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troduced into England, for which signal service we certainly owe her greater obligations than to any prince or patriot that ever existed in this kingdom. The intention of this little performance was to ridicule the physicians and others who at that time opposed the falutary invention, and had it been then published, it possibly might have had, in some degree, the desired effect : little, however, can be expected from it at present, as there are not, in this nation, above half a dozen idiots left, vho pretend to reason against inoculation ; it must therefore be confidered merely as a piece of compofition, in which light it will appear not entirely without merit.
39. A Letter from Dr. Glafs to Dr. Baker, on the Means of procur
ing a diflinct and favourable Kind of Small Pox. And on the Use of cold Air and cold water in Putrid Fevers. 8vo. Price 1s. Johnston.
The medicinal abilities of Dr. Glass are well known from his excellent Commentary on Fevers, and the subject of his prefent enquiry is of great importance ; it follows therefore, that this pamphlet claims the attention of those whose profession it is to preserve and restore the health of their fellow-creatures. seems the doctor had for fome time been endeavouring to gain information concerning the present successful method of inoculation, as practised in certain parts of the kingdom, when he received Dr. Baker's !ate pamphlet upon this fubject; from whose opinion he differs in some respects, but with whom he entirely agrees in the laudable intention of being serviceable to the public, by discovering his sentiments concerning the cause of the amazing success which hath attended this new method of inoculation. The late writers on this fubje&t feem pretty gene:ally to agree in their opinion of the advantage attending the exhibition of mercurials in the preparatory course : our author, from comparing the fuccefs of those who give mercury, with that of others who do not, doubts whether the benefit of prepa-. ration be extended beyond preventing the inconveniencies that may asite from worms, and foulness of the bowels and stomach, and from fuulness of the vessels and thicknefs of the blood when the patient is attended by a fever. He is also of opinion, that very little depends on the method of communicating the diforder ; bụt that the principal difference in the practice of these new inoculators, from that of other practitioners, consists in their constant attention to keep their patients in a sweat for some time before the eruption, and to proportion the degree of perspiration to the heiglit of the fever. By this means, our author thinks, the number of puftules is prevented from being too gicat, and confequently the danger of the disorder entirely
avoided; it being very certain that the danger is generally in proportion to the number of pustules, and that a distinct and favourable kind of linall.pox never kills any body. The doctor's reasons for this opinion appear to be well founded, and if it should hereafter be confirmed by experience, it will natusally lead to much more salutary methods of treating this difcafe when caught in a natural way, as it will, in that cafe, be equally easy to proceed upon the fame principle.
40. The Art of Midwifery reduced 10 Principies : in which are Ex
plained the most fafe and Established Methods of Practice in eacb. kind of Delivery, with a Summary History of the Art : Translated from the French originai, written by the late Dr. Astruc, Royal Profilor of Physic at Paris, and Physician to the French King ; to which is added an Appendix, by the Translator. 8vo. Pr.
Though the present performance is much superior to that which appeared under a different title some months ago* ; yet we are surprised, that it should have been thought worth while to publish a second translation of a book written by a physician who never practised midwifery, and consequently incapable of correcting the errors of former writers, from whose works his Treatise was taken. It is indeed a mere compilation, which, though it may contain the general principles of French practice, and as such may deserve to be read by those who are defirous of knowing the present state of the obstetrical art in that country, abounds, nevertheless, with false theory' and ir. rational practice. Our present tranflator indeed, sensible of this defect, has thought it necessary to subjoin an Appendix, in which Dr. Astruc's erroneous opinions are controverted, and many of his mistakes corrected. The first part of this Appendix (or rather the first Appendix, for there are two,) contains receipts, from the Pharmacopeia of Paris, for preparing the medicines prescribed in this work. The second consists of “ illustrative remarks on conception and pregnancy, and on those particulars in the practice taught by Dr. Astruc, which vary from the methods adopted by the best accoucheurs here."
Such is the general title of the second Appendix, which is throughout well written, and the arguments it contains are, in general, so rational and conclusive, as to thew the author to be well acquainted with the subject.
* See Crit. Rev. vol. xxi. p. 461.
41, An Efimate of the Manners and Principles of the modern French.
By Monsieur Helvetius, Author of the Essay on Spirit. With Notes by the Translator. 8vo. Pr. 25. Newbery.
We have very carefully perused this performance, which is a snip-snap imitation of a famous pamphlet written by Dr. Brown, under the same title. The author censures beaux, philosophers, and physicians, and tells us, that neither the secret disease nor the finall
l-pox ever made fuch havock amongst the French as frivolousness. As Englishmen, monsieur Helvetius, we are ex. tremely glad to hear this account of your countrymen : we hope it is true, and that the following picture is likewise drawn from the life :
Merit, in her garret as in an observatory, examines every thing, and says nothing. Self-sufficiency, in the habit of a Financier, looks at nothing, yet judges of every thing. With a single stroke of her pen, the directs the ruin of whole provinces ; and then congratulates herself, on not having as yet reduced the miserable inhabitants to eat grass.
« Let the enemies of the state triumph; for our part, we will aim at nothing but our own destruction : such is the present fashionable language and conduct ! the arms refuse to obey the head, and the head remains inactive for want of arins. We shall soon, no doubt, have summer quarters to drink lemonade and refresh ourselves. Nay, I should not be surprised to hear of toilets being laid in our trenches, and of our gunpowder being scented. Heroism is now no more than an obfolete word, occurring no where but in History and Romance. We even avoid it as something ridiculous. No matter what becomes of our country's honour, provided we lose nothing of our rights to licentiousness and effeminacy.
• There is not a man amongst us, who does not glory in serving his prince; and, yet, there is not a man amongst us, but is afhamed to wear the badge of his prince's service. The nations about us think no dress more becoming and honourable than a military uniform, whilst we consider it as only fit for black-guards. A nobleman, to appear in Paris in the dress of a soldier, must have as much courage, as one of the pope's officers to attack a Prussian. We had much rather wear the livery of frivolousness and luxury, than that of valour. But where is the wonder? There is no longer the age of heroes.'
The remaining part of this production is equal to the specimen above exhibited, and we shrewdly suspect that the whole is designed as a banter upon the understanding of the Engfith, by caricaturing the features of the French.
U B. 42. A Sermon preached before the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, in
the Abbey-Church, Westminster, on Friday, January 30, 1767: being the Day appointed to be observed as the Day of the Martyrdom of King Charles I. By Robert Lord Bishop of Oxford. 480. Pr. 6d. Cadell.
The scope and intention of this discourse is to shew, That true principles of religion, and obedience to legal authority on those principles, with acquiescence under every established government consistent with the common rights of mankind, are the only sure foundations of civil happiness.
This proposition is opened and explained by his lordship, with that perspicuity and elegance which distinguish all his former compositions. 43. A Sermon proached before the Honourable House of Commons, at
St. Margaret's, Westminster, on Friday, January 30, 1767. By Beilby Porteus, D. D. Prebendary of Peterborough, and Claplain to his Grace the Lord Arcbbifhop af Canterbury. 4to. Pr. 62. Payne.
The natural tendency of the Gospel to promote the happiness of society is the subject of this discourse.
As it has been alledged, that religion was concerned in the production of thofe calamities in which this kingdom was involved in the last century, Dr. Porteus takes occasion to thew, that this is a groundless insinuation. It appears, he says, that religious principles of any kind had not near so large a share in occafioning the miseries of the times in question as is generally imagined, and the principles of the Gospel "none at all. The case is the same in most of the other diffenfions that are usually filed religious. To the account of human policy must be charged a great proportion of the guilt; to ignorance, fuperAtition, hypocrisy and enthusiasm, all the reft. But were we even to allow the very reverfe of this to be true ; were we to admit that Religion has been, through the mistakes of weak, or the artifices of wicked merr, the occasion of all the evils fallly imputed to it, yet still we should not feruple to affirm, that the mild and peaceful and benevolent genius of the Gospel has actually appeared by its effects, that civil society in general, and this kingdom in particular, are upon the whole under infianite obligations to its' divine and bleffed influence on their moft important concerns, have reaped from it more fubftantial benefits than from any other inftitution upon earth, and found it by happy experience to be a Religion intirely worthy the gracious Father of the universe, and the Saviour of mankind.'
This discourse is written in a clear and manly ftile, and is very properly adapted to the occasion on which it was delivered.
44. A Plea for the Subscription of the Clergy to the Thirty Nine Ar
ticles of Religion. 8vo. Pr. is. White. This plea for the subscription of the clergy to the xxxix articles is supported by several just observations. Though the author may be thought by fome to have taken the unfavourable fide of the question, he appears to have a fincere regard for protestant liberty.
45. The Power of Faith and Godliness exemplified, in fome Memoirs
of Theophilus Lobb, M.D. F.R.S. By John Green. 12mo. Pr. 25.
Buckland. This.volume contains a minute account of the piety of the tate Dr. Lobb, and his prayers on many different occasions
3 feveral of the most material occurrences of his life; the history of his man Jofeph ; and other particulars extracted from his diary : likewise a copy of verses on the publication of these memoirs, by Dr. Thomas Gibbons, and a list of the books which have been published by Dr. Lobb.
46. Thoughts on Time and Eternity. Occafioned by the late affecting
Loss of several eminenıly great and good Men among the Disenters. By E. Harwood. 8vo. Pr. 15. 6d. Becket.
The generality of those writers who have published their meditations on subjects of religion, have met with no favourable reception from readers of taste; because their writings have had nothing but their piety to recommend them. Their sentiments have been trite, their stile unpleasing, and perhaps in fifty pages there has not appeared the least spark of genius. The writer before us is of a different character. His ideas are lively, his diction animated and expressive, but rather too much encumbered with epithets. The reader who finds nothing to enliven His imagination, and engage his attention in such a writer as Drexelius, will meet with entertainment in these moral reflections of Mr. Harwood.
47. Six Discourses on the following Subje&ts: 1. The Use of the Law.
II. The Insufficiency of the Creature, Bc. and the All-Jufficiency of Christ. III. Ibe Effect of the Grace of God upon the Hearts and Lives of Profeffors. IV, V, VI. The Parable of the Sower. By the Rev. Samuel Hicks, Refor of Wrestlingworth, in Bedfordshire. 1 2mo. Pr. 25. Dilly.
From the title-page of this volume, the intelligent reader will be able to form a fufficient idea of the contents.