Imatges de pÓgina
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for a change of scene and society. Having disposed of scarcely believe that the bold, cruel, yet grateful Panhis estate, and all the property which might have in- cras stood before him. Even Cecily, who had been

under his power only a few hours before, at first denied which were only twelve in number, including a few chil. cumbered his transportation, excepting his negroes, / cra

his identity. Pancras looked round, and having satisdren, he was on the point of embarking in a little fied himself that no spy was near, for a moment he schooner to be transported from Grenada to Trinidad. resumed his natural position, and made a flourish with He had gone to St. George's, the principal town in the the identical fusil which he had stolen from his master, island, on the evening before his departure, to make and now offered back in as good condition as ever. A some final arrangements with a merchant from whom single glance at him soon convinced the planter and he usually purchased the necessaries for his estate, and his daughter that Pancras had only disguised his fearon the same evening he returned home and was in- ful personage under a cloud of age to favour his escape. formed that some negroes had come in disguise and With some reluctance the planter allowed the negro taken away his daughter. His first suspicion lighted chief to take his former place among his other negroes, upon Pancras, and he vowed that he would hunt the and to embark on board the little schooner. Early whole island for him. But upon reflecting that Pan- next morning they were in full view of the eastern side cras had not been heard of for such a length of time, of the beautifully picturesque island of Trinidad, and and the general belief of his being dead, and the pro- could discern the windmills wheeling in the steady bability, that, had he been in life, he would long ere this breeze, the cane fields gilded by the rising sun, the have given his old master a sign that he was in the smoke towering in volumes like water-spouts from the vicinity of his former peaceful dwelling, this stag- chimneys of the sugar houses, and every thing wearing gered the hopes of the planter, and he began to look a countenance of busy industry. The schooner glided forward under the apprehension of some dreadful dis- through Bocas, and entered the Gulf of Paria, which covery of the fate of his beloved child. It appears was studded with ships and brigs as far as the eye

could on this, as well as on the former occasion, to have been reach. Innumerable fishing boats were dancing all the study of Pancras to spare his master even a mo- around, which in the distance appeared like flocks of mentary pang, for, in a short while after the planter sea-fowl at their morning repast. The planter's little had gone into his house, a paper carefully folded, which schooner, with his whole chattels and family, beat up was attached to a piece of wood curiously carved with to the wooden pier, and landed safely in Port-of-Spain. a knife, was thrown into his chamber window. The Pancras, who was the picture of black despair, still eye of the planter at once read that the one was a letter preserved his disguise, and he passed the scrutiny of from his daughter, and the other an offering from his the coast-officers without suspicion. long lost negro. The letter informed him that his The planter having fixed on a spot in the southern Cecily was in perfect security, and would return home extremity of the island for commencing a new sugar under condition that her father would consent to allow plantation, thither he transported his whole family of Pancras—if not to enter again into his old master's slaves, including Pan, as was found necessary to call service —at least to afford him the means of escaping him in order to assist his disguise. The negro chief, from Grenada to Trinidad in the schooner. At another however, found that his age and infirmities sat heavy time he might have perceived that he was aiding the upon him; and as soon as they landed on the new escape of one who had above all others rendered him. estate, to which they had come by sailing along the self a victim to the laws of civilized society, and would shore in the little schooner, he retired to the woods. place himself under considerable risk by taking a per- In a short while he returned, like the eagle in the wil. son of such notoriety under his protection; but the derness, with his age renewed, and in full possession of safety of his daughter, and a feeling bordering some- his strong and athletic frame. He took this precaution what on a parental anxiety for the negro who had been before any negroes of the neighbouring estates had under his roof from a boy, and from whom he had seen him under disguise, and they never knew that he received no injury, absorbed every other consideration. had been under hiding. "The secret was only known He wrote the letter of promise, and dispatched it by a to the other negroes belonging to his master, in whose negress who usually waited on his daughter. The faith he could place implicit confidence, and it remain. bearer of the letter was directed to go to a certain part ed a secret to the day of his death. of the wood adjoining the estate, but before she attained This planter had been already well assured of his it, Pancras's post-master came up to her, snatched it fidelity, and he placed Pancras again over his negroes out of her hand, and retreated into the most dense part to superintend their tabours in the formation of the of the forest. In about two hours the planter's new estate.

Pan still retained his new name, though daughter was sitting quietly beside her father relating he had thrown aside the disguise in which he escaped her little adventure.

from Grenada, and, like his namesake, the docile god The African negroes look upon a written scroll with of shepherds, he appeaaed to be as skilful and beneficial a superstitious veneration. It will be easily conceived in the arts of peace as he had been daring and dangerthen that Pancras thought himself perfectly secure so ous in petty warfare. His master, however, gave soon as he obtained his master's letter. He concealed him a final warning, that if he again attempted to enit about his person in the folds of the clothing he had courage or assist in any commotion approaching in put on for the purpose of disguise, with a kind of re- likeness to that in which he had engaged in Grenada, ligious care. Having assumed the appearance of an nothing could rescue him from a horrid death, and old man lame of one leg, and bent towards the ground he would certainly bring a punishment on his benefactor under a load of years and infirmities, he presented him- for having afforded him the means of escape. Pan self before his master, and craved fulfilment of his seemed sensible of his situation, and though no direct promise. His assumed character was so complete, and promise could be elicited from him, he beut his whole his appearance was '80 stupid, that the planter could attention to the labours of settlement and cultivation.



as if you

In a few weeks a large square portion of land was shorn of the natural forest, reaching from the sea side backwards to the interior. Gigantic trees were extended all over the patch of ground, with their heads lopped off like the slain in a field of battle; the branches and brush-wood were gathered together around the fallen trees, and set on fire and consumed. A stranger beholding them employed in this labour could scarcely help supposing that he had stumbled upon the Romans of ancient days performing the last rites of sepulchre to their brethren who had fallen in battle. The provision grounds for the negroes, the first care of settlement, were planted with bananas, mangoes, and plantains, besides many other fruits and esculents; and every negro had his garden bestowed on him according to lot. Several acres of sugar canes next rose and spread their long sword-like leaves to the broad tropical sun, waving and rustling in the breezes like fields of sedges.

Their lively green afforded a delightful contrast to the sombre forests that surrounded their margin, and cast a refreshing influence on the eye of the distant beholder.

The planter's house, like an oblong barn, resting upon four legs of ick, one at each corner, was the succeeding labour. It was built wholly of thin wooden boards nailed to rows of posts, thatched with the sear leaves of the carat, having a balcony on each side, for the purpose of walking and enjoying the cool breezes while the sun was vertical. Into the balcony you ascended by a trap stair, and thus entered the main body of the house in the same way

had been entering to a show of wild beasts. The windows of this sylvan palace had no glass; folding shutters, as large as common doors, were of more service, as they could be opened wide to admit the air, and shut at night to keep out the damps. Last of all, the negroes' huts appeared at a little distance from the mansion, neat cabins formed of wood and plastered with clay, or wattled with brushwood, and thatched with as much smoothness as a hen when she has newly pruned her feathers. These stood in a cluster together, but without any regard to order or uniformity. They seemed to have been built under a determination that not two of them should look the same way. To see these huts looking towards every point of the compass, was a ludicrous instance of the variety of taste which negroes have of the perspective, as well as in many other things. The sugar mill, boiling-house, and rum distillery, with a store-house, occupied another distinct situation on the side of a little hillock. These took more time and greater expense to raise than the other buildings, as the greater part of the materials had to abide the contingencies of wind and waves, in their transportation from the British market across the Atlantic. With his mansion-house, his sugar-house, his negro-huts, and the provision grounds, and cane patches waving luxuriantly around them, the planter had now completed his establishment, and was just looking forward to an abundant harvest to reward his industry, when the fatigues and privations, and constant application to the labours of a new settlement, overcame a declining constitution, and he died at the age of sixty; an age under the tropical climate considered patriarchal. His daughter soon thereafter came to England to reside with her relations, and the infant estate was committed for her benefit to the care of trustees. They appointed a manager to superintend the estate.

This person's name was Quiquizola, which from its

sound one would suspect to be of Spanish origin; but Quiquizola was a Frenchman, in whom the vieux regime found an able supporter, at least in so far as chasing his nose at full gallop round the room, thumping upon a table at intervals, blattering negro French, and swearing profound oaths at the cut-throat liberals, could support the ancient dynasty of France. Quiquizola was the most able supporter the Grand Nation can ever register in the annals of fame. His parents had originally fled from France during the reign of terror, and settled in Lower Canada, in North America. From thence they went to Guadaloupe, and thence to Grenada. During the time when our brave Abercromby was tearing down the French flags which they had planted in several of our West India stations, Quiquizola's father had fallen willingly into the hands of our army. He looked upon them rather as his protectors from the persecutions of his own nation, who had pur. sued him from place to place as a renegade from his country. Having after many wanderings set himself down beside the old planter in Grenada, they contracted a close friendship for each other. It so happened that they emigrated to Trinidad much about the same time; and while the one was busily engaged in the formation of a sugar plantation, the other in the immediate vicinity had begun to clear away the forest for the plantation of coffee trees. Both of Quiquizola's parents had died before the planter, and left their only son, Pierre, under his care. He was then at the age of eighteen, and certainly at a time of life when he might have been expected to take care of himself; but the fond parents, though they were partial to the qua. lities of their son, knew that he had little experience, and with all his manly disquisitions upon the state of France, and the shrewd measures which he talked of adopting to set France on her legs again, thought they could perceive in him something approaching to imbecility of intellect, or rather a sort of facility of disposition which might lay him open to deception and imposture. They therefore desired the old planter to assist him with advices in regulating his slender for

It was on account of the friendship that sub. sisted between the planter and Quiquizola that induced the planter's executors to entrust the care of the estate to him.

Pancras, and indeed the whole of the negroes, expressed unfeigned sorrow at their old master's decease. Nor was their whole grief confined to the day of his death. Long after he was laid in his grape, which was in a remote and lonely corner of the estate, beneath the shade of a wide spreading cedar, they made visits to the spot with reverence and respect. They appeared to look on his grave as the resting place not of a master, but of a parent. No one who beheld their solemn visitations to this lowly abode would have denied that the Africans' hearts are capable of being tuned to the tender passions, or say that they can never cherish regard for an indulgent master. But they were far from being contented with their new superintendent. He was petulant, peevish, and continually barking and scolding ;—the versatility of his humour destroyed their confidence in him, and his actions became their jest. He was small of stature, gross and flabby, with a countenance so sallow as to add a long score to his years.

His dress was a jacket and trowsers, and a hat, all of snowy whiteness; and had it not been under a tropical sun, you would have


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mistaken him for a walking snow-ball. There was as he would do with him as he had done with the nothing manly in his appearance, and when Pancras goat. When this was mentioned to Quiquizola in the stood beside him, Quiquizola shrunk into insignificance. morning, his life appeared to him to hang by a hair. Pan could scarcely endure to be directed by one, even He became apprehensive that he would be cut off from though he was a white, who had nothing about him to the face of the earth at a moment's notice, and he inspire confidence or respect. He soon likewise per- would frequently start from his bed in the night under ceived that there was a wide difference between the the influence of horrid dreams. His gun, sword, and intelligent and active Englishman, who did every thing a pair of immense pistols, became his constant sleeping with calmness and decision, and a diminutive French- companions, and he lay down resting on his arms as if man, whose education was slender, and whose inform- he had been in the camp waiting the approach of an ation reached only to a few common-place remarks. enemy. Negroes are far from being void of discernment, and The estate on which these transactions took place though not able to express themselves, they can form was situated on a point of land about sixty miles from correct estimates of character and talent. It often the capital of the island. There was no access to the draws astonishment to observe how readily they lay town but by the sea. Thore were perhaps a few foot. hold of the outward points in the conduct of a white, paths through the woods from one estate to another ; and thence draw inferences as to his character and but these did not lead far, and to attempt a journey to talents. Pan had formed different notions of the cul- the town by the land, where the traveller would find tivation of sugar under the tuition of his old master swamps, thickets, and mountains continually obstructto pay much regard to the directions of Quiquizola, ing his course, would have been as wild an attempt as and, proud of his own abilities, he frequently acted to endeavour to walk over the sea. Pancras and his in direct opposition to his instructions. When he was wife, however, without making any more visits to the reprimanded for this, his answer was that he had done estate, or putting his threat against the life of Quiquiit for the best, because he was working for his Missy, zola into execution, found his way to the town. How and not for Quiquizola. He frequently rung it in he accomplished the journey was a subject of conjecture Quiquizola's ears that what he had done was after the for many a day. Quiquizola got intelligence that the manner in which his former master had done. Conduct

runaway was in the town, and he went immediately and like this brought down upon him the petty vengeance

claimed him. of the little Frenchman, who sent Pan to work in They were on board a small sloop, and sailing homethe field, and placed a more passive negro in his room. ward down the Gulf of Paria, which separates the The proud-spirited chief could not suffer this treatment island from South America. They had come within with patience; and he sought by a thousand mis- sight of the estate, and had already got a glimpse of a chievous tricks to spoil every thing into which Qui- small flag upon the top of a tall palmist tree, which quizola put his hands. He made him the laughing stood on the very verge of the point of land on which stock of the slaves by imitating his peevish voice and the estate was situated. Quiquizola, who before had waddling gait. Pan was frequently caught in the been dull and sullen toward the negro, now felt his midst of these exhibitions, and had his merriment spirits rise as he came within sight of the domain changed into sorrow.

where he could rule with a despotic hand. He ceased at length to have any veneration for the braided Pancras with perfidy and wickedness. He habitation which was once his pride, and betook him- heaped upon him epithets which he knew would sore self to his old employment of wandering in the woods. wound the feelings of the chief, and promised him the He now became a freebooter, and made many excursions reward of the whip for the fear and dread he had ocinto the provision grounds and hen roosts of the neigh- casioned, and the thefts he had committed. He fumed bouring estates. His wife became his companion in and paced with mighty strides the deck of the little this roving life. Poultry, pigs, and goats, besides ship, as if he had been commanding the navies of the every thing else that could be of service to a tenant of Ottoman; and ended liis speech by informing the negro the woods, were nightly stolen from the estates. Pan- that he would burn in hell. “ Vous, vous, scelerat cras and Dian were secretly blamed by the negroes as serè bruler dans l'enfer," was the pithy climax of his the thieves; but such was the terror which his name harangue. Pancras, who secretly burned with revenge, created, and so well directed were their sorties, that sat with seeming patience all this time upon the side none could say they had been seen, and none dared to of the vessel, eating his dinner of plantains, which his mention their names. Guards of negroes were placed wife had prepared for him. He then lit his pipe, and on each estate to endeavour to detect them. But in the smoked it, with great coolness. He seemed, however, teeth of the guard Pancras issued from the wood in a to be absorbed in meditation; for when his wife spoke clear night, came coolly up to them, and threatened if to him he made no answer except a vacant stare, and they offered to give alarm, or stir a limb, he would then turned his face alternately to the sky and the sea. cleave them with his cutlass, and set fire to their huts. The Frenchman had been below; but coming again The guard stood trembling like statues agitated by an upon deck, he began to renew the attack of threats earthquake, in presence of the giant chief. He went and abuse. But a wild and demon-like stare from the close up to the mansion and seized a favourite goat negro choked his utterance, and he stood aghast. Panbelonging to Quiquizola, and cut its throat in their cras improved the moment, and kept his keen eye fixed presence. He threw the quivering animal over his upon the Frenchman, until he had him in his grasp. shoulder, and proceeded leisurely to the edge of the Till then the Frenchcan seemed spell-bound; but findwood, where he turn round towards the black guard, ing himself grappled with the negro, he made a faint and broke the stilly silence of the night by a loud and struggle. Pancras stretched himself to the full height devilish laugh. He told them the next time he came of his stature, and encircled the Frenchman in his back it would be to relieve them of Massa Qniquizola, arms; and having fastened his teeth in his ear, he

He up

never more seen.

made a headlong leap into the abyss, and both disappeared in a moment, The yell of horror which the Frenchman uttered resounded among the woods and along the shore, though they were nearly a mile distant from the land. The master of the sloop backed his sails and manned a boat, and waited to observe if either of them .came above the water. The


Frenchman popped up his little black head and yellow visage within reach of the boat; one of his ears was literally bit, off, but Pancras seized him by the other, and, making another plunge, both disappeared, and were

The wife of Pancras was not inconsolable; she merely uttered her favourite exclamation of Yaw, yaw ! picked up a jacket and hat which he had thrown down on the deck, lighted the pipe which he had left her as a legacy, and sat herself down; rested her head on her hand, and dissipated her grief in smoke. Widows, black, white, or grey, is it thus ye can forget your loving chieftains ? An old negro on board of the sloop, who was considered a tolerable wit among his own nation, made the whole catastrophe an occasion of jest, by ascribing it to the agency of the Old One himself. He observed that the devil had done Massa Quiquizola greater service than ever he had done to any other body; for he had been the means of taking away one of his ears, and he was therefore only half

The whole of the black crew who manned the sloop grinned from ear to ear, and laughed out of all moderation at this piece of African wit.-L. Gazette.

For me thou shon'st, as shines a star,
Lonely, in clouds when heaven is lost;
Thou wert my guiding light afar,
When on Misfortune's billows tost:
Now darkness bath obscured that light,
And I am left, in rayless night,
On Sorrow's lowering coast.
And art thou gone? I deemed thee some
Immortal essence,-thou art gone!-
I saw thee laid within the tomb,
And I am left to mourn alone :
Once to have loved, is to leave loved
Enough; and what with thee I proved,
Again I'll seek io none.
Earth in thy sight grew faëry land ;-
Life was Elysiam-thonght was Jove,-
When, long ago, hand clasped in hand,
We roamed through Autumn's twilight grove ;
Or watched the broad, uprising moon
Shed, as it were, a wizard noon,
The blasted heath above.
Farewell!-and must I say, farewell 2-
No-thou wilt ever be to me
A present thought; thy form shall dwell
In love's most holy sanctuary ;
Thy voice shall mingle with my dreams,
And haunt me, when the shot-star gleams
Above the rippling sea.
Never revives the past again;
Bat thon shalt be, in lonely honrs,
To me earth's heaven,--the aznre main,-
Soft music, -and the breath of flowers;
My heart shall gain from thee its hues;
And Memory give, though Truth refuse,
The bliss tbat once was ours !

an ass.




"Tts midnight deep; the fall, round moon,
As 'twere a spectre, walks the sky;
The balmy breath of gentlest June
Just stirs the stream that murmurs by :
Above me frowus the solemn wood;
Nature, methinks, seems Solitude
Embodied to the eye.
Yes, 'tis a season and a scene,
Inez, to think on thee: the day,
With stir and strife, may come between
Affection, and thy beauty's ray;
But feeling here assumes controul,
And mourns my desolated soul
That thou art rapt away!
Thou wert a rainbow to my sight,
The storms of life before thee fled;
The glory and the guiding light,
That onward cheered, and upward led;
From boyhood to this very hour,
For me, and only me, thy flower
Its fragrance seemed to shed.
Dark though the world for me might shew
Its sordid faith, and selfish gloom,
Yet, 'mid life's wilderness, to know
For me that sweet flower shed its bloom,
Was joy, was solace,-thou art gone-
And hope forsook me, when the stone
Sapk darkly o'er thy tomb.
And art thou dead? I dare not think
That thus the solemn truth can be;
And broken is the only link
That chained youth's pleasant thoughts to nie!
Alas ! Cliat Chou couldst know decay-
That, sighing, I should live to say,
• The cold grave boldeth thee!'

“ Sudden changes from comparative darkness to strong light, and vice verså, are highly improper : hence the eyes should be carefully guarded from the full effect of the morning sun on first awaking in sum. mer; and the custom of breakfasting in the lightest room in the house, as is generally practiced, is certainly weakening to the eyes, which ought to be accustomed by gentle transitions from one degree of light to another, till they can bear the effulgence of the sun's meridian splendour.

Rubbing the eyes on waking is a destructive habit which many people have contracted; for though healthy persons, whose sight is moderately used through the day, may not be sensible of receiving any injury from this custom; yet those whose occupations demand close application of their visual organs for any continued space of time, will soon be convinced by painful experience of the truth of this remark. Besides the daily injury thus done to the eyes, it sometimes also happens that hairs and other foreign matters are forced into them by their being violently rubbed, which may occasion inflammation, and are frequently very troublesome to dislodge. The inflamed and weak eyes of many persons are likewise in a great measure to be attributed primarily to this most imprudent habit. Should, however, the eyelids be so fixed that a difficulty in opening them is felt, let them be moistened with a little warm milk and water for a few minutes, which, in all cases where the organ is healthy, will be found to answer the purpose in a manner such as they can have no idea of, who have never tried this simple remedy.


The use of shades and bandages, on every trilling Consequently, however strong and good our sight affection of the eye, is an evil that cannot be too may be, it ought always to be moderately and carefully strongly reprobated; for the action of light and air used; and to make it plain, what I consider the sympbeing thus excluded, and the organ rigidly compressed, toms of its having been immoderately and carelessly ophthalmia, and even total blindness, is not infrequently used, I shall throw together a few remarks by which the consequence of what, being perhaps merely a slight each may judge for himself of the nature of his own flow of humour, or a little extravasated blood, would have subsided in a few days, if judiciously treated, or If, in order to perceive objects distinctly, we are even if left to itself.

compelled to place them nearer to the eye than we have Bathing the eyes occasionally during the day as been accustomed, i. e. if the focus of sight or point of well as on rising, is of much importance to their pre- view begins closer to the eye than usual. If one deservation: where the organ is healthy, cool spring sires, while employed or otherwise, to fix the eyes steadwater should be preferred; but where there is reason to fastly on some distant object, and they begin involuntsuspect any disease, people cannot be too careful, con- arily to emit aqueous humours. If during labour or sidering what a very delicate organ the eye is, in having occupation, a painful contraction through the entire professional advice before they adopt any remedial orbit of the eye be experienced, but which invariably means. When the roads are dusty and the weather disappears after a few minutes' rest, or shutting the windy, bathing the eyes is so pleasant, and felt to be so eyelids now and then. If the employment be pronecessary to comfort, that I need say nothing as to its tracted, or require close mental application added to salubrity, to induce its employment by those who have considerable visual tension, and the contraction just experienced the annoyance arising from dust in walking noticed is followed by heat in the eyelid's, heaviness, our streets in summer; but I have to remark, that care difficulty of opening them, &c. If in young persons must be taken to be perfectly cool before bathing the who are fair and sanguine, the borders of the eyelids eyes, because if the face be covered with perspiration, become red, or thicker than when in health, and the the application of cold water may be very dangerous. blood-vessels turgid. If, in fine, we perceive motes

It is essential to the preservation of the sight in any floating before the eyes (called muscæ volitantes), and degree of vigour, that the apartments in which the objects become so indistinct and ill defined as to oblige greatest portion of our time is spent, and in which are us to shut our eyes for a while;---then, in any of these carried on those occupations requiring a continued ex- cases, we may be certain that the sight has been over. ertion of our eyes, be in a light and cheerful situation; worked, and that relaxation is absolutely necessary to for whoever neglects this advice will assuredly sooner its recovery of a healthy tone. It is of the utmost or later feel the baneful effects of his temerity. Care consequence that these premonitory symptoms be careshould also be taken to avoid rooms whose windows fully attended to, otherwise the eyes are in danger of face whitewashed walls, which reflect the rays of the being materially weakened ever after. sun so powerfully as in a short time sensibly to weaken If however, these symptoms are neglected, others of the strongest sight, causing inflammations, and a train a more formidable character will not be long in making of other evils.

their appearance; the first of which will be, that ob. An excess of gilding, or indeed of any shining or jects will seem as if encircled by a faint cloud or mist, white articles, in rooms, ought to be carefully avoided. the extremities of it being tinged with every variety of Dress also, it cannot be doubted, exercises much in. colour: after which, objects will begin to dance before fluence on the visual organs; and many naturally good the eyes, which are suddenly enveloped in great obeyes have been permanently weakened by the appa- scurity, and the objects themselves, at times seemingly rently innocent custom of wearing a veil, the constant raised, at others lowered, not unfrequently topsy-turvy, shifting of which affects the sight so prejudicially, in look as if they were floating at random. Now, though its ceaseless endeavoure to adjust itself to the veil's even this stage can hardly be called an actual disorder, vibrations, that I have known not a few young ladies being rather perhaps a kind of oscillation, as it were, who have brought on great visual debility by this between disease and health, yet if still unattended to, means alone. Again, tight clothing is manifestly it may ultogether ruin the sight for the rest of life. hurtful to the sight; too copious a flow of humours A few simple remedies are, indeed, all that are being thereby induced to the head; for it needs not to required to restore the healthy functions of the organ be demonstrated, that the effective state of the eyes, in such cases; and these I shall briefly explain. like every other part of the body, depends on a free The first thing to be attended to, is a careful regula. circulation of blood, which cannot take place when the tion of the use of the eyes in regard to length of time, body is too straitly laced or buttoned.

as far as this is practicable: entire disuse of them A due portion of sleep is as essential to enable the suddenly would be almost as injurious as a continued eyes to perform their office comfortably and effectively, straining of them beyond their capabilities. They as a due portion of rest is to enable the limbs wearied should, therefore, be variously employed as much as with toil, or the mind with reasoning or other kind of this can be done, not applying them too long or too exertion, to resume with alacrity their wonted offices. intently to the same object, but relieving them by But sleep too long protracted, on the other hand, is change of scene and diversity of occupation. perhaps hardly less destructive of accurate and healthy Another means that will be found to be beneficial, vision than when taken too sparingly; for as in the one and to help the eyes where much relaxation cannot be case the organ is enfeebled by unremitting activity, obtained, consists in shutting them now and then while without a proper degree of repose, so in the other case at work, going into the air, looking out at an open the eye, from unfrequent or insufficient exercise, becomes window, especially if there be any trees or verdure torpid and dull, and if inaction be persisted in, is at within sight: this interval of rest, though only of a length unfitted for its functions,

few minutes' continuance, will be found greatly to re

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