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33. An Enquiry into the Means of preserving and improving the public Roads of this Kingdom. With Observations on the probable Consequences of the present Plan. By Henry Homer, M. A. Rector of Birdingbury in Warwickshire; and Chaplain to the right honourable ihe Lord Leigh. 8vo. Pr. Is. Fletcher.
Though the Reviewers do not profess themselves judges of the subject of this pamphlet, yet they can eafily perceive that the author is an adept in the science he treats of,
We know few subjects which ought to be more intereiting to the public than that upon which this reverend and ingenious gentleman has employed his pen. It is certain that good'roads Thorten the time employed in journies ; and that saving time and saving money, to people of business, is the same.
:34. Considerations upon the intended navigable Communication between
the Friths of Forth and Clyde. Ina Letter to the Lord Provost of Edinburgh, Prefes of the General Convention of the Royal Borroughs of Scotland,
from a Member of the Convention. 410. Pr 6d. Becket. Every wellwisher to his majesty's government must be pleased 'with the revival of the commercial spirit in Scotland. We call it revival, because it is certain, that before the reign of James V. the Scotch carried on a vast foreign trade; and the revenues of several of their kings, David I particularly, were equal, if not superior, to what the kings of England drew from their English 'dominions. The project treated of in this pamphlet is of a much older standing than is generally imagined ; and as it is univer
fally allowed to be of great importance, we heartily recominend 'the consideration of it to the public.
The author feems to advise extending the proposed canal into a work of more national utility than the canal which was first proposed to be navigable only by lighters, and to join the Clyde at Glasgow; he likewise thinks that the public should contribute forty or fifty thousand pounds towards lo valuable and national a scheme.
35. "An Essay on perfecting the fine Arts in Great Britain and in Ireland. 8vo. Pr. Is. Newbery.
Though this author is not absolutely a literary grub, yet he has not acquired wings to raise himself above mediocrity. Half of his pamphlet (the whole of which is calculated for the meridian of ireland) is employed in a question almost as interesting to the literary world as the pursuit of the philosopher's stone, we mean, what is the cause of genius; and he leaves his reader" juit as wife as he found him. He tells us in a note, that Corinth was not only the richest town in the world, but it was
also the mart of the finer arts :-Non cuivis homini contingit adire Corinthum, was proverbial. -This is a specimen of our author's classical abilities ; for we always understood, before this wonderful discovery, that the proverb he quotes did not allude to. an inanimate bit of marble, but to a warın piece of flesh and blood, commonly called a Lais.
As to the execution of the pamphlet itself, it is such as might be expected from a stone-mafon's apprentice of two years standing, who has read him felf into as much knowledge as en-' ables him to discover his ignorance of the fine arts.
36. Hibernia Curiofa. A Letter from a Gentleman in Dublin, to
his Friend as Dover in Kent. Giving a general View of the Manners, Cuftoms, Difpofitions, &c. of the Inhabitants of freland. With occafional Observations on the State of Trade and Agriculture in that Kingdom. And including an Account of soine of its most remarkable Natural Curiofities, such as Salmon-Leapin Water-falls, Cascades, Glynns, Lakes, &c. With a more particular Description of the Giant's-Causeway in the North; and of the celebrated Lake of Kilarny, in the South of Ireland ; taken from an at/entive Survey and Examination of the Originals. Colle&ed in a Tour ibrough the Kingdom in the Year 1764. And ornamented with Plans of the principal Originals, engraved from Drawings taken on the Spot. 8vo. Pr. 35. Flexney.
An inhabitant of England, by consulting the histories of the late wars in America and the East Indies, may become better acquainted with those countries than with his majesty's doininions. Even the geography of Scotland, was not settled till after the suppression of the late rebellion, and a British fubject knows no more of the inland parts of Ireland than of Africa. Some English counties, to the honour of their inhabitants, have given encouragement to naturalists and learned men to describe them; and their accounts form a moft pleasing part of national history. Several counties, however, are destitute of that advantage ; and therefore the public greedily peruses every description of the fossils, antiquities, buildings, and customs of particular places.
The publication before us is a well meant attempt to do juftice to our sister-island ; and we freely confess that we have received more information from it as to the natural curiosities of Ireland, the customs of the inhabitants, and other matters, than we ever met with before. Our author's description of the waterfall.of Leixlip, seven iniles from Dublin, is curious and entertaining ; as is likewise his account of that in the demésné of lord Powerscourt in the county of Wicklow, about fourteen miles from Dublin ; which, from the peculiarity of its situation, its
prodigious height, and fingular beauty, may be justly deemed one of the greatest beauties of its kind in the world. According to this description, the view exhibits one of those sublime scenes of nature which fills the mind with delight and aftonilhinent, but is too long to be inserted here.
Next follows a plan and description of the lake of Kilarny, in the
county of Kerry. This is another natural wonder ; and, ac, cording to our author's account, well might the late bishop of Cloyne exclaim, that Lewis of France might build another palace of Versailles, but nature only could produce a lake of Kilarny.
To conclude: we have attended our honest Hibernian through all his rambles, descriptions, and digressions, with great pleasure, and a very considerable degree of information.
37. Hiftorical Memoirs of the Irish Rebellion, in the rear 1641.
Extracted from Parliamentary Journals, State-Als, and the most eminent Proteftant Historians. Together with an Appendix, containing several authentic Papers relating to this. Rebellion, not referred to in these Memoirs. In a Letter 19 Walter Harris, Esq; 12mo. Pr. 25. 6d. Williams.
This author is a profeffed advocate in extenuation, if not vindication, of the Irish rebellion. He is very properly pitted with Walter Harris, Esq: to whom he addresses his performance; for we find in his work abundance of false reasoning, inconclufive arguments, and intemperate zeal, but nothing which reflects any new light upon the subject. The authorities he writes from lie on every stall, or, at least, are to be found in every bookseller's shop; and therefore our readers might think we were abusing their patience, should we give any extracts from a performance fo palpably partial.
38. Great Events from little Causes, or, a Seletion of Interefting
and Entertaining Stories, drawn from the Histories of different Nations, wherein certain Circumstances, seemingly inconfiderable, are discovered to have been apparently productive of very extraordinary Incidents. Translated from the French of Monfieur A. Richer, by whom it was dedicated, by Permission, to ber moj jerene High. ness the late Duchess of Orleans. 12mo. Pr. 25. 60. F. Newbery.
Though this is a very indifferent compilation of commons place stories, as well as very injudicioutly executed, yet it contains nothing offensive to decency, and may serve to carry an uninformed reader through a tedious winter's night.
39. Modern Gallantry display'd; or, the Courtezan delinealed; in the
authentic Memoirs of leveral celebrated Ladies of bigh Tafe, who are equally diftinguished for their Beauties and Blemishes; interSperjed with Variety of real Characters drawn from the Life, and now existing in this Metropolis. By the author of tbe Midnight Spy. 1 2 mo. Pr. 35. Cooke.
The composition of fome theatrical pimp about a certain Garden, equally void of wit, probability, and decency. We Thall in this Review be always proud to adopt the moral line of the fatiriit; Nil di&u fædum visuve, hec limina tangat.
40. The Cries of Blood, or Juryman's Monitor. Being an authentic
and faithful Narrative of the Lives and melancholy Deaths of several unbappy Perfons, who have been tried, convicted, and executed for Robberies and Murders, of which they were intirely innocent. Together with a brief Relation of the Means in which the said Crimes were discovered after the Deaths of the severai Unfortunaie Perfons herein related. 8vo. Pr. Is. 6d. Cooke.
This is a most wretched collection of wretched stories, intended as a frightful exhibition to such jurymen as are to pass their verdiets in capital cases.. What still renders it more censurable, we have the strongest reason to believe some of the cases, particularly that of William Shaw, who was hanged at Edinburgh, for the murder of his daughter Catherine Shaw, in the year 1721, are misrepresented.
41. Proceedings of a General Court Martial, beld ał Rochester,
May, 1764, upon the Trial of Captain William Douglas, and the Capiains Cockburn, Perkins, and Hayes, of his Majesty's Marine Forces. Together with the Measures taken against Capsain Douglas, immediately after he was acquitted with Honour ; also the Letters, his Memorial, and other Papers annexed. 8vop Pr. 25. 6d. Millan.
After having carefully perusod the proceedings of this court martial, truth obliges us to declare, that we think captain Douglas has met with most unmerited treatment. Upon his arrival in England in May, 1763, after having been constantly employed in service abroad, in the marine forces, during the whole war, he found his health fo greatly impaired, that the lords of the admiralty, upon his application, gave him four months leave of absence. Before that time was expired, he was confined often to his bed, and always to the house; and was so far from finding his health mended, that he was obliged to apply for a prolongation of his leave. In the mean times X 4
three captains of marines, we suppose of the same regiment, sent to the lords of the admiralty a 'rernonftrance, in which they suggested, that captain Douglas's illness was counterfeited, to throw upon tliem that duty which he ought to perform It would not be very edifying for the reader to trace all the epiftolary correspondence, as well as the partial complection of some of the captain's superiors to his prejudice. It is fufficient to say, that he was ordered to quarters, notwithstanding his indisposition. In his own defence, he tranfinitted a certificate, from his physician and surgeon-apothecary, to the commanding oíficer at quarters; but no leave of absence being granted, he was reduced to the neceflity of remaining absent, under the protection of his faid certificate.
· March 8, 1764, captain Douglas received an order from the commanding officer (in consequence of the secretary of the admiralty's letter of the 3d) to go passenger to the West-Indies, to be put on board a ship stationed at Jamaica ; which he could not but think a particular hardship, as the ordinary course of duty would have led him to expect orders to embark with a detachment from Chatham : captain Douglas's letter, of the gth of March, is the answer to that order ; and, without having any notice taken of his faid letter, he found himself åttacked, by the unprecedented remonftrance of the captains Cockburn, Perkins, and Hayes, with whom he had no acquaintance, and some of whom he had never seen. It afterwards appeared, that on the with of the same month, the faid remonftrance was transmitted to their lordships, with captain Douglas's letter of the gth, by lieut. col. Mackenzie, then commanding officer, who had also transmitted captain Douglas's letter of the 17th of November, 1763, and his certificate, to the admiralty : and it farther appeared on the trial, that from the time of the certificate, until the ift of April following, captain Douglas was returned, absent from quarters without leave, without giving in the returns, the reason of his absence.
The aforesaid remonttrance reduced captain Douglas to a necessity of demanding a general court martial, of which the following fheets are the proceedings; together with the meafures taken against captain Douglas, immediately after he was acquitted with Honour; also the letters, his memorial, and other authentick papers.'
During the course of the trials, not only of captain Douglas, but of the three captains who had remonstrated against him, it appeared by the evidence of Dr. Knox, physician to his majesty's hospitals for the army, a gentleman of the greatest experience in diseases attending military fatigues, as well as of the most irreproachable character in private life, and Mr. Ro