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bert Smith, surgeon, that the captain, without incurring the imminent hazard of his life, could not repair to quarters when he was ordered by the secretary of the admiralty's letter of the 30th of November, 1763. Other gentlemen of unquestionable reputation concurred in this evidence, and bore testimony to the captain's character as an officer and a gentleman. , Letters to the same effect were likewise read from the following gentlemen, with whose names and eminent services the public is well acquainted : colonel Robert Melvill, governor of the Granadoes; Thomas Hanway, Esq; commissioner of the navy ; John Montagu, Lockhart Ross, and Charles Middleton, captains of the navy.
The result was, that the captain was acquitted with honour.
The trial of the three remonstrators against him next succeeded ; and after a full and candid hearing, the members were of opinion, “ That they were not guilty of designed falfhood or malice to captain Douglas, but that the remonstrance made by the said captains is ill worded and expressed in some parts of it; therefore the court doth adjudge, That the said three captains shall acknowledge the fame, before the commanding officer at quarters, in presence of captain William Douglas."
In the course of this publication, all the papers and letters relating either to captain Douglas or his antagonist, are very fully set forth. We know little of soldier-craft, but, upon the perufal of the trial before us, we never saw a clearer title than the captain has made out to the favour of his superiors. The reader, however, may judge of our astonishment, when, after
having been involved in a considerable expence which attended - the clearing of his reputation ; after having been acquitted
with honour, even after his accusers had been censured for their proceedings against him, and the sentence of the court martial had been approved of by the lords of the admiralty ; their lor Jhips were pleased to put him upon half pay, and to appoint another captain to his command. --- But we must suspend our judgment, as the captain's superiors undoubtedly have their reasons for this degradation. We only speak from the papers which are published, without entering into the examination of any private motives that may be urged in favour of such a seemingly unaccountable proceeding. 42. An Esay on the Opera, written in Italian by Count Algarotti,
F. R. S. F. S. A. c. 8vo. Pr. 35. Davis and Reymers. • This is a very patriotical effay, if confidered as coming from a native of Italy, the land of painting, singing, and dancing. According to count Algarotti, the opera ftands at the head of
all human inventions, and is a cure for all mental diseases, Unhappily, however, for the people of Great-Britain, some of them have no ears, and consequently can receive no benefit from this intellectual panacea. The intention of this publication is to point out the means of rendering the opera a regular drama, and uniting in it all the fascinations of painting, poetry, music, motion, that is, dancing) architecture, and machinery. In the course of this essay, the count proves himself to be an excellent judge of all those arts, and to poffefs no small degree of critical learning; yet we hope never to see an opera, such as he describes, take the lead in the public diversions of England.
This essay is fucceeded by two examples of a drama according to the manner devised by the count, Æneas in Troy, and Iphigenia in Aulis ; the former in embrio, the other intended as a finished drama, and executed as well as can be expected from a modern Italian, who copies Euripides from Brumoy and Racine.
43. The Theatrical Campaigr, for 1766 and 1767; confiling of
Tragedy, Comedy, Farce, Interlude, Pantomime, Anecdote, and fecret History. 8vo. Pr. 15. 6d. Bladon.
This, in some instances, is far from being an unfair representation of the theatrical squabbles which have for some time amused the public, and the merits of the pieces lately exhibited on the stage. The author asserts, that no fair quotation has been yet given from Mr. Murphy's play of the School for Guardians; he has therefore published a scene, which we think has great dramatic merit. We cannot, however, commend the publication of some of the anecdotes with which he has amused his readers ; neither can we approve his abuse of Mr. Colman's English Merchant.
44. Lettre contre la Raifon a Monsieur le Chevalier D'Eon, par
Monsieur Treyssac de Vergy: 470. Pr. 2s. 6d. Taylor.
This epistle is written in a sprightly vein, and may serve as a commentary upon Rochester's Essay. on Man, (the idea of which was, we believe, furnished by Boileau).
Who before certain instinct will prefer
Reason which fifty times for once does err. Ĉ There is not, fays our author, (we ask his pardon if we wrong him in the translation) a species of man, who does not live in society, and who does not there find himself perfectly happy, though our pride will not allow him to be possessed of an organization more capacious than that of the beasts with
whom he disputes, or partakes, the fovereignty of the fields and forests., Reason in savages of America is that of the climate, and of habits no ways analogous to those of the polished Europeans. It never reflects on what is just or unjust. Independent as it is of laws and priests, it it without vice as without virtue, and confequently without moral good or evil.'
From the specimens even of the most tractable of the American savages which have been exhibited to the public of England, there is reason to believe Mr. Vergy has not mistaken their character in their original state.
In the remaining part of the letter he professes himself a free-thinker, but is tolerably decent on the subject of religion. Many strokes of satire, especially upon several of his own most eminent countrymen, have escaped him; and by the ideas we are able to form of their characters, they are far from being unjuft.
Though the reader may meet with few, if any, new sentiments in this composition, yet he cannot but be pleased at the lively manner in which they are conveyed, and the air of good humour with which the author brandishes his pen against human reafon.
45. A Letter to the Author of a Letter to Dr. Formey; in which some of the prevailing Sentiments of that worthy Body of Men called Quakers, as they fand in Mr. Robert Barclay's Apology, and as they are touches upon in that Letter, are freely difeused, and their apprehended natural Tendency manifeftede 8vo. Pri is. Baldwin.
We have * already rewiewed the Letter to which this is an anfwer, and its author has so far taken our advice, in adopting candid and moderate principles, as to do the Quakers justice, as a body of men ; to confess, that they appear to bim, to be the hearty friends of liberty both religious and civil, the enemies of priest-craft and church-tyrany, and in general, the worthy and peaceable members of society. This letter-writer, however, attacks Barclay's Apology for the Quakers with some asperity. He shews the futility of his principles, and of some reserves of his antagonist's former concessions ; maintains that the affertions of two literary combatants ought to be weighed against each other; that is, in other words, to go for nothing; and denies that Mr. Barclay had the same measure of the Spirit , with the apostles and evangelists; or that there ever was, or is - now, such an immediate revelation of the Spirit as that gentleman argues for. He next attempts to prove the light within of
* See Critical Review, vol. xxii. p. 220,
the Quakers to be mere inexplicable jargon, as well as their arguments for universal saving principles. In short, the defign of this letter, which is dated from Norfolk, is to sew the whole doctrine of Quakerilin to be a system of enthusiasm and deism; two of the most irreconcileable principles that exist.
This writer is keen and sensible ; but while he piques himself upon his orthodoxy, he is apt to be overheated. 46. A Letter to the Rev. Dr. Rutherforth, Archdeacon of Eflex,
&c. &c. occafioned by his Second Vindication of the Right of Proteflant Churches ta require the Clergy to fubfcribe to an established Confefiin of Farth and Docirines. From the Examiner of the Fird *. 8vo. Pr. 15. Johnson.
In this letter the author alleges, that Dr. Rutherforth in his Second Vindication has thrown out several disingenuous reflections; that he has treated the subject without any order ; that he has fometimes evaded, at other times thifted the question: and he still infifts that any fcheme of doctrine, Quakerism, Presbyterianism, Antinomianisin, Methodism, Behmenism, or Quietism, may be established upon the archdeacon's principle, which makes the governors of every particular church the judges of what every person, clergyman or layman, is bound in conscience to believe and praise. 47. The Happy Life: or, 'the Contented Man. With Refle&tions upor
divers Moral Subjects. A new Transiation from the French of M. de Vernage, D. D. Canon of the Royal Church of St. Quintin. 800. Pr. 25, 6d. Main.
Though this work contains nothing uncommon, particularly striking, or very ingenious, it abounds with just and pious reflections, and may give the serious and well-disposed reader pleasure and satisfaction in the perusal. As a specimen, we shall quote the fourteenth chapter, on the happy life and folid tranquility of a juft man.
• How happy is the life of a righteous man! how infinite his tranquility! judge of the felicity of the latter, since God himfelf lays the foundation ; and you may compare the felicity of the first to the life of angels : What can be conceived more agreeable or more glorious in the pursuit of virtue, than to talte all her pleasures, all her rewards here, and keep in porfeffion of them to all eternity? This is the real lot of a just man. His object being true good, and his aversion what is ill, his soul enjoys that tranquility she has acquired to herself, being insensible of her paffions, except when the triumphs over them. He is sensible of pain, but deaf to the temptations of
• See Critical Review, vol. xxii, p. 317.
voluptuousness. He is always struggling with fortune ; but his hopes of obtaining the victory over balancing the pains he takes in the combat, he reaps tranquility as the fruit of his Labour, and during his iinaginary inquietude is fenfible of true contentment. Every thing siniles to his desires, because they are confined within the bounds of justice ; every undertaking propers according to his wishes, because they never exceed the limits of reason; and his attempts in this kind are always attended with success, because his preceding submission prepares the way for it. Let fortune turn its wheel which way soever it will, it tends to his advantage, which is the greater, the more teal he thinks it to be. Does time change its face ? it is agreeable to him; he looks upon it with an unruffled countenance. He relishes sickness as well as health, because illness enables him to exercise his patience; whatever affliction befals hiin, either by loss of his poffessions, or relations, he pronounces the judge ment which Providence has given according to its sovereign will, comforting himself, and constraining nature to be contented with the tears the causes him to shed, because he has no more to give her. Whatever his station be, he studies nothing so much as to discharge his duty, and find his repose in it. Having no other object in view than true good, that is his only reward in this world, in certain hope that the same will crown his works in the world to come. A greater or lesser share of the gifts of fortune does not constitute his tranquility, being
contented with what he enjoys; and without carrying his projects beyond his sphere, he endeavours to fill it up worthily, that no vacuum may be found in the orb God has been pleased to assign him ; knowing it is allotted him by the fovereign power of Providence. If he finds himself surprised by neceffity, he looks upon it with indifference; he is scarce sensible of it, because he never wants what is neceflary; and though there be but a momentary interval betwixt his plenty and scarcity, he trusts he thall be always contented.
Supposing him overburthened with a numerous fainily, and that the misfortunes of their lives render his industry fruitless for their subsistence; conscious that he who has charged him with this burthen, has weighed it before he laid it on his shoulders, he fears not to sink under its weight; but says with Job, after he had been abandoned by his wife, That though God flew him, yet would he trust in him. A righteous man 'uses the same language; not but that hope is the main security of his future good sentence; but let this future good expe&ation be ever so overcast with darkwess, he dispels the clouds by the light of faith, which renders the good he desires present to him : so that he enjoys beforchand the felicities he detires, be