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* That your petitioner having been in France before the last frar, and at the breaking out thereof, he, in the year 1761, found out and discovered, that very great preparations had been, for a long time before, and were then actually making and carrying on, with the utmost diligence, by that court, at millions of expence, for invading this kingdom, with a design, if poffible, to deprive his majesty of his crown and dominions, and to place the pretender on the throne of these realms, to the ruin of this nation, and of his majesty's most faithful and confiderable subjects, as well as his people in general.
"That, previous to the year aforesaid, the French minister, by instructions for that purpose fully given, directed one captain Dumont of Dunkirk, to examine that part of the coast of England where the intended descent was to be made ; and to take the foundings, landing places, harbours, and ports ; likewise to form an exact chart thereof, with this precaution, that in case of being attacked by the enemy, to throw his said ina Atructions and papers overboard, that the objects thereof might not be discovered.
· That said Dumont having proceeded to sea on the execution of said commission, he compleatly satisfied the objects of his said instructions ; described the towns and places, with their proximity and convenience for landing the French troops and artillery by the flat-bottom'd boats, and formed a chart of the faid coast and towns, destined for their debarkment, as by the copy of said instructions and answer annexed, more fully appear.
* That in June 1961, the faid Dumont being again fent for to Versailles, he was there privately lodged, in the hotel of the duke de Penthievre, grand admiral of France, to facilitate his attendances and conferences; and to conceal as much as poffible his interviews with the ministers; for which purpose he had a master-key to go in and out by a private door of the garden, at such hours as were appointed for hiin to attend them.
That your petftioner, by his conduct, industry, and address, got into his hands the faid original instructions, answer, and chart"; and not only at the hazard of his life, fecrctly copied the said instructions and answer, but also got the said chart privately drawn and copied, and then concealed the faine in the best manner he could, with intent to come to England, as soon as he could find an opportunity, to lay them before his majesty and his ministers, to defeat the said formidable, dangerous design; and render the troops so to be embarked, togea ther with the said fat-bottom'd boats, the victim of the enterprize; as hereafter purposed; not doubting but that the French
would be thereby obliged to beg a peace on their knees, but also to put an end to any future attempts of invasion on this kingdom, from that quarter, for at least an age to come ; and for ever, with regard to the family of Stuarts.
That your petitioner, on the ist of O&tober, 1761, being put in prison, (by ordre du roi) where he remained several months, tho’ free from every species of crime, but that of dif-pleasing, as hereafter mentioned, took some time before the beit precautions he could to preserve the said papers, as he apprehended a storm gathering against him, and as he had been refused passports to return from France ; wherefore sending for a person, in whom he thought he could confide, to come to hiin to the faid prifon, called Fort l'Evêque, carly next morning, he informed said person that he had some papers that concerned his life and fortune, and the lives and fortunes of thousands besides to put into this said person's hands, secretly to keep and preserve for him ; but that in case he should (as he daily expected) be transferred to the Bastile or other prison, to be no more heard of; that then this same person should come off to England, and deliver the said papers to his inajesty or his ministers, when receiving all assurances of trust and fidelity, he confided said papers.
That in February following, having obtained his faid liBerty,' by the follicitation of a lady at court, he arrived in the month of March following at the Hague ; where he duly received the laid instructions, anfier, and chart, according to the directions he had for that purpose given, to the person aforesaid, at the time of his departure from Paris.
" That on his said arrival at the Hague, he did hiinself the honour tó write to his excellency Sir J-Ya letter, dated March the 26th, 1762 ; 'whereby he purposed, on peril of his life, to give such lights, and make such discoveries, as would render this formidable project of the court of France abortive, and the troops the victim, whenever the enterprize Mould be attempted ; not doubting, as he mentioned in his faid lettet, but from his majesty's bounty to receive twenty thousand pounds, and a pension of two thousand pounds per year, as a recompence for so important a service : which letter was immediately transmitted by his excellency to lord Bat that time one of his '
majesty's principal secretaries of state. . That in answer to said letter, his excellency ordered Mr. Delával to write to your petitioner a letter, dated the 31st of March, 1762, whereby he says, your petitioner is not to doubt in the least of the liberality and generosity of the king and his ministérs: in his récompence; to which letter your petitioner 'épried, by another wrote next morning, the original being in
the secretary's office ; and having had the honour afterwards of feveral conferences with his excellency, he always assured him, that if he performed what he mentioned, or gave such lights as he hinted at, he would be generously and liberally rewarded; tho' your petitioner did not in any wise disclose to his excellency, the secret or particulars of the said important difcoveries.
That in some time after, his excellency having sent to your petitioner to acquaint him, that bis majesty had done him the ho nour to send for him, and that he had received orders from lord B-, to send him over and pay his expences at the Hague ; he represented the necessity of bringing away the perfon above-mentioned from Paris, who had still fome papers in keeping, which could not with safety be conveyed by the poft ; and that it would be necessary to have one hundred pounds remitted for that purpose, and the expences aforesaid.
• That his excellency having thereupon wrote again to London, as he had no order but for the faid expences, did your petitioner the honour to write him a letter, dated the 18th of May, 1762, who on the faid letter and assurances which his 'excellency gave him, offered to come off in an open boat, if 'he pleased, before any money arrived ; but as the above letter was gone, it was thought proper to wait for an answer.
· That lord B-having concurred in, and agreed to your petitioner's faid proposals, and the said fum of one hundred pounds being arrived the 1st of June after, the said Mr. Delaval sent in the evening for your petitioner, and paid it to him ; whereupon he went directly to his excellency's banker, and paid him fifty guineas to remit to Paris, to bring away the faid person with the rest of the said papers ; and after clearing his own expences, with the remainder he set out next morning at four o'clock for Helvoetfluys, and arrived at Harwich the 4th ; where he was received by a person who had waited for him by lord B-—'s order, and who complimented him in his name, and accompanied him to town; so that your petitioner, who stopped not at Harwich but to get a poft-chaile, went post all night, and arrived at London the 5th of June aforesaid, about five o'clock in the morning.'
We should not have troubled our readers with fo large an extract from this performance, had it not been to give them at once a specimen of our author's uncommon modesty, and the moderation of his majesty's ministers, who gave him a patient hearing. Every one knows that the French marine, at the time mentioned, was in no condition to execute any stroke against Great Britain, and that the negotiations for a peace with France were then kur advanced. Mr.
Dumont very possibly had the instructions which Mr. Mac AlJester inentions ; but what then? Were they of any consequence :-How does it appear that our author was not himself a dupe to Duinont; and that the whole was a farce contrived to amuse the British ministry at a very critical time, when the negotiations for peace had failed, and when some show of an inyasion might be thought necessary for renewing them ? Admitting the utmost extent of Mac Allester's services, it is certain, even by his own account, that all danger to Great Britain was blown over, not only before he made his discovery, but before he received his information.--As to the stile and manner in which thefe letters are written, they are illiberal and contemptible beyond expreffion,
IV. The Hißory of Greenland : containing a Description of the
Country, and its Inhabitants : and particularly, a Relation of the Miffion, carried on for above these thirty Years by the Unitas Fratrum, at New Herrnhuth and Lichtenfels, in that Coun. try. By David Crantz Translated from the High-Dutch, and illustrated with Maps and other Copper-plates. In z Pols. 8vo. Pr. 125, Doddley.
HIS is a Mezentian kind of production, as the living
may be said to be coupled with the dead. However, we are inclined to believe, that the natural history of Greenland, so little known in Great Britain, is very faithfully related by the editor of this performance. Neither have we any reason to question the authenticity of his annals of the country, miserable and unimportant as it is. It seems very probable, that the Greenlanders and the Esquimaux Americans are originally the same people ; and the natural philofopher 'may find very agreeable entertainment in these volumes. Even our commercial interests may be served by this publication, as it congains a better account than any other which has hitherto appeared, of the whale-fishery, and the other commodities peculiar to Greenland. On the other hand, the rational reader will be amazed at the enthusiasm and wildness which employs the last five hundred and fixty-three pages of these two volumes, and may perhaps be puzzled to find such a collection of absurdities in any other work,
An earnest desire for the conversion of the Greenlanders had seized the late counț Zinzendorf, and communicated itself between the years 1713 and 1714, to five persons at the Pædago- gium at Halle. This was the original of the million for the Converfion of the Greenlanders. The reader is not to expüct
that Greenland is one of those workshops of nations, oficina gentium, that poured forth the swarms of barbarians which over-ran the Roman empire ; for the most stated account we have of its inhabitants amounts only to nine hundred and fifty-. seven souls. Our author indeed does not include in this coin-! putation the roving Southlanders of Greenland, whom a factor (or trader) well acquainted with the country supposed might amount to about seven thousand. Though this prospect afforded poor encouragement to the labourers in the vineyard of converfion, yet their zeal was unremitting; but by their own relation their progress was not very successful. The reader from the following defcription may form fome idea of the disadvantages 'which they encountered from the air and the seasons.
• As this country is covered in most places with everlasting ice and snow, it is easy to imagine, that it must be very cold and raw.
In those places where the inhabitants enjoy the vifits of the fun, for an hour or two in a day, in winter, the cold is bearable ; though even their ttrong liquors will freeze out of the warm rooms, nay sometimes in them. But where the fun entirely forefases the horizon, while people are drinking tea, the emptied cup, when deposited, will freeze to the table. Mr. Paul Egede in his journal of Jan. 7, 1738, records the following amazing effects of the cold at Disko: “ The ice and hoar-frost reaches thro' the chimney to the stove's mouth, without being thawed by the fire in the day-time. Over the chimney is an arch of frost with little holes, through which the smoke discharges itself. The door and walls are as if they were plaiitered over with frost, and, which is scarce credible, beds are ofien froze to the bed-stead. The linen is frozen in the drawers. The upper eider-down-bed and the pillows are quite stiff with frost an inch thick from the breath. The fleshbarrels must be hewn in pieces to get out the meat; when it. is thawed in snow water, and set over the fire, the outside is boiled sufficiently before the inside can be pierced with a knife.”
• In Hudson's-bay, where Ellis wintered in 1746, in lat. 57, the bay was frozen over on the 8th of October. The ink: froze by the fire, and the bottled beer, tho' wrapped up in tow, froze in the warm room. - All strong drinks froze to ice, and burst the bottles or veflels. Brandy and even spirits of wine thickened like congealed oil. The damps settled on the walls of the warm room like snow, and the bed-cloaths froze.
But he also observed that the sharp cold and cutting air, lasted only four or five days at a tiine, and then changed alternately to thawing weather,