French General Marshal Tallard, who was brought to England, where he remained seven years in captivity, chiefly in Nottingbam Castle.

Tuesday, August 3. St. Walther, Abbot, A.D. 1160.--Sun rises 21m after 4-sels 35m after 7. August 3, 1765.—A violent storm of thunder, lightning, and bail, happened at Kennet, near Newmarket, by which more than 200 acres of corn was destroyed. At Hampstead, a boy aged 18 was struck dead by the lightning, and at Bicester, in Oxfordshire, the electric duid struck the church-steeple, and shattered the pinnacles, and otherwise greatly damaged the fabric.

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ror the Olio.

#ilustrated Article. which imparts so soothing a calm to

the wearied and troubled spirit. THE WRECK.

It was such a night, the third after our departure from Madras, and yet

that balmy breeze bore on its wings {The following narrative, we are informed hy destruction and death; and the deceitour kind correspondent, is little more than ful sea only awaited the call of the a transcript of events in which he himself infuriate winds to wreak upon our dewas a partaker.]

voted ship and her lackless crew, its With a favourable breeze, the Her- blind and frantic vengeance ! cules quitted Madras Roads to com A harsh grating - proceeding, as it -plete her voyage from Europe to Cal- seemed to me, from the deep beneath, cutta.

The shadows of evening had accompanied by a quivering throughout given place to the deep gloom of a tro- the ship, awoke me. A feeling I cannot pical night; and the spacious decks, explain, though I felt no clear idea of deserted by their late numerous and danger, induced me to quit my hamipyous occupants, were tenanted only mock, and to spring up the main hatchby the wakeful officers of the watch, way to the quarter-deck. It was pitchy and groups of weary and slumbering dark, and the waves were hurrying

A solemn stillness prevailed wildly and confusedly past the ship's, throughout the ship; the monsoon blew sites. At this time a mere novice in in one continued current of gentleness, nautical matters, I found my way to scarcely creating a ripple upon the sur- the forecastle, among a group who were face of the ocean ; and the deep blue anxiously gazing at the sea a-head. All sky above, gemmed with innumerable I could distinguish was the sullen Stars, with their cold and sparkling boom of the waves, and a long streak lustre, shed over the face of nature that of snow-white foam on the otherwise uncertain and mysterious twilight dark sea. The experienced eyes of Vol. VI.

143

seamen.

chose around me beheld in that white the work of destruction he could not foam the maddened breakers dashing avert. The chief mate had rendered over an extensive reef.

himself at once an object of féar and I know not how it was, and I have respect to the crew and passengers, since thought of it with wonder, that, from his extreme and even morose with imminent danger thus staring reserve, and the harsh, imperative tone them in the face, the energy, the very of his manners. He was a man in the spirit of the people seemed frozen up! decline of life ; and to a tall, fleshless, As yet, the vessel had only struck though sinewy figure, were united an faintiy, and had again got into deep ashy and withered cheek, eyes stiff and water; but still she journeyed on her glaring, and thin black lips curled into career to destruction, while those on an habitual and sullen snarl. He had board stood gazing at the danger in shown himself on all occasions an adstupid dismay, or hurried confusedly mirable seaman; but he studiously about the decks, impeding each other avoided any communion with his shipin their vain attempts to avoid it. One mates, and repulsed, with haughty recommended this, another suggested abruptness, any attempt to elicit his that; and, in the very multitude of confidence. He had been of the few counsel, nothing of advantage was who fruitlessly attempted to heave the adopted. The alarm had not as yet ship a-back on the first alarm, and he spread throughout the ship, and the now stood on the quarter deck ; his second mate, who had the watch, seem- long lean arms folded across his broad ed anxious only to avoid arousing the chest, and savage scorn glowered in his captain.

wasted and wrinkled features, as he All this, though it takes some time gazed on the recreant crowd that pressed to relate, occupied but the space of a around the captain. minute. Presently, the ship shot sud “ Back, back!” he exclaimed, “ your denly a-head, and as suddenly became own cowardice has lost the ship; arrested in her career with a violence perish then, like dogs as you are!"that shook her in every timber. Now Startled by the bitter disdain expressed then ensued a scene which baffles de in his deep, sepulchral tones, the men scription. The cabins of the passen- drew back, and the mate, turning to the gers, the berths of the seamen and sol- captain, went on in a voice a fearful diers, were simultaneously quitted by contrast to its former impetuosity, by their occupants; and, naked as they its absolute and calm coldness : « Is had risen, they crowded up the hatch- nothing to be done ?-are the ladies ways, dismayed and terror struck. Our are we all to perish without one efcaptain, a man remarkable for the fort ?” energy and decision of his character, I was standing near the man at the was the first on deck. One silent time. His undaunted, and even lofty glance he threw a-head, one aloft at carriage; the fiery spirit that seemed to the shaking and creaking masts, a third shine out through his worn and shatterover the side; then muttering to him- ed frame; our very situation, perhaps self in a strange tone of levity and pain, by heightening the effect of his singular “A pretty night's work!” he endea- bearing, together conspired to give him voured to recall the people to a sense an almost resistless authority; and of their duty. Alas! in that hour, even numbers followed his directions as he had lost his influence. In vain he under the influence of some master commanded, threatened, and appealed; spell. An anchor was let go under the in vain himself and a courageous few bows, in the hopes of staying her proexerted themselves ; their weak efforts gress forward; and preparations were availed not; and, when again the ship made to hoist out the long boat, that, by struck, and with the furious concussion carrying an anchor astern, an attempt started the rudder, which, as it rose, might be made to heave the ship off the broke up the gun and upper decks, and reef. By the lead, too, we found sie the impetuous swell fairly made a had struck in comparatively deep water, breach over them and their affrighted and on a sandy bottom. The spirit of occupants ; then broke forth a scream the mate appeared to have extended to so soul harrowing and unnatural-its all on board ; and passengers, seamen thrilling intensity yet rings in my and soldiers emulated each other in their ears !--and a cry “the boats, the boats” exertions. became general; and numbers gathered Woman is at best but a forlorn cteaabout the captain, who leant against the ture at sea ; and, in such a situation, the capstern in silent anguish, watching conviction of her utter helplessness

aggravates the horror of her situation. bolt rope, and carrying away the foreI will not attempt to describe the suffer- mast and main-top mast. Lightning, ings of those on board, for, with shame too, and rain came with it, and the sea, I confess it, during the panic which pre- lashed into added fury, dashed over the vailed, they had remained unheeded and starboard quarter (in which direction uncared for ; but now that innate and the squall had come,) tearing up bul. sacred feeling which prompts man, in · warks and stauntions; and hen coops, the hour of peril, to protect the weak guns, water-casks, and living men, floatand defenceless of the softer sex, had ed in wild confusion from side to side. again assumed its sway in our bosoms, I had instinctively clasped a gun, and anxiously did we turn our attention near which I stood; and as the sea to these, unfortunates. Paralyzed with rushed on board, bearing down the terror, they clung with instinctive eager vessel on her lar board side, I just disness to the bosoms of the seamen, who tinguished the rapid clattering of blocks, carried them below to the half-deck, and the dash of something heavy among whither the water had not yet penetrated. the breakers-it was the long boat!Man is a mysterious being. It seemed Startled by the mate's emphatic warning, scarcely possible that those men, whose succeeded, as it instantly was, by the rugged features now glistened with the squall, each had immediately quitted divine feelings which warmed their bo- the falls to seek his own safety; and soms, as they compassionately tended the long-boat, with the two men, pre. these drooping creatures, and in nature's cipitately descended into the water. homely and eloquent language whisper- Poor wretches! while yet a similar fate ed the accents of comfort and safety, seemed inevitably mine, I felt a mingled were the same in whom, not an hour thrill of pity and horror at its dreadful since, all sense of manhood and courage consummation. was swallowed up in the overwhelming Encumbered by the ropes attached to emotions of apathetic terror which in- it and the ship, the boat, after dashing compassed their spirits.

for a space among the impetuous surf, But the wind gradually freshened into furiously rebounded against the maina hard gale, and the long heavy surf, chains, and instantly swamped. But, momentarily breaking over the wreck, the men !-I heard withering cries, and much retarded our efforts to launch the a quick plashing among the boiling long boat. Cold, wet, surrounded by waters, and then gurgling groans ; for darkness and a tremendous sea, deafened the violence of the blast had passed by its harsh roar, and the fiend-like away, and given place to a sad and howlings of the gale, as it whistled ominous calumess. Yet this was nought among the rigging or shook and clashed to the fearful spectacle on deck. The the loose sails with the noise of thander, fore-mast had fallen over the larboard the spirits of the men-again gradually side, and two wretches writhed beneath sunk beneath their discouraging in- it in helpless agony. On the quarter'Huence.

deok, too, there was blood and contenStill we toiled on, until it seemed as tion; for every one had crowded thiif the powers of darkness and the storm ther, women, and seamen, and soldiers. had, unitedly, poured forth their fury Irritated by the anguish of the injuries for our destruction. A momentary luil they had sustained; rendered reckless had given a little impetus to our exer- by their desperate situation ; inflamed, Lions: the boat, suspended over the too, by the ardent spirits either party ship's side, was gradually being lowered had liberally indulged in, the angry and into the water, and two men within bitter feelings of man's nature had be steadied her while descending. Fore- come aroused, and querrulous commost in the operation was the singular plainings, and smothered curses, and being who had played so important a the scowl of malice, heightened inte part in the events of the night. Sud- open and passionate revilings, till, at denly dropping the rope he grasped, be length, blow succeeded blow, and the Ilstened for a moment in an attitude of hearllong and mortal struggle became deep attention, and then exclaimed, in general; as though the wrath of the elehasty alarm,“ Let every one, as he ments were not already too much, but valdes life, hold on!”

man must seek his enemy in his fellow The words had scarcely passed his sufferer! A dispute had broken out lips, when a whirlwind blast swept between the seamen and soldiers. Handacross the ship, in its fory tearing every spikes and crow-bars, bayonets and sail which had hung disregarded to the belaying pins, were their formidable vards, with a deafening crash from its weapons. In vajn did the more tempe

rate, and perhaps, the more numerous broke to discover our real situation, portion interfere, to put a stop to the sadly and anxiously did our miserable unnatural encounter ; the infuriate men party watch the first faint streaks of dealt their blows blindly and indiscri- silver that heralded its approach,--and minately on friend and mediator. day at length beamed ! “ This is too dreadful," at length

To be continued. exclaimed the captain ; “ if you are men, desist! Field," (and he seized

LUNATIC LAYS. the upraised arm of a man prepared to strike an already prostrate soldier,) " I want to go upon the stage.”

you have sailed with me for five years ; hitherto, I have esteemed you as I WANT to go upon the stage, a man and a seaman; and is this your

And wear a wig and feathers,

I envy each tragedian conduct, and in such a night? Look

The laurels that he gathers; around you, men, on the wild sea, and I'm sure that I could give effect this shattered wreck, and ask yourselves

To Richard's ruthful menace: how have ye done your duty as seamen

Ob would that I might black my face,

And act the Moor of Venice! and Englishmen?-Shame! shame!"

He had touched the right chord. The My father talks of what he calls men, who, one by one, dropped their Respectable employments

Condemning as Tom-fooleries weapons as he proceeded, cowered for

My Thespian enjoyments; ward to avoid the angry glance of that He calls me mouthing mountebank, eye they were wont to fear and obey. And ranting rogue, and stroller;

And not a servant in the house Following up the advantage he had

Compassionates my dolor! gained, the captain proceeded :" Ay, these feelings do ye honour. There,

One day I stole a pot of rouge, there; the mischief that is done cannot

And Aunt Jane's Sunday spencer

(She left me nothing in her willnow be helped, but let us make all the

How could I so incense her!) amends we can. The day will soon I New to Cowes, where in a barn break, and the wind has, in a great

I found some kindred spirits,

And soon I made the manager measure, subsided; we have two boats

Appreciate my merits. yet, and if the land, as I think, be near,

He did announce me as a starwe shall quickly see it. Poor lambs,"

(He well knew what a star meant-) he continued, with deep feeling, as he And I enacted Romeo looked down upon the females, who,

In Aunt Jane's pink silk garment.

My Juliet was a charming girl, beneath the united effects of the cold,

A most delicious creature ! wet, and affright, lay senseless upon the With eyes-such eyes I and ob! her nose, deck ; “ what can be done for them ?"

[ idolised the feature! He raised one in his arms, but the head Pink silk, with frogs, was my costume, with its long tresses, bent lifelessly on

And her's was muslin spangled,

And when the nurse called her away, her bosom, and her arms dropped down I wish'd she had been strangled; relaxed by her side. “ God! they are When we lay corpses side by side, dead!” uttered he, in a tone of horror. A gentle squeeze she gave me, We chafed their pale hands, and paler

And whisper'd,“ Wilt thou be my love ?"

I sigh'd, " Ay, if thou'lt bave me!" temples, and applied all the remedies our ignorance, or poor ability suggest

But fathers they bave Ainty hearts,

My angry father found me ed; but these weak efforts availed

Oh horrid night! methinks I see but little. Life was not indeed extinct,

Scene-shifters grinning round me! but the horrors of the night appeared to

Alas! the scene they shifted not

The very pit seems full yethave arrested all sense and perception. I cannot tell the tragedyMotionless, and with closed eyes, they He tore me from my Juliet ! reclined upon our bosoms, a faint sigh And since tbat inauspicious night or convulsive movement of the lips The stage l've never entered, alone betraying existence. There was

In life's obscure realities

My father's thoughts are centred. one among them returning to a mother

Misguided man! beneath his roof she had not seen from earliest infancy, Now pines a slighted Roscius, but on whose gentle heart the image

Whose manhood pants to realise

Youth's promises precocious. of that mother was stamped with the never-dying intensity of true affection,

In tragic moods, I push my wig

High up upon my forehead, and the sweet soul wept, and uttered a I cork my eye-brows, and assume low plaintive and dove-like cry, “M

A stare that's very horrid; mother, my mother!”

I roar a word or two, and then Convinced that any efforts we could

Speak low, you scarce can hear me

And then I thump my breast-ye gods 1 make would be unavailing, until day At Drury how you'd cheer me 1

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