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means of this medicated vapour, were entirely preserved from putrefaction; and having informed the reader where the me: dicine, which is called Balsamic Elber, may be had, he concludes his pamphlet, with a few general rules for judging, a priori, of medicines that are exposed to sale.
We have been rather more particular than usual in our ac: count of this pamphlet, because, in point of style and reasoning, it is much fuperior to the generality of performances of this nature ; and though we are, upon the whole, no friends to quack inedicines, yet we must, in this case, allow, that the Doctor's hypothesis is not irrational.
17. An Essay on the Bite of a Mad Dog. 8vo. Pr. Is, Flexney. · Every attempt to remedy fo dreadful an evil, if it bear the least shadow of probability, merits attention. The author of this Essay proposes to extract the poison from the wound, as immediately as possible, by means of glasses, provided with a pump and valves, and of various shapes, so as to be convenie ently applied to the surface of any part or member of the body that may be bitten ; and when there is occasion for them to put warm water into the glass, and apply it to the wound , taking care that the water be in contact with, and of sufficient quantity to cover it ; ' Then, says he, draw out the air and continue the suction, by the exhausted glass, till the water is saturated with the blood or juices that issue from it. This done, it will be proper to remove the glass, and wash the wound with warm water and a sponge.' This operation is to be repeated, 'till there is reason to think the wound is cleansed: from all infectious matter.' First, we must observe, that the author is not fufficiently explicit in the description of his instrument; and, secondly, we must take notice of the great impropriety of his directions for continuing the operation : · Continue the fuction, says he, till the water is saturated with the blood or juices.' He must be a very young, or very ignorant. ftudent of medicine, not to know that there is no point of faTuration in the mixture of blood, or animal juices, with water.
18. A Letter to his Grace the Duke of Grafton, forft Commissioner of
bis Majesty's Treasury. The fixth Edition. 8vo. Pr. 15. Almon, .To be severe upon this letter, which is dictated by indignation, and extorted by misfortune, "might perhaps be deemed inhuman. Whatever its author's friends may pretend, we cannot, however, forbear saying, that it contains little more matter than what appeared in former publications by himself or his party; That his sufferings have brought him into gross incon
listencies with regard to the character of a commoner who is now ennobled, and who he says was once his friend, must be admitted by the most partial of his admirers ; and that his real friends may advise him to more prudent and effectual me. thods for his pardon than the present publication, is the sincere with of the Critical Reviewers,
19, A Soventh Letter to the People of England. A Defence of the
Prerogative Royal, as it was exerted in his Majesty's Proclamation for the prohibiting the Exportation of Corn. In which it is proved that this Authority ever has been, is, and must be effential to the Conftitution, and inseparable from the Rights and Liberties of the Subject. 8vo. Pr. 25. Almon,
To this letter is prefixed an emblematical frontispiece, which has created no little altercation among critics. It consists of three large sticks; one surmounted with an imperial crown, the second with a coronet and mitre, and the third resembling a mace. They are united in a triangular form, and from the point of contact depends a pair of scales. - Some connoisseurs fuppofe that the Doctor has catched the idea of this emblem from the weighing machines at the turnpikes, and others from the difpofition of the halberds in the Parade, when poor culprits are to be whipt there : this last opinion indeed is (trengthened by the motto affixed, Republica ; that is, the flogging muft be public.
The author, like a hardy veteran, rushes at once into his fubjeét. "The law (says he) which, in this feffion of parliament, has been enacted to indeinnify those ministerswho advised his majefty to prohibit the exportation of corn, and those officers who exerted the dictates of that benign interpofition, seems mott evidently to express that this exertion of authority was confidered as unconftitutional. Otherwise, it may be difficult to align a reason adequate to the passing that exculpating ftatute.
. Notwithstanding this law was voted with almoft unanimous confent ; and the generality of the nation appears. to be pere. fuaded of the expediency of its being instituted ; to my apprehenfion it is manifeft, that the prerogative of the crown, exercised as it was on this occasion, has been, is, and ever must be essential to the constitution, and inseparable from the rights and liberties of the people. And thould the privy-council, through the influence of this act, be intimidated, in future times, from the exercising it in a like manner, I ain convinced that the whole community must inevitably suffer by this defal.. cation of authority froin the king.'
He then proceeds, like all other authors time immemorially, to purge himself of all prepossessions, partial affections, and the like warpings, either of principle or intereft. Happily for him, in the bulk of his pamphlet, a review of the history of the tyrannical reigns and times lends its assistance to eke out his publication to a very comfortable length. How far the present ministers, whom he most earnestly vindicates, may think themselves obliged to his justifying their conduct upon anti-revolutional principles, we shall not pretend to determine : we acknowledge, however, upon the whole, that we nearly espouse this author's sentiments ; though we think he is mistaken in the plan he has laid down. As to the indemnifying law which he has attacked, we consider it in no other light than the sentence of a court-martial, who sits on a captain of one of his majesty's ships, which may happen to be wrecked. Though every one of the members should be convinced in his own breast, that the commander has acted like an officer of ability and experience, and perhaps that the lives of the men have been saved by his care and skill ; yet there is a necessity, however irreprehensible his conduct may be, for his being acquitted by the sentence of the court.
20. Dr. Williamson's Narrative of the extraordinary Case of a late
great Commoner. In a Letter to the President of the College of Pbysicians. Folio. Pr. 60. Almon.
This is an impotent attempt to insult the bodily infirmities of a most respectable personage. It is in one or two passages carried on with some degree of humour, but the author's inteation is detestable.
21. Two Papers, on the Subje& of taxing the British Colonies in
America. 8vo. Pr. 6d. Almon. As thefe Papers were printed fome years ago, we might be excused from reviewing them, was not the republication of them at this time particularly feasonable.' Their intention is to shew, that the taxing of the Americans, and the introducing a stampduty into that country, is a project of a more early date than his prefent majesty's reign.
22. The absolute Neceflity of laying open the Trade to the East Indies.
8vo, Pr. Is. 6d. Williains. This pamphlet, which is written with a very dictatorial air, makes free with many respectable persons; and, if we mistake not, the writer very often quotes himself as an authority, to induce the legislature to follow his dictates. Lest the public
hould want money while the trade is laying open, our author generously engages to supply it with fifty-two thousand five hundred pounds a year, by a tax upon servants. He proposes a fecond upon horses, and a third upon houses; but he bewails the little attention paid by the government to his labours for the general good.
As the subject of this pamphlet is now under the confideration of the higher powers, we must declare, as we did on former occasions of the same nature, that we think it would be indecent in us to intrude ourselves into the controversy, by giving any opinion upon the subject,
23. Hifforical Memoirs of his late Royal Highness William-Augustus,
Duke of Cumberland. Including the military and political History of Great Britain, during that Period. 8vo.
Waller. We know no more of the duke of Cumberland's character from this compilation, than what the most indolent reader may pick up from gazettes, news-papers, journals, and my own history, as the author affects to call some of his former performances upon the fame subject, and written in the same manner. He takes his royal highness up when he was pretty full grown, without teaching him to read, write, or say his prayers, and without taking the least care of his education; but by a very coinical contrivance, after his royal highnefs is dead, we have an account of his birth, &c, in a short note at the end of the work.
If any thing can recommend this heavy infipid performance, it consists of a few ftri&ures concerning the battle of Fontenoy, and some other incidents of the war, for which the compiler quotes the earl of Crawford's name. We are not however certain, nor indeed does the fact merit an enquiry, whether they have not been already published in his lordship's Life, which was wrote by the same elegant pen. .Left our readers should imagine we do this writer injustice as an historian, we shall quote the following very remarkable anecdote, vulgarly called a plumper, which the author has inserted in one of his notes. After he has mentioned the duke of Graminont's death at the battle of Fontenoy, · Voltaire (says he) may be right: but the duke de Grammont's death happened in a singular manner : he was mounted on a fine white horse, at which some of the English matrosses fired several shot, for a small wager, to see who could bring him down; as they judged the rider to be an officer of rank. The shot that took place was fired off by one Baker, who told me the fact, for which he was rewarded with a pension of eighteen pounds a year.'
The ridiculous vanity of all smatterers in poetry is conspicuous in this author, for he is perpetually quoting in his notes verses
from Pope's Homer, Milton, Shakespear, and other poets. As to the fidelity, of his general narrative (though he is often miltaken in particular circumstances) we have nothing to object to it; and indeed, when we consider the lights he followed, it was not in his power, had he been so inclined, to have gone astray.
24. Letters on the Importance of the rising Generation of the labouring
Part of our Fellow. Subjects. By Jonas Hanway, Ef; In two Vols. 8vo. Pr. 7s. Cadell.
The benevolence and philanthropy of this author is fufficiently expressed in his title-page. The letters which form the bulk of this publication have already made their appearance in a daily-paper; and therefore any quotation from them must be deemed inconsistent with our design.
25. Letters on the British Museum, &c. 8vo. Pr. 25. Dodfley.
These letters contain a very night, and not very accurate account of some of the curiosities in the British Museum. One could scarcely expect, in so short a compilement, to find a whole chapter employed in a differtation on the life and character of Cleopatra, queen of Egypt, because under the piazzas of the Museum stand two pieces of marble which belonged to her Mausoleum. The substance of what we find concerning the mummies in this collection, is, we believe, to be found in other publications. No mention is made of the noble donor of the celebrated head of Homer, which he purchased from Dr. Mead's collection, and which is thought, from the lique, faction of the metal about the neck, to be the head of the sta. tue mentioned by Cedrenus to have been consumed in a con. flagration at Conftantinople.
This little pamphlet may, however, serve as a Vade Mecum to a reader who is not too critically curious in visiting that immense repository.
26. An Address to the Ladies, Merving now hazardous Matrimony is
found to enter upon at this Time. Humbly submitted to their most serious Attention, Dedicated to Old Father Time. By a Young Batchelor. 8vo. Pr. 6d. Wilkie.
The author of this Address pretends, that in the present age, it is hazardous for young batchelors to engage in matrimony, on account of the great attention which the ladies pay to dress, and the amusements of the town.
On these topics he gives his advice : but his stile and sentiments are so flimsy and inelegant, that we cannot suppose any lady of taste will bestow a moment's attention on his performance,