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newly invented golosh, formed entirely following; but if it be a ewe, she conof Indian rubber. The advantages cludes that she shall not be married which this invention, or rather adap- that year. The young men do the like: tation, possesses over that of every other, if they take hold of a ewe, they promise are obvious. These goloshes are, of themselves a sweetheart or wife; but if course, impervious to wet, and perfectly a ram, to continue a batchelor all the elastic. Tbeir value as slippers to the next year. They have also on that eve invalid must be great indeed; the flexi- a custom of melting wax, and pouring bility of the material of which they are it into the clean water, and from the composed allowing them to yield to forms and figures it makes, they progevery motion of the foot.
nosticate many strange things that shall happen regarding marriages,—whether
the party will be young or old, rich or The manufacture of starch was known poor, how many children they shall to the ancients. Pliny informs is that have, and whether they will be sons or it was made from wheat and from sili- daughters. All these gambols they pergo, which was probably a variety or form with panic fear, lest the parson of sub-species of wheat. The invention the parish should he informed thereof, of starch is ascribed by Pliny to the in- who always shews himself very angry habitants of the island of Chio, where at such people as he can discover to be in his time the best starch was still guilty of such follies; but the people made. Pliny's description of the me are commonly true to one another, and thod employed by the ancients of ma can keep secrets. king starch is tolerably exact. Next to the Chian starch that of Crete was
necdotiana. most celebrated; and next to it was the Egyptian. The qualities of starch were judged of by the weight ; the lightest A butcher's boy carrying his tray being always reckoned the best. along on his shoulder, accidentally
struck it against, and somewhat discom
posed the huge bonnet of a lady fashionMake a paste of charcoal and water, ably dressed -“ The deuce take the and apply it to any sore place, caused tray,” cried the lady in a passion. by the skin being rubbed off. This will “ Ma'am," replied young rump-steak, immediately allay the smart and remove very gravely; “ the deuce can't také the inflammation.
CURE FOR BROKEN SHINS.
MAKING USE OF LIBERTY. Customs of Various Countries.
Valerius Maximus tells us, that Len
tulus Marcellinus, the Roman Consul, CHRISTMAS EVE AT COURLAND. having complained of the overgrown By the peasantry of Courland, Christ- power of Pompey, the whole people mas Eve is kept with several supersti- answered with a shout of approbation. tious and ridiculous customs and sin “ Shout on, citizens," said the Consul, gular ceremonies ; they lay a great log “shout on, and use these bold signs of on the hearth, and let it leisurely burn liberty while you may; for I do not till the next morning; what remains know how short the time may be that they lay up carefully till the next you will be allowed them." spring, when they split some pieces, or chop some chips of it, and fling them
TWO WAYS OF SEEING. across the entry of the gateway through It is related of Rousseau, that being which their cattle the next day must asked the difference between a learned pass into the common. Such of the and a sensible man? he replied, that cattle that hit their legs against the a learned man saw every thing behind chips will absolutely either die, or be him; and a sensible man every thing devoured by the wolf, or receive some before. hurt or other.
On the same eve the single men and maidens derive their sport by informing This celebrated orator, once passing .themselves whether they shall be mar- through an obscure alley in Dublin, ried that year. The maidens go into a observing a broken pane patched by sheepfold in the dark, and what they a page of a very dull book, exclaimed first lay hold of they bring out. If it to his companions, “ 'Tis the first time, happens to be a ram, then she promises I believe, that the author has throun herself a lusband before the Christmas light upon any subjert."
Diary and Chronology.
Tuesday, December 14.
St. Nicasius, Bishop of Theims, and others, 5th Cent. About this period usually commences that customary part of the Christmass frstivities, commonly called the Waits. The following particulars últistrate their origin. Wakes or Waits are supposed to bave been formerly poor minstrels, part of whose duty it was during the Winter nights to parade and guard the streets, and occasionally to call the bour. In a pretty descı iplive poem entitled Christmas, allusion is made to these seasonable serenades :
- oft amid the gloom
Wednesday, December 15.
December 15, 1755.-Expired the celebrated artist Giovanni Batista Cipriani. Our artist, at the foundation of the Ryal Academy, was chosen one of the founders, and was also rinployed to make the design for the diploma which is given to the Acadeinicians and Associates at their admission. For this work, which he executed with great taste and elegance, the president and council presented him with a silver cup, 'As an acknowledgment for the assistance the Academy received from his great abilities in the profession.' The great excellence of Ciprlani was in his drawipys, while the fertility of his invention, the grace of his composition, and ibe seduc. tive elegance of his forms, were only surpassed by the probity of his character, the simp!icity of his manners, and be evolence of his heart. These designs were disseminated over all Europe by the graver of Bartolizzi, aud bought up with avidity.
Thursday, December 16. St. Adelbert, ist Bish. of Magdeburg-Sun rises im after g-sets 53m after 3. Decembr. 16, 1804.-Died Christian Felix Weize, a German poet and dramatic writer of eonsiderable powers. This author, whilst living, had the reputation of being one of the most useful, if not the most shining writers in Gerinany The best of his dramatic works are Richard the Third and Romeo and Juliet, both original; of his lyric poems the Songs of the Aniazous, and the War-Songs, of Tyrtæus, possess the most merit; and the inost considerable of his works on Education is Der Kinder Freund, from which Berquin has borroned the major part of his Ami-des-Enfans. Weize enjoyed, for more than half a century, the love and esteem of his fellow-countrymen, and died universally regretted, not merely by his friends and relations, but by all Germany: the public funeral which his countrymen honoured him with, was more splendid! than that of any other German poet, save Klopstock.
Friday, December 17. Sls. Rufus and Zozim us, Mar. 4.d 116.- High Water 2m ter 3 Morn-20m after 3 After.
Ducember 17, 1816 - Anniversary of the death of Earl Sta:shope To possess a competent idea of his lordship's merits as a philosopher and a man of science, it is only necessary to rtcul. lect his opinions and his pursuits. The Stanhope Press,-the improved stereotype,-The Staahope Monochord,-the preservation of buildings from fire.--I be return stroke in the Franklinian System,- the facilities afforded to Home Navigation, by means of his improvemeuts in the locks of canals,-and the advantages hereafter to be reaped from both dopestic and foreign navigation by means of the new agent of Steam-all connect this great man with the history not of England or Europe alone, but with the imperishable annals of the arts and sciences !
Saturday, December 18.
Sun rises im after 5–53 after 3. December 18, 1988. -Anniversary of the arrival of William Prince of Orange at St. James's, where he received the congratulations of the nobility and persons of quality.
Sunday, December 19.
FOURTH SUNDAY AFTER ADVENT. Lessons for the Day - 30 chupler Isaiah, morning--38 chapter Isaiah, Eren. CHRISTMAS CAROLS.- As that hospitable season, Christmas, is fast approaching, wben all grades of society banquet, 'the rich and the poor,' we cannot refrain from introduciog some small account of the Christmas Carol, now a most obsolete. Carols, from the Italian Carola, are songs of joy and exultation, as well as of devotion; and both are unit.d in those which commemorate the appearance of Christ on earth. Carols like the Juul songs they superseded, appear to have been usually written by superstitions and illiterate persons; but some authors gravely assert, that the angels first introduced these divine songs, by joining in an harmonious concert at the incarnation. Other authors, less prophane, state the courtly New Year's Ode to be merely a pol shed Ule, or Wassail Song, or a Cbristmas Carol. ERRATUM.— In our number for last week, at p. 406, for cast upon him in the
publication of the abo e works,' readcast upon him in consequerce of the publication of the above works. With this number is published a SUPPLEMENTAL Sheet, containing the CREAN
SE ANNUALS not noticed in our last Supplement. If our Romford Correspondent will favour us with his Address, we shall feel
In accordance with our promise, we and anecdotes relative to the various again take up the subject of the An- Cities and Palaces represented in the nuals for 1831—five or six of which Engravings. are before us. The first that claims The subject chosen for our illustraour attention is
tion, and to which is appended the subThe Landscape annual, *
joined interesting account, is Edited by T Roscoe.
THE TEMPLE OF PALLAS. Of the great beauty of its numerous illustrations some idea may be formed Quivi tempio sublime
Sacro all'eternita con aurea chiave from the Engraving given by us in this
Vertu gli aprio; quindi spiego le penne number. The descriptions are accom E luogo in ciel fra gli altri numi olienne. panied by numerous traditions, incidents
The same doubts have been started • Jennings and Chaplio,
by antiquaries respecting the proper Vol. VI. 2 D
designation of this temple as of most of Patrican Modesty; a basilica of others in the eternal city-a title to Caius and Lucius; a temple of Good which, were it not for the immortality Fortune; a temple of Manly Fortune; of her people, and the unfading lustre while at the time Mr. Hobhouse was in which memory casts upon the spot, Rome it was generally believed to be, would be less properly applied to Rome 'as at first supposed, the Temple of Mothan to any other city of the earth : for desty. And thus it has been for ages where has rnin so wrought her perfect past with almost all the ruins on which work? where is time seen the con ihe antiquary gazes with most pleasure; queror and man the victim so clearly each having his own opinion, and deand so awfully as there? The death of lighting himself sometimes with his a strong man fills us with a deeper favourite theory, at others, with the sense of human frailty than that of a splendid visions which belong to the weaker being ; and Rome in ruins- spot, if that theory be true. The temple, the mightiest and proudest monument however, we are at present contemplatof the earth crumbled into dust-makes ing is one of the most beautiful ruins in us feel as if the pillars of the round Rome. It c nsists of two Corinthian world itself were unloosened. The columns, eleven feet in circumference, image of eternity seems to have been and supposed to be thirty-one feet high ; raised of adamant to be dissipated in but the soil has been so long suffered air, and dreaming of Rome as clothed to accumulate around them that but half in her bridal garinents and the spouse their height is to be seen. The archiof hundred-throned victory, we wake trave supported by these columns is to tread upon her ashes, her name only strikingly beautiful, as well as the remaining immortal.
frieze, which is magnificently adorned of the almost infinite number of with bas-reliefs, descriptive of the mytemples which adorned this city, not a thological character of the goddess to dozen can be said to exist even in ruins; whom the temple is thought to have been and of those of which vestiges remain, dedicated. Above the whole rises an a very few are known for certainty to attic story, but in a totally dilapidated be ascribed to the right deities. So state ; all that remains, in any degree numerous were these edifices during of preservation, of this part of the the flourishing times of the empire, that building being a suprosed statue of the some antiquaries have excused them- deity. selves from naming them all by saying How different are the religious asthat such a task were endless ; and sociations now connected with the name those who have commenced the under- of Minerva's temples and the seat of her taking have ended with fixing the names former grandeur ! How changed is the to two or three ruins as temples, which spectacle which throngs the way to the the next generation of critics has de- spots where stood her ancient fanes, termined to be basilicas, baths, or pa- and the feeling with which the adoring laces. “ The antiquarian disputes be- multitudes hallow them as sacred to gan at an early period,” observes Mr. divinity! Speaking of the customs Hobhouse ; " and where nothing but a prevalent in the sacred city during Lent, name was left, there was still some the author of “Rome in the Nineteenth pleasure found in the struggles of con- Century” thus describes the procession jecture. The mica aurea has not been to one of these consecrated spots, now seen since the ninth century; but it af- the site of a christian church. “Before forded an opportunity of quoting Plut- the Holy Week,” it is said, “our sufarch, Ammian, and Martial, to show that ferings began. We were disturbed the it might have been a Greek girl, or a very morning of our return from Naples bear, or a supper house. The actual with the information that it was a grand remains were found to be no less un- festa—the festa of the Annunciation ; certain. The two vaults of the church and that a grand funzione was to take of St. Maria Nuova were believed by place at the church of Santa Maria Pomponius Lætus the fragments of a Sopra Minerva, preceded by a still temple of Æsculapius and Health ; by more superb procession; and that we Martianus, of the Sun and Moon; by must get up to see it, which we accordBlondus, of Æsculapius and Apollo ; ingly did, aud drove through streets by Poggio, of Castor and Pollux. They lined with expecting crowds, and winare now called the Temple of Venus dows hung with crimson and yellow and Rome.” In the sanie manner the silk draperies, and occupied by females Temple of Maria Egizziaca has been at in their most gorgeous attire, till we different times supposed to be a chapel made a stop near the church, before
which the pope's horse-guards, in their “Three coaches, scarcely less antisplendid full-dress uniforms, were sta- quely supurb, followed, with the astioned to keep the ground; all of whom, sistant cardinals and the rest of the both officers and men, wore in their train. In the inside of the church, the caps a sprig of myrtle as a sign of re- usual tiresome ceremonies went on that joicing. After waiting a short time the take place when the pope is present. procession appeared, headed by another He is seated on a throne, or chair of detachment of the guards, mounted on state ; the cardinals in succession apprancing black chargers, who rode for- proach and kiss his hand, retire one ward to clear the way, accompanied by step and make three bows or nods, one such a flourish of trumpets and kettle- to him in front, and one on the right drums that it looked at first like any thing hand and another on the left, which, I but a peaceable or religious proceeding. am told, are intended for him (as the This martial array was followed by a personation of the Father), and for the bare-headed priest, on a white mule, Son, and for the Holy Ghost, on either bearing the Host in a gold cup; at the side of him; and all the cardinals havsight of which every body--not ex- ing gone through these motions, and the cepting our coachman, who dropped inferior priests baving kissed his toedown on the box -fell upon their that is, the cross embroidered on his knees, and we were left alone, here- toe-high mass begins.
The pope tically sitting in the open barouche. kneels during the elevation of the Ilost,
“ The pope, I understand, used for- prays in silence before the altar, gets merly to ride upon the white mule him- up and sits down, reads something out self: whether in memory of our Sa- of a great book which they bring to him viour's entrance into Jerusalem on an with a lighted taper held beside it ass, or no, I cannot say; and all the (which must be eminently useful in the cardinals used to follow bin in their broad daylight), and having gone magnificent robes of state, mounted through many more such ceremonies, either on mules or horses; and as the finally ends as he began with giving eminentissimi are, for the most part, not his benediction with three fingers all very eminent horsemen, they were ge- the way as he goes out. During all the nerally fastened on, lest they should time of this high mass, the pope's militumble off. This cavalcade must have tary band, stationed on the platform in been a very entertaining sight. I un- front of the church, played so mnany derstood that Pius VI., who was a very clamorous martial airs that it would handsome man, kept up this custom; have effectually put to fight any ideas but the present pope is far too intirm for of religious soleinnity--ifany there had • such an enterprise, and so he followed been." the man on the white mule in his state coach, at the very sight of which he Leaving this charming work, and all seemed to have made a jump back of two its attractions, we next take up hundred years at least. It was a huge machine, composed almost entirely of
The Keepsake, plate-glass, fixed in a ponderous carved
Edited by F. M. Reynolds. and gilded frame, through which was Of its illustrations, we have given our distinctly visible the person of the ve opinion in the accompanying number, nerable old pope, dressed in robes of and we now proceed to glean an article white and silver, and incessantly giving or two for the amusement of our readers. his benediction to the people by a twirl The following particulars relative to the of three fingers, which are typical of the celebrated Lord Chesterfield, will,we are Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost, persuaded, be read with interest. We the last being represented by the little leave out the prefatory matter to this finger. On the gilded back of this ve- paper, which is not remarkable for corhicle-the only part, I think, that was rectness of language, although the noble not made of glas3----was a picture of the author has laboured hard to give effect to pope in his chair of state, and the Virgin his subject. Mary at his feet. This extraordinary machine was drawn by six black horses, CHESTERFIELD AND FANNY, with superb harness of crimson velvet and gold. The coachman, or rather postilions, were dressed in coats of Of the commencement of the inti. silver stuff, with crimson velvet breeches, macy
Chesterfield and Lady and full-buttoned wigs well powdered, Fanny Shirley," the following letters, without hats.
which have perer yet been published,
BY LORD MORPETH.