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“ was formerly a recess in the wall, nents; and finding the gates open, they until it was converted into a siately suspected treachery, or that a consimansion, by Edward the Fourth, for his derable force had taken possession of brother-in-law, the Duke of Suffolk.- the castle. Under these apprehensions It was the father of this duke who, being they either surrendered, or fed with accused of treason, and endeavouring to precipitance from the fortress, and the depart the kingdom, was beheaded, by barriers were closed after them. The a common seaman, in Dover roads.- Earl of Warwick was then at CanterAfter a sham trial, they obliged him to bury, to whom Blake dispatched an aclay his head over the side of the vessel, count of his success, and an armed force and, with a rusty sword, severed it from was sent to his assistance. Thus secured, his body, which was afterwards brought the parliamentarians kept possession of on shore, and laid on the sand. Report it during the remainder of that unhappy says that his head was placed on a pole contest.--The loyalists of Kent, laxentnear it. The body was taken to the col- ing the loss of this fortress, raised forces legiate church of Wingfield, in Suffolk, to assemble on Barham downs, and they and interred in the chancel, but it ap- marched to the coast under the command pears to have remained uncertain what of the Colonels Hatton and Hammond. became of the head. Some few years After reducing the castles of Sandown, since, in sinking ground for a cellar, Deal and Walmer, and making themnear the Antwerp Inn, a head was found, selves masters of the forts and bulwarks enclosed in a stone receptacle. As this in the neighbourhood, they cast up works ground formerly belonged to Saint on the north-west side of Dover castle. Martin's * church, it was conjectured Here they could level their cannon dithat this was the duke's head, and that rectly against the walls, and 500 balls it was buried here."
were fired without doing any material The Castle, although proudly arro- injury. Col. Rich was sent by the pargating to itself the epithet impregnable, liament, with a superior force, to raise was, we find, taken by a handful of men, the siege, and the loyalists were obliged during the struggles in the time of to retire with precipitation, and to leave Charles I. The event is narrated as their stores and artillery behind them.” follows:
With the above extracts we close our “ In the year 1642, on the 21st of remarks upon this interesting work, August, the castle was surprised and and purpose occasionally enriching our taken, and wrested from its lawful so- columns with a stray leaf from its pages. vereign, by a merchant of Dover, whose We observe by the preface that the voname was Blake. He, with only ten of lume is merely the precursor of a larger his townsmen, all determined republic performance. Mr. B. seems well fitted cans, adventured to scale the lofty cliff to the task, and we trust his labours fronting the sea, where no danger could will prove satisfactory. be apprehended by the garrison. About midnight they began the daring enter
anecdotiana. prize, each armed with a loaded musket, and furnished with ropes and scaling ladders ; while some of their compa Mr. Bear being at a public dinner, nions lay in ambush at the castle gates. at Hammersmith two gentleinen of the On reaching the summit of the cliff, name of Bird being in the company, after they proceeded to the walls of the Saxon the cloth was removed, Mr. Bear, who fortress, which they also scaled without
was a good singer, was called on to discovery, and secured the guard. The oblige the company with a song: he porters refused to deliver up the keys; immediately arose, and said, “Gentlebut a threat of instant death obtained men, your conduct on this occasion is compliance, and the gates were thrown
so highly improper, that I cannot help open. These latter operations alarmed noticing it.”_" For why!” said the the garrison. Surrounding darkness gentlemen. “ That you should call on concealed the number of their oppo a Bear to sing, when you have two
Birds in the company.” • It has been since discovered that this ground belonged to St. Peter's Church, instead of St. Martin's. 'The Dake was beheaded by Nicholas Towers in the year 1450. The sculí, Yonth, manhood, age, have wants you must when found, was nearly perfect, the jaws anci
confess, teeth being entire; but after it hall been ex 'I liree wives I've had, and could n't do with posed a short time to the air it crumbled to
The chalk receptacle was afterwards The first for love, the second for her purse, deposited in the wall.
The third my heart elected for a nurse.
BEAR AND BIRDS.
ON ONE THRICE A WIDO WER.
Diary and Chronology.
Tuesday, October 12,
Sun rises 33m after 6-sets 26m after 5.
Wednesday, October 13.
This virtuous monarch was the youngest son of King Ethelred, but as all his elder brothers were either dead, or bad fed away, he succeeded to the crown of England in the year 1012. He collected all the most useful laws made by the Saxon and Danish kings. The additional title of Confessor was probably given him by the Pope for settling what was then called Rome Scol, but now better known by the name of Peter's Pence.
Thursday, October 14.
October 14, 1906. --- On this day was fought the severe battle of Jena, whien the Prussian army, consisting of 150,000 men, were attacked and defeated by the French at Auerstadt: the loss of the Prussians in this conflict is recorded to have been in killed and wounded apwards of 20,000; and between 30 and 40,000 were made prisoners. The Duke of Brunswick received a mortal Wound in this conflict.
Friday, October 15.
St. Hospicius, Anchoret, A.D_550. October 15, 1402.-Anniversary of the death of the ancient English poet, John Gower, to whom a high place is usually assigned in the poetical history of our country: he is supposed to have been born before Chaucer, though he survived him only two years. Leland informs us, that Gower was of the Knightly Order, (an opinion confirmed by Sir John Fortescue), and born in Yorkshire; and that he was a lawyer by profession, and laboured much in poetry, and was the first polisher of his own country language, which, before his time, lay uncultivated, and almost quite rude; he wrote many things in English, not only in verse, but also in prose, which were read with pleasure by the learned men even in his time. He fourished in the reign of Richard II., to whom he dedicatel his works, and when he was blind, he presented to him his song in Praise of Peace. We are led to believe that our poet was both wealthy and munificent, for history records that he contributed largely to the rebuilding of the conventual church of St. Mary Overie, in Southwark, where his very curious tomb still remains. Chaucer, his friend, esteemed his judginent so highly, that he used to submit his labours to him for correction, and in estimating the character of his acqhaintance, calls him “the moral Gower," an epithet lie. was deserving of, for in his works abound good sense and benevolent precepts, impressively en. forced and illustrated by a variety of learning.
Saturday, October 16. St. Mummolin, Bishop of Noyon, d. A.D. 665 - New Moon, 31 m after 7 Morn. October 16, 1546 - Died at Arnheim, of a wound received at the battle of Zutphen, the gal. Jant Sir Philip Sidney. This amiable young man had been equally the delight of Elizabeth's court and army, as his person and endowments were only egualled by bis valour and humanity. After his thigh-hone had been shattered by a musket shot, in the agony of his wound he called for water. Some was brought to him, bui, as he was liftiog it to his tips, the ghastly tooks of a dying soldier struck his eye. " Take this,” said lie, holding the water to him, “ thy necessity is yet greater than mine." He died with the resignation of a saint; and so general was the grief for his loss, that it was deemed a sin to appear gaily apparelled at court for several months after. Elizabeth lamented his death, and the Scottish James wrote an epitaph for him: his remains were interred in St. Paul's Cathedral with great funeral pomp. Lord Brook, speaking of Sidney, the patron of the unfortunate author of the Faerie Queen, says of him, “ that bis end was not writing, even while he wrote; nor his knowledge moulded for tables or schools; but both his wit and understanding hent upon his heart to make himself and others, not in words or opinion, but in life and action, good and great.”
Sunday, October 17.
NINETEENTH SUNDAY AFTER TRINITY.
St. Anstrudis, Virgin Abbess of Laon, AD. 658.
October 17, 941.- Died at Gloucester, without issue, after a reign of asteen years, the Saxon monarch, King Athelstan, (grandsou of Alfred the Great), beloved by his subjects, and dreaded by the foes of England. A translation of the Bible into the Saxon tongue, performed under his patronage, does honor to his love of literature, while his regard for commerce may be presumed from a generous law whereby a merchant, who has performed two long voyages, is allowed raok as a thane or noble. This wise prince received many marks of esteem from various European princes, and particularly from Harold King of Norway, who sent him " a splendid vessel with sails of purple silk, a gilt stern, and rows of glittering shields around her deck."
Monday, October 18. St. Luke.- High Water 45m after 2 Morning-Om after 3 Afternoon. The evangelist was born at Antioch, in Syria, a place celebrated for the study of the liberal arts. The notion that he was a painter has long been discountenanced. Dr. Lardner thinks that he might have been hy profession a physician, as the expression, " beloved physician," Col. iv, seems to intimate. St. Luke died at the great age of 84 years, .A.D 63. In our next, R. Jarman's Paper on “ The Beautiful," and " Comments
of a Rea:ler," No. 2.
in a few years attain the height of seven
or eight feet. This species of thicket, THE CORSICAN FATHER. composed of different kinds of trees and
shrubs, intertwined with each other as When you turn from Porto Vecchio chance directs, is called maquis. It toward the interior of the island of Cor- is only with axe in hand that you can sica, the ground suddenly rises, and clear a way through it ; and there are after winding for about three leagues maquis so intricate that even the mufons by intricate paths, blocked at intervals (wild sheep,) themselves camot peneby immense crags, and intersected by trate them. ravines, you find yourself on the border The man who has murdered another of the extensive maquis, which frequent- need only retire to the maquis of Porto ly serves for the abode of herdsmen, and Vecchio: provided with a good gun, a retreat for offenders against the law. powder, and ball, he may there live in To spare himself the labour of manur- quiet and security ; only let him not ing his land, the Corsican peasant burns forget to take with him a brown, hooddown a tract of forest, quite unconcerned ed cloak (ruppa) which serves both whether the flames extend further than for covering and mattress. The herdsis precisely necessary; come what will, men sell him milk and cheese, and he he can always reckon upon an abund- has nothing to fear from the officers of ant harvest, after, he has sown this spot justice or the relatives of the deceased, fertilized by the ashes of the trees. unless when he is perhaps obliged to When the ears are got in-for nobody repair to the town for a fresh supply thinks of collecting the straw—young of ammunition. shoots spring up from the roots of the
About half a league from this maquis trees left in the ground and spared by was situated the dwelling of Mateo the fire, and form thick bushes, which Falcone. He was a wealthy man for VOL. VI. S
that country, who lived genteelly, that of his herds, in an open pastare ground is to say, idly, on the produce of his in the maquis. Litile Fortunato wishcatile, which the herdsmen, a sort of ed to go with them, but the distance nomades, drove from place to place to was too great, and besides, it was nepasture in the mountains. I saw him cessary to leave some one to take care two years after the event which I am of the house ; the father, therefore, reabout to relate: his age could not then fused to comply with his request. have exceeded fifty. Let the reader Mateo had been gone some hours, figure to himself a short but robust and Fortunato was lying quietly in the man, with curling coal-black hair, sun, gazing on the blue hills and thinkan aquiline nose, thin lips, large sparks ing of the next Sunday, when he was ling eyes, and a skin resembling brown to go to the town and to dine with his leather. His dexterity in shooting was uncle, the caporale, * when he was regarded as extraordinary, even in a startled by the report of a gun. He country where there are so many ex. sprang up and turned toward the plain celient marksmen. 'Thus Mateo never whence the sound proceeded ; another fired at a muflon with shot, but would shot followed, and several more in rapid hit the animal at pleasure, either in succession, nearer and nearer, till at the head or shoulder, with ball, at the length he perceived a man in the path distance of one hundred and i wenty leading from the plain to Mateo's hapaces. At night he used his weapons bitation. The stranger wore the pointwith the same certainty as in the day ed cap usual among the mountaineers, time, and I was told the following story had a long beard, was covered with of him, which, to any one who has rags, and advanced with dificulty, supnever been in Corsica, must appear in porting himself upon his gim. credible. A light was placed at the This man was an outlaw, and in his distance of eighty paces behind a transa nocturnal journey to the town, to buy parent paper, about the size of an or- powder, he had fallen into an ambusdinary plate. He took aim: the light cade of the Corsican voltigeurs, a corps was extinguished, and, at the expiration instituted a few years since, and which of a minute, he, in complete darkness, performs jointly with the gendarmes bit the paper three times out of four. the duties of the police. After a vigo
Mateo Falcone could not fail to ac rous resistance, he fled, closely purquire high reputation by so uncommon sued, but still firing, whenever oppora qualification. He had the character tunity offered, upon his foes. He was of being a faithful friend, but a not now but a little way before the soldiers, less dangerous enemy; for the rest, he and so disabled by his wounds that they was ready to do a kindness, liberal in were sure to overtake him before he bestowing alms, and lived in peace could reach the maquis. with every body in the vicinity of Porto He approached Fortunalo. “ Thou Vecchio. It was, however, said that at art Mateo Falcone's son ?" said he. Corte, from which place he had fetched u Yes!" his wife, he had got rid, in a very sum " And I am Gianetto Sangiero. The inary manner, of a rival, who was deem- yellow-collars-(the voltigeurs, whose ed as formidable in fair fight as in love, imiform is a brown coat with yellow at any rate, a ball, which dispatched collar)--are in pursuit of me. Hide the rival in question, while shaving me, I can go no further." himself at a litile glass hanging before “ And what will my father say, if I a window, was supposed to have been hide thee without his leave ?" fired by Mateo. The matter was hush “ He will say thou hast done right.” ed up, and Mateo was married. Giu “ Who knows !" seppa had borne him three daughters "Hide me, quick! they are coming!" in succession, which enraged him ex. “Wait till my father comes back.", ceedingly; at length, she brought him “ Wait! must I! Maledetto! In a son, whom he called Fortunato, for five minutes they will be here. Make he was the hope of his family, the heir haste, hide me, or I will murder thee!" of his naine. His daughters were well “Thou hast fired thy gun, and thou married, and the father could reckon, in case of emergency, on the daggers their property of connections, possess in fuo
• This title is given to such persons as, from and rifles of his sons-in-law. The boy ence and enjoy a sort of magisterial importe was now ten years old, and displayed ance in their pieva or district. The Corsicans good parts.
divide themselves, according to ancient cusOne day in Autumn, Mateo went
tom, into five castes : gentiluomini (some of out early with his wife, to look at one caporali, cilladiri, plebei, and strangers.
whom are magnifici, and others signori)
hast no more balls in thy pouch," ro “ This morning I saw his reverence plied Fortunato with great sang-froid. the cure ride past our door on his horse “ I have my stiletto."
Piero. He asked me how my father “ But I can heat thee in running" did, and said and away he bounded.
Ha, rogue! Art thou making game “ Thou art not Mateo Falcone's son, of me? Tell me instantly which way if thou sufferest me to be taken before Gianetto is gone, for he it is whom we his door."
seek, and I am certain thou hast seen The boy appeared to be moved. him.” “ What wilt thou give me to hide “ Can one see people when one is thee ?" said he, drawing nearer. The asleep?" fugitive put his hand into a leathern “ Thou wast not asleep; the firing pouch, which hung from his girdle, and must have awakened thee.” drew out a five-franc piece, with which “Do you suppose then, cousin, that he had no doubt intended to buy pow. your guns make so much noise ? My der. Fortunato smiled at the sight of father's rifle makes a much louder." the money, took it, and said to Gia “ The devil felch thee, cursed little netto : “ Fear nothing !"
scroandrel! I am certain thou hast He immediately made a large exca seen Gianetto, nay, perhaps even con vation in a hay-rick, situated near the cealed him. Come, come, comrades, house. Gianetio crept in, and the boy let us search the house, and see whether covered him so cleverly, that nobody the fellow is not in it. He could only could have supposed there was a man hop on one leg, and the villain is too concealed beneath the hay. He had cunning to attempt to reach the maquis also recourse to an artifice which, for in that state--besides, the traces of a young savage, was happily conceived. blood cease here." He had a cat and kittens, and made “ And what will papa say?" asked them a bed on the hay, to give it the Fortunato with a rogaish smile," when appearance of not having been touched he hears that you have been rummaga for a long time. He observed some ing his house while he was away?" drops of blood on the path leading to “ Good-for-nothing cur," cried Gamthe house; these he carefully covered ba, laying hold of his ear; “ dost thou with dust, and then lay down again with not know that I could presently make the utmost composure in the sunshine. thee sing to another tune? A sound
In a few minutes, six men in brown thrashing would inake thee coats with yellow collars, heated by answer.' an adjutant, drew up before Mateo's Again Fortunato smiled.
* Mated door. This adjutant was distantly re- Falcone is my father," said he, with lated to Falcone, and every body knows emphasis. that in Corsica the degrees of consan “Dost thou know, imp, that I can guinity are reckoned to a greater dis- take thee with me to Corte' or Bastia, tance than in any other country. Teo- and cause thee to be thrown bound inté doro Gamba was an active man, and a a dungeon upon straw and guillotined, terror to all who had incurred the pe- if thou wilt not tell me where Gianetto nalties of the law, and several of whom Sangiero is ?" he had secured.
The boy laughed aloud at this absurd “Good day, my pretty cousin," said threat. Mateo Falcone is my father," he, addressing Fortunato_" why, how he repeated. tall thon art grown !--Hast thou not “ Adjutant,” whispered a voltigeur, seen a man pass by just now ?". " let us not make an enemy of Mateo.'
* Oh! I am not by far so tall as you Gamba was evidently embarrassed. are, cousin,” replied the boy with a He spoke privately with the soldiers, simple look.
who had already searched the whole “Thou hast time enough to grow house, which indeed did not take much But tell me, hast thou not seen a man time, for the house of a Corsican conpass this way?"
tains but a single square room, and the Have I seen a man pass this way ?” furniture consists of a table, which “Yes, a man with a peaked goal-skin serves at the same time for a bed; a few cap, and a red and yellow striped benches, chests, household utensils, and jacket?"
implements of the chase. Little Fortu“A man with a peaked goat-skin cap nato meanwhile fondled his cat, and and a red and yellow striped jacket?"* seemed to enjoy the disappointment of
“ Yes; answer me quickly, and don't his cousin and the voltizenrs. A sol. repeat iny questions."
dier went ap to the hay-rick. He saw