Imatges de pàgina

to go to Charenton, that are not of the Balliage of Paris. This I suppose is laid as a ground-work to demolish Charenton, whenever they please. Some families of Rochelle being come hither, there is an edict to oblige them to return, and they talk of pro. hibiting all trading to the Protestants, that they may fix them to their habitations.

I doubt my stay here will be so fort, that I shall not be able to send you any virtuofo communications. We have delácate sunshine, which will hasten me to Bourbon in about three days. I have no more to write, only that you will let me hear from you soon, and to assure you, with much fincerity, that

• I am yours, &c. WILLIAM AGLIONBY,'

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. When I left Paris, it was with a resolution to go to Bourbon, taking Fontainbleau in my way; but when I came to Melun, the king's journey to Chambort had so swept all that country of horses and coaches, nay, even the very affes, that I was forced to stay there two days, before I could get any sort of beast to carry me to Fontainbleau. Being thus deprived of a conveniency, and unwilling to return to Paris, I ftruck into the Lyons road, and, with much ado, and all the inconveniencies that can be, except foul weather, I am at last got hither, where I have found no letters from you, nor any of my English friends, which I impute to your thinking me still at Bourbon.

• France is quite spoiled in all senses. Travelling is made a thing almost impracticable ; for all public conveniencies being monopolized, they use you as they please ; and, whether by Jand or water, so overload themselves, that to perform their stage, the passengers are well off to get four hours fleep allowed them in the twenty-four. You have no attendance in the inns; 'in short, I think it would deter any one from travelling these roads again. I am sure it will me; and there is no poffibility of going any other way than by these public conveyances.. With much perfuafion I prevailed for two horses and a man to go with ine from Melun to Auxerre, to recover the Lyons road. It is but two days journey, and it cost me fifty fillings, and poor stumbling cattle too. When you complain of this, they bid you ride poft, for it is for that purpose they make travelling fo inconvenient. I am not forry to see it, for I think it will ruin commerce, which they seem now to neglect entirely, being refolved to exterininate all the Hugonots or compel them to turn Roman Catholics. This country is full of soldiers going to Vivarais and the Sevennas, to quarter upon the Reformed, 'till they have converted them, or eat them up. Tomorrow will


be the demolition of the temple here, which has been spared all this while in favour of trade. The archbishop himself, who is governor of the town, has remonstrated at court, that it will be the ruin of the trade here, and confequently of the place itself, but in vain : and accordingly numbers of their workmen in filk beg in the streets, for want of einployment; several Hugonot families having carried their best manufa&urers with them to Germany and other places, where they have withdrawn themselves. Geneva in particular is so full, that there is not a loft or garret un-let. The whole industry of the government is employed to hinder their removing, and they have condemned seven chief burghers of Rochelle to the gallies, for attempting it. The king has caused the governors in all places to declare to the Hugonots, that he is resolved to have but one religion in his kingdom, and that by Easter next he will have all his subjects under one communion. The reason of this great precipitation (as some guess) is the rumour of a league between the Protestant princes in Germany, who design to intercede for their brethren here : but before that time, in all probability, there will be none left in France.

• I have been to seek out Mr. Spor, but the noise of the dragoons who arrived here yesterday has frighted him out of town, being a Protestant, and I cannot fo much as hear where he is. From thence I went to see the famous Discus, or buckler of silver, where the action of Scipio Africanus giving the Spanish lady to her lover, is so well reprefented. It is a noble thing, and worthy the closet of a prince. Inclosed I send you a cut of it: the master of this rarity having presented me with feveral of them. You will give me leave to end here, and without any ceremony, believe me to be, • Affectionately yours,


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The following letier, which is the twenty-seventh in the collection, is of a very uncommon nature.

From ABRAHAM Hill, Esq; to John Brook, Esq;

London, Feb, 24, 1662.

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"I ought to receive it as a particular favour, that you choose to direct your desires and correspondence to me, when all of our society will readily acknowledge their obligations to ferve you, and I must confess myself the most unfit person to do it effectually.--Your acceptance of what accounts I can give you, will

satisfaction, and your returns shall be welcome as a favour to me, and the friends to whom I communicate them. I do not well remember the time when you were here, and served


be my

yourself by your own observations of the proceedings at Gresham College; but the latest entertainment has been from Sir William Petty, who (excuse his flow proceedings by the trouble he and other English are in to defend the title of their lands) has done this. Upon two hollow and large cylinders, he lays a kind of itage or float, and fits thereto fails, shrowds, head, and butt, all different from the cominon. With this veffel he has made divers trials against the best vessel at Dublin, and fails two foot for their one, and makes more advantage of cross winds, than is done in the usual way. His vefsel draws so little water, that harbours will be rendered useless ; it can scarce be funk hy storm or enemies, and they cost but half what ships of the like burthen ordinarily come to. This, his first essay, is on a vessel twenty-five feet long; but he intends Tortly to make one much larger, to be freighted for England.

• We have lately held a correspondence with one Mr. Beale, a minister in the West, who has greatly propagated the plantation of red-ftreak, a sort of apple, which is found to make the best cyder, especially for long keeping. The plant is very hardy, and grows quick; and the fruit so four, that the very hogs will not eat it ; consequently there is no danger of their being stolen. Some of these plants are fent for up, to be diftributed hereabouts, and some expect the plantation will become general, and of great advantage hereabouts, as well as in Herefordshire.

• Not far from Salisbury there are strange noises heard, and have been for 'many months, whereof many hundreds are witneffes. At firft it was a drum beat of its own accord, and that being cut in pieces and burnt, that noise still continued, and there have been others since almost incredible. Dr. Wilkins has fome thoughts of going thither, to examine all the circumstances of it, for the story is extraordinary. Somewhat of this nature we are promised from York assizes ; and if any thing has happened since the person suspected for the murder at Dryfield was committed to prison, pray let us know; but to that time we have had a particular account, and it is said here, the spirit promised to appear at the trial, if other testimony were wanting

At the society, our most frequent experiments 'are on the air and frosts; but, as you know they are usual, and not easily to be reported, but by the copies of the papers given in by the curators, if you desire any of them, I will take care you shall have them, or any thing you approve of. I remain, Sir,

• Yours, &c. ABRAHAM HILL.


The remaining part of this curious collection is equally entertaining and instructiue ; but we cannot close our review of it without inserting the following letter, which is from an illurtrious ornament of mathematics and natural philofophy, who lived in or near our own times.

Pagbam, June 22, 1691. « Hon. SIR,

I got down hither this morning by times, and went on board, in order to have gone down and set our people to work ; but it was captain Chanterell's advice, that our five-inch hawser, which had scarce been five times used to the capstan, was so far worn, being exceedingly burnt with overtanning, that he thought it unsafe, and therefore desired he might have a new one somewhat larger, of about thirty fathoms; the casks likewise prove not so well as expected. Is is the opinion of all who have seen our ropes, that they are the most tarred of any they ever saw, and I am willing to believe it is done for the advantage of the inaker, rather than out of any design to baffle and defeat our business. We shall with all diligence prosecute the affair ; and I hope now; in a short time, to give you a good account of your ship. This business requiring my affiftance, when an affair of a great consequence to myself calls me to London, viz. looking after the astronomy professor's place in Oxford, I humbly beg of you to intercede for me with the archbishop Dr. Tillotson, to defer the election for some short time, ’till I have done here, if it be but for a fortnight: but it must be done with expedition, lest it be too late to speak. This time will give me an opportunity to clear myself in another matter, there being a caveat entered against me, till I can fhew that I am not guilty of asserting the eternity of the world. I hope you will excuse this trouble, as it will be of so great service to

• Your most obliged, &c.


We recommend to all publishers of posthumous writings the example of this judicious colletion, in which the editor has admitted nothing that can betray any of those little weaknesses to which the greatest genius is at times liable. The publication before us places the reader at a convivial entertainment, where the most ingenious naturalists and philosophers of the age deliver their sentiments in literature, and sometimes in politics, with that agreeable ease and candour which improves instruction and endears society.

X. Critical



X. Critical Reflections on the Character and Actions of Alexander the

Great. Written originally in Italian, by his Serene Highness Frederic Auguftus, Prince of Brunswic. 8vo.

Pr. 25. 6d. Becket and De Hondt. Vein of the greatest humanity, as well as the foundest

fense, runs through these reflections. The original intention of their serene author very possibly was to instruct the princes of his own family ; to arm them against those excesses into which pride and presumption are apt to carry the bravest and the most generous of mankind ; to point out the danger of being intoxicated by power, and the meanness of being governed by paffion. It was certainly commendable in this prince to fuffer his observations to be published for the common good of mankind ; though we cannot see that they are always applicable to the conduct of coinmon life.

His Highness fays, that Alexander's sentiment, in bewailing his lot that nothing would remain for him to conquer, if his father's victories should continue, deserves at once our commen dation and our censure. • It was, says he, very commendable in Alexander, when he had scarcely outgrown his infancy, to be so defirous of distinguishing himself from his cotemporary princes, who used to pass away their days in luxury and effeminate softness, after the example of the kings of Perfia.

• But was it not likewise a great mistake to imagine, that the only method for a king to distinguish himself, is to extirpate a part of the human species, to make thousands miserable, and to shed the innocent blcod of whole nations ? With what abundant reason inight the race of men bewail their fate, if all those who are placed upon the throne should think in the same manner ! The whole world would presently be depopulated! A sovereign who hath the flendereft feelings of humanity will al. ways regard war as a misfortune. He may render himself re. spectable, and acquire a sufficient share of glory by governing his subjects with discretion and equity, and conforming his actions to the laws of nature and reason. It is only when a war is unavoidable, that he should think it glorious to distinguish himself by military atchievements. In that case he doth nothing but obey the dictates of his duty.'

With all due deference to his Serene Highness, we think his own words exclude all kind of merit from the impious regret of Alexander, which contains no sentiment but that of brutality or inexperience. He either thought it a fine thing to cut throats, or to see raree-lhews of reviews, battles, and triumphs.The truth is, he seems to have had a passion for both. As to the indolence charged upon the kings of Persia, and opposed to


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