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and precious stones, beauty and youth, large sum for wearing their beards.could do to outshine the inanimate part The Christian priests seem to have of the scene, was to be found amongst adopted the custom of wearing beards the spectators. Here too was seen the from opposition to the heathen and venerable age of Chivalry—all those Egyptian priests who shaved themold knights whose limbs were no longer selves. Adrian was the first Emperor competent to bear the weight of arms, who wore his beard, and he did so in surrounding the field to view the order to conceal a large wart. prowess of their children and judge the deeds of the day. Heralds and pur

PHILLIDOR. suivants, in the gay and many-coloured It is said that this eminent chessgarments which they peculiarly affect- player died of a broken heart, on his ed, fluttered over the field, and bands ill success in a contest at chess with of warlike music were stationed near the Turkish ambassador. The ambasto animate the contest and to salute sador having heard of Phillidor's great the victors.

fame, was desirous to play with him. The knights, as they appeared in the Phillidor attended, and summoned up lists, were greeted by the heralds and all his powers for contention. The the people according to their renown; ambassador obtained an easy victory in but the approbation of the female part six successive games; and observing a of the spectators was the great stimulus strong expression of chagrin and morto all the Chivalry of the field. Each tification in poor Phillidor, endeavourknight, as a part of his duty, eithered to comfort lim by saying that he felt or feigned himself in love ; and it himself knew very little of the game, was upon these occasions that his lady for that many persons at Constantimight descend from the high state to nople could give him a castle. This which the mystic adoration of the day anecdote is so extraordinary, considerhad raised her, and bestow upon her ing the superiority which Phillidor favoured champion a glove, a ribbon, maintained over the best players in a bracelet, a jewel, which, borne on his Europe for nearly half a century, that crest through the hard-contested field,

we hardly know how to give credit to was the chief object of his care, and it. Such, however, is said to be the the great excitement to his valour.

cause of an inquietude that preyed upon Often, too, in the midst of the com the mind of Phillidor for some time bat, if accident or misfortune deprived before his death; and if it be a fact, it the favoured knight of the gage of his can only be accounted for by supposing lady's affection, her admiration or her that his faculties were impaired by age pitý won her to supply another token, and bad health. sent by a page or squire, to raise again her lover's resolution, and animate him to new exertions.

Lord Sandwich, while minister of

state, was so addicted to the detestable The Note Book.

vice of gambling, that upon one occaI will make a prief of it in my Note-pook,

sion he spent twenty-four hours in a M. W. of Windsor. gaming-house, so occupied by his

playing, that during the whole time he

partook only of some slices of beef beAn antiquarian writer has discovered iween toast, which he ate without leavthat the custom of shaving off the beard ing the table. This new kind of viande was introduced with the doctrine of afterwards obtained the name of the transubstantiation, which was first minister.

E, A. taught by Peter Lombard, 1160. In

GUSTAVUS ADOLPHUS. nocent III. established it with the Voltaire, in his Life of Charles XII., monks, at the council of Lateran in the says that, when Gustavus shook the year 1200; and the reason which in- throne of Ferdinand II., and afforded duced the council to make the injunc- protection to the Lutherans in Gertion for shaving beards was, lest in many, he was privately assisted by the the ceremony of receiving the sacra- Pope, who stood more in awe of the ment the beard might touch the bread Emperor than in fear of heresy. and wine, or crumbs and drops fall and stick upon it. The clergy, how ABORIGINAL ever was averse to this change, and it

AMERICA. appears that, in France, from 1515 to Concerning the origin of the nume1547, Francis I. made the priests pay a rous tribes of North American Indians

SANDWICHES.

BEARDS.

A.

INHABITANTS OF NORTH

various opinions have been entertained. sequence of the weight of their armour, Of their own history the Indtans, beyond unable to rise, the country people, who the traditionary records of two or three came to strip and plunder the slain, generations, they know nothing; and were seen with sledge hammers and the strange notions which some of them huge axes, endeavouring to uncase the entertain of their origin need not sur- overthrown knights whom they matiprise us. According to the unambiti-lated in a horrible manner. ous belief of the Osages, a people living on the banks of one of the lower tribu AN EFFECTUAL CURĖ FOR CORKS. taries of the Missouri, they are sprung Bathe the part in warm water, and from a snail and a beaver. The Man- apply an ivy leaf, which had been predans believe their ancestors once lived viously steeped for twenty-four hours in a large village under ground, near a in vinegar. Repeat the steeped leaf subterranean lake ; that by means of a each day, till the corn is eradicated, vine tree, which extended its roots to and the space it occupies becomes their cheerless habitation, they got a smooth, which in most cases will hapglimpse of the light; that informed by pen in a week. some adventurers, who had visited the upper world, of the numerous buffalos BARBAROUS ACT OF KING JOHN. pasturing on the plains, and of the In the reign of King John, a clergytrees loaded with delicious fruits, the man, while pursuing his studies at whole nation, with one consent, began Oxford, had the misfortune to kill a to ascend the roots of the vine; bist woman by accident. Alarmed for his that, when about the half of them had safety the priest fted immediately, and reached the surface, a corpulent woman the mayor of the city repaired with his climbing up, broke the roots by her officers to the spot, where they found weight; that the earth immediately the body of the woman. The slayer closed, and concealed for ever froin was beyond pursuit, but three other those below the cheering beams of the priests who were living in the same sun. From a people who entertain house with him, were seized and comsueh fanciful notions of their origin, no mitted to prison, although they did not valuable information concerning their even know of the accident. John, glad early history can be expecteck

of this opportunity to wreak his venCabinet Cyclop. geance upon the clergy, sent, a few days

afterwards, orders that they should be

immediately hung without the walls, Plutarch tells us that Demetrius or without triat ! This infamous mandered two complete suits of armour to date was obeyed by the civil authoribe made for himself and his Captain ties, upon which nearly three thousand Alcinus, of six scure pounds weight scholars, as well as the inasters, ineuch! The armour in ordinary use at stantly quitted Oxford, and retired to that time weighed but half that weight. Cambridge and Reading. Some left the Marcellinus, speaking of the armour of country entirely and proceeded to Paris, the Parthians, says, “they had arms so and the University of Oxford was left artificially worn as to have the scollope almost empty. fall over each other like the feathers of a bird, which did not hinder the motion of the body, and yet were of such

The Faturalist. strength that our darts hitting them wonld rebound." In the celebrated

CAMELOPARDS. pictures of Le Brunn (the Battle of Camelopards were known to the RoAlexander) the Parthian archers hold a mans, and were exhibited in the Circonspicuous place, and add greatly to cæan Games by Cæsar the dictator. the effeet of his picturesque groupes. The Emperor Gordian afterwards exhiIn the sixteenth century ihe manufac- bited ten at a single show; and tolerture of armour appears to have reached ably accurate figures of this animal, its acme. I have seen many exquisitely both in a browsing and grazing attitude, finished soits of the date, some of Ger- have been handed down by the Prænesman, others of Venetian and Italian tine pavement. During the darker workmanship. It is said that, at the ages, and for some centuries after the battle of Pavia, many knights who led revival of learning, it seems to have the van were cased in harness perfectly remained unknown to Europeans ; but, invulnerable, and that several of them about the middle of the sixteenth cenbeing left in thc field alice, but in con- tury, the Emperor of Germany, Frede

ARMOUR.

INDIAN FUNERAL CEREMONIES.

PARROTS.

ricus Ænobarbus, received one from the Customs of Warious Countries. Sultan of Babylon. Lorenzo de Medicis was also presented with a live camelopard by the Bey of Tunis; and in The tribes on the Columbia construct our own times they have been received long narrow sheds, in which they deby the kings both of France and Eng- posit the dead, carefully wrapped up in land from the (late) Dey of Algiers. skins, and covered with mats. The

Edin Cub, Lib. Killamucks, a tribe living near the

shore of the Pacific Ocean, on the south

of the Columbia, inclose their dead in The Greeks and Romans became ac. an oblong wooden box, which they quainted with this branch of the fea- place in an open canoe, lying on the thered race, in consequence of certain ground, with a paddle and some other species of these birds having been im- articles of the deceased by his side. ported from the East soon after Alexan- The Chinooks, Clatsops, and neighbourder's Indian expedition. The Alexan- ing nations, support the canoe on posts, drian parrot, especially, so remarkable about six feet from the ground, and refor its elegant forin and docile disposi- verse a larger canoe over il. The whole tion, is generally supposed to have been is wrapped up in mats made of rushes, brought to Europe about that time from and fastened with cords usually made of the island of Ceylon, the ancient Tabro- the bark of white cedar. But instead of bane. In the reign of Nero, the Ro- laying the body in a box like the Killamans introduced other species from mucks, they roll it carefully in a dreszdifferent quarters of Africa. They ed skin. Vancouver saw canoes, conwere highly prized by that luxurious taining dead bodies, suspended from the people, who lodged them in superb branches of trees, about twelve feet from cages of silver, ivory, and tortoise-shell; the ground. The Chopunnish, a tribe and the price of a parrot in those days living on the western side of the Rocky freqnently exceeded that of a slave. Mountains, lay their dead in burying Nor did Ovid think it beneath him to places constructed of boards, like the write a lengthened elegy on the death of roof of a house. The bodies are rolled Corinna's parrot,-a bird which, in the in skins, laid over each other, and selove it bore its mistress, seems to have paraled by a board above and below. emulated that of the dying Greek for his They devote horses, canoes, and other country :

kinds of property, to the dead. Carver “ Clamavit moriens lingua, Corinna, mentions soine tribes on the St. Peter's, vale!”

which annually carry their dead for inIt is only in these degenerate days terment to a cave on the banks of the that the keeping of a cockatoo is brought Mississippi. It appears that some forward in a court of justice in proof of others occasionally burn the dead, or at an alienated or imbecile mind. We least the flesh, and afterwards bury the trust that, in some instances, at least, bones,

Cab. Cyc. such inference may be fairly classed as non sequitur."

Anecdotianz. One of the earliest imported of the African species appears to have been the gray or ash-coloured parrot (Psit In the church register at Lymingtachus erithacus,) still remarkable for ton, we find the following entry :-“In its easy loquacity and general imitative the year 1736, Samuel Baldwin was powers. To this species probably be- interred without ceremony.' longed the individual mentioned by pears that the deceased had left express Cælius Rhodoginus, and which belong- orders to be buried incognito, to thwart ed to Cardinal Ascanius. “I cannot, " his wife, who had declared she would says that author, “omit an extraordi- dance over his grave. nary wonder seen in our times. This was a parrot at Rome, belonging to Carrdinal Ascanius, who purchased it When this brave man took his last for a hundred gold pieces, and which, farewell of his associates, he thus adin the most articulate and uninterrupted dressed them :-Love my memory, chermanner, recited the Apostles' Creed as ish my friends ; but above all, govern well as the best reader could have done, your will and affection, by the will and and which, as a most extraordinary and word of your creator; in me bebold wonderful thing, I could not pass un- the end of this world, and all its vaninoticed.”

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SIR PHILIP SIDNEY.

Diary and Chronology.

Monday, December 20.
Vigil of St. Thomas the Apostle.- High Water 52m after 4 Morn.-11m after 5 Afternoon.
December 20, 1767.-On this day, at the public

mass-houses throughout Ireland, prayers

were pat up for bis late Majesty George III., the Queen, Prince of Wales, and all the Royal Family, being the first time the Royal Family have been publicly prayed for by the Irish Papists since the Repo Tution.

Tuesday, December 21.

St. Thomas the Apostle. December 21, 1641.-Expired Maximilian de Bethune, Duke of Sully, a Marshal of France, Prime Minister to Henri Quatre, and one of the ablest and most honest statesmen that France ever had. His “ Memoirs" are deservedly ranked arnongst the best books of French history; they contais a most particular account of what passed from the peace of 1570, to the death of Henry IV, in 1610 ; and acquire additional value for the many curious anecdotes preserved in them; their style and mander are highly interesting. They were translated into English by Mrs. Lennox, 1757, not with entire justice to the original. As a warrior, Sully signalized himself on many important occasions, especially at the battles of Coutras, Arques, and Ivry, and at the sieges of Pavia, Noyon, Roues, and Laon.

Wednesday, December 22.

St. Cheromon..- Moon's First Quarter, 42m after 10 Afternoon. December 12, 1788.- Died, aged 76, Percival Pott, F.R.S , who, for nearly half a century, had been surgeon to St. Bartholomew's Hospital; and, by an active mind, and unremitting attention, had arrived at the summit of his profession. His numerous publications are generally allowed to evince strong marks of genius, to display the soundest judgment, and to be replete with utility. The day before his decease be said : “My lamp is almost extinguished ; I hope it has burned for the good of others."

Thursday, December 23. The Ten Martyrs of Crete High Water 16m after 6 Morning—41m after 6 Afternoen. December 23, 1790. -A dreadful storm came on from the south-west, attended with thunder and lightning, and heavy showers of bail and rain ; the copper roofing of the Six Clerks' Office was tora up and blown into Chancery-lane, rendering it impassable ; thirteen trees were torn up in Lin. coln's Inn gardens, and several in other places ; two persons were killed by the falling of chimneys; the damage done to houses and other buildings was too numerous to particolarise. Šo destructive a storm had not been witnessed for several years; it was equally violent in other places, more par. ticularly at Windsor, Buckingham, Horsham, and Whitehaven; North Wales also felt severely the effects of it.

Friday, December 24.

Vigil of the Nativity. Winter Winds.-Tusser, in his “ Five Hundred Points," describing the properties of the winds at various seasons of the year, thus particularises those usually experienced during the winter quarter:

« North winds send hail, south wiods bring rain,
East winds we bewail, west winds blow amain :
North-east is too cold, south-east not too warm,

North-west is too bold, south-west doth no harm." December 24, 1898.-In the “ Journal of a Tour in Italy," by Mr. J. P. Cobbett, noticed by us, at some length, at p. 459 of this “ OL10,” we find the following remarks on the midnight mass, performed at the church Chiesa de Cavalieri, at Pisa, on Christmas Eve. Our author says, “ The Vigil of the Nativity" is “a ceremony observed in all Catholic churches. This church has been called de Cavalieri, after the knights of St. Stephen, the bones of which saint are said to be here deposited. There was a great many people at the mass, A great deal of good music; and tbe organ, they say, is the finest in Europe. Some of this music, however, (the music ve hear in the ceremonies of the Roman Catholic Church,) is very surprising to Protestant ears. It is any thing but consistent with our notion of sacred music. The gayest airs seem to be adopted in the church service; and the Catholic often worships God of a Sunday morning with the same tune that he has been dancing a quadrille to, perhaps, only the night before."

Saturday, December 25.

Christmas. Day.-Sun rises 7 m after 8-sets 5 Son after 3. That quaint old moralist, Tusser, who has an apt verse for all seasons, gives us the following pleasing description of the festivities customary at the anniversary of our Saviour's nativity :At Christmas we banquet, the rich with the poor, At Christmas in Christ we rejoice and be glad, Who then, but the miser, but openeth his door ? As only of whom our comfort is bad : At Christmas, of Christ many carols we sing, At Christmas we joy altogether, with mirth And give many gifts in the joy of that King. For his sake, that joyed us all with his birth.

Sunday, December 26.

FIRST SUNDAY AFTER CURISTMAS. Lessons for the Day-37 chapter Isaiah, Morning-38 chapter Isaiah, Evening. Our Readers and Correspor dents will be pleased to obserre, that the publication of this Work is remored to 15, Wine Office-court, Fleet Street, where all Communications for the Editor (post paid) will be received.

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FOR THE OLIO.

Illustrated Article.

mounted on his trusty mule, was slowly

returning from the little village of GenTHE MYSTERY OF GENSANA. sana, where his professional pursuits

had engaged him.

It chanced that the case of the patient No one ever possessed less taste for the whom he had just left, was one of a very romantic, than my very excellent friend, interesting nature to a medical profesDoctor Scarlatti, of Rome. He was, sor ; and so absorbed was he in his when I became acquainted with him, a meditations on the subject, enriched too merry, corpulent, little man, of about as they were with some floating visions forty-five years of age, with a placid, of the beloved easy chair, and lacryme and somewhat self-satisfied cast of fea- christi, which awaited him at home, tures; and withal, extremely addicted that when he first opened his eyes to 10 an indolent enjoyment of the com- objects around him, he discovered (what forts of this life, the otium cum digni- very abstruse thinkers are apt to distate of our modern philosophy. cover) that he had entirely lost his way.

Yet fate (who seems to delight in To add to his perplexity, the short bringing her playthings, human beings, but beautiful twilight of a southern into situations the most opposite to clime, was rapidly yielding to the obthose which nalure has designed them) scurity of night, so that his barely resometimes contrived to entrap the wor- covered senses were well nigh put to thy Doctor into adventures altogether flight again, in his apprehension of the unsuited to his character and inclin- banditti, with whom that part of the ations; thus making him, in spite of country was said to abound. himself, the hero of the following mys Under these circumstances, however, terious occurrence :

he did all that a man placed in such a It was in one of the sultry evenings dilemma could do: be fastened his mule of an Italian suinmer, that Scarlatti, to a tree, and aided by the back of the Vol. VI. 2 G

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