Imatges de pàgina


bells about his legs," and a pounde of them at the same time, to draw forth lighted candles hanging at his breech.” confession, was, by running pins into

their body, on pretence of discovering

the devil's stigma, or mark, which was In the year 1538, one Forest, a friar, said to be inflicted by him upon all his was burnt, or rather roasted, over a fire vassals, and to be insensible to pain. in Smithfield, for denying the king's This species of search, the practice of supremacy. Just before his execution, the infamous Hopkins, was in Scotland a huge image, called Darvel Gatheram, reduced to a trade ; and the young that had been sent out of Wales, was witchfinder was allowed to torture the brought to the place to assist in making accused party, as if in exercise of a the fire. The Welch had a prophesy lawful calling, although Sir George that this image would set a forest on Mackenzie stigmatises it as a horrid fire, which was fulfilled in the burning imposture. I observe in the Collections of this unfortunate man.

of Mr. Pitcairn, that at the trial of Janet

Peaston of Dalkeith, the magistrates and “A GUILTY CONSCIENCB REQUIRES NO ministers of that market town caused ACCUSER."

John Kincaid of Tranent, the common In the nineteenth year of the reign of pricker, to exercise his craft upon her, Henry the Eighth, during the Christmas who found two marks of what he festivities, a play, written by a gentle- called the devil's making, and which man named Roe, was performed at appeared indeed to be so, for she could Gray's Inn, which represented, says the not feel the pin when it was put into Chronicle,“ Lord Governance ruled either of the said marks, nor did they by Dissipation and Negligence, by whose (the marks) bleed when they were taken evil order Lady Publick Wcale was out again; and when she was asked put from governance.” Cardinal Wol- where she thought the pins were put in, sey took this play as a satire upon him- she pointed to a part of her body disself, and committed Roe, who was a tant from the real place. They were serjeant at law, to the Fleet prison, al- pins of three inches in length.'--Bethough the play was written many years sides the fact, that the persons of old before the Cardinal was raised to such people especially sometimes contain high authority.

A. spots void of sensibility, there is also

room to believe that the professed ORIGIN OF MALT LIQUORS. prickers used a pin, the point or lower The invention of malt-liquor appears part of which was, on being pressed to have originated from the attention down, sheathed in the upper, which which an eastern monarch paid to the was hollow for the purpose, and that health of his army; as both Hippo- which appeared to enter the body did crates and Xenophon inform us, that not pierce it at all. But, were it worth Cyrus, having called his soldiers toge- while to dwell on a subject so ridicuther, exhorted them to drink water lous, we might recollect, that in so terwherein parched barley had been steep- rible an agony of shame as is likely to ed, which they called Muza. In all convulse a human being under such a probability this was to counteract the trial, and such personal insults, the bad effects of impure water in warm blood is apt to return to the heart, and climates, as Pliny states, that if water a slight wound, as with a pin, may be be nitrous, brackish, and bitter, by put- inflicted, without being followed by ting fried barley-meal into it, it will in blood. In the latter end of the sevenless than two hours be purified and teenth century, this childish, indecent, sweet, and that it may then be drank and brutal practice, began to be called with safety; and this, says he, is the by its right name. Fountainhall has reason that barley-meal is generally recorded, that in 1678 the Privy Council put in bags and strainers through which received the complaint of a poor woman we pass our wines, that they may be who had been abused by a country refined and drawn the sooner. This magistrate, and one of those impostors information may be serviceable to nau- called prickers. They expressed high tical men, and to those who travel in displeasure against the presumption of tropical climates.

the parties complained against, and

treated the pricker as a common cheat.” Sir W. Scott, in his work on Demonology, says : -" The celebrated That the ancients were acquainted mode of detecting witches, and torturing with wine is universally known. The



knowledge must have been nearly co to any of its rivals. The paintings are eval with the origin of society; for we of a very superior character, and the are informed in Genesis that Noah, subjects are tastefully diversified. The after the flood, planted a vineyard, and frontispiece, “ An English Flower," made wine, and got intoxicated by after Hargreaves, by Robinson, is a drinking the liquid which he had ma- graceful and spirited portrait. Benja. nufactured. Beer also is a very old min West's « Three Maries at the manufacture. It was in common use Tomb of Christ," by Smith, wants force; among the Egyptians in the time of it hardly conveys a trace of the vigorous Herodo!us, who informs us that they style of the President; nevertheless the made use of a kind of wine made from engraving is not without merit. Linbarley, because no vines grew in their ton's “ Delos,” by Miller, is superb: country. Tacitus informs us, that in the birth-place of Apollo and Diana his time it was the drink of the Ger- will never be more skilfully portrayed. mans. Pliny informs us that it was The “Cathedral of Antwerp,” by Radmade by the Gauls, and by other na- clyffe, after Wild, is extremely clever; tions. He gives it the name of cere- the architectural beauties of this fine visia or cerrisia ; the name obviously gothic structure are depicted with great alluding to the grain from which it was power and fidelity. “Cologne on the made.

Rhine,” by S. Austen, engraved by But though the ancients seem ac- Goodall, would form an admirable comquainted with both wine and beer, panion plate to Nash's “Ghent" in the there is no evidence of their having Souvenir ; they are worthy of each ever subjected these liquids to distilla- other, which is the highest praise that tion, and of having collected the pro- can be given to either. “ The Cottage ducts. This would have furnished them Farm Yard," by Smith, after Barker, with ardent spirits, or alcohol, of which gives token of much promise.“ La there is every reason to believe they Huerfana de Leon” is a pretty drawing were entirely ignorant.

poorly executed , it appears to us that

the engraver has been making experiDYEING.

ments and has failed. “ The Deluge," Idmon, the father of Arachne, is said by Brandard, after Mosses (we believe to have been the inventor of dyeing, the brother of the clever wood engraver) and it is related, that the discovery of is a fearful subject, treated with consithe purple dye was owing to a dog, derable skill; had it not been for the which, having caught one of the purple clumsy figure clinging to a mass of rock Oshes among the rocks, in eating it in the foreground, we should bave given stained his mouth and beard with the it unqualified praise: the style is good precious liquor; the hue thus acquired and the execution free and powerful. struck the fancy of a Tyrian nymph so “Saint Cecilia,” after Andrea Celesti, strongly, that she refused her lover Her- by Robins, is not a picture to our taste; cules any favours till he had brought however, the composition is ingenious, her a mantle of the same colour.

and the engraving is soft and clear. The dye of Tyre became celebrated “ The Bandit's Home," by Millar, after in all nations, and this city appears to Barber, is a brilliant and glowing pichave kept the art within its own walls ture; such a scene is well adapted for for niany ages. It was esteemed as the haunt of wild and lawless spirits, precious as pure gold, and seldom used who live by predatory acts, and dread but by kings and princes, or in the ves- mankind : too much praisé cannot be tures of the priests. Private persons given to this picture.“ “ The Mother," were forbidden by the laws of most after Westall, by Finden, is pretty; but countries to wear the least scrap of it. it has all the mannerism of the artist.

“Dovedale," after Barber, by Brand

ard, is a delightful work of art: this Fine Arts.

picture is remarkable for its accuracy,

as well as for the skilful management Illustrations of the Winter's Wreath of the distance. In dismissing this

for 1831. Whittaker & Co. London, charming volume we have only to oband Smith, Liverpool.

serve, that the illustrations relect the

highest credit upon the artists; and that Upon looking into this finished volume, it is with mingled feelings of them in the Winter's Wreais.

they far surpass any that have preceded pride and gratification, that we are enabled with truth to pronounce it equal



Customs of Various Countries.

PRINCE TALLEYRAND. The prince is well known to be one of the wittiest men of his day; and wit

upon one's-self is the best defence That Italy was not free from the most against the satire of others.

A newsabsurd superstition, even in the most paper correspondent giving an accoun enlightened days of the Roman empire, of the prince's landing at Dover, exwe have an instance in the manner of pressed his surprise at seeing in Talleytheir cultivating millet. Sparrows and rand, whom he had expected to look other small birds are apt to make great nothing but the cunning diplomatist, harock in fields of millet; to prevent

" the countenance of an open, candid, which the Roman farmers carried a

arid honest character.” This was shewn toad round the field, after it was sown,

to Talleyrand, who coolly reniarked, and before it was harrowed.

“ It must have been, I suppose, in contile was then put in an earthen pot, and sequence of the dreadful sickness I exburied in the middle of the field. This perienced in coming over.” they were assured, would protect the root from the worm, and the seed from birds. The toad was always dug up In the year 1418, the French made a before the millet was cut, the neglect of descent upon the Isle of Wight, for the which, they believed, would cause the purpose, as they said, of keeping seed to be bitter.

Christmas ;” but they were bold met

by the islanders, and repulsed with Anecdotiana. considerable loss.


The rep



A TURKISH HIGH-FLYER. The following anecdote, which evinces In England many times, at various the hardihood of bears, is related in the periods, has curiosity been excited by recently published voyage round the the exhibition of persons flying from world, performed in the years 1823-4-5, church steeples and other elevated by Olio Von Kotzebue.

places to the ground. Nearly a century “ Fish,” said the navigator, “ forms ago royalty was attracted to St. Martin's their chief nourishment, and which they in the Fields, to witness a descent of this procure for themselves from the rivers, nature. The feat, whatever other merit was last year excessively scarce. á it may possess, does not possess that of great famine consequently existed among noveliy, for it appears from an old them, and instead of retiring to their ballad in the British Museum, that as dens, they wandered about the whole early as the 1650, a Turkish rope-danwinter through, even in the streets of cer flew to the ground from the top of St. Peter and St. Paul, (Kamschatka.) St. Paul's cathedral. We subjoin the One of them, finding the onter gate of a

three first stanzas of the ballad:house open, entered, and the gate acci

A mortal there is, come out of the East, dentally closed after him. The woman A mortal of great fame; of the house bad just placed a large tea He looks like a man, for he is no beast, inachine, full of boiling water, in the

Yet lie bas never a Christen name.

Some say he's a Turk: some call him a Jew; court; the bear smelt to it, and burned

For ten that belie him, scarce one te'ls true; his nose ; provoked at the pain, he Let him be what he will, 'tis all one to you, vented all his fury upon the kettle, fold

But yet he shall be a Turk. ed his fore-paws round it, pressed it This Turk, as I said in the verse before, with his whole strength against his

Is a very fine tawny thing; breast to crush it, and burnt himself, of

If I tell you his gifts, you can ask no more,

He can fly without any wing: course, still more and more. The hor- He towers ike a falcon over the people, rible growl which rage and pain forced Before he comes down, he's as high as Paul's from him, brought all the inhabitants


Tis strange lie makes not himself a creeple, of the house and neighbourhood to the

But yet he shall be a Turk. spot, and poor Bruin was soon des

On a sloping cord he'll go, you'll see, patched by shots from the windows. Even from the very ground He has, however, immortalized his me Full ninety feet high, wbere I would not be, mory, and become a proverb amongst first he stands and makes faces and looks down

Tho'yon'd give me a thousand pound. the town's-people; for when any one

below, injures himself by his own violence, Would I had twelvepence for each cou'd not do they call hin the bear with the teas kettle.'

By my faith I'd never make ballad mo,

But jollie shall be a Turk.

Diary and Chronology.

Wednesday, November 24. St. John of the Cross, Confessor, A.D. 1591.-Sun rises 47m after 1-sets 18m after 4. November 21, 1639.-The first transit of Venus over the sun's disc ever observed, was seen on this day by Jeremiah Horrox, at Hool, an obscure village 15 miles north of Liverpool; and at the same time, according to his directions, by his friend William Crabtree, at Manchester. Horrox died in 1641, in the 230 year of his age. He wrote an account of his observations, which was published several years after his death, unler the title of " Venus sole visa," by Hevelias, an astronomer of Dantzic; and his other writings by Flamsteed, in the Philosophical Transactions, 1675.

Thursday, November 25. St. Erasmus, Irish Bishop.-High Water im afı 9 Morn-45m aft 9 Aftern. November 25, 1766.- Expired Dr. Zachary Grey, author of a Commentary on Shakspeare, Notes op Hudibras, and other miscellaneous writings. Having named Butler's comic burlesque poem in this place, it may not be amiss to introduce here an anecdote of the witty author. When“ Hudibras” first appeared, it became at once a general favourite, and the merry monarch Charles II. was never without a copy of it in his pockel. The Earl of Dorset, who was considered as the Mecanas of his time, concluding that the author of so inimitable a work must be ag amusing in his discourse as fascinating in his writings, expressed a desire to Mr. Fleet. wood Shepherd, to spend an evening in Bulier's company. Accordingly, Mr. Shepherd brought them together at a tavern, as if by accident, and without naming his lordship's quality to the poet. Mr. Butler, while the first bottle was drinking, appeared very fiat and heavy; at the Second bottle brisk and Irvely, full of wit and learning, and a most pleasant and agreeable conpanion; but before the third bottle was finished, be sunk again into such deep stupidity and dulness, that hardly any body could have believed him to be the author of a book which abounde ed with so much wit, learning, and pleasantry. Next morning, when Mr. Shepherd asked his lorrship's opinion of Mr. Butier, the Earl answered, “He is like a nine-pin, litile at both ends, but great in the middle."

Friday, November 26. St. Conrad, Confessor, A.D. 976. - sun rises 50m after 7-sets 9m after 4. November 26, 1796.-The storm which raged so generally at this period in F.ngland, was see verely felt at Weymouth; seven vessels were lost in the western baj; nearly 1600 boilies were thrown up at diferent times along the beach, 300 were buriel at one timethe bodies would have bred a pestilence but for the assistance of the Gloucester militia, who aided in burying them; the vessels were heavily laden with troops and merchandize for the West Indies,

Saturday, November 27. $t, Secundin, Irish Bishop, A.D. 447.- High Water 11h 31m Morn--oh Om Aftern. November 27, 1755. - At Long Benton, near Newcastle, a violent shock resembling an earthquake was experienced on this day. wbich disjointed all the houses in the town (though built of stone). The alarmed inhabitants fed into the street, which opened and closed again from one extremity to the other; a gentleman's garden sunk two feet, and many parts of Killingwortb. moor to ihe extent of two miles; happily no lives were losi. It is supposed that the cause of this extraordinary occurrence was the giving way of the pillars which supported the excava. tions made in Benton colliery.

Sunday, November 28.

ADVENT SUNDAY. Lessons for the Day-1 chapter Isaiah, morning- chapter Isaiah, Eren. November 25, 1695.-Expired Anthony Wood, the author of the "* History and Antiquities of the University of Oxford." He likewise wrote a history of all the learned men educated in the University of Oxford, from the year 1500 to the end of the year 1690, a work began, carried on, and finished, with incredible industry. Our author was framed by nature for the study of English history and antiquities, and it was that study which he prosecuted with unbounded perseverance. He was free from ambition, and was a signal instance of self-lenial. His mode of study was even and uniform, and he spent the whole of his time for the public, which suffered an irreparable loss in the death of this learned and diligent man.

Monday, November 29. St. Saturninus. mantyr. A D. 257.-High Water On 59m Morn- 26m after 11 Afternoon

November 29, 1922. - Died the Rev. Archdeacon Vince, Pluvian Professor of Astronomy to the University of Cambridge. The professor was a native of Fressingfield, in Suffolk; his pa. rents were in humble circumstances, and were unable to do much towards educating him, yet he discovered atfa very early age an aptitude for mathematical studies, which fortunately oblained for him the notice of the late Mr. Tilney, and through him the assistance of more opulent patrons, By their aid he was sent to the University of Cambridge, where he ultimately obiained the bighest mathematical honours. Besides his large work on Astronomy, he was author of several other mathematical publications.

Tuesday, November 30. St. Andrew, apostle, A D. 339.- Full Moon, sm after 3 Morning. November 30, 1762,- In Dousley's Annual Register, vol. 5, we find the folowing curious fact recorded. A man having stolen a sheep at Mitcham, in Surrey, tied its hind legs together, aod put them over his forehead to carry it away; but in getting over a gate, the sheep, it is tbought, struggled, and by a sudden spring slipped its feet dowa to his throat; for they were found in that posture, the sheep hanging on one side of the gate, and the man dead on the other. In our next, The Will, Lochanuri, a Border Romance, and Lines by Lord

C to his Daughter on her Marriage.
Part 3), enlarged to six numbers, will be ready with the Magazines.

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For the Olio.

See Page 390 Ellustraled Article.

knight and the chief of his guests had

retired to their chambers, parties were HUMPHREY THE HOMICIDE; perpetually passing and repassing the

drawbridge ; some returning to the hall from the different mansions they, Anil been visiting; and others quitting itlor

their several homes, which, in their THE CHAPLAIN'S STORY. turn, had been recipients of masquers

from Pype-Hall and the neighbourIt was late on Christmas Eve, about hood. sixty years ago, before the accustomed The chambers and courts were befestal ceremonies which distinguish that coming comparatively hushed and lonegreat vigil were conclyded at Pype- ly, when two masqued figures, attired Hall, then the residence of Sir Hum- in the costume of either sex, which, phrey Stanley, knight of the body to however, at this season, afforded no King Henry the Seventh. Among the clue to the actual sex of either, were various festivities peculiar to the sea seen to cross the gallery which overson, the well-known Christmas gambol, looked the great hall. The enormous consisting in change of dress between yule-clog Alamed roaring up the vast the sexes, had been freely indulged. chimney, and flung an illumination Sir Humphrey had commanded the brighter than daylight over the whole great gates to be kept open, and planks apartment. Quickly passing from this of the drawbridge-tower to remain blaze of illumination, they quitted the lowered all day and night. Not only gallery : the peasantry, but those also of high de

“ Down the wide stairs a darkling way they gree, mingled in this feudal masquerade

found, -and long after midnight, when the In all the house was heard no human sound; VOL. VI. 2 B


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