Imatges de pàgina

of this company, it is necessary, be the event zubat it wull, to beg gentlemen would not be prolix, for I hates. prolixity: but before I proceed to the business in hand, and to sew what ground we go upon, I hope gelmen will excuse me if I speaks a few words, in the first instance, to recomiend order and unanimity; for, upon my word, gelmen-indeed, gelmen, we shall never get through our business at this rate!«besides, it is really irregular to wander from the point in this inanner !". Here a wag on the right side begged the honourable knight 'would not interrupt himself; for that it was truly indecent to fuppose the court disorderly before any one had uttered a fyllable. " Well, gelmen, resumed Sir Janus, I begs pardon, but, event what it wull, order is so good a thing, that I generally goes out of my way in order to speak a few words to it; and, if what I have said prevents the like illconveniency in other gelmen, I shall think the idear thrown out, and all my tediousness besides, well bestowed on you, had I ten times as much as a friend of mine fays. Howfomdever, baving said this, the proposal that I intends making is, to recommend the extraordinary merits and services of my Lord Vulture to the gratitude of this court. Having said this of the ground work we go upon, I declare, event what it wull, that no private views, no finiftral intentions, no selfish expectation conduced me to make it.-I say this, because I have often been suspected of corrupt dealings in the city; for I war in Guildhall when that idear was thrown out; but, God he knows my heart, nothing is more false! I would, therefore, beg leave to move, that as you have as yet only given Lord Vulture about 500,ocol. in money, and 30,000l. per annum, you would at last take shame to you, and give him a reward more genteeler, and that may be adequate to his great sufferings in your behalf, and to his important fer-, vices, which not only, in the first instance, regulate your

affairs abroad, but even extend to the management of those at home. All he asks, is but a continuance of this paltry j-go-re for the rest of his life, event what it wull, or make him a prefent of 300,00ol. certain.-Soine gelmen may conceive this recompence as too large ; but if we consider the pleasure he has left behind on our account; the dangers, the hardships, the diftresses this worthy gelman has gone through to serve us, and the great advantages his services have produced, we ought to grant it chearfully.I'll tell you how that matter war prefently -Does any gelman suspect the idear thrown out? does any one doubt these facts ? furely not.-Has he not left his dearly beloved wife behind him, and a house (I war in' it once) in what d'ye call the square, fit for any lord of the land ? I speaks above board, because many of our proud lords undervalue him

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on account of his fammaly, parentage, and education; whers God he knows, they have not a twentieth part.of his wealthi and that's a thousand times better, in my opinion, than theit ancient fainily, which, I can tell them, is of very little value in, the city. Besides, has not his lordship risked his life in a stinking pitchy fhip amongst a crew of sea-officers, the low-livedest most vulgarest fellows in the world? Did he not arrive in due time to prevent your other farvants from cheating and bamboozling you, indulging themselves in every luxury, and living a moft fcandalous debauched life, without having the fear of God before their eyes, and being instigated by the devil 1.–Did hie not turn out every one of them who behaved themselves cross or ill-humoured, whereby, as he supposed, they might in time defraud you of your effects 7- I fay, Mr. President, 'for all this and much more, he ought to be amply rewarded-I thall speak to this question in order, when I have heard gentlemon's objections to it; in the mean time I will fet down, event what it wull, till I fee whether any body feconds it or not; for as it is entirely my own, I cannot tell whether his lordship's friends, (at this time Sir Janus looked very withfully at Skeleton Scarecrow, Efq; who fat behind him, and gave him a smile of gracious confent) well knowing his disinterestedness and generofity, will incline to support me in the idear adopted; but the

thing is so reasonable, that I can hardly think any man will be fo bold as to make any objections to it."

The next speech coines from Shylock Buffaloe the Jew, who values himself on being defcended in a direct line from one of the miscreants who crucified Jesus, and exhibits a specimen of a different species of dulness; but as we profess an absolute neutrality with regard to the contending parties, we recommend these Debates to be held up only as a mirror to those whom it may concern, that they may fee and blush in their cooler hours at the noise and nonsense which misleads their most weighty det liberations.

29. The Nature of a Quarantine, as it is performed in Italy; to guard

against that very alarming and dreadful contagious Diftemper, commonly called the Plague. With important Remarks on the Neceflity of laying open the Trade to the East Indies ; to enable the Government (by an Increase of Revenue arising from an Extension of Commerce) to take off the Taxes which burthen the Nation. The only true Means of providing a Relief for the general Distress. 8vo. Pr. Is. 6d. Williams,

This pamphlet is well intended, and points out not only the nature but the necesity, of establishing a quarantine accords

ing to the strict rules of the Italians. It is introduced by a dedication, as long as itself, to the duke of Newcastle upon the subject expressed in the title-page, which is now under the deliberation of parliament, and undoubtedly deserves the attention of the public. We are sorry that the author, in his postscript, has been mean enough to fall into the practice now so common with the fons of Grub-street, we mean that of courting a kick from the Reviewers.

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30. An Enquiry into ibe Causes of the present high Price of Provisions,

in two Paris : 1. Of the General Causes of this Evil. 2. Of the Causes of it in some particular Infiances. 8vo. Pr. 3s. Fletcher.

By analysing the ingredients of the numerous nostrums which have been prescribed to the public as infallible cures for its present grievances, whether arising from natural, commercial, or political caufes, we find the doctors all agree in two data ; the first, that each has the true receipt; the second, that all receipts but his own proceed from ignorant quacks, who mistake the patient's disease. When they open their packets, however, and we examine their contents, we find no such wide differences as they pretend. The materials are the same, though the compofition is sometimes in the form of a pill, a bolus, a draught, or any other shape that best suits the fancy or conveniency of the operator,

The syllabus before us is divided into two parts. Part the first treats of riches, luxury, and taxes; the second, of corn, exportation and importation, engrossing, inclosure, bread, cattle, and horses. The result of our author's lucubrations upon riches is to cherish those kinds of produce, manufacture, and commerce, which employ the greatest number of hands, and tend to throw out the greatest plenty of the neceffaries of life; and, in this view, to give every possible encouragement to agriculture, to extensive navigation, and fisheries of all kinds: to check on the contrary all wanton inundation of wealth into the kingdom, whether arising from exorbitant profits in any particular branch of trade, or from any other calise that does not bring with it utility sufficient to balance the certain evil which attends it: and particularly to confine, if posible, within fome limits that delufive species of artificial money, the representation merely of a representation, which in the degree to which it has arisen, is 2 new phænomenon in the political world.'

We cannot think ourselves greatiy edified by this quotation, because it contains no more than what has appeared in different sapes, within these ten years, in at least five hundred other pamphlets. The author's offervations on luxury are equally unimportant, and principally drawn from Montesquieu and certain Vol. XXIII. April, 1767.




flimsy French writers, who, whatever they may pretend, are ignorant of the British constitution; and whose maxims never can be applicable to the English manners and interests. French quotations from this writer fupply the place of learning, taste, and observation. Montesquieu and Rousseau are placed at the head of our legislation ; and the author forms his ideas upon their dreams ; for such must all impracticable schemes of go. vernment or taxation be deemed.

This writer adopts the hackneyed notion of taxing luxuries. Undoubtedly, if luxury, considering it as a national vice, could be taxed, such a principle would be commendable and patriotic but we wish he had enumerated how many species of luxury can be taxed without ultimately (we do not say immediately or apparently), affecting the labourer. This author has mentioned a tax in which we agree with him, viz. upon

venison and animals kept for pleasure, by making the rich man pay for his parks, inclofures, and gardens. He has likewise mentioned a tax upon horses (we suppose he means those kept for sport or paradle). We are not so well acquainted with the subject as to pronounce whether such a tax would not affect the farmer and the labourer. The keeper, it is true, pays the tax ; but then he abates it, or some part of it, in the price he pays to the breeder for his commodity.

In the second part of this pamphlet we find little to commend, and nothing to blame. To conclude with the metaphor used at the beginning of this article the whole is like one of those fimple medicines, which if it does the patient reader no good, will do him no harm. 31. The Farmer's Letters to the People of England : Containing the

Sentiments of a Practical Husbandman, on various Subjects of the utmost importance. To which is added, Sylvæ: Or Occafional Tracts on Husbandry and Rural O Economics. 8vo. Pr. 45. Nicoll.

We have frequently observed, that publications of this kind are not fubjecis for literary criticism ; and when they have great merit, like the Letters before us, they are more proper to be recommended than reviewed. These Letters contain many obfervations which ought to be highly interesting to the government and people of Great Britain ; most of them have already been discussed in the course of our Reviews. We cannot sufficiently applaud our author's scheme of erecting houses of industry for maintaining and employing the poor of this kingdom. His calculations are made with candour and accuracy. His conclusions are just and natural, and may be understood and approved of by every reader, though his profession be totally unconnected with farming. The proposal for a course of travels


through foreign parts is new and admirable ; and the success of all the writer's plans have our warmest wishes. 32. The Occasion of the Dearness of Provisions, and the Difreffes of

the Poor : with Proposals for remedying the Calamity, offered 10 the Confideration of the Public: wherein the Policy of the Bounty given upon the Exportation of Corn, the Inclosing of Commons, and Enlarging of Farms, are impartially considered. With some Remarks on a late Pamphlet, intitled, A Letter to a Member of Parliament, on the present Distreles of the Poor. By a Manufacturer. 8vo. Pr. Is. Owen.

The propofitions laid down by this author are as follow; and we heartily wish that every writer who interests himself for the distresses of the poor, would treat his subject with the same precision and perfpicuity.

ift, I propose' that the act granting a bounty upon the exportation of corn, be repealed; as the first and grand spring of this public calamity.

• 2d, That the clause in all late acts for inclosures, which inflicts a penalty upon those that put sheep upon the new inclosures, be repealed ; and that in all future acts for inclosures of commons, &c. a penal clause be inserted, obliging the occu. piers to keep (at least) as many sheep and horned cattle upon the ground as before. Also that in the future inclosures of commons, &c. the proprietors be obliged to keep the same number of tenements and families (at least) upon the premises as before ; and that all finall tenements shall enjoy with them the full proportion of land they were intitled to before.

• 3d, That an effe&tual law be provided to bring sheep, lambs, and horned cattle from Ireland, to supply our present wants ; and a penalty inflicted on those that flaughter any lambs or calves in Great Britain, suppose for nine months, after the ift of May 1767.

4th, That a premium be given to every farmer that plows with a major part of oxen, if he does not occupy above 150 acres of land ; suppose 20s. for each.

* 5th, That in all plowing farms of above 150 acres, they be obliged, on proper penalties, after the ist of March 1769, to draw one third oxen at least; and after the ift of March 1770, to draw more oxen than horses, without the premium,

. 6th, That in all grazing farms of above 200 acres, the graziers be obliged to breed half as many sheep and horned cattle yearly, as they feed sheep and beeves for the Thambles.

ith, That also for a limited time, till our exhausted stock of wool is recruited, a bounty be given on the importation of wool from Ireland.'


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33. An

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