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Diary and Chronology.
Wednesday, September 1. St, Lupus - High Water oh 24m Morning-Oh 50m After. Our saint, who was archbishop of Lens, and sometimes called St. Leu, was particularly distinguished by bis benevolence and forgiveness of the greatest injuries. He died A D. 620.
Sept. 1, 1715.-Died on this day, Louis XIV. The natural good sense of this monarch, combined with his sedateness, would have made him respectable, though not brilliant, in an inferior *situation, and it may be said in alleviation of his faults, that never was man more exposeal to moral perversiou by a bad education, and the extravagant flattery of a whole people, who indulged their own vanity in deifying their monarch. During the reign of Louis, France made great advances, for which the country was no further indebted to him, than as he was a general encourager of every thing which could contribute to his own glory. One of bis ablest panegyrists has summed up bis character hy saying, that, if he was not a great king, he was at least a great actor of royalty.
Thursday, September 2. St. Justus, Archbishop of Lyons, died A.n. 390.--Moon Eclipsed, 50m after 8 Eren. Eclipse ends 26m after midnight. Digits éclipsed 20° 404' on the Moon's southern limb.
kul Moon, lh 58m Afternoon.
Sept. 2, 1666.-FIRE OF LONDON.-This memorable event begun on a Sunday morning at one o'clock, and being impelled by strong winds, it raged with irresistible fury nearly four days and nights, nor was it entirely mastered till the fifth day after its commencement. Among the scarce prints possessed by ihe Society of Antiquaries, is one about 9 in. hy 12 in., wbich appears to have been hastily engraved in a rude and scratchy style, for immediate publication after the are. It was "printed and sold by W. Sherwin, at his shope in Barbican, next door to ye Green Dragon;" and has on it the following inscription and verses :-" The Pickture of ye most famous City of London, as it appeared in ye night, in the height of its ruinous condition by fire, Sept. 2, 1666. “ In forty-one, London was very sick
She both in lechery (and dames) did burne; of tumult and disorder; lunatick,
Her ashes lye in a neglected vroe. In sixty-five, (ye fatall yeare) this City Was piagued wth tumours, and had few to pity. By serving king and country in this time,
Till that her sons do expiate lier crime, In this prodigious yeare a burning fever Howere her scorched carkas don't despise; Dia setze our mother, & of breath bereave her. A Phenix from her ashes will rise."
Friday, September 3. St. Mans il,bish of Turd, died A D. 375 --Sun rises 17m after 5-sets 42m after 6. BARTHOLENEW FAIR - At a sua son like the present, when this scene of hubbub and confusion reigns in all its glory, it may not be out of place to introduce here a note of its origin, and of fairs in general. The metropolitan fair is beld under a charter granted by Henry II. to the prtory of St. Bartholemew, and confirmed by succeeding monarchs. This fair, Stowe says, was appointed to be kept yearly at Bartholemew-tide, for three days; to wit, the eve, the day, and the next morrow It was no doubt originally intended chiefly as a fair of business, as the same historian says, the clothiers of England and drapers of London repaired to it," and bar their booths and standing within the church-yard of this priory, closed io with walls and gates, locked every night, and watched for safety of men's goods and wares." Fairs were first instituted by Romulus, who directed a kiod of market should be held, under the superintendence of proper officers, for the purpose of traffic, as also of hearing the laws promulgated, upon every pioth day; hence they were called by the Romans Nundinae. About the eighth century, these kind or meetings assumed the name of Fairs, from their being held in places where the markets, or feasts of the dedication of churches, called feriæ, were celebrated, in order that trade and pleasure might be made subservient to the cause of religion. These fairs, though probably introduced by the Romans, are not, however, noticed till the time of Alfred, who made some regulations concerning them in 886: at which period the Piepowder Courts were established; upon ļbese occasioos, boolls were erected, and public shows exhibited ; tbey were also attended by jugglers and buffoons.
Saturday, September 4. St. Ida. Widow, 4th Cent -- High Water 4im after 2 Morn-?m after 3 Evening. Sept. 4, 1657.-On this day the funeral of the brave Admiral Blake took place with great magnificence: he was interred at the Protector Cromwell's expence in Westminster Abbey, from 'which place his remains were removed by the order of Charles II. In 1661, and re-interred in the church-yard of St. Margaret.
Sunday, September 5.
THIRTEENTH SUNDAY AFTER TRINITY.
Even. Sept. 5, 1518.-Expired Catherine Parr, wife to the amorons sovereign, Henry VIU., whom she was fortunate enough to survive, Catharine Parr was a prudent, amiable woman; and, though neither over-young, nor exquisitely handsome, she found means to gain more infuence with her capricious male thau either of the young beauties who bad preceded ber.
Monday, September 6. St. Bees of Ireland, Vir.-sun rises 23m after 5-sets 36m after 6 Sept. 6, 1913.-A curious circumstance occurred this day, developing the longevity of trees. An oak, near Marmion, in Monmouthshire, fell, whieh, from the account given la Mr. Pennant'. Tour, had been growing in the time of Owen Glendower.
Tuesday, September -7. St. Cloud, Confes. A.D. 560.- High Water 48m after 4 Jorning-10m after 5 After. Sept.7, 1709.--Born on this day, at Lichfield, the great leviathan of literature, Dr Sanuel Johnson.
Had we space here, we should insert a poem by our friend Horace Guilford, upca the Doctor's Wulow, a relic often an object of curiosity tot ose who visit the natal place of this great genius. However, in our next it will appear. On the 1st of September was published Part 36, being the second part of
Vol. VI.; and on the 1st of October will be ready Paris 37 and 38.
BY THE ETTRICR SHEPHERD,
satisfaction he gave in all cases. O
there was no man like old Willie TibTHE UNEARTHLY WITNESS. bers ! He was quite a public benefit to
the country, and a credit to the class to
which he belonged. SIR,—With regard to the story which So far, so well. This was the opinion has reached you of the late consterna of the gentlemen concerning him, at tion caused at Castle Gower, by the re- least of all, save one or two, and their turn of William Tibbers from the grave, shakes of the head, and hems and haws, and the events following on that pheno- were quite drowned in the general buzz menon, I am without doubt enabled to of approbation. But the sentiments of write you at great length. And if a man the common people relating to him is allowed to take the evidence of his differed widely from those of their suown senses, I am entitled to vouch for periors. They detested him ; accountThe truth of a part of my narrative. ing him a hollow-hearted deceitful per
You knew Mr. William Tibbers, at son; an extortioner, and one who stuck least I remember of your having met at no means, provided he could attain with him. He was a man of that spe- his own selfish purposes. They even cious cast, of that calm reasoning de- accused him of some of the worst and meanour, that he had great influence most flagrant crimes heard of among with all the gentlemen of the county, men; and I have heard them say they and could have carried any public mea- could prove them. This may, however, sure almost that he pleased among them, have originated in the violence of their so purely disinterested did all his mo- prejudices ; but there is one thing I lives and arguments appear. He was know, and there is no worse mark of a employed by them all, as a factor, a va- man—he was abhorred by his servants, luator, a land-letter, and an umpire in and I do not think one of them would all debates. And then such general ever have staid a second season with VOL. VI. M
him for double wages. Such was the pent of this !" He flogged him after man, of whose fate you are pleased to wards at the market of our county town, enquire, and of whose singular destinies and another time at church, or at least I am now to give you an account. on the way from it; on both of which
When the good Sir John died, Mr. times Tibbers resisted unto blood, which Tibbers was chosen by the relatives as was fine diversion for the soldier, and acting trustee or factor, on the estate of made him double his stripes. which he got his will, for the young The country gentlemen deprecated baronet was abroad in the army; and these outrages in unmeasured terms, the rest of the trustees, knowing the late and said it was a shame to see an old Sir John's embarrassments, cared not to man maltreated in that manner, and trouble their heads much about it. And, that this young bully ought to be lein short, after an altercation of six or gally restrained, for it did not behove seven years, between the young laird that he should be suffered to come and the old factor, the estate was de- among them and take the law into his clared bankrupt, and sold, and William own hand. Some of them ventured to Tibbers became the purchaser of the expostulate with him, but he only sneered best part of it. The common people of at them, and answered, that no body our district made a terrible outcry about knew how he had been used but himthis ; but the thing was not so extraor- self, and that the old villain had not dinary after all. It is rather a common got one third of what he intended for occurrence for the factor to become the him as yet; but he hoped he would laird, and I know six or seven very live to see him hanged, that would be prominent instances of it as having oco some comfort. curred in my own remembrance.
The common people viewed the matBut the young baronet was neither to ter quite in a different light. They be holden nor bound. He came home were grieved at the violence of the in a great rage to expose the factor and young baronet, who, for his father's get him hanged, and reverse all the sales sake, was their darling; but it was of his father's property. As a prelude for his own safety alone that they to this bold undertaking, he summoned feared, for they were sure that Tibo a meeting of the friends and trustees of bers ws studying some secret and conthe family, before whom compeared the summate vengeance upon him. He calm and specious William Tibbers. never in his life, they said, bore a But the fury, the extravagance, and the grudge at any one whom he did not utter defiance contained in the young ruin; and yet the deed never appeared soldier's accusations, had no weight to proceed from him, and never had when laid in the balance against the he got such cause of offence as from calm and strong reasoning of Tibbers, the young baronet. Their predictions who concluded every statement by re were too soon fulfilled, though, in all gretting, with tears, that the case was probability, not in the way Tibbers so, but he made it plain to them that it premeditated. At this time an event could not be otherwise. The friends happened, which seems to have changed only smiled at the indignation of the the vantage ground of the parties in a young baronet; but acquitted, on every very particular manner. charge, their respected friend, Mr. Tib Here there is a great hole in the bers. This decision drove the young ballad, as the old singers were wont soldier beyond all bounds. He threat to say. My narrative must grow conened his ruinator with the High Court fused, because the real events are not of Justiciary, of which Tibbers highly known to me, nor, as far as I can gaapproved. He threatened him with ther, to mortal man. All that was cerevery sort of vengeance which it is pos- tainly known, is as follows: sible for one to inflict on another; and, The soldier, who had been watching finally, with a flogging every day when his opportunity, nay, straining every they met, until he should render him nerve to discover something that would up his just rights.
show the man in his true colours, now This last threat the soldier was not gained his purpose. He discovered long in putting in execution, for no him in some deadly crime, with full sooner had they left the court, than he proof of its commission; of this there began and gave him a good lashing with is no doubt. But what that crime was, his hunting-whip, cursing him most or whether committed at that time or on potently all the while. Tibbers replied a former day, I declare I know not. to all with a grin of despite, and these Reports were various and contradictory. words, " O, how sweetly you shall re. It was said, and believed that the young
baronet got his cue from a man who had he stood gazing on his accusers as if in once been a servant with Tibbers, and the phrenzy of despair, until the maligthat be followed it out with such per nant turned on his heel, and desired his sistency, as to watch his enemy night humbled enemy to go to dinner with and day till he made the discovery he what stomach he had. wanted. I have examined this man This scene was witnessed by twenty oftener than once, and though he admits people, although none of them heard that he has a sayan zuid guess" what the accusation. Tibbers spoke not a the offence was with which the captain word ; his spirit shrunk within him charged Tibbers, he will not so much like that of a man going to execution. as give a hint concerning it; but, on He drew his cloak closer about him, the contrary, always try to mislead from and hasted home to his house, in one thing to another. This then is the which were none but his two daughfirst great blank in the narrative, for I ters. When there, he threw himself dare not even mention some of the re- upon the bed, and exclaimed, “Qy ports that were current among the com- girls, I am ruined! I am ruined! I am mon people.
gone! gone! gone! I am ruined and But one day, as Tibbers was standing undone for ever, and you are ruined among his harvest workers, the young and undone for ever! We must fly baronet and Mr. Alexander M'Gill, a from our country this night, this very friend of his, and a relation of my own, night, or hide our faces where they came briskly up to him on foot. He, can never be seen again! O death, suspecting some new outrage, drew close death! I dare not cross your dark to his work-people, and thus addressed threshold of my own accord! And yet his determined persecutor, “ You had I would hide me in the depths of the better refrain from any of your mad grave." pranks to-day, spark; else, depend on In this way he continued raving on it, I have those about me will chastise till towards the evening, and, as the you.".
girls declared afterwards, would tell "I don't regard these a pin,"returned them nothing, save that they were all he; “but I am come to-day with a dif- three undorie. At night he sent exferent intention—namely, to make you press for his attorney, who had cona full and final recompense for all the ducted all his legal business, knew favours you have so liberally bestowed his parents, and was suspected to be apon my late father and me.
even a greater villain than himself. “ I have never done ought either to The two consulted together the whole you or your father which the laws of night, counted over a great deal of my country will not support me in," money, and early the next morning said he ; “ and while I have the law on set off for the county town.
The my side, I defy you, and will yet revisit young baronet and Mr. MʻGill folall your outrages upon your head seven- lowed some hours after, as Tibbers fold."
well knew they would, to deliver him “O, it is a noble thing the law of our up into the hands of justice. But he country," exclaimed the soldier ; " it is was before hand with them for that that which protects the innocent against day, for when they arrived none of the fangs of the oppressor, and bestows the functionaries were to be found, the due awards of justice on the villain and nothing could be done. and the wretch. And now to that blessed Tibbers must now have been put and infallible establishment I cheerfully to his last shift ; for it was perceived, resign you, old fellow. I have you on that when the two gentlemen went the hip now, and may honour blast my up to the sheriff's house, that Tibbers name if I do not follow up my advantage was watching them; and as they retill I see you strapped like a worrying turned disappointed, he immediately colley?”
made up to them and desired to speak The young baronet then, with a face with thein. At first they looked at hun of the most inveterate exultation, step- with disdain, mixed with abhorrence, ped forward, and in an under voice in- as men look upon a reptile; but on formed Mr. Tibbers of something, apo hearing what he said, they retired with pealing to M'Gill as a witness. The old him into an angle of the church which fellow drew himself up with a shiver stands in the middle of the main street, that shook his whole frame; his coun where all the three stood debating for tenance changed into the blue and pallid nearly an hour. There were hundreds hue of death, his jaws fell down, and of eyes saw this ; for it was market-day, his whole frame became rigid, and there and all their motions were well remem
bered afterwards. They were mani- clamorous beyond measure; and the festly entering into some agreement, for consequence was, that he was seized it was noted that the fiery and impatient and examined, but nothing could be soldier, after turning several times on made out against him to warrant his his heel, as if to go away, at length held commitment. In his declaration, he out his hand to Tibbers, which the lat- stated, that he had bribed the young ter, after a good deal of hesitation, man with almost every farthing he himstruck, as people do on concluding a self was worth, to go once more abroad, bargain. They went through the same and not to return to Scotland again motion a second and a third time, and during his (Mr. Tibbers's) life, and ibat then it appeared that the agreement was he had gone accordingly. He stated settled, for all the three went away to- farther, that he had gone and seen him gether towards the river, which runs not aboard before paying him the money, above two bow-shots from the spot and that Alexander M'Gill was with him where they were standing. They were when he left him; whether he went seen to go all three into a boat by some abroad with him he could not tell; but people who were at that instant crossing they bad plenty of money to carry them the ferry to the market. The boat had both to any part of the known world. a sail, and was managed by two seamen There was a plausibility in this statewhom none of the party knew, and she ment, as there was in every statement immediately bore down the river before that Tibbers made. Still it was far from the wind.
being satisfactory to the friends of the I have been the more minute in those young gentlemen. He could neither particulars, because they are the only tell the name of the ship nor the name ones known on which positive conjece of the captain with whom they sailed, tures could be grounded. It was judged but pretended that they made choice of probable by those who witnessed the the vessel themselves ; and he took no transaction, that, in order to get quit of heed to either the ship or the master. the young man's insolence and upbraid. A reward was offered for the discovery ings, Tibbers might have proffered liim of the two boalmen. They were never a good part of his father's estate again, discovered ; and with this vague statein order to enjoy the rest in tranquillity. ment and suspicious detail of circumBut then these people knew nothing of stances, people were obliged to rest sathe hideous discovery made, and which tisfied for the present, presuming, that, it is quite manifest could not then, nor in the common course of events, the ever after, have been revealed. But what darkest shades in which they were instrengthened the people's conjecture volved would be brought to light. most, was this. The sheriff was known They never have as yet been disclosed to be that day down at the village on by any of those common concatenations the quay, five miles below the town, of circumstances which so often add intaking evidence on some disputed goods, fallibly to the truth. But the hand of and the greyhounds and terriers of the the Almighty, whose eye neither either law along with him; and it was thought slumbers or sleeps, was manifestly exthat, in order to strike the iron while it tended to punish Wm. Tibbers, though was hot, the parties had gone down forth- for what crime or crimes I dare not infer. with to have their agreement ratified. The man became a terror to himselfand
They did not, however, call either on to all who beheld him; and certainly, the sheriff or any of the writers, nor has if he was not haunted, as the people the young baronet or his friend ever said, by a ghost, or some vengeful spibeen more heard of, either alive or dead, rit, he was haunted by an evil conscience, unto this day. Their horses remained whose persecutions were even more at the hotel, which created some alarm; horrible to endure. There were two but no person could perceive any danger men hired to watch with him every to which the young gentlemen could night, and his cries during that season have been exposed. At what time Tib- were often dreadful to hear. These men bers returned to his own house, was not did sometimes speak of sayings that known ; but it was nearly a week before tended to criminate him, more ways than he was discovered there, and then so one; but the words of a person in that frightfully altered was he in appearance, state of excitement, or rather derangethat scarcely any person could have re- ment, no man can lay hold of. By day cognized him for the same man. He had he was composed, and walked about by moreover, a number of wounds upon himself, and sometimes made a point of him. Strong suspicions were raised attending 10 his secular concerns. But against him. The common people were wherever he showed his face, all were