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feet of dry land under the arches on the London, and none on the Surry lide, (where the shore projects more, and is much steeper and bolder than that at Blackfryars) which would have rendered so considerable a part of the water-way of the bridg", in this period of the tide, totally useless.

• In consequence of this position of the bridge, it became necessary to extend the north butment, and make it congderably longer than that on the Surry fide, notwithstanding the apparent defeat it occafioned in the symmetry of the whole.

But as the committee were not without hopes, that the many disadvantages attending the present form and course of the river, might fome tiine or other induce the legiNature to direct this part of it to be embanked, so as to range in a line with the north entrance of the new bridge, the north butment was so constructed, as that it might, at the expence of labour only, be made to coincide with the wished for improvement. This alteration, therefore, I moft earnestly recommend, as not only advantageous to the trade of London and Westminster, and to the navigation of the river, but greatly conducive to the health of those two populous cities. And since the land-owners will be considerably benefited by the extension of their property, and there is no fund provided for defraying the large and conitant expence of lighting, watching, and repairing the new bridge, it is proposed that the new acquired ground fhould for ever be subject to a reasonable and proportionable quit-rent, to be settled either by parliament, or, in the more usual way, by a jury, and appropriated to that use.

• The expence of embanking and filling up this part of the river, and of erecting new lavding places at Whitefryars, the Temple, and Effex ftairs, with proper causeways, privies, and guard piles, is estimated at 7,500 1. the providing of which is one of the obje&s of the following plan.'

We are not so conversant in city finances as to judge upon the expediency and practicability of the proposed plan, which is to be executed by certain surpluses of the orphans' fund, the particulars of which are not very interesting to the generality of our readers. We shall, however, in justice to the author, itate his observations on the nature and effects of his plan.

• First, It proposes noihing that can incommode the fate, as it calls for none of the immediate resources of government, but only for a continuation of taxes already existing, viz. of the 6.1. coal-duty from Michaelmas 1785, and of the other taxes from Lady-day 1803, fuppofing them to expire at that țime, by the total payment of the present orphans' debt,

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2dly, Poiterily will have little reason to complain of their being subjected to pay for 42 years and a quarter, what their predeceffors will have paid for 85 years, from 1700 to 1785, or to pay for 24 years and three quarters, what those predecef fors will have paid for 112 years, from 1691 to 1803; especially as they will be in the full poffeffion of the benefits resulting from the works in question, which the present generation will not all live to see completed.

< zdiy, These taxes, it is admitted, affect some of the neighhouring counties, but that in a very small proportion, for which they receive a full equivalent in the consumption of their pro. duce by the inhabitants of London and Westminster.

4thly, The city and citizens of London will, over and above their thare (in common with oihers) of the several taxes intended to be continued, contribute upwards of 479,824 1.

5thly, On the other hand, I am persuaded that neither the city or citizens of London will grudge the contributions proposed on their part, there being no reason to apprehend (considering the daily increase of rents) that they will not, after Lady-day, 1803, be able to afford those payments which they now spare without any apparent inconvenience; and they will at the same time with gratitude remember the assistance at different tiines received by them from the public, more especially in the year 1691.

6thly, The proprietors of the orphans debt certainly will not complain of any diminution of their security, or of the payment of their principal's being protracted; as the present tund, with the additions proposed, is more than sufficient to pay the interest both of the new and old debt'; and, as the government tour per cents are above par, they will conlider the delay in the payment of their principal as an advantage; and such it was underlood to be, in 1747, when the benefit of being last paid off was particularly reserved to the orphans.

7thly, As to the terms proposed for raifing the 126,000 l. I shall only observe, that 31. 105. od. per cent per annum is 3 Thillings more than the interest of the government three per cents purchared at 901. ; that the repayment of this debt being postponed till after all the rest, it is in fact made irredeemable for upwards of 60 years; that there is a great conveniency in having bonds allignable by delivery without the trouble or de Jay of a transfer; that the being at liberty to pay in the money by eight quarterly inftalments, is another great conveniency; and lastly, that the receiving interest on the money thus paid 'in, as if it had all been paid in at once, constitutes an addici onal premium of upivards of 3 per cent.'

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We cannot conclude without observing, that this patriotic.. projector fupposes the works carried on by the city of Westmin": Iter, which coft the public 500,000l, and those executed by the city of London, to be equally national, because they are equally local. We are afraid that the true sons of Westminster and Middlesex will dispute that principle. Westminster is not properly a city. It bas neither the exclusive privileges nor re. venues belonging to London, or indeed any other city in the kingdom ; and every one knows that its court of burgesses have no anthority in matters of property, and but very little in the affairs of the police ; so that, in fact, excepting the privilege of returning two members to parliament, Westminfter can be looked upon scarcely in any other light than part of the county of Middlesex,

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25. Political Speculations ; or, An Attempt to discover the Causes of the Dearness of Provisions, and High Price of Labour, in Eng, land: With some Hints for remedying those Evils. Part the Sei cond. 8vo. Pr. is. Almon,

We have already * given our opinion of the first part of these Speculations. In the pamphlet before us the author proves himself no friend to the public funds, as appears from the following deduction of evils which he thinks spring from them.

. First, That they diminish the number of working people, and add to the number of idlers. • 2dly, That they obftru& private credit.

3dly, That they raise the price of labour, and consequently of provision and common necessaries.

" 4thly, And that they prevent the extension of trade and manufactures.'

Notwithstanding the paradoxical air which these propositions carry with them, their discuflion merits the attention of the public. The author seems to think, that a qualification in land should be required of all the future members of both houses, before they can fit in parliament; and that every member should have a landed property in America and Ireland as well as Eng:land. • If (concludes he) such a law was established, the jealous restraints on provincial trade would cease to be necessary; the gains of America would be understood, without a doubt, to be the gains of Great-Britain; for it would be no longer the interest of the man who had an estate in Middlesex, to prevent the product of his other estate, in Virginia, from coming directly to the best market and at the least charge: nor should

* See yol. xxii. p. 461,

we be under the Athanasan neceflity of declaring by repeated laws, that we were positively one and the same people, and in one intereft; and at the faine time several different people, and in several oppofite interests. 26. A Letter to a Member of Parliament, on the Present Di Ariffes of

the Poor ; the Real Causes of those Distreses, and the moft probable Means of removing them. 8vo. Pr. 6d. Horsfield. This writer is a strenuous advocate for bounties upon corn, which (he says) has rendered the business of agriculture fo general through the kingdom, and induced a variety of farmers to occupy large tracts of country in tillage, which must otherwise have been appropriaied to widely different purposes.' He thinks that great part of the scarcity so much complained of may be ascribed to the luxury, idleness, and dissipation of the Hower ranks of people ; and that nothing can redress, the national grievances so effectually as the lessening the actual burthen of public taxes. As great part of his reasoning is founded on matter of fact, we heartily recommend the perusal of his letter to those who are able to contribute to the removal of the grievances he points out. 27. Every-Body's Bufiness is No-Body's Business ; or, Private Abuses,

Public Grievances. Exemplified in the Pride, Infolence, and exorbitant W'ages of cur Women-Servants, &c. With a Proposal for Amendment of the fame : As also, for clearing the Streets of those Vermin calied Shoe-Cleariers, and fubftituting in their fead many Thousands of industrious Poor now ready to farve. With divers other Hints, of great Uje to the Public. Humbly submitted to the Confideration of cur Legislature, and the careful Perusalof all Masters and Mistresës of Families. By A, M. Eja; 8vo. Pr. 6d. Ford,

This zealous author very justly particularizes the grievances specified in his title-page, especially with respect to womenservants, whom he would have to be drest in a kind of livery, as our footmen; or obliged to go in a dress suitable to their station. • What should ail them but a jacket and petticoat of good yard-wide stuff, or callimanco, might keep them decent and warm?' These hints are sufficient, in the present state of things, to justify our advising the author to beware of the fate of Orpheus.

From maid-servants the writer proceeds to footmen, and other public nusances. He would have shoe-cleaners licensed by justices of the peace, and all the porters in the city and liberties of Westminster put under the fame regulations with the ticket porters of London. We cannot pretend to say how far the regulations he proposes are practicable.

28. Durch

28. Datch Modesly expofid 10 English View; or, a fericus Anfruer to

a Pamphlet, entitled, A foort and modest Reply to a Book, entitled, The Dutch displayed. In Vindication of the latter Treatise, from the Objections thereto made by the Dutch. 8vo. Pr. 6d. Williains.

We foresaw the publication of this pamphlet, which is written in the very spirit we * predicted. It contains a recapitulation of the controversy between the executors of Mr. Clifford and the Dutch government; and we think the author has acquitted himself with dexterity.

29. A Candid Enquiry into the Causes and Motives of the Late Riots

in the Province of Munster in Ireland ; by the People called While-Boys or Levellers. With an Appendix, containing other Papers on the fame Subject. In a Letter to a Noble Lord in Eng. land, 8vo. Par. 15. 6d. Flexney.

This is an attempt to prove from news-papers, examinations, declarations, and other evidences, the innocence of certain unhappy persons who suffered capitally for the late riots in Ire. land. The charges brought against the evidences for the persecutions are of too momentous, and at the same time too delicate a nature, for us to pronounce any decision concerning them at this distance of time and place. We hope, however, for the honour of the protestant part of that country, that they can be disproved.

30. The Sea: a Conference between Aristus and Eugenius. Trans

lated from the French of Monsieur Bouhours. By Thomas Podmore. To which are added, Letters from the Translator to a goung Lady, who be had begun io reach French. 8vo. Price Is. Baldwin,

This conference was written by monsieur Bouholırs above eighty years ago, and contains some things which are fanciful, others that are false, (particularly with regard to fyrens and dolphins,) and nothing which has not been more truly and philosophically explained by later writers.

The remainder of the pamphlet is taken up with a repetition of the arguments urged in a book printed at Paris ninetyeight years since, entitled, Avaniage de Lasque François fur la Langue Latin. Par Monsieur le Laboureur: which is said to contain dissertations by two very eminent men, monsieur le Laboureur, and monsieur de Scluse. The latter, it seems, thought the French language not quite so copious, so expresive, or for

See yol. xxii. p. 396.

energetic,

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