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ous mantle of moderation and humanity, which is thrown over these bad qualities, renders bim the involuntary object of admiration and esteem. If prepoffeflions of this nature are establifhed in the mind contrary to the dictates of reason, and in matters which do not relate to the happiness of any individual, with much greater reason may we suppose, that in things which immediately relate to the attainment of felicity, or which are ultimately connected with it, prejudices of the strongest kind muft concur to obstruct that impartiality with which questions of importance ought to be examined.
• In whatever light, therefore, the pretence of vindicating error by the plea of impartiality presents itfelf to the mind, we shall find it utterly inadequate to the accomplishment of its end. Both the virtuous and vicious part of mankind are alike actuated by prepoffeffion with regard to their religious prineiples, because both the virtuous and vicious are led to adopt that system of opinions to which their practice may be reconciled with the greatest facility. In the present cafe, however, it ought to be remembered, that when the influence of a predominant paflion is obviously exerted to counteract the decisions of the understanding, as it must be when a man is ashamed of adhering to his principles, he ought to proceed with the utmost circumspection, because he is in imminent hazard of taking a wrong course. We may observe likewife in general, that as propensities to evil adhere so closely to every mind as to be in some measure characteristic of human nature; the man who embraces a system of religion, by which every propensity of this nature is discountenanced, may be presumed to have made a more impartial research than that person who makes a very defective practice the standard of principle.
Upon the whole, it is evident, that as the plea of impartiality, cannot be admitted, unless it is previously supposed that the mind is diveked wholly of prepossession; and as we have already fhown, that this can scarce ever be the case in any in- . quiry whatever, it obviously.. follows, that intention cannot atone for an obstinate perseverance in the belief of error, or in the practice of vice.'
XIII. Poems and Translations. By the Author of the Progress of
Physic. 8vo. Pr.-45. Sanby.
sitions ; but none of any considerable lengih. The capital performance is the Progress of Physic; a poem in praise of ihę modern discoveries and improvements in the theory and
practice of that art, which here is traced from the earliest
ages of antiquity. The rest are tales, fables, songs, odes, epigrams; translations from Phædrus and M. Guido, &c. The author, though not an eminent, is not a contemptible poet, He seems to write with ease, his manner is lively, and his versification tolerably fluent and harmonious. The following receipt to make a pretty-fellow is not deftitute of humour.
• Should it e'er be your lot to be bless’d with a son, These rules well obsery'd he'll not fail to be one, Whom with joy you may view, and with pride you
may own. Ne'er send him to school, and from thence to a college, "T'will spoil all, if the youth should have one dram of know
ledge ; In romances and plays let him deeply be read; And his heels be instructed instead of his head. But tho' you're to guard against Latin and Greek, He, like any monsieur, the French language should speak: Thus inform’d, and grown up, you must fix him in town, Where, to greatest advantage, such talents are shewn Ne'er balk his amours, let him kiss all he meets, From Fanny the fair, to brown Bess in the streets : Let him whisper soft things, as he fees others do, And be fure to be false, when he swears to be true; Let his converse ne'er fail to be feason’d with Nander, And daintily larded with double entendre. His wit, if at all, snould but rarely be shewn, And never rise higher than quibble or pun : Now and then of grave authors and books he may prate, That he knows no inore of than his grandmother's cat ; Out of journals, be sure, he pick common-place stuff For some flings at the court, and he's patriot enough ; Iet Collins and Tindal prescribe him a creed, To settle his faith'tis but little he'll readIn all things befides, let new modes be his passion, But be his Religion--" Old as the Creation." Hence, dull as he is, he'll be furnish'd, at least, With many a bob at that scrub, callid a priest. 'To accomplish your spark, (or he's not quite genteel) He must pay debts of honour, but no tradesman's bill; He should ne'er miss an op'ra, to make it appear He's a man of true taste, and has got a good ear ; To give him the lie who his courage disons, He must whip thro' his lungs, or at least break his bones; And at all times to prove that he is not faint-hearted, He muît draw on his mait, when he's sure to be parted.
When in any debate he's almost run a-ground,
The author tells us, that the lighter fallies of youth are thrown promiscuously among the more serious exercises of a maturer age. Perhaps the following fick-bed soliloquy is in the number of the latter ; it is at least a proof that he has a claim to a higher character than that of a poet.
• Tis well, I long to be releas’d,
With joy I wait my doom,
And taste a life to come.
Of noise, and guilt, and folly,
And wisdom, melancholy.
Distracts the doubtful mind;
But few must hope to find.
the ills we fear ;
Our griefs alone sincere.
Shalt wing thy happier flight ;
The source of life and light.
Thy ravish'd eyes shall fee :
And Doubt to Certainty.
No ills shalt thou deplore,
Nor Friendship cheat thee more.' This writer, if we may rely on the date * of one of his pieces, has been a dangler of the muses above forty years.
14. Poems. By George Canning, of the Middle Temple, Blqi
appeared in separate publica ions, viz. An Epistle from Lord Ruffell to Lord Caven ish, in 1763; Love and Chastity, in 61; the Progress of Lying, in 1762 ; Horace's first fatire modernized, in the same year, and a translation of three books of Anti-Lucretius, in 1766.
The pieces which are added in this collection àre, an intro. duétory address to Dr. Thompson ; Horace's 27th ode of the firit book imitated; verses written in a lady's prayer book ; an epiitle to Miss Kitty **** ; feven epigrams; and a translation of the fourth and fifth books of Anti Lucretius ; on which we fhall make no remarks, as the public is already sufficiently acquainted with the author's poetical abilities.
15. Il Penferofo. An Evening's Contemplation in St. John's Churcb
Yard, Chester, A Rhapsody, written more than I wenty Years ago, and now (firf) published. Illustrated with Notes biftorical and explanatory. 410. Pr. 15. Longman.
The author of this Rhapsody, from an eminence in St. John's church-yard, surveys the river Dee, and some of the most reinarkable places about Chester. This prospect leads him into a contemplation on the various revolutions of those places, and the heroes, princes, or patriots, who formerly diftinguished themselves in that neighbourhood, by any memorable transaction.
The notes are chiefiy historical, and calculated to illustrate the text.
This work may be entertaining to those who are acquainted with the scenes which are described. The author makes use of old words and ancient names, and appears to be a poetical an. tiquarian.
16. Fugitive Pieces. By a Poor Post. 4to. Pr. Is. Becket.
The pieces which this Poor Poet has attempted to rescue from oblivion are, Pulpit directions, a poetical billet, an impromptu to Canidia, a tale, verses written upon the queen of hearts and addressed to a young lady in bed, two epigrams, and two epitaphs.
If this writer, with respect to his circumstances, is actually a poor poet, we are sorry for his misfortunes, as his works, we are afraid, 'will not encrcase his revenues.
17. The Vefiry, a Puem. By an Overseer of the Poor of the Parijs
of Saint Peter le Baiky, Oxford. 410. Pr. 15, Jackson at Oxford.
A dispute about the payment of a rate, or something equally insignificant, has given rise to this publication,
The author satirizes one of the parishioners, who objected to the assessinent, and called the vestry a den of thieves: with what justice we cannot pretend to determine. The poem is written in tolerable verse ; :but contains nothing which can be agreeable to the generality of readers, who cannot be supposed to entertain themselves with an account of any frivolous altercations in the vestry of St. Peter le Bailey. 18. The Vanity of Human Life, a Monody. Sacred to the Memory
of the moft Hon. Francis Russel, Marquis of Tavistock. 480, Pr. is. Dodsey.
This is one of those productions which will neither extend the re, 'utation of the poet, nor that of the perfon who is the sub ect of his encomium; and yet it may be read with approbation. The author concludes his Monody with this modest apology, which entitles it to a candid reception.
« Think!_but ah! whither do I fondly stray,
19. An Ode to the Earl of Ch-m. By the Author of the E
of Ch-m's Apology. Folio, Pr. 6d. Almon. This is a kind of satire upon the partiality fupposed to be shewn by a certain nobleman to America, in prejudice of the mother-country. The versification is different from that of the Apology, and therefore it may be proper to give a fpecimen. Speaking of Britannia the author says,
· Cast off, impoverish'd, undone,
Whilft your New Love rejoices;