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without delay to the appointed place, or visible images, but directly where where we found our party, whose hun- she has her fulĩ residence-in the heart ger was already somewhat allayed by of man, in the actions and sufferings a deer one of them had killed.'
of the greatest minds."
The other two productions are by Cumberland's British Theatre. Nathaniel Field, and bear the followVol. XII.
ing quaint titles, “ Amends for Ladies," Some few years ago, to obtain a single and“ A Woman is a Weathercock.” In new play, the purchaser must have the first of these comedies is the curious expended some three shillings, and fre- character drawn from life of Moll Cutquently more money; but since this Purse, of whom we derive the subelegant little work has been in being, joined particulars from the introductory the same amount will nearly purchase an
matter. “Mary Frith, alias Moll Cutentire volume, containing upon an aver- Purse, the Roaring Girl, was a woman age eight or nine dramas, most of which dressed like a man, and challenged are new, neatly printed' and spiritedly several male opponents, bearing, during embellished. This is exactly the case
her life, the character of a bully, a with the volume under notice, which thief, a bawd, a receiver of stolen goods, contains nine pieces, six of which are &c.* She appears to have been the recent popular productions, and must daughter of a shoemaker, born in 1584, have cost to possess the copyright of died in 1659, and buried in what is now them a good round sum. Such liberali- called St. Bride's Church. In Febty in a publisher is deserving of the ruary, 1611-12, she did penance at highest praise, and we trust a widely Paul's Cross; but the letter mentioning extended patronage will reward the this fact, which is in the British Muproprietor of the British Theatre for seum, does not state for what offence. combining novelty with economy.
Among other daring exploits, she rob
bed, or assisted in robbing, General The Old English Drama, Parts V. Fairfax, on Hounslow Heath, for which VI. VII. White, London.
she was sent to Newgate, but after
wards liberated without trial. The imWe are pleased to see this work pro- mediate cause of her death was a dropsy, gressing with success, and we hope it and she seems then to have been poswill continue to do so. The plays that sessed of property; she lived in her delighted our forefathers ought not to
own house in Fleet Street, next the be neglected; they are mementos of Globe Tavern, and left £20 that the human life and manners, which display Conduit might run wine on the expected the customs and amusements of our an- return of Charles II. Besides the cocestors in the olden time; and as such medy by Middleton and Dekker, (Dodspictures are valuable, even were they ley's Old Plays, VI.) John Day wrote not so strongly recommended by the a book of the mad pranks of Merry racy humour, and brilliant wit which Moll of the Bankside. It was entered abounds in them.
at Stationers' Hall in 1610, and perhaps To the old dramatists, we owe much the play of which she is the heroine for the entertainment bequeathed by was founded upon it. Another account them to posterity, and if the proprietor of her life was printed in 1662, shortly of this series of old plays completes bis after her decease. She is supposed to task, we shall be more than a little in- be alluded to by Shakspeare in Twelfth debted to him for collecting in a cheap Night, A. i. s. 3. and obtained such form the scattered labours of some of the bad eminence in point of notoriety, brightest geniuses that adorn England. that it is not surprising, (according to
Since we last noticed this collection, the evidence of the authors of The the following pieces have been added: Witch of Edmonton, A. v. Sc. 1.) that
The Broken Heart," by John Ford. some of the dogs at Paris Garden, used Charles Lamb, one of the best dra- in baiting bulls and bears, were named matic critics we have, says of this after her.” drama, “I do not know where to find in any play a catastrophe so grand, so solemn and so surprising as in this ;"
• She is the “honest Moll alluded to by
City-wit in R. Brome's Court Beggar, A. ii. and of the author, who was contem
s. i, to whom he is to go for the recovery of porary with Shakspeare, he entertains his purse, after he had had his pocket picked the following opinion : “ Ford was of while looking at the news in the window of the first order of poets ; he sought for that she deals in private for the recovery of sublimity, not by parcels, in metaphors, such goods."
Instructions for the Piano Forte, fc. above expressed our disapprobation. By J. Clarke. R. Cocks & Co. London. -After noticing the position at the
In the present state of musical sci- instrument, Mr. Clarke proceeds to exence, when treatises without nuniber plain the names of the keys; and this have each and every of them endea- he does in a manner which will cervoured to simplify more than their pre. than the usual method ; however, this
tainly cost the learner more trouble decessors the study of music; when combination of notes, hitherto deemed
is comparatively immaterial. too discordant for christian ears, are
The primary exercises for the forma. no longer inadmissible ; when even
tion of the hand to the instrument are consecutive fifths, those 'monstra hor- good, although sufficient instruction is renda of former times, have ceased to
not given to enable the pupil to make be anomalous; it is no easy task for the most of them. even an experienced person, as Mr.
But the grand defect is the neglect Clarke professes himself to be, to im- with which the practice of the scales,
the provenpon the labours of Cramer,
very ground work of execution, is
treated. This defect is not confined Jousse, &c., and we think that to endeavour to teach the Piano-forte with
to Mr. Clarke's treatise, but extends to out impressing the necessarily ante
most others; and we are sure that no cedent instruction well on the mind, exercise is equal to the regular pracindependent of the instrument, is like tice of the scales, in the major and mithe prevailing method of setting boys to the instrument. In conclusion, we
nor keys, for the formation of the hand to read Homer without teaching them the Greek grammar, and the conse
may remark that Mr. Clarke's treatise quences will in both cases be similar; may answer its purpose with the cona mere mechanical acquaintance with stant explanatory assistance of the the subjects in hand, without that men- it as an improvement on former trea
master, but we certainly cannot extol tal influence which alone can make
tises. the study of either the one or the other pleasing. Indeed, a person who has
The Kate Book. adopted this superficial mode of instruction, can never experience that
KING'S CROSS. intellectual enjoyment of the beauties Suburban Improvements. of Mozart, Beethoven, or the other sci Gray's Inn Lane is classic ground in entific masters, which marks the more the eyes of the true cockney. It is the refined taste. It is a very mistaken main outlet from Holborn to the rural notion, that a student of the Piano-forte retreats of Copenhagen House, and leads can ever attain to any thing beyond a to the ‘People's Ancient Concert Rocm,' mere common-place mediocrity, while at Bagnigge Wells, and the sylvan he confines his attention solely to the groves of the aperient Saint Chad, the practice and not to the theory of music; Cheltenham of Clerkenwell. Here, too, not that we would uphold theory with- in the bosom of the vale of Pancras, out practice, but we maintain that stood the Ossa and Pelion of the dust theory and practice must go together to contractors, those immense mounds of form the finished musician. It is true, cinders, to which “ ashes to ashes, dust a boy may be taught to repeat the pro- to dust” were added as fast as the dead positions of Euclid by rote, but, un carts brought their putrid loads to the less he understand the connexion be- church-yard-pits in the time of the great tween them and the diagrams, and their plague. But the dust heaps have been combined utility, he will never become carted off ; St. Chad no longer attracts a mathematician.
the votaries of health, who once made There is no royal road to music any weekly pilgrimages to the groves, there more than to other sciences, and the to pour out saline libations and perform traveller may as well expect to reach their peripatetic devotions; Bagnigge his destination by telegraph, or Fortu- Wells is voted wulgar; and the pale natus's cap, as the learner of music to star of Copenhagen fades before the risbecome perfect without devoting the ing glories of the sun of White Conmind, as well as the fingers, to his duit. Pentonville looks down upon purpose.
Pancras ; Brunswick Square catches up We have been led into this (perhaps her skirts from the contagious appremature) dissertation by a perusal proachez of Battle-bridge; and the of Mr. Clarke's preface, in which he Small Pox Hospital is vaccinated. A advocates the method of which we have new locality is being created ; and the
imposing designation of King's Cross, the same burghs, and this, for aught which is now bestowed upon this late known to the contrary, without instrucneglected corner of the suburbs, toge- tions from the King or his Council. ther with the constant flux and reflux of Where burghs were poor, there were the tide of Paddington coaches, will many such omissions, by favour of the speedily rescue from degradation this Sheriffs, for a space of nearly 300 years. ancient neighbourhood. It should be Upon petition of the town of Torringcalled Phænix Town, rising as it does ton to King Edward III. in 1366, he difrom heaps of ashes.
rected a bailiff and good men of the King's Cross itself.
town, excusing them « from the burden This tall, unsightly, and ill-propor- of sending two representatives to Partioned structure, which gives its name liament, as they had never been obliged to the new neighbourhood, - King's 80 to do till the 24th year of his reign, Cross,- is a cumbrous architectural when,” says the King, “the Sheriff of tumour, apparently designed to obviate Devonshire maliciously summoned them the convenience which the removal of to send two members to Parliament." the toll-house afforded to carriages ; and it seems rather a butt against which to run omnibusses, or to overturn stage The laws which have been made from coaches, than a useful or ornamental time to time for regulating Elections, structure. It is now a cross without a and fixing the qualifications of Electors, king-a folly, and when completed it have not changed the Constitution. It will be nothing better. The Spectator. was by statute in the reign of Henry VI.
that the Electors for Counties were rePARLIAMENTARY REPRESENTATION. quired to have freehold the value of
The Parliament called at Shrewsbury forty shillings by the year within the in 1283, by King Edward I., was the county. At that time, beneficial leases first to which cities and towns were for long terms of years were unknown; summoned to send representatives. It so that as the landed property of the was also the first that granted aids to- kingdom was then circumstanced, it was wards the national defence, by the three certainly more fully represented than it denominations of knights, citizens, and is at present. Copyholders were then burgesses, as well as by the lords spi- little better than villains—they were in ritual and temporal. In this Parlia a state of dependance upon their Lords ment the Representatives sat in a sepa- they could not be considered as havrate chamber from the barons and ing a will of their own, and therefore knights. The Commons consisted of could have no share in the Government two knights for each county, two repre -no political liberty. sentatives for the City of London, and two for each of the following twenty The method of determining events towns only: Winchester, Newcastle- by ballot, with different coloured balls, upon-Tyne, York, Bristol, Exeter, Lin
was practised by the ancients, though coln, Canterbury, Carlisle, Norwich, we have borrowed the term from the VeNorthampton, Nottingham, Scarborough, netians; the box or vase into which the Grimsby, Lynn, Colchester, Yarmouth, balls were put is noticed by Apuleius, Hereford, Chester, Shrewsbury, and and is the hlot-bed of the Anglo-Saxons. Worcester. From this it appears that there were not representatives of any
Anecdotiana. towns in the counties of Westmoreland, Lancaster, Derby, Durham, Stafford, Warwick, Leicester, Rutland, Suffolk, During the bloody transaction of the Hertford, Bedford, Cambridge, Hun- 10th of August, 1792, an English gentingdon, Buckingham, Berks, Oxford, tleman in Paris, happening to turn Wilts, Somerset, Gloucester, Dorset, round, saw a musket levelled at his head Sussex, and Surrey.- In after times, by one of the enraged mob, who misburghs that were summoned, frequently took him for an obnoxious aristocrat. prayed the Crown to be excused from “G-dd-n you, what are you about?" sending representatives, on account of exclaimed the Englishman in his own their being compelled to pay 2s. a day language. “ Ah, Monsieur Godam ! to such member for his wages while etes vous Anglais ? Que je suis ravi de attending to his place. Sheriffs in their vous voir !” replied the Frenchman, writs for elections to Parliament, some- throwing his gun down, and clasping times omitted one or more burghs in a his new acquaintance heartily in his county, and at other times sent writs to
USE OF OATHS.
Diary and Chronology.
Wednesday, August 18. It. Clare of Monte Falco, Virgin, 1308.— New Moon, 53m after 11 Morning. August 18, 1829.- Expired at Ferntower, Perthshire, General Sir David Baird. In the early part of the general's military career, he was wounded and made prisoner, after an heroic defence against an overwhelming force under Tippoo Saib, and remained in the power of Hyder Ally for three years and a half, during which period he endured great cruelties and privations. Sir David also fought bravely under Marquis Cornwallis in India. In 150+, he commanded an expedition to the Cape of Good Hope, where he landed, and compelled the Dutch to surrender the colony; besides these meritorious services, he served under Lord Cathcart at Copenhagen, where he was agaia wounded. In 1908, be fought at Corunna, where he had the misfortune to lose an arm. In 1814, he was appointed General; and in 1819, was made Governor of Kinsale, and subsequently of Fort William, which station he held up to the time of his death.
Thursday, August 19. St. Lewis, Bishop, d. A.D. 1297.- High Water 18m after 2 Morning-3rim after 2 Aftern. Augist 19, 1702.-Anniversary of the memorable engagement that took place near St. Mar. tha, N. E. of Carthagena, lo South America, between a French Squadron, commanded by Da Casse, and an English one. inder the brave, honest, and experienced Benbow; whose wounds co-operating with his grief at being basely deserted by some of his captains, soon put a period to his life. Two of those infamous cowards, Kirby and Wade, were, on their arrival, shot, bav. ing been previously tried.
Friday, August 20.
Sun rises 5lm after 4-sets 8m after 7. August 20, 1825.-Died the brave Marco Bozzaris, the Epaminondas of Modern Greece ; he fell in an attack upon the Turkish camp at Lapsi, the scite of the ancient Platea, and expired in the moment of victory. His last words were, * To die for liberty is a pleasure, not a pain."
Saturday, August 21. St. Barnard Ptolemy, founder of the Olivetans, AD. 1348. August 21, 1765.- Birth-day of his most gracious majesty, William the fourth. For an interesting Memoir of the King, see p.9, No. 137 of this work.
1821.-Expired Adam Bartsch, knight of the order of Leopold. Anlic Counsellor, and Director in chief of the Imperial Library at Vienna, This indefatigable c innoisseur was well known to all print collectors by his valuable voluminous work, Le Peintre Graveur, which is a valuable addition to the literature of that branch of the Fine Arts, to which be more parti. cularly devoted his time and talents. Just before his death, he had completed another useful publication, Anleitung zar Kupferstichkunde, (Introduction to the Study and Knowledge of Engravings): a work that may be considered as an excellent grammar of the art, and as affording much information within a small compass. His own etchings amount in number to upwards of five hundred.
Sunday, August 22.
ELEVENTH SUNDAY AFTER TRINITY. Lessons for the Day-5 chapter Kinga, b 2, morn-9 chapter Kings, b_2, Eren. St. Symphosion, Mart. AD 118. - High Water 51m after 3 Morning-9m after 4 Evening.
August 22, 1650.- Died at the advanced age of 81, Sir Paul Pindar, a gentleman whose name stands proudly conspicuous in our mercantile annals. His probity, koowledge of languages, apo great repute as a merchant, induced the Turkey Company strongly to recommend him to James l. who, in consequence, in 1611, appointed him ambassador to the Grand Seigníor at Con. stantinople, where he remained nine years a resident, to the great advantage of English com
On his return in 1620, he was prevailed on to become one of the Farmers of the Customs, and whilst filling that office, be advanced large gums of inoney to James and his successor, which were never repaisl. He furnished the crown with jewels, to his infinite loss, and upon particular state occasions, he obliged the King with the ase of a diamond brought by him from Turkey, of the value of £30,000, wbich was afterwards purchased by his son Charles í. He also assisted Charles II. with gold when at Oxford, to enable him, as one of his biographers quaintly observes, to transport the " Queen and her Children."
Monday, August 23. St. Justinian, Martyr, A.D. 529.- sun rises 56m after 4-sets Sm after 7. August 23, 1922.-kixpired Dr. William Herschel, tbe eminent astronomer, and discoverer of the planet which bears his name. This great man was indefatigable in his labours, and will only cease to be remembered when the sun ceases to illuminate the earth, or the stars the concave of the skies.
Tuesday, August 24. $t, Bartholomew -High Water bem after 4 Morning-13m after 5 After. The name given to this saint is not bis proper, but patronymical name, and imports the Son of Tholomea or Tolmai. St. Bartholemew was chosen by Christ one of his twelve apostles. He carriet the Gospel through the most barbarous countries, and was crowned with martyrdom in Great Armenia.
August 9, 1572.- On this day the demon of persecution and death hovered over Parls, dealing forth destruction in every form; the groans of the dying Protestants arose to Heaven, throuch five syotessive days of massacre and blood; while“ Kill kill !" was the incessant cry or Charles IX., who stool at n window of the Tuilleries to animate his ruffians, when weary of their work, and to fire upon the miserable fugitives that came within his reach. With No. 111, of Saturday, July 31, was published a Supplemental Shcet, con
taining a Memoir of her Majesty Queen ADELAIDE, embellished with a finely executed PORTRAIT.
For the Olio.
fixed the heart of many a "illage swain.
None, however, could boast that their A VILLAGE SWAIN'S REVENGE. love was returned, except Frank Ri
chards, the son of one of that useful and
truly English class of men, now unhapWill I revenge lier? Yes,
pily almost extinct—the small farmer ; I will take the villain in his leight, one who, in the words of the poet,
The height of bis presumptuous pride, And in the foain
perforin'd man's highest task, Dash him
Did wrong to none-but till d the fruitful soil, Down, down to the abyss ! But dash him so,
And liv'd upon the produce of his toil" That he may feel the blow, and die.
In the same village, however, in which
Frank and Fanny dwelt, resided also The following narrative, although a tyrannical magistrate, the lord of bearing, so strong, an impress of ro the manor, owner of most part of the mance, is but little amplified from an surrounding soil, and dubbed by liis actual occurrence which took place at humble rustic neighbours," the rich a village in a retired and beautiful part 'Squire Golding.” The chief pride of of Kent, less than half a century ago. this man was centered in his only son, The details are taken almost literally a fine, but dissolute young man, and in from the lips of an ancient husbandman, the preservation of the game in his prewho was an eye and ear-witness of part serves. To do any thing against these of the scenes he related.
two darling passions, was to rouse his Fanny Rose was the boast of the vil- deadliest hate. His son George had lage ;- her beauty, good-temper, and often cast a longing eye upon the ripenlight-heartedness, won her the esteem ing loveliness of l'anny, and many a of the old, the love of the young, and scheme had he tried to obtain her fathe admiration of all tut the envions ; vour, but never with the least success, her charms attracted the attention, and for her heart told her that Frank Richa VOL. VI. K