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but our revenge on that Judas-Vaucler! Easter, was universal, a supply of some Listen, Babington: thy noble heart hath sort of subsidary food was urgently reinvolved thee, I fear, too deeply in my quired; so that the discovery of Beuviews, and at this hour of mutual peril, kels became of the greatest consequence, the thoughts of thy family's ruin galls not to his countrymen only, but to the me most shrewdly. Richard woos this whole Christian world. It should be unhappy lady-Edward sanctions his mentioned, to the honour of the Emperor suit; if she weds him, thou knowest Charles V., that being in 1550 at Bierv. Gloucester well enough to foresee what leit, where Beukels was buried, he viwill be her fate! I, too, shall lose, or sited his grave, and ordered a magnifirather the duchess, her sister, will lose cent monument to be erected, to record many a fair acre. But, trust me, if I the memory of a man who had rendered can restore thy father, and crush that so signal a service to his country. devilish Vaucler, I will gladly make the For a long period, the Hollanders sacrifice. Much may be done at this enjoyed nearly a complete monopoly of audience in Saint Mary's Hall.” the herring fishery. The famous John

Mark warmly expressed his gratitude, de Witt estimated that in his time every but urged his royal friend not to en fifth individual derived his subsistence counter any risque to himself.

from this source. We learn from him, “Fear not for me," said the young and others, that when the herring fishery prince, whose mind, ill-regulated as it was in its zenith, the Dutch fishers emwas, yet contained sparks of noble ployed 3,000 fishing vessels in the bays feeling; "consult rather your own

and inlets of their own coasts ; that safety and the honour of your house, - they employed about 800 vessels, of from you will thereby most effectually further 60 to 150 tons burden, in the cod and my designs. I have a steed in readi- long tishery, in the seas round the Ork

Hasten home this very night. ney and Shetland Islands; and that, in Prepare the priest for what is to happen, addition to these, they had about 1,600 and bid him obey the apparitor, whó vessels employed in the herring fishery will quickly be despatched to Chadstow. on our coasts, from Buchanness to the Tarry till you hear from me; and if mouth of the Thames. It was estimated there be a grain of wit in George's brain, that, taking into account the vessels thy family shall be scatheless. Only carrying salt to those actually engaged bear in mind-vengeance on Vaucler! in the fishery, and those employed to

Here the duke shouted, “ Halbert, convey the cured herrings to their desho!” when a horseman, in the royal tination, the herring fishery gave emlivery, leading a powerful steed, fully ployment to about 6,400 vessels, and caparisoned, approached the Swan's 112,000 seamen; and that the whole Well; and after a hasty adieu, young number of persons dependent upon it Babington mounted the led horse, while for support, including those employed the servant resigning his to the duke, in building and rigging ships, and in followed him on foot in the direction of fitting them out with nets, casks, salt, the Bastille-gate.

&c. amounted to 450,000! De Witt Avoiding the city, and choosing the says, that in his time Holland could by-roads to the woody village of Alles- boast of 10,000 sail of shipping, and try, Mark swiftly pursued his journey, 168,000 seamen, although, he adds, and had reached the hostel of Basset's the country itself affords them neither Pole, dividing the two counties, ere he materials, nor victual, nor merchandrew the reins,of his gallant horse.

dize.' The Hollanders, indeed, made (To be continued.)

no scruple of avowing that the wealth,

strength, and prosperity of the United THE SOURCE OF THE WEALTH Provinces, were chiefly derived from OF HOLLAND.

the herring fishery; their sense of the

importance of which was strongly reThe discovery of the mode of curing marked by an observation in common and barreling herring, by an obscure

use amongst them, that “the foundation individual of the name of Beukels, or

of Amsterdam was laid on herring Beukelzon, towards the middle of the

bones.'

Edin. Rev. fourteenth century, contributed more, Fllustrations of History. perhaps, than any thing else to increase the maritime power and wealth of Hol

SPLENDOUR OF THOMAS A BECKETT's land. At a period when the prohibition of eating butcher-meat during two days every week, and forty days before The archbishop's shrine, Stow in

SHRINE AT CANTERBURY.

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CUCKOO.

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was about a man's height at the tomb, and in the morning re all of stone, then upwards of plain tim- quested to be admitted of the fraternity, ber, within which was a chest of iron, which he was perunitted to do, attended containing the saint's bones, skull and by the English king. all, with the wound of his death, and So great, indeed, was the veneration the piece cut out of his skull laid in the in which this prelate was held, that he same wound. The timber-work of the superseded even our Saviour; for, in shrine on the outside was covered with one year, the offering to Christ's altar plates of gold, damasked and embossed was £0. Os. Od.,—to that of his holy mowith wires of the same precious metal, ther, £4. ls. 8d.,-io that of the great garnished with broaches, images, chains, Beckett, £954. 6s. 31. It was also by precious stones, and great orient pearls ; the merit of his, and not our Saviour's spoils of which shrine (in gold and jewels blood, we were taught to expect salof inestimable value), filled two great vation :chests, one of which six or eight strong Tu, per Thornæ sanguinem, men could do no more than convey out

Quiem pro te impendit,

Fac nos, Christe, seandere, of the church; these were all taken to

Quo Thomas ascendit. NTROX. the king's use, and the bones. of St. Thomas (by order of the Lord Crom

The Role Book. well,) were then and there burned to ashes ; which was in September, in the year 1538, regno Henry VIII.''

To call a man a cuckold whose wife Erasmus informs us, " when this glo- is an adultress, from the name of the rious show was offered to view, the bird called a cuckoo, seems a contradicprior took a white wand, and touched tion between the term and the meaning. every jewel, repeating its quality, the The cuckoo destroys the eggs in anoFrench name, the value, and the donor ther bird's nest, and there leaves his of it, for the principal part of the trea own to be haiched. It is said the chafsures were presented by monarchs, or finch, though a much smaller bird, when persons of distinguished rank or for- she finds the cuckoo's large egg in her tune."

nest, seems to be proud of it, as if it The visitors to the shrine were both were her own, and hatches it with great numerous and noble. No less than an

perseverance. hundred thousand devotees are recorded to have visited it in one year. Philip, Earl of Flanders, came over here in When King George III. dined with 1177, on a pilgrimage to the reliques of the Lord Mayor (Sir Samuel Fludyer,) the saint, and was met by Henry II., in 1761, the four services prepared for with whom he held a conference. In his majesty's table alone consisted of the June of the following year, the king, no less than two hundred and sixtyon his return from Normandy, paid eight dishes, the expense of which was another visit to the sepulchre ; and, in £374. Is. 0.:—the most expensive item the next month, William, Archbishop in the bill of fare being, ten dishes of of Rheims, came from France with a nous, £30. Os. Od. ; and the cheapest, a large retinue, to pay his vows to St. dish of truffles in oil, 10s. 6d. The Thomas at Canterbury, where the king entire cost of this sumptuous feost given met and received him honourably. to royalty, which consisted of four hun.

In the year 1179, Lewis VII., King of dred and fourteen dishes, besides the France, landed at Dover, where Henry dessert, was £6,898 5s. 4d. expected his arrival, and on the 23rd of August, the two monarchs arrived at A SINGULAR MODE OF DISCOVERING Canterbury, attended by a numerous train of the nobility of both nations : Some years since, a number of facethey were received by the archbishop tious gentlemen, emigrated from the and his comprovincials, the prior, and province of Ulster to Philadelphia. On the whole convent, with great honour. iheir arrival they perambulated the The French sovereign, on this occasion, streets, admiring the regularity of the presented a rich cup of gold, and the pre- buildings, but astonished they had not cious stone called the regalof France," met a single Irishman during the whole which Henry VIII. afterwards had set, of their perigrinations. In the evening, and wore as a thumb ring. He also when over a social bottle, they had nagranted the value of a hundred tuns of turally expressed to each other their wine to the monks, to be paid annually surprise and disappointmen! on the ocat Paris, He kept watch a whole nightcasion, when one of the party, a man

CITY MAGNIFICENCE.

IRISHMEN.

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possessed of infinite natural humour,

GARRICK'S EYE. undertook to discover his countrymen, Miss Pope was one evening, in the if they were not involved in everlasting Green-room of the theatre, commenting sleep. With a basket over his arm, he on the excellencies of Garrick, when, sallied forth into the street, and with a amongst other things, she said, “ He well-toned tenor voice, lie began to cry had the most wonderful eye imaginable ; out in a musical recitativo, “ Fine Oys- an eye, to use the vulgar phrase, that ters! Fresh Carlingford Oysters !" would penetrate through a deal board." Roused and astonished at the well Ay," cried Wewitzer, “ I understand known sounds, every emigrant from - what we call a gimblet-eye!" Dundalk, Newry, Armagh, Richhill, and Portadown, in short, every Hiber

ORIGIN OF CINDERELLA. nian that had enjoyed the flavour of The following story, which Burton that delicious fish, surrounded him in quotes from Elian, is obviously the oriless than twenty minutes.

gin of one of our most popnlar nursery

tales :-Rodophe was the fairest lady, OYSTERS.

in her days, in all Egypt; she went to The art of fattening our oysters in wash her, and by chance (her maides, artificial beds was first taught us by the meanwhile, looked but carelessly to her Romans. Feeding pits being first in- clothes) an eagle stole away one of her vented about ninety years before Christ, shoes, and laid it in Psammeticus, the they were first constructed upon the King of Egypt's lap, at Memphis: he shore of Baiæ; and even as early as the wondered at the excellency of the shoe reign of Vespasian, the British oyster and pretty foot, but more aquilæ facwas deemed famous among the Romans, tum, at the manner of the bringing of it, and thought worthy to be carried into and caused, forth with, proclamation to Italy.

J. be made, that she that owned that shoe

should come presently to his Court; the SINGULAR TENURE.

virgin came, and was forth with marBy a charter granted to Yarmouth by ried to the King.” Anatomy of Melanthe third Henry, that town is bound to choly, vol. ii. p. 404. send to the sheriffs of Norwich one hundred herrings to be made into twenty

PATRIOTIC PROPENSITIES. four pies, by them to be delivered to

I po twice a year to political linners,

D-n the cause of the people! what care I the lord of the manor of East Carleton, who is by his tenure obliged to present Purer motives guide me than your liberal sine them to the king, wherever he may be.

When go it is only to get-a new hat.

Lit. Gas. Anecdotinni.

THE SCHOOLMASTER ALL ABROAD. MARY, QUEEN OF SCOTS.

Sir, I'm a plain pains-taking man, Upon an occasion when the beautiful

Inflict, too, pains reciprocal with vigour;

For, oh, my boys arithmetic won't learn. Scottish queen, in the full vigour of her But always do their best to cut a figure. charms, was walking in a procession at Multiplication wins them not; Paris, a woman forced her way through

Addition, thoughtless, is forgot;

Yet the young scamps will by and hy the crowd to touch her. Upon being To fast increise and multiply. asked what she meant by her bold in Now, for subtraction, they subtract trusion, she said, it was only to satisfy

The finest fruit from off my trees;

And for dirision, they divide herself whether so angelic a creature

The spoil, though no spoiled children those ; was flesh and blood.

J. I fog them oft, they heed not me.

Learn three hoies for the rule of three;?
Till, wearied out with such distractions,

I break their heads to teach them fractions. Mr. Onslow sitting one day in his

I know not, sir, what more to do,
80, in despair, apply to you.

Ib. room, Sir Robert Walpole, after some talk, asked him What would you

EPIGRAMMATIC EPITAPH ON A PERSON say of the man who should bring a mes

NAMED MILES. sage from the king to parliament, pro- This tombstone is a Mile-stone, and why so ? posing to disunite Hanover from Eng Because beneath lies Miles. He's Miles below, land, after his decease?"' Say!” said A little man he was-a dwarf in size;

But now stretch'd out, at least Miles long be Onslow, “I should say he was an angel come down from heaven to preserve his His grave, though small, contains a space so country.” “Then,” replied Sir Robert, There's Miles in length and breadth, and-room "I am that man."

beside,

for that?

ners,

AN ANGELIC DELIVERER.

lies;

Biary and Chronology.

Wednesday, October 27. st. Eleutheran, King and Confessor.-High Water 5lm after 9 Morn-29m after 10 Aster.

October 27, 1 0..-Expired at the Hot-Wells, Bristol, to which place he went for the recovery of his health, Dr. Henry Hunter, an eminent presbyterian divine, greatly admired in the metropolis for his pulpit eloquence, and much beloved for his social qualities. His works are numerous, consisting chiefly of translations from the French; and six volumes of sermons entitlel “Sacred Biography." He was a native of Culcross, in Perthshire, and fwas interred in Bunbul-fields, London.

Thursday, October 2e.
St. Simon and St. Jude, Apostles.-sun rises after 7-8cts 55m after 4.
For Interesting particulars of these saints, see Vol. II. page 256, and Vol. IV. page 240.

October 28, 1787.-Expired in the fifty-second year of his age, Johann August Musæus, a Ger. man writer of versatile talent, who shone to advantage as a novellist and satirist; he was a successful imitator of Richardson, and an enemy to the theories of Lavater, whose work upon physiognomy he ridiculed in a witty performance entitled, “ Physiognomical Travels," which abounds with genial overflowing buinour. When this satire appeared, every thing conspired to give its qualities their full effect; the applause it gained was instant and general; it not only brought our author from the shade, but it caused bim to be forth with enrolled among the lights of his age and generation. As an author the beauties and defects of Musæus are easily discerned. His style sparkles with metaphors, sometimes just and beautiful, often new and surprising; but it is laborious, unnatural, and diffuse.

Friday, October 29.

High Water Oh om Morn-Ok 6m Afternoon.
October 29, 618.-On this day ended the mortal career of Sir Walter Raleigh, who fell be-
neath the axe of the headsman in Old Palace Yard, Westminster. The conspiracy for which
this accomplished man suffered is a state riddle, which has never properly been solved. That
Raleigh had any share in it, there is not a shadow of proof; but his death was determined, and
after a trial perhaps the most cisgraceful in our annals, he was condemned to lose bis bead. He
was, however, reprieved by the king; and after suffering a captivity of twelve years, a period
the best employed of his life, as in this confinement he composed the greater part of his nume.
rous and valuable works, he was released, though not formally pardoned. In the hope of repair-
ing his misfortunes, he set sail for Guiana; hut the enterprize, as is well known, failed: his son
was killed, and on his return, himself executed on the old sentence, at the instance of Spain.
He suffered the atmost penaliy of the law with the same dauntless resolution be had displayed
through life Prince Henry, between whom and Raleigh there subsisted an attachment of sin-
gular strength, was accustomed to say, "No king but my father would keep such a bird in a
cage.”

Saturday, October 30.
St. Germanus, Bishop and Confessor.- Sun rises im after 7-sets 52m after 4.
October 30, 1485 – Anniversary of the coronation of King Henry VII. at Westminster, by
Cardinal Thomas Bourchier, the day of the ceremony being Sunday; upon which occasion,
Henry first instituted the Yeomen of the Guard.

Sunday, October 31.

TWENTY-FIRST SUNDAY AFTER TRINITY.
Lessons for the Day-2 chapter Habukkah, morning- chapter Proreros, Eren.

Vigil of Au Hallows --Full Moon, 18m after 5 Even.
This is Nut-crack Night, or Hallow Eve, or the Vigil of All Saint's Day; it is customary at
this season, in many parts, to crack puts in large quantities. I hey are also thrown in pairs
into the fire, as a love divination, by young people in Northumberland, anxious to know their
future lot in the connubial state. if the nuts lie still and bury together, it prognosticates a
happy marriage, or at least a hopeful love; if, on the contrary, they bounce and dy asunder, the
siga is unpropitious to matrimony. Burning nuts is also a famous charm in Scotland; in the
Hallow-E'en of that inspired son of genius, Burns, mention is made of the practice we have al-
Juded to in the following words :--
The old guid wife's weel hoardet pits

Some kindle couthie, side by side,
Are round an round divided,

An'burn thegither trimly;
And monie lads' and lasses' fates

Some start awa' wi' saucy pride,
Are there that night decided :

And jump out owre the chimlie.

Monday, November 1. All Saints.- High Water 12m after 2 Morning-36m after 2 Afternoon. It is remarkable that, whilst the old popish names for the other fasts and festivals, such as Christmas, Candlemas, &c. are generally retained throughout England, the northern counties alone continue the use of the ancient name (All Hallows) for the festival of All Saints. The people of Catalonia, on the eve of All Souls, observe a strange religious practice; they rul about from house to house to eat chesnuts, helieving that for every chesnut they swallow, with proper froth and unction, they shall deliver a soul out of purgatory.

Tuesday, November 2. All Souls.- Sun rises 13m after 7-sets 46m after 4. All Souls Day was anciently one of great iinportance, and kept with much solemnity. Uotil the Reformation was firmly established in England, it was customary for persons dressed in black to go round the different towns, ringing a loud and dismal toned bell at the corner of each street, every Sunday evening during November, calling upon the inhabitants to remember the deceased, suffering the expiatory flames of purgatory, and to join in prayer for the repose of their souls: but afterwards, Queen Elizabeth passed an edict strictly forbidding " the sacrile. gious ringing of Bells at All Hallowtide and at All Souls Day, with the two nights next before and after."

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Ellustrated Article.

rocky ensinences of Margate and Rams

gate ; the beauteous and enchanting THE STORY OF A LEGACY. scenery of the Isle of Wight; the fa

shionable purlieus of Southampton ;

to wandering through the woods where Rest, ill-starred youth! 'Though in the blaze of noon thy murd'rers

the poet Sidney passed his boyhood ;"

to dreaming amidst the " storied winUnclaim'd by justice, yet their Iguilt shall dows” of our southern cathedrals ; to

the effeminacy and expenditure of waThougl, cold and comfortless thy weedy grave; tering-places; to the fluctuating courThy woes and wrongs are register'd in heaven! tesies and accommodations of inns“ by

FREDERICK HENDERSON was a wan- the way-side ;" to village“ surgeries," derer. Family disasters had clouded encircled by bee-hives and brushwood; his prospects, and reversed the natural to steam-boat voyaging by sea, and to equanimity of his temper.

He had stage-coach travelling by land ;- and quitted his home in search of adven- turned his face once more to the patriture, and to seek a relief to his sorrow mony of his fathers. by gratifying to the utmost his love of There is a sympathy in nature for our observation. Versed in“ men and man- joys and sorrows; and the cheerfulness ners,” from the most obvious to the most or gloom which creation assumes, in minute of their characteristics, he had turns, has more power, in many instanadopted a change of scene as a panacea ces, to elevate or depress the human for the mental disease which warred mind, than the soothing of friends, or with his existence ; when, after vainly the chiding of enemies; and, as young endeavouring to re-establish his almost Henderson pursued his homeward way totally prostrated health and spirits, by through the woods and vallies of westlocal Travelling, he bade adieu to the ern Yorkshire, his spirit became un castle-crowned heights of Dover; the onsciously imbued with the

melancholy U

156

VOL. VI.

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