Introduction to English Phonetics
Edinburgh University Press, 6 de febr. 2017 - 240 pàgines
The second edition of this distinguished textbook introduces undergraduates to the concepts, terminology and representations needed for an understanding of how English is pronounced around the world. Assuming no prior knowledge, this textbook guides the reader through the vocal tract and explains how the sounds of speech are made, offering an accessible and expanded introduction to areas including transcription, vowels and acoustic analysis. As far as possible, it uses naturally-occurring conversational speech so that readers are familiar with the details of everyday talk (and not just the careful pronunciations presented in dictionaries.) The book also includes a new concluding chapter that works through a piece of spoken data to show the reader how a more complete phonetic analysis can be conducted. Examples are taken from around the English-speaking world, including North America, Australia, New Zealand and varieties of British English. The book takes an open-minded approach to what sounds of English might be significant for making meaning, and highlights the significance of word meaning, morphology, sociolinguistics and conversational interaction in phonetic analysis.
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acoustic affricate airstream mechanism alveolar approximant alveolar plosive alveolar ridge amplitude Anglo-English articulatory aspiration Australian bilabial cardinal vowels Chapter close clusters complete closure constriction creaky voice dental diacritic diphthongs duration ejectives example Figure formants fricatives friction noise front fully voiced gesture glottal stop glottalisation glottis intonation kind labiodental labiovelarisation languages larynx lateral airflow lip posture lip-rounding look lower marked mouth nasal airflow nasal cavities nasal consonant nasalised vowels non-rhotic occur open approximation oral closure palatalised pause phonetic details phoneticians phonological phrase pitch place of articulation postalveolar produced pronounced release represent rhotics secondary articulation seen sequence short sounds speakers spectrogram speech syllabic nasals syllable finally syllable initially symbol talk tongue body tongue shape tongue tip transcribed transcription unstressed utterance variable varieties of English velar closure velarisation velum vocal fold vibration vocal folds vocal tract vocalic portion voice quality waveform words