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spoke to them of the innumerable calamities and crimes th a were dispersed over this excellent world. The boldest of th two, who was a German, and my countryman, told me, tha all this was a mere trifle.
• Heaven was peculiarly propitious to man, when Tarquin violated Lucretia, and the stabbed herself, because the tyrants were thereupon driver out, and rapes, suicides, and war laid the foundation of a republic which conferred happiness upon those they vanquished. I had some difficulty in agreeing to this happiness, I did not immediately conceive the felicity of the Gauls and Spaniards, of whom it is said, Cæsar put three millions to the sword. Devastation and rapine appeared to me things somewhat disagreeable ; but the defender of optimisin did not quit his hold ; he perfevered in telling me, like Don Carlos's jailer, “ Peace, peace, it is for your good.” Having, however, at length, run him pretty hard, he said, that we should not confider this mere globule, where every thing is jarring; but that in the ftar Sirius, in Orion, the Ox's-Eye, and elsewhere, every thing is perfect. Let us, then, go thither, said I.
• A little theologist then took me by the arm; he told me, in confidence, that those folks were very dreamers ; that it was not in the least necessary that there should be any evil upon barth ; that it was expressly formed that there never should be any thing but good ; and in order to prove this, you must know that things went on in this manner formerly for ten or twelve days. Alas! I replied to him, it is a great pity, reverend father, that things did not continue so.'
This certainly is Voltaire's farcastic ftrain, at leaft, well imitated; and the sceptical doubts, which are very numerous in this production, are no less tindured with this author's stile and manner.
What this writer says in favour of toleration in religious matters, must certainly be agreeable to every good Christian, not infected with the rage of fanaticism, superstition, or bigotry. The religious mummeries and ridiculous ceremonies still preserved in many Romish countries, he very juftly ridicules. Amongst others the annual proceffion at Touloufe, during the fecular games, is so pi&uresque, that we think it will convey a very strong idea of this enthusiastic folly to the reader.
. At first, the coblers, in ceremonial habits, carry the head of the firft bishop of Toulouse, and prince of Peloponnefus, who incontestably held the fee of Toulouse before the death of Jesus Christ. Then come the tylers, loaden with the bones of all the children that Herod put to death one thousand fix hundred and fixty-six years ago; and though these children were
buried at Ephesus, like tħe eleven thoufand virgins at Cologn, as all the world can testify, they are nevertheless interred at Toulouse,
• The dealers in old cloaths display a bit of the virgin's gown, which they take great care of, and which they purchased of a female Jew-dealer at the fair of Beaumaire.
· The relics of St. Peter and St. Paul are carried by the fraternity of taylors. These probably were the dresses made for them by the habit-maker Dorcas ; for as to their bodies, it is certain they are at Rome with their keys.
• Thirty dead bodies next pass in review. If these mum meries only were considered, they would be ridiculous and disgusting. Piety deceived is nevertheless piety. The foolish people may, at all events, fulfil their duty (especially when the Police is exact) though they carry in proceflion the bones of four thousand children put to death by the wise command of Herod in Bethlehem. But so many dead bodies, which upon this occasion serve only to create a remembrance of four hundred citizens who were put to death in 1562, can make but a very shocking impression upon the minds of the living. Add to this the black and white penitents, who march in this procession, with a cloth mask over their faces, resembling ghofts, and greatly increase the horror of this doleful festival. The people retire with their heads full of phantoms, their hearts seized with the spirit of fanaticism, and filled with gall against their brethren, who are insulted by this procession. In this manner, people formerly came from the Chamber of Meditations amongst the Jesuits : the imagination is inflamed at these objects, and the foul becomes atrocious and implacable.'
As to the merit of the translator, we think he has entered into the spirit and true manner of his author ; though there are some few errors which we are willing to impute to the press.
V. The History of the Rise and Progress of the Charitable Founda
tions at Church-Langton : Together with the Different Deeds of Truft of that Establishment. By the Rev. Mr. Hanbury. 8vo. Pr. 65. Dodsley.
ENEROUS disinterested charity is so uncommon, that
cies of insanity. Mr. Hanbury's charity, the subject of the present performance, was originally of a very parricular construction ; because, though it tended to make the receiver rich, it was not to make the donor poor; and was designed to
answer all the ends of benevolence, without any of the inconveniences attending, what we may call, mad good-nature. Mr. Hanbury, when only twenty-six years of age, in 1751, followed the natural bent of his inclination in forming what seems to be a most amazing seminary of good works; for he planted an incredible number of trees of different sorts, and persevered under the moft discouraging circumstances, in completing his plan upon the following very charitable proposals :
1. That the gentlemen who will favour me with being trustees, meet at Church-Langton the 26th day of September, 1759, and continue this meeting annually.
* II. That a sale be published in all the public papers, and a catalogue printed of all the various trees, shrubs, and plants, to be disposed of, with the prices annexed.
• III. That if the money arising from the fale amounts to 1.500l. the interest of that sum shall be annually employed in decorating the church of Langton, by building an organ, and doing other things which may make it proper for the reception of so honourable a fociety : a sketch of the intended decorations will be presented to each trustee for his inspection.—And as the interest of that sum will not only maintain an organist, but a schoolmaster; let a school be built at Langton, under such regulations as will be presented to the society, and such others as they shall think expedient.
• IV. That if the 26th of September happens to be Saturday or Sunday, the trustees meet on the Monday or Tuesday following; that they keep up the number of trustees, which number I desire may be twenty-four ; and which society I wisi may be continued in that number to the end of the world, Twenty-three of those trustees to be gentlemen of probity and worth, and the rector of Church-Langton to be the twentyfourth, as a co operator with them, and a member of the son ciety.--At this grand meeting let every thing be enquired into, whether their officers have done their duty ; if not, to be reproved or turned out by the society.—Let a decent, not extra. vagant, dinner be provided for the trustees, and a fermon preached by some minister whom they shall appoint, either in praise of church-music, the duty of decorating religious houses, charity in general, or the wonders of the creation.
• V. That on the day of their meeting, not only a sermon be preached, but, that God in all things may be glorified, Handel's or Puscel's Te Deum be performed.—This will give spirit to the congregation, and excite an holy emulation in all Christian duties; since there is no sort of devotion which tends more towards depressing the man, and elevating the Christian, no kind of worship so forcible to provoke unto love and unte
good works. Let, therefore, a collection be made at the church-door, as at the feast for the Sons of the Clergy. This will be a foundation for the said charity, and all well-disposed persons may have an opportunity of fhewing their readiness to favour the design.
• VI. That, as we have the greatest reason to believe the charity will amount to more than 1500 l. if it should arise to 4000 l, then an hospital be founded at Church-Langton, for the maintenance of poor people, and relief of the really diftreffed.
• VII. That, when the charity amounts to 10,000!, which by accumulating unexpended interest, and an annual sale of trees, it may rationally be supposed to do, the society found schools in other parishes, where they are wanted, decorate churches where they fee occasion, and purchase advowsons of livings, to be in the gift of the society; by which means they will be further enabled to give encouragement to virtue, by pre.enting unprovided for clergymen of uprightness and integrity, men that are true to every just and honest cause ; in Alort, such men as act up to every principle of Christian obedience.
• VIII. That, as I have been at a considerable expence, when the charity gets beyond 2000 l. I shall be reimbursed my principal, or part of it at least, out of the principal of the charity.-I don't desire to load the charity with my expences, until it is strong enough to bear it ; nor do I desire the least fee or reward for my trouble, except the pleasure which will naturally result to me from being connected with gentlemen of worth and integrity, in a scheme for the public good, and the reflection that even my private innocent amusements have that laudable end in view.
* IX. That two of the trustees be annually chosen treasurers for this charity, to continue in, or quit that office at the end of the year, at their own pleasure, or the request of the society.
! X. That when the principal of the charity amounts to 2500 h. a secretary be appointed, whose business shall be to receive and execute all orders, for such will be passing and repassing at all times of the year, as well as at the meetings; to keep all accounts, receive money, and pay it immediately in to one of the treasurers; go all requisite journies; and, in short, be always in the way, and ever at the command of the society.--And, that this person may be less expensive to the society, I propose, that he may be a clergyman, perhaps a peighbouring curate ; and that the society may raise his curacy to 60 l. or upwards, per ann. so as to make a decent provifion for himself, and, which will be requisite in this case, his
E e 3
horse. That if he be deficient in any one branch of his duty, he shall immediately be discharged ;--and I humbly request the society, that; as he muft neceffarily pafs so much of his time with me, I have the nomination of him. I will take care to choose one whose character and abilities will stand the test of the stricteft examination.'
It may, perhaps, be unnecessary to inform the reader, that this charitable inftitution, simple and natural as it appears upon paper, was attended with considerable expence and trouble, through the many disappointments Mr. Hanbury met with in the execution of his generous project, which at last proved successful.
VI. Clio : or, a Discourse on Tafte. Addressed to a young Lady
Small 8vo. Pr. Is. 6d. Davies...
rally a passion to exercise their talents on the subject of TASTE ; and, we are sorry to say, it is commonly with no better success than just to prove theinfelves destitute of what they take so much pains to describe.
The antients knew of no such term. Horace speaks of the mens divinior atque os, magna fonaturum ; and gives us several noble indications that he pofseffed true ideas of the sublime and beautiful, as do many of the inost celebrated writers of antiquity'; but we remember no encomiums they pass upon tafle, which of all the human senses is the most variable, and sometimes the most groveling and unnatural. The term was first catched by the modern French from the Italians; from them it was transplanted into England, where it has been cultivated with fo much füccefs, that it has made more fops in literature than perhaps any other word in the English language. It has been applied even to genius as well as to poetry, to Shakespear and Milton as well as to Rowe and Addison, without making any distinction between writings which are felt, and those that are relished. • The publication before us is får from being the worst of the kind we have feen. It contains all the common-place reflections on its subject; and consequently the reader inufte expect that Rollin and other French writers, who never aspire to the conception of any thing above mere poetry, the works of a Corneille or a Racine, are leading authorities in this discourse. The writer endeavours to prove there is such a thing as a standard of taste