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are here dissected in a inanner which we think unsafe to relate to the public.

29. A Letter.10 G. G. 8vo. Pr. 25. Williams. A contemptible insipid collection of abuse upon the right honourable person to whom it is addressed. It goes as far back as the time when the Considerations upon the German War, were published, which he supposes that right honourable gentleman to have patronized. The author next attacks, a pam.. phlet * of which he is conjectured to be the author, and then proceeds to other topics of common-place abuse and censure. We find nothing new os interesting in this publication, which is : a farrago of hackneyed objections to the right honourable gentleman's administration.

30. A Letter to the Right Hon. J. P. Speaker of the House of Como

mons in Ireland. 8vo. Is. Wilkie. This is a very shrewd sensible letter. The writer, who has not tȚeated the right honourable person to whom he addresses it. with much politeness, lays hold of the report, that the present lord-lieutenant is to reside in Ireland ; a scheme which he highly approves; and gives us a very lively, and, we are afraid, a very true picture of the evils resulting from the momentary defultory residence of former lieutenants. He then with great freedom contrasts the late state of Ireland with the auspicious change he expects from the new arrangements, and the perfonal character of the earl of B.

Tho' this letter is peculiarly calculated for the meridian of Ireland, yet it may be read with great satisfaction and improvement by the people of Great Britain.

31. An Inquiry into the Management of the Poor, and our Polity re: specting the Common People; with Reasons why they have not bio therto been attended with Success, and such Alterations offered to the Confideration of the Legislature, as may probably introduce a more general Spirit of Indufiry and Order, and greatly lefsen the Publick Expence. 8vo.

Pr.

15. 6d. White. This performance is written by a well-meaning volunteer in the public's service, who imagines that if all the people of Great Britain were as well intentioned as himself, the poor might be relieved. As we are not disposed to throw the smallest obstacle in the way of any charitable proposal, we most heartily recom

* Vide yol. xxii. p. 346.

mend the perufal of this pamphlet to the members of the two houses of parliament, to the church -wardens and overseers of the poor in every parish of the kingdom, and to all benevolent gen. tlemen who are willing and able to relieve the distresses of their neighbours. 32. Some Observations on the Farmer's Three Letters to a Member of

Parliament : And bis Proposal for preventing future Scarcity. In which a real Instance is given of the Improvement of Land ; and the Reasonableness of abolishing Tyth in Kind is fully considered. By a Country Gentleman. 8vo. Pr. 6d. Almon.

We have already * given our opinion of the Three Letters a. bove-mentioned. The pamphlet before us is written upon the same plan, and very poffibly by the same hand. 33: Uniting and monopolizing Farm", plainly proved disadvantageous

to the Land-Owners, and highly prejudicial to the Public. By a Gentleman in the Country. 8vo. Pr. 6d. Smith.

This writer has considered his subject, which we have already recommended to the public, with great accuracy and precision. We do not remember to have seen an answer professedly written against this author's scheme of dividing. large farms, though fome have thought + that the engrossing of farms is not so great an evil as has been represented. We shall not presume to add any thing to what we have already said on this topic, because it is now under the most. serious confideration of the higher powers. : 34. Important Hints, towards an Amendment of the Royal Dock

Yards : Being Confiderations on a late Pamphlet on the Oak-Timber. Wherein fome Pajages in that Book are farther explained and illuf trated, with suitable Remarks thereon. By a Man of Kent, 8vo. Pr. Is.

Wilkie. This valuable pamphlet is a sequel to one we have || already recommended, as of the highest importance to the public of England. We are glad to understand that the subje&t has already engaged the attention of some of the chief officers of the 'navy, who are more immediately interested in remedying the abuses here complained of; and we wish them all imaginable success in their endeavours for that purpose. 35. A Letter from a Gentleman to his Friend, concerning the Custom

of giving and taking Vails. 8vo. Pr. 6d. Dodsley. The public has through many channels been apprized of the fcandalous practice and disagreeable consequences of servants

See Vol. XXII. p. 384, + See Vol. XXII, p. 386,
II See Yol. XXI. p. 467.

taking väils and perquisites. 'All the arguments against this pernicious custom are collected in this pamphlet, which we hope will produce the desired effect. : 36. The celebrated fatyrical Lecture on Hearts. To which is added,

a critical Differtation on Nofes. 8vo. Pr. 15. Kearsly.

These lectures cannot be censured; the author's intention is Jaudable, and his plan is executed with no inconsiderable degree of humour, which we suppose is heightened by the manner in which the lectures are delivered. 37. A Discourse on the Importance of Anatomy, delivered in the Amphitheatre of Surgeons in London, on Wednesday the 21st of January, 1767. By G. Arnaud, M. D. Quarto. Price 6d. From this difcourse we learn three things, viz. vit. That anatomy is a science of great importance : zdly. Thit doctor Arnaud writes very bad English : and, 3dly, That he had the honour to instruct. Adelaïde of Orleans, princess of the blood, as virtuous as great fcholar in every science and art,' in the operations of surgery; and that the blooded herfelf with the greatest ease and safety, though very fat and difficult.

38. A Treatise on the Stone, Gravel, and other Diforders arising from

Obstructions of the Urinary Paffages: giving fome decount of the Success and fuperior Efficacy of two new Medicines for the Gure of those Diseases. Illustrated with some particular Cafes.. By J. Awsiter, M.D. 8vo. Pr. 15. Wilkie.

We venture to prophesy that the time is not far off, when quack medicines will sink into disrepute : mankind, we acknowledge, are in general very credulous; but they are not fo exceedingly stupid as to be duped for ever. Those for whom nofirums are intended, may poffibly not discover a trick lo immediately as their betters, and consequently are liable to be longer imposed on; but give them time, and they will certainly find the truth at Iaft. They may posibly at first be taken in by a treatise on such or such a disease, and believe, that the sole motive of the author was the good of mankind; but give them leisure for reflection, and they will infallibly difcover the treatise to be in fact no other than a paper stuck against a post, fignifying that the author profeffes to cure a cettain disease, better and cheaper than any body else ; and as to the cases usually published upon these occasions, it requires very little fagacity to know, that for any thing the reader can discover to the contrary, they may be entirely the inyention of the author,

Τ THE

CRITICAL REVIEW.

For the Month of March, 1767.

Article I.

W

Tbe History of England from the Accesfion of James I to the Eleva.

tion of the House of Hanover. By Catharine Macaulay, Vol. Ill. 4to. Pr. 155.

Cadell. [Concluded.]
E closed our last review of this work with the author's

representation of Strafford's detestable management in Ireland. She proceeds to fhew, that though the Irish committee were all papists, yet the English house of commons took a brotherly concern in the interest of that conquered country; and that by the friendship of those popular noblemen, Manchester, Effex, Warwick, Say, and others, the Irish obtained a favourable answer to almost all their demands, as well as ad. vantages beyond their most fanguine hopes. This candour and moderation bears a glorious testimony to the patriots of that period, who thought the cause of freedom ought to be confined to no fect or religion ; and our author intimates, that their real intention was to lay a firm establishment for an exa alted system of liberty.

Sir William Parsons and Sir John Borlaffe succeeded - Strafa ford and his creature Wandesford, who died of fear and vexation, in the management of Irish affairs, and were united to the patriots in the English parliament. A spirited fett of articles declarative of the Irish liberty passed that parliament, the perusal of which fills us with a very high idea of the abilities and good sense of their authors. They even reformed the university of Dublin, which had been contaminated by the practices of Strafford, and his chancellor, archbishop Laud: Mrs. Macaulay gives a very fine, and we believe a very just; description of the national blessings introduced by this free and equitable plan of government : ! But (says our author) this Vol. XXHI, March, 1767.

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was but a fhort-lived calm, a fatal state of fond security, by which the working heads of ambitious priests were able to introduce more diabolical mischiefs than perverted religion, irr the inost depraved state of man, had ever yet effected. We are then presented with the particulars of the plan for the maffacre, in the execution of which, we are told, the conspirators were to be assisted by the courts of France and Spain. The barbarities which followed are thus described by our ingenious. historian..

• It is said, that one Roger More, of an indigent fortune, yet swollen with fanciful ideas of greatness derived from family descent, and Owen O'Neal, a colonel in the Spanish service, were the men who first formed a project to expel the English, and affcrt the independence of Ireland. The plan was proposed to lord Macguire and Sir Phelim O'Neal, two other ditsolute adventurers, then to all the Irish chieftains, who readily. embraced the proposal, on receiving intelligence, from one Toole O'Conley, a priest, that Owen O'Neal would be with them with his regiment of Irish Papifts fifteen days after the rising. They were likewise assured by More, that the Irish of the pale, or the old English, being all of them Papifts, would join their brethren; that the Irish officers in the Spanish service had promised assistance; the pope would supply money, cardinal Richelieu had given affurance of a powerful aid ; and the Spanish ambassador had declared, that they should not fail of succours from Spain. It was resolved, that the castle of Dub.. lin should be seized by Macguire, Macmahon, More, Plunket, Paul O'Neal, an active priest, and others; whilft, on the same day, the rest of the adventurers undertook to seize the castles, and forts of the several provinces. On the twenty-second of O&ober, the day preceding that assigned for the enterprize, the city of Dublin was full of conspirators. The lords justices had received some dark and general hints that schemes of im. portance were transacting among the Irish; but such was that apparent harmony and union of interest between the Protestant and Papist, that the intelligence was totally disregarded. One O'Conolly, an Içishman and a Protestant, was trusted with the secret : at almost the very period of its intended execution, he discovered it to the justices: the justices fled for safety to the castle, reinforced the guards, and gave the aların to the town. Macguire and Macinahon were taken. The discovery of a general insurrection and massacre was extorted from these criminals, but too late to prevent the execution. Sir Phelim O'Neal, and the rest of the infernal gang, were barbarously, punctual to the villanies they had promised to perform. The perfons, houses, cattle, and goods of the English were seized

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